Embassy of the United States, Bangkok
|Embassy of the United States, Bangkok
Embassy of the United States, Bangkok is one of the largest diplomatic missions in the world and contains several sections and agencies. The mission of the United States Embassy is to advance the interests of the United States, and to serve and protect U.S. citizens in Thailand. The Embassy reports and analyzes developments in Thailand of concern to the United States, and advances a broad range of U.S. policy initiatives. The Embassy promotes the United States' economic and commercial interests, the export of American agricultural and industrial products, and services. Moreover, it assists the American businessmen, workers and investors. The Embassy engages the government and a broad range of organizations and individuals in Thailand to promote shared values; these include individual freedom, human rights and democracy and the rule of law.
During the years 1832–6, Diplomat Edmund Roberts was appointed by President Andrew Jackson as America's first envoy to the Far East, and served on two consecutive non-resident embassies aboard the U. S. Navy sloop-of-war Peacock to the court of King Nangklao (Rama III of the Kings of Thailand.) Roberts negotiated the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between Siam and the United States of 1833 and returned in 1836 to exchange ratifications. The Roberts treaty, with subsequent modifications, is still in force. Roberts also negotiated a treaty and exchanged ratifications with the Sultan of Oman. In 2008, Roberts was lauded as the "first Deputy U.S. Trade Representative for Asia – and a fine one at that."
The United States and Thailand have thus had over 180 years of diplomatic relations. The American Embassy in Bangkok was built by the English businessman Henry Victor Bailey in 1914. After his death in 1920, this house was sold to the Thai finance ministry. As of 1947, this has been the official residence of the U.S. ambassador of Thailand. After WWII, Great Britain sought to punish Thailand for having aided Japan, but the U.S. hindered their efforts. For this, the Thai government thanked the U.S. by giving them this architectural icon.
In 1975 a large scale protest, of about 10,000 students, took place outside the embassy when the Nakhon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base was used by the U.S. Air Force to launch attacks against Cambodia during the seizure of SS Mayaguez, without the permission of the government of Thailand and without informing the embassy.:55-60
There were two major events in the 20th Century between the two nations. One is the Treaty of Amity and Economic Relations which facilitates U.S. and Thai companies' economic access to one another's markets. Other important agreements address civil uses of atomic energy, sales of agricultural commodities, investment guarantees, and finally military and economic assistance. The other is a Free Trade Agreement between the two nations that was proposed in 2004.
Principal U.S. Embassy Officials include:
- Chargé d’affaires ad interim – W. Patrick Murphy
- Deputy Chief of Mission – Judith B. Cefkin
- Political Affairs Counselor – George P. Kent
- Economic Affairs Counselor – Julie J. Chung
- Public Affairs Counselor – Kenneth Foster
- Consul General – Ronald Robinson
- Management Counselor – Gregory Stanford
- Transnational Crime Affairs Section – Scott L. Rolston
- Regional Security Officer – Randall Bennett
- Deitch, Ian (13 January 2012). "Thailand: U.S. Embassy Warns Of Possible Terrorist Attack In Bangkok". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Malloy, William M. (March 7, 2008) . "Siam." (PDF). Compilation of Treaties in Force. Washington: G.P.O. p. 703. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
1833. Convention of amity and commerce; concluded March 30, 1833; ratification advised by the Senate June 30, 1834; ratified by the President; ratifications exchanged April 14, 1836; proclaimed June 24, 1837. (Treaties and conventions, 1889. p. 992.) (The provisions of this treaty were modified by the Treaty of 1856.)
- Max Baucus (29 June 2006). "Baucus Floor Statement on US-Oman Free Trade Agreement". Senate Committee on Finance.
That treaty with Oman was part of a bigger picture. That bigger picture included Siam — today's Thailand — and Cochin China — today’s Vietnam. Edmund Roberts also traveled to those countries to initiate broader commercial ties.
- Padilla, Christopher A. (7 July 2008). "Asian Economies in Transition Will the United States Be Left Behind". Remarks by Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade to American Enterprise Institute. International Trade Administration. Archived from the original (speech as prepared for delivery) on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
Roberts was a native of New Hampshire who called himself a Yankee diplomat. In fact, with all due respect to my friend Ambassador Bhatia, Roberts was our first Deputy U.S. Trade Representative for Asia – and a fine one at that.
- Peter Haldeman (1 April 2008). "In Bangkok, a Diplomat's Oasis". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- "Thai students attack embassy". Associated Press (The Prescott Courier). 18 May 1975. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- Edward Masters (13 May 1975). "Measures to Obtain Release of the Mayaguez". Office of the Historian. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- Major Thomas E. Behuniak (Fall 1978). "The Seizure and Recovery of the S.S. Mayaguez: Legal Analysis of United States Claims, Part 1" (PDF). Military Law Review (Department of the Army) 82: 41–170. ISSN 0026-4040. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Mission Thailand's Vision Statement and Core Values". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Looking Back Over the Years". U.S Department of State. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- W. Patrick Murphy