U.S. Route 75
|Length:||1,239 mi (1,994 km)|
|Existed:||1926 – present|
|South end:||I‑30 / I‑45 at Dallas, TX|
|North end:||Canada–US border at Noyes, MN; Port of Entry closed|
|States:||Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Minnesota|
U.S. Route 75 is a north–south U.S. Highway. The highway's northern terminus is in Noyes, Minnesota, at the Canada–US border, where it once continued as Manitoba Highway 75 on the other side of the now-closed border crossing. Its southern terminus is at Interstate 30 and Interstate 45 in Dallas, where it is known as North Central Expressway.
U.S. 75 was a border-to-border route, from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico at Galveston, Texas. However, the entire segment south of Dallas has been decommissioned in favor of Interstate 45, a cutoff section of town-to-town surface road having become State Highway 75.
- 1 Route description
- 2 History
- 3 Major intersections
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The first freeway in Texas was a several-mile stretch of US 75 (now I-45)--The Gulf Freeway, opened to Houston traffic on October 1, 1948. The stretch of US 75 between Interstate 30 and the Oklahoma state line has exits numbered consecutively from 1 to 75 (with occasional A and B designations), excluding 9-19. All other Texas freeways that have exit numbers are coordinated with mile markers.
US-75 remains concurrent to US-69 from the Texas border north to Atoka. While US-69 continues to the northeast as a multilane highway, US-75 turns north to serve several small communities between Atoka and Henryetta. Through travellers bypass this segment of US-75 via US-69 and the Indian Nation Turnpike, where the speed limit is 75 miles per hour (121 km/h).
In the early 1990s, some portions of US-75 in Oklahoma were slated to become part of the Interstate Highway System. The 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) states that "upon the request of the Oklahoma State highway agency, the Secretary shall designate the portion of United States Route 69 from the Oklahoma-Texas State line to Checotah in the State of Oklahoma as a part of the Interstate System." This would have created an Interstate route from Interstate 40 south to the Texas line, including the portion of US-75 co-signed with US-69 south of Atoka. The legislation was unclear whether the route would enter Texas to connect with or become an extension of Interstate 45. A current plan is to construct a new segment of the Oklahoma Turnpike along the US-69 corridor to bring it to corridor standards.
A major north–south artery in Kansas, US-75 enters the state at Caney. It passes through Independence and crosses Interstate 35 south of Olivet at the BETO Junction. From I-35 to Melvern Lake, US-75 is a Super-2 highway, with controlled access interchanges at Township Road, K-278, and K-31 southbound. From Melvern Lake to just north of Lyndon, US-75 and K-31 share a long concurrency. At U.S. Route 56 near Scranton US-75 becomes a freeway. There is no direct access to the Kansas Turnpike from US-75, but the highway joins with Interstate 470 less than 1 mile (2 km) from 470's interchange with the turnpike. US-75 and Interstate 470 run together along the west side of Topeka to Interstate 70. US-75 turns east along Interstate 70 for about 3 miles (5 km) before exiting northbound as a freeway. This freeway segment runs to Elmont, then becomes an expressway to Holton. The remainder of US-75 in Kansas is two lanes. The highway exits the state north of Sabetha.
U.S. 75 enters Nebraska south of Dawson. From Nebraska City northward, it closely parallels the Missouri River. A brief section which serves as a bypass for Nebraska City is an expressway called the J. Sterling Morton Beltway. Nebraska City itself is served with Business Route U.S. 75. U.S. 75 and U.S. Route 34 overlap from Union to Plattsmouth. North of Plattsmouth, U.S. 75 becomes the Kennedy Freeway, serving as an arterial highway through Bellevue and the South Omaha neighborhood of Omaha. It follows Interstate 480 briefly through central Omaha before branching off as the North Omaha Freeway. From Interstate 680 northward to Nashville (3 miles south of Fort Calhoun) U.S. 75 is an expressway. North of Nashville it becomes a two-lane road again. It is briefly concurrent with U.S. Route 30 in Blair. It joins with U.S. Route 77 at Winnebago. The two highways run together until their junction with Interstate 129 and U.S. Route 20 at South Sioux City. U.S. 75 follows I-129 and U.S. 20 towards the Missouri River and Iowa.
