U.S. News & World Report

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U.S. News & World Report
Founded1948; 74 years ago (1948) (merger of United States News [1933] and World Report [1946])
Headquarters
Key people
  • CEO: Eric Gertler[1]
  • President: Bill Holiber[2]
  • Editor: Kimberly Castro[2]
Products
OwnerU.S. News & World Report, L.P. (Mortimer Zuckerman)
Websiteusnews.com

U.S. News & World Report (USNWR) is an American media company that publishes news, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis. It was launched in 1948 as the merger of domestic-focused weekly newspaper U.S. News and international-focused weekly magazine World Report. In 1995, the company launched 'usnews.com' and in 2010, the magazine ceased printing.[3][4]

The company's rankings of American colleges and universities are popular with the general public[5] and influence application patterns.[6]

History[edit]

Following the closure of United States Daily (1926–1933), David Lawrence (1888–1973) (who also started World Report in 1946) founded United States News in 1933. The two magazines covered national and international news separately, but Lawrence merged them into U.S. News & World Report in 1948.[7] He subsequently sold the magazine to his employees. Historically, the magazine tended to be slightly more conservative than its two primary competitors, Time and Newsweek, and focused more on economic, health, and education stories. It also eschewed sports, entertainment, and celebrity news.[8] Important milestones in the early history of the magazine include the introduction of the "Washington Whispers" column in 1934 and the "News You Can Use" column in 1952.[9][10] In 1958, the weekly magazine's circulation passed one million and reached two million by 1973.[9]

Since 1983, it has been known primarily for its influential ranking and annual reports of colleges and graduate schools, spanning across most fields and subjects. U.S. News & World Report is America's oldest and best-known ranker of academic institutions,[11] and covers the fields of business, law, medicine, engineering, education, social sciences and public affairs, in addition to many other areas.[12] Its print edition was consistently included in national bestseller lists, augmented by online subscriptions. Additional rankings published by U.S. News & World Report include hospitals, medical specialties and automobiles.

In October 1984, publisher and real estate developer Mortimer Zuckerman purchased U.S. News & World Report.[10] Zuckerman had owned the New York Daily News. In 1993, U.S. News & World Report entered the digital world by providing content to CompuServe and in 1995, the website usnews.com was launched. In 2001, the website won the National Magazine Award for General Excellence Online.[13] In 2007, U.S. News & World Report published its first list of the nation's best high schools. Its ranking methodology included state test scores and the success of poor and minority students on these exams, and schools' performance in Advanced Placement exams.

Starting in June 2008, the magazine reduced its publication frequency in three steps. In June 2008, citing a decline overall in magazine circulation and advertising, U.S. News & World Report announced that it would become a biweekly publication, starting January 2009.[14] It hoped advertisers would be attracted to the schedule, which allowed ads to stay on newsstands a week longer. However, five months later the magazine changed its frequency again, becoming monthly.[15] In August 2008, U.S. News expanded and revamped its online opinion section.[16] The new version of the opinion page included daily new op-ed content as well as the new Thomas Jefferson Street blog.[17] An internal memo was sent on November 5, 2010, to the staff of the magazine informing them that the "December issue will be our last print monthly sent to subscribers, whose remaining print and digital replica subscriptions will be filled by other publishers."[18] The memo went on to say that the publication would be moving to a primarily digital format but that it would continue to print special issues such as "the college and grad guides, as well as hospital and personal finance guides". Prior to ending physical publication, U.S. News was generally the third-ranked general American newsmagazine after Time and Newsweek.[19] A weekly digital magazine, U.S. News Weekly, introduced in January 2009,[20] continued to offer subscription content until it ceased at the end of April 2015.[21]

The company is owned by U.S. News & World Report, L.P., a privately held company, with a headquarters in Washington, D.C. and advertising, sales and corporate offices in New York and New Jersey.[9] The company's move to the Web made it possible for U.S. News & World Report to expand its service journalism with the introduction of several consumer-facing rankings products. The company returned to profitability in 2013.[22] The leadership team includes Executive Chairman Eric Gertler, President & CEO William Holiber, CFO/COO Neil Maheshwari and Kim Castro, editor and chief content officer. Brian Kelly was the chief content officer from April 2007 – August 2019. The company is owned by media proprietor Mortimer Zuckerman.

Rankings[edit]

Who Runs America?[edit]

The first of U.S. News & World Report's rankings was its "Who Runs America?" surveys. These ran in the spring of each year from 1974 to 1986. The magazine would have a cover typically featuring persons selected by the USN & WR as being the ten most powerful persons in the United States. Every single edition of the series listed the President of the United States as the most powerful person, but the #2 position included such persons as Secretary of State Henry Kissinger (1974),[23] Federal Reserve Chairmen Paul Volcker and Arthur Burns (each listed multiple years) and US Senator Edward Kennedy (1979).[24] While most of the top ten each year were officials in government, occasionally others were included, including TV anchormen Walter Cronkite and Dan Rather, Chase Manhattan Bank Chairman David Rockefeller, AFL–CIO leader George Meany, and consumer advocate Ralph Nader. The only woman to make the top ten list was First Lady Rosalynn Carter in 1980.[25]

In addition to these overall top ten persons, the publication also included top persons in each of several fields, including education, business, finance, journalism, and many other areas. The survey was discontinued after 1986.