U.S. 75 is a major north–south artery in the northwestern corner of Iowa. It enters the state by a Missouri River crossing at Sioux City concurrent with Interstate 129 and U.S. Route 20. U.S. 75 and U.S. 20 run together on a freeway bypass around the southeast side of Sioux City before U.S. 20 turns east at Gordon Drive. U.S. 75 continues as a freeway to the Woodbury County/Plymouth County line, where it becomes an expressway. This expressway becomes a freeway bypass of Le Mars. North of Le Mars, U.S. 75 exits off the freeway bypass, which continues on as Iowa Highway 60, and turns north. U.S. 75 continues as a two-lane, undivided highway passing through Sioux Center and Rock Rapids before leaving the state north of Iowa Highway 9.
The segment from the Missouri River to LeMars is part of a larger expressway project which will eventually provide a direct connection between Sioux City and the Twin Cities region in Minnesota.
In Minnesota, U.S. 75 stays very close to the state's western border. It passes through few large towns. U.S. 75 enters Minnesota south of Luverne near Ash Creek and Steen, and passes though Pipestone, Canby, and Breckenridge. It is the main north–south route through Moorhead. North of Moorhead, the route turns northeast to pass through Crookston (east of Grand Forks, ND), then turns northwest towards the Red River of the North. U.S. 75 does not cross the Red River, ending instead at the Canadian border at the unincorporated community of Noyes. It is not possible to cross the border at Noyes as the port of entry closed in July 2006. Border traffic is instead directed to the nearby crossing in Pembina, North Dakota (via Minnesota State Highway 171, North Dakota Highway 59 and Interstate 29). Manitoba Highway 75 previously continued on the other side of the Noyes border crossing, but has since been re-routed by the Province of Manitoba to the Pembina crossing.
All 408 miles (657 km) of U.S. 75 in Minnesota is officially designated the Historic King of Trails, sponsored by the towns along the route. The King of Trails was in fact the historic Auto Trail name for this road before the trunk highway system was commissioned in 1920.
In the initial assignment of state highways in 1917, Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston were connected by a branch of State Highway 2 (the Meridian Highway), which ran via Waco and Bryan and continued on to Galveston. The more direct route followed by US 75 was not initially part of the system between Richland (connected to Dallas by SH 14) and Huntsville (connected to Houston by SH 19). This Richland-Huntsville cutoff was added by 1919 as State Highway 32, and US 75 was assigned to the alignment, as well as SH 6 north of Dallas, in 1926. The branch of SH 2, which US 75 followed between Houston and Galveston, eventually became part of SH 6, and these numbers were dropped in the 1939 renumbering.
Prior to the coming of the Interstate Highway System in the late 1950s, the only improvements to US 75 in Texas beyond building a two-lane paved roadway were in the Houston and Dallas areas. However, the highways in and near these cities included some of the first freeways in the state: the Gulf Freeway (Houston) and the Central Expressway (Dallas). When Interstate 45 was built in the 1960s, its alignment bypassed many of the towns and built-up areas between downtown Dallas and Houston. The bypassed routes retained the US 75 designation until the designation was truncated to downtown Dallas in 1987. Many of the original alignments continue to exist under other designations.