Best Colleges[edit]

The top ten "national universities" (red ) and "liberal arts colleges" (blue ) in the U.S. News & World Report Best Colleges Ranking, as of 2022

The U.S. News & World Report Best Colleges Ranking is an annual set of rankings of colleges and universities in the United States, first published in 1983.

Although the rankings are the most influential of their kind in the United States, they have been widely denounced by many higher education experts.[26] Detractors argue that they rely on self-reported, sometimes fraudulent data by the institutions,[27][28][29][30] encourage gamesmanship by institutions looking to improve their rank,[31] imply a false precision by deriving an ordinal ranking from questionable data,[32] contribute to the admissions frenzy by unduly highlighting prestige,[33] and ignore individual fit by comparing institutions with widely diverging missions on the same scale.[34]

Best Global Universities[edit]

In October 2014, U.S. News & World Report published its inaugural "Best Global Universities" rankings.[35] Inside Higher Ed noted that U.S. News is entering into the international college and university rankings area that is already "dominated by three major global university rankings," namely the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, and the QS World University Rankings.[36] Robert Morse, "U.S. News’s chief data strategist," stated that "it's natural for U.S. News to get into this space."[36] Morse also noted that U.S. News "will also be the first American publisher to enter the global rankings space".[36]

Best Hospitals[edit]

Since 1990, U.S. News & World Report has compiled the Best Hospitals rankings.[37] The Best Hospitals rankings are specifically based on a different methodology that looks at difficult (high acuity) cases within 16 specialties, including cancer; diabetes and endocrinology; ear, nose and throat; gastroenterology; geriatrics; gynecology; heart and heart surgery; kidney disorders; neurology and neurosurgery; ophthalmology; orthopedics; psychiatry; pulmonology; rehabilitation; rheumatology; and urology.[38][39] In addition to rankings for each of these specialties, hospitals that excel in many U.S. News areas are ranked in the Honor Roll.[40]

Best Cars[edit]

Since 2007, U.S. News has developed an innovative rankings system for new and used automobiles. The rankings span over 30 classes of cars, trucks, SUVs, minivans, wagons, and sports cars. Each automobile receives an overall score, as well as a performance, interior, and recommendation score to the nearest tenth on a 1–10 scale. Scores are based on the consensus opinion of America's trusted automotive experts, as well as reliability and safety data.[41] U.S. News also produces annual "Best Cars for the Money" and "Best Cars for Families" awards across approximately 20 classes of cars, trucks, SUVs, and minivans. Money award winners are derived by combining vehicle price and five-year cost of ownership with the opinion of the automotive press,[42] while family awards are tabulated by combining critics' opinions with the vehicle's availability of family-friendly features and interior space, as well as safety and reliability data. Money and family award winners are announced in February and March of each year, respectively.[43]

Best States[edit]

Education ranking, 2019: 01-10, 11-20, 21-30, 31-40, 41-50

In 2017, U.S. News published its first ranking of all 50 U.S. states, incorporating metrics in seven categories: health care, education, crime and corrections, infrastructure, opportunity, economy, and government. The weighting of the individual categories in determining overall rank was informed by surveys on what matters most to residents. Massachusetts occupied the top rank, and Louisiana ranked worst.[44]

In 2018 the 8 categories were: health care, education, economy, opportunity, infrastructure, crime & corrections, fiscal stability, and quality of life. Iowa occupied the top rank, and Louisiana ranked worst.[45]

In 2019 natural environment replaced the quality of life category. Washington occupied the top rank, and Louisiana ranked worst.[46]