Near Ferris, Trumbull, Palmer, Ennis, and Corsicana Interstate 45 veers east to avoid the more populated areas. The old US 75 alignments through these towns, decommissioned in 1987, now carry the following designations:
- Interstate 45 Business (originally Loop 560) through Ferris
- Loop 561 through Trumbull
- Interstate 45 Business through Palmer (originally Loop 562)
- Spur 469, Interstate 45 Business (originally U.S. Highway 287 and Spur 563) through Ennis
- Interstate 45 Business (originally Loop 564) through Corsicana
In other cases alignments were bypassed while US 75 remained in existence; they now carry the following designations:
- State Highway 3 through La Marque, Dickinson, League City, South Houston and Houston, bypassed 1952
- State Highway 5 from north of Dallas via Plano, McKinney, Anna and Van Alstyne to Howe, bypassed 1959-1967
- State Highway 91 from Sherman to Denison, bypassed 1984
- Spur 503 and U.S. Highway 69 around downtown Denison to near Oklahoma
The main line of US-75 from Beggs to Tulsa, known locally as the "Okmulgee Beeline", is a modern four-lane highway. Its original route between the two locations, 3 miles (5 km) to the west through Kiefer, was designated as Alternate US-75. Historically, US-75 met Route 66 (now State Highway 66) in Sapulpa, and the routes were co-signed into Tulsa. From Tulsa there were many alignment changes. One alignment called the Capital Route suggest that modern day Memorial Drive proceeding north from Admiral Place proceeded through what is now Tulsa International Airport. There appears to be remnants on the west side of runways 36R/18L, there is approximately 2,367 feet of the partial alignment proceeding north to E. Port Road north of the airport. From E. Port Road there appears to be another partial alignment approximately 1.18 miles to Mohawk Boulevard near Bird Creek. There appears to be more remnants south of E. 76 Street North of approximately 1,970 feet just east of Barnes Elementary School. It proceeded north from E. 76 Street North through the west side of the town of Vera into Washington County Oklahoma. The highway made a dogleg from what is now Washington County Road N. 4000 to the east onto Washington County Road W 3800 for 0.2 miles crossing the old Santa Fe (now Watco) railroad line then proceeding north back on Washington County N. 4000. The highway proceeded further north on Washington County Road for approximately 2.8 miles then veered left onto Washington County Road N. 3995 to Washington County Road W. 3400 proceeding west for 0.6 miles then veering right into the town of Ramona Oklahoma on Veterans Boulevard.
From Ramona the highway proceeded further north on Washington County N 3980 for 2.5 miles to Washington County Road W 3100 and jogs to the left, north of that location The Highway proceeded to the northwest for approximately 1 mile and crosses the current alignment near Washington County Road W 3000 just to the northeast of the current Wal Mart Distribution Center. The highway then proceeded further northwest on Washington County Road 3963 for 1.2 miles to Washington County Road W 2900. From that location it made a left turn on Washington County Road W 2900 for 1.7 miles to Ochelata Street and made a jog to the right on Ochelata Street into the town of Ochelata Oklahoma.
The highway then proceeded north for approximately 1.0 miles then veered to the left at Washington County Road W 2800 and continued to the northeast for approximately 0.7 miles to Washington County Road N 3950 and then proceeded north on Washington County Road N 3950 for approximately 3.3 miles to Washington County Road E 0240. The highway then made a left turn onto Washington County Road E 0240 for approximately 1.0 mile to Silverlake Road for approximately 3.0 miles near Price Road. (*Note Silverlake Road at Price Road is the location Hillcrest Country Club on the south side to the city of Barltesville Oklahoma. From Price Road it veered to the north-northwest onto Hillcrest Drive where it turns into S. Cherokee Avenue at East 14th Street approximately three blocks north of Bartlesville High School. The highway then proceeded further north on Cherokee Avenue to the intersection of Hensley Boulevard/Tuxedo Boulevard and Cherokee Avenue approximately one block east of the Bartlesville YMCA located on Hensley Boulevard and Osage Avenue near Johnstone Park on city's north side. The highway then proceeded to the northeast on the current Oklahoma State Highway 123 from the Hensley Boulevard/Tuxedo Boulevard/Cherokee Avenue intersection for approximately 3.4 miles into the town of Dewey Oklahoma.
The highway proceeded north on Delaware Street in Dewey Oklahoma crossing the old M-KATY railroad track for approximately 0.7 miles to Bulldogger Road near the Washington County Fair Building located on the left side between E. 11th Street and Bulldogger Road on the north side of Dewey Oklahoma. The highway then turned left on Bulldogger Road (*Note Dewey Middle-High School is located on the north side of Bulldogger Road.) The highway then proceeded two blocks crossed to the east of the current alignment. to a two lane road paralleling the current alignment approximately 53 feet to the east. (*Note the old highway from that location is a frontage road extending from Bulldogger Road to 16th Street on the far north side of Dewey Oklahoma near Miller Brothers Propane.) The highway then proceeded on the current alignment as a two lane highway from E. 16th Street in Dewey Oklahoma for approximately 4.2 miles to Washington County Road N 3975 on the east side of the current alignment and continued for approximately 1.2 miles northeast on Washington County Road N 3950 and crossed the current alignment approximately 1.0 mile south of the town of Copan Oklahoma.
The highway then proceeded north on Washington County Road N 3975 and crossed the current alignment of Oklahoma State Highway 10 next to the Copan Handi-Mart located on the southeast corner to the intersection south of the town of Copan. The highway proceeded north of Oklahoma State Highway 10 Washington County Road N 3975 and turns into Caney Avenue into Copan Oklahoma. The highway proceeded north on Caney Avenue through the town of Copan Oklahoma from Oklahoma State Highway 10 for approximately 3.1 miles roughly paralleling the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) rail line veering to the left approximately 1.7 miles north of the Copan Post Office crossing again over the current alignment at Washington County Road W.600 (Indian Road). The highway then proceeded north on Washington County Road N 3970 from Washington County Road W.600 (Indian Road) approximately 123 feet east of the current alignment as a two lane highway crossing Cotton Creek approximately 0.2 miles north of Washington County Road W.600 (Indian Road) (bridge is not there anymore) and proceeded further north from Cotton Creek on Washington County Road N 3970 for approximately 2.6 miles to Washington County Road W. 300 (Cotton Valley Road). The highway turned left on Washington County Road W. 300 (Cotton Valley Road) and crossed the current alignment and proceeded west crossing the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) railroad tracks located approximately 0.2 miles west of the current alignment and then proceeding further west on Washington County Road W. 300 approximately 0.5 miles wast of the current alignment. From that location the highway made a right curve to the north for approximately 1.0 miles then running roughly parallel the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) railroad track for approximately 1,270 feet then made a slight right turn crossing the railroad track. From the railroad track highway proceeded further north crossing Mud Creek then made a slight left curve crossing the Kansas/Oklahoma state line into the town of Caney Kansas.
The Southwest Montgomery County Hamlets into Independence Kansas
Prior to its current alignment on McGee Street in the town of Caney Kansas, the highway's alignment was west of there on High Street from the Kansas/Oklahoma state line. The highway proceeded north on High Street for approximately 0.8 miles to Fourth Street. (There are two former alignments in Caney Kansas, the first the highway turned left on Fourth Street, the second the highway turned right on Fourth Street. The second alignment took to highway three blocks to the east to McGee Street then turning left on McGee Street and continuing north on McGee Street on its current alignment) The highway made a left turn at the intersection of High Street and Fourth Street proceeding west on Fourth Street through downtown Caney Kansas four blocks to the intersection of Fourth Street and Woods Street. The highway then turned left (north) on Woods Street and proceeded north on Woods Street to Moss Avenue (Montgomery County Road 1600). The highway crossed the old Missouri Pacific Railroad (now abandoned) between W. Rose Avenue and W. Harvey Avenue on Woods Street just north of 823 North Woods (located on the west side of Woods Street, there is a small viaduct on the north side of that address and a small city park located north of the old line on the east side of Woods Street.) The highway proceeded west on Moss Avenue (Montgomery County C.R 1600, then crossed the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) railroad line approximately 0.2 miles to the west and proceeded past the current location of the Caney Valley Speedway on the town's northwest corner then curved to the left (north) and turns into now the current Montgomery County C.R 1300. The highway then crosses the current US 166 approximately 3.0 miles north of Caney Kansas. From the current US 166 the highway proceeded north on the current Montgomery County Road C.R 1300 where it turns into Main Street in the hamlet of Havana Kansas.