The ranking was not published in 2020. In 2021, Washington, Minnesota, and Utah topped the list, while New Mexico, Mississippi, and Louisiana ranked worst.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eric Gertler Assumes Role of Chief Executive Officer of U.S. News". U.S. News. May 26, 2022. Archived from the original on November 15, 2022. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Leadership". U.S. News. Archived from the original on November 15, 2022. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  3. ^ "Celebrating 85 Years". U.S. News & World Report. July 11, 2018. Archived from the original on November 15, 2022.
  4. ^ Peters, Jeremy W. (November 6, 2010). "U.S. News & World Report to End Monthly Publication". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  5. ^ Smith, Steve (September 19, 2013). "U.S. News Pulls Social Levers to Break Records for 'Best Colleges' Package". min Online. Archived from the original on January 23, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  6. ^ Luca, Michael; Smith, Jonathan (September 27, 2011). "Salience in Quality Disclosure: Evidence from the U.S. News College Rankings". Leadership and Management. Archived from the original on November 7, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
  7. ^ David E. Sumner (May 2012). "American winners and losers:2001 to 2010" (PDF). International Conference on Communication, Media, Technology and Design. Istanbul. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  8. ^ "U.S. News & World Report". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
  9. ^ a b c "About U.S. News & World Report". Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Celebrating 80 Years - US News". Archived from the original on October 16, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. News college rankings are denounced but not ignored". The Washington Post. 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  12. ^ "U.S. News & World Report: Comprehensive Categories of Academic Institutions". U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report, L.P. 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  13. ^ "2001 National Magazine Awards". Infoplease.
  14. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (June 11, 2008). "U.S. News Plans to Publish Biweekly and Expand Consumer Focus". The New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
  15. ^ "Red Ink: 'U.S. News' Goes Monthly, Hearst and Rodale Cut Staff". MediaPost. June 11, 2008. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
  16. ^ "Political Blogs, Opinions, Commentaries and Forums on Current Issues". U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report, L.P. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  17. ^ "Political Blogs, Opinions, Commentaries and Forums on Current Issues". U.S. News. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  18. ^ "December issue will be our last printed monthly sent to subscribers". Poynter Online. November 5, 2010. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
  19. ^ Sacks, Peter (April 5, 2007). "America's Best College Scam". The Huffington Post. AOL. Archived from the original on April 2, 2011.
  20. ^ "'U.S. News' Launching Digital Newsweekly". Archived from the original on September 10, 2015. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  21. ^ U.S. News Digital Weekly. 4/24/2015, Vol. 7 Issue 17, p.15
  22. ^ "Value Added: U.S. News & World Report returns to the ranks of profitability". The Washington Post.
  23. ^ "backissues.com – U.S. News & World Report April 22, 1974 - Product Details".
  24. ^ "backissues.com – U.S. News & World Report April 16, 1979 - Product Details".
  25. ^ "backissues.com – U.S. News & World Report April 14, 1980 - Product Details".
  26. ^ Jaschik, Scott (April 11, 2022). "'Breaking Ranks' is a new book that attacks 'U.S. News'". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  27. ^ Elsen-Rooney, Michael (March 6, 2022). "Columbia math professor questions numbers behind university's #2 ranking on U.S. News list". nydailynews.com. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  28. ^ Lukpat, Alyssa (November 30, 2021). "Former Temple U. Dean Found Guilty of Faking Data for National Rankings". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  29. ^ Jaschik, Scott (May 28, 2019). "University of Oklahoma stripped of 'U.S. News' ranking for supplying false information". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  30. ^ Jaschik, Scott (February 19, 2018). "False 'U.S. News' rankings data discovered for three more universities". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  31. ^ Breslow, Samuel (September 26, 2014). "The Case Against Being (Ranked) the Best". The Student Life. Archived from the original on February 25, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  32. ^ Strauss, Valerie (September 12, 2018). "U.S. News changed the way it ranks colleges. It's still ridiculous". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  33. ^ Jaschik, Scott (September 10, 2018). "'U.S. News' says it has shifted rankings to focus on social mobility, but has it?". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  34. ^ Gladwell, Malcolm (February 7, 2011). "The Trouble with College Rankings". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  35. ^ "U.S. News Releases Inaugural Best Global Universities Rankings - US News". Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  36. ^ a b c "'U.S. News' to Issue New Global University Rankings". Inside Higher Ed.
  37. ^ "Top American Hospitals - U.S. News Best Hospitals". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  38. ^ Lowes, Robert (September 20, 2012). "Joint Commission's Top-Hospital List Still Missing Big Names". Medscape Medical News.
  39. ^ Comarow, Avery (July 10, 2008). "A Look Inside the Hospital Rankings". U.S. News & World Report.
  40. ^ "Top American Hospitals". U.S. News & World Report. July 17, 2012.
  41. ^ How We Rank New Cars | U.S. News Best Cars. cars.usnews.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  42. ^ Page, Jamie. (2014-02-12) Best Cars for the Money Awards 2014 | U.S. News Best Cars Archived March 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. cars.usnews.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  43. ^ Page, Jamie. (2014-03-12) Best Cars for Families Awards 2014 | U.S. News Best Cars. cars.usnews.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  44. ^ "Best States 2017" (PDF). U.S. News & World Report. 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  45. ^ "Best States 2018" (PDF). U.S. News & World Report. 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  46. ^ "Best States 2019" (PDF). U.S. News & World Report. 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  47. ^ "Best States 2021" (PDF). U.S. News & World Report. 2021. Retrieved July 31, 2022.