In the hamlet of Havana Kansas the highway made a right turn onto Mary Street and proceeded approximately 0.3 miles or five blocks east to the intersection of Mary Street and D Street. The highway then turned left onto D Street and proceeded north for 0.1 miles or two blocks to Cana Street. The highway then turned right onto Cana Street and proceeded east for approximately 0.1 miles and curved to the north onto Grand Avenue. The highway then proceeded north on Grand Avenue another 0.1 miles onto State Street (Montgomery County Road C.R 2600). The highway then turned right onto State Street (Montgomery County Road C.R 2600) north of the hamlet of Havana Kansas. From the intersection of Grand Avenue and State Street (C.R 2600) it proceeded east on Montgomery County Road C.R 2600 approximately 3.5 miles to Montgomery County Road C.R 2100. (The highway again crossed over the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) railroad line approximately 0.2 miles east of State Street (Montgomery County Road C.R 2600 and then 0.3 miles past the tracks crossing the current alignment.) The highway proceeded north on Montgomery County C.R 2100 for approximately 2.0 miles again crossing the current alignment and the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) railroad line to the southwest of the hamlet of Wayside Kansas onto Montgomery County Road C.R 3000.
The highway turned right onto Montgomery County C.R 3000 on the north side of the hamlet of Wayside Kansas then again crossed the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) railroad line and the current alignment and proceeded east approximately 4.0 miles to Montgomery County C.R 2900. The highway then turned left onto Montgomery County C.R 2900 and proceeded north on Montgomery County C.R 2900 for approximately 2.4 miles onto the highways current alignment east of the hamlet of Bolton Kansas and west of the Independence Municipal Airport. The highway continues northeast on its current alignment passing to the northwest of the Independence Municipal Airport then veers to the north past Montgomery County C.R 3825 and again crossed the old Santa Fe (now WATCO) railroad north of the airport and proceeded north to the current US 160/75 intersection approximately 3.2 miles from the center of downtown Independence Kansas.
Development of U.S. 75 in North Omaha, Nebraska was the source of much contention in when it was constructed. One state agency reports, "Construction of the North Omaha Freeway, coupled with social unrest in the 1970s, greatly impacted the North Omaha area. One neighborhood experienced a 30 percent housing loss and major increase in crime." Further, the City of Omaha refused to complete upgrades to the freeway, eliminating the possibility of achieving the Interstate 580 designation planned for it.
From when the route was created in 1926 until 1984, U.S. Route 75 left Nebraska in Omaha, crossing over the Missouri River into Council Bluffs, Iowa over the Ak-Sar-Ben Bridge before 1966, and the I-480 Bridge from 1966 until 1984. U.S. 75 then followed an alignment that went through western Iowa between Council Bluffs and Sioux City. After Interstate 29 was built, U.S. 75 was eventually moved onto I-29. In 1984, U.S. 75 was rerouted into Nebraska to replace most of U.S. 73. Previously, U.S. 73 was concurrent with U.S. 75 between Dawson, Nebraska and Omaha, and occupied the current segment of U.S. 75 between Omaha and Winnebago.
- I‑345 in Dallas
- I‑635 in Dallas
- US 380 in McKinney
- US 82 in Sherman
- US 69 in Denison. The highways travel concurrently to Atoka, Oklahoma.
- US 70 in Durant
- US 270 east of Calvin. The highways travel concurrently to Horntown.
- I‑40 / US 62 northeast of Clearview. I-40/US 75 travels concurrently to Henryetta. US 62/US 75 travels concurrently to Okmulgee.
- US 266 in Henryetta
- I‑44 in Tulsa
- I‑244 in Tulsa. The highways travel concurrently through Tulsa.
- I‑244 / I‑444 / US 64 in Tulsa. I-444/US 64/US 75 travels concurrently through Tulsa.
- I‑244 / I‑444 / US 412 in Tulsa
- US 60 in Bartlesville. The highways travel concurrently through Bartlesville.
- US 166 north of Caney. The highways travel concurrently for approximately 2.7 miles (4.3 km).
- US 160 west of Independence. The highways travel concurrently to Independence.
- US 400 north-northeast of Sycamore. The highways travel concurrently to west-southwest of Neodesha.
- US 54 in Yates Center
- I‑35 / US 50 south-southeast of Olivet
- US 56 south-southeast of Carbondale
- I‑470 in Topeka. The highways travel concurrently through Topeka.
- I‑70 / I‑470 / US 40 in Topeka. I-70/US 40/US 75 travels concurrently through Topeka.
- US 24 in Topeka
- US 36 west of Fairview
- US 73 north of Dawson
- US 136 in Auburn
- US 34 east of Union. The highways travel concurrently to south of Bellevue.
- US 275 in Omaha
- I‑80 / I‑480 in Omaha. I-480/US 75 travels concurrently through Omaha.
- I‑680 in Omaha
- US 30 in Blair. The highways travel concurrently through Blair.
- US 77 in Winnebago. The highways travel concurrently to South Sioux City.
- I‑129 / US 20 / US 77 in South Sioux City. I-129/US 75 travels concurrently to Sioux City, Iowa. US 20|US 75 travels concurrently to east of Sioux City, Iowa.
- US 18 west of Hull. The highways travel concurrently to west-northwest of Hull.
- I‑90 in Luverne
- US 14 in Lake Benton. The highways travel concurrently through Lake Benton.
- US 212 south of Madison
- US 12 in Ortonville
- I‑94 / US 52 in Moorhead
- US 10 in Moorhead. The highways travel concurrently through Moorhead.
- US 2 north-northwest of Crookston. The highways travel concurrently to north of Crookston.
- MN 171 in St. Vincent. Exit to Canada via Interstate 29. The highway is a dead-end at Noyes.
- U.S. Route 75 Alternate in northeast Oklahoma
- U.S. Route 75 Business in Sioux City, Iowa
- U.S. Route 75 Business in Le Mars, Iowa
- Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 1 March 2006.
- Endpoints of US highways
- "Interstate 45". Interstate Guide. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "Bureau of Customs and Border Protection" (pdf). Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- "Minnesota Statute § 161.114(2)". Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "Minnesota Statute § 161.115(106)". Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- Commerce Journal, Highway Commission Adopts 25 Highways, July 6, 1917
- State Highway Department, Map Showing Proposed System of State Highways as Adopted June 1917
- Texas State Highway Department, Highway Map: State of Texas, October 1, 1919
- Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved November 7, 2013 – via University of North Texas Libraries.
- Conoco, Official Road Map of Texas, H.M. Gousha Company, 1933
- Texas Highway Department, Official Travel Map, 1954 Edition
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 559". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 310". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 560". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 561". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 562". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 563". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 564". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 75". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 87". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 3". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 5". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 93". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 75-A". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- (2001) State's top community development projects honored. Nebraska Department of Economic Development.
- Endpoints of US highway 75 - at usends.com
|Browse numbered routes|
|← SH 74||TX||SH 75 →|
|← K-74||KS||K-76 →|
|← N-74||NE||I-76 →|
|← I-74||IA||Iowa 76 →|
|← MN 74||MN||MN 76 →|