United States at the Olympics

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United States at the
Olympics
Flag of the United States.svg
IOC code USA
Medals
Gold
1,127
Silver
905
Bronze
795
Total
2,827
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games

The United States of America has sent athletes to every celebration of the modern Olympic Games except the 1980 Summer Olympics, during which it led a boycott. The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is the National Olympic Committee for the United States.

U.S. athletes have won a total of 2,522 medals (1,022 of them gold) at the Summer Olympic Games, the most of any nation, and another 305 at the Winter Olympic Games, the second most behind Norway. The U.S. has topped the gold medal count (as the medals are listed on the IOC website, and internationally by tradition) at seventeen Summer Olympics, the most of any nation, and one Winter Olympics. The U.S. holds the record both for the most gold and overall medals won in a single Summer Olympics.

Hosted Games[edit]

The United States has hosted the Games on eight occasions, more than any other nation, and is planning to host the ninth:

Games Host city Dates Nations Participants Events
1904 Summer Olympics St. Louis, Missouri 1 July – 23 November 12 651 91
1932 Winter Olympics Lake Placid, New York 7 – 15 February 17 252 14
1932 Summer Olympics Los Angeles, California 30 July – 14 August 37 1,332 117
1960 Winter Olympics Squaw Valley, California 2 – 20 February 30 665 27
1980 Winter Olympics Lake Placid, New York 13 – 24 February 37 1,072 38
1984 Summer Olympics Los Angeles, California 28 July – 12 August 140 6,829 221
1996 Summer Olympics Atlanta, Georgia 19 July – 4 August 197 10,318 271
2002 Winter Olympics Salt Lake City, Utah 8 – 24 February 77 2,399 78
2028 Summer Olympics Los Angeles, California 21 July - 6 August TBA TBA TBA

Medal tables[edit]

Red border color indicates host nation status.

Flagbearers[edit]

Amateurism and professionalism[edit]

The exclusion of professionals caused several controversies throughout the history of the modern Olympics. The 1912 Olympic pentathlon and decathlon champion Jim Thorpe was stripped of his medals when it was discovered that he had played semi-professional baseball before the Olympics. His medals were posthumously restored by the IOC in 1983 on compassionate grounds.[3]

The advent of the state-sponsored "full-time amateur athlete" of the Eastern Bloc countries eroded the ideology of the pure amateur, as it put the self-financed amateurs of the Western countries at a disadvantage. The Soviet Union entered teams of athletes who were all nominally students, soldiers, or working in a profession, but all of whom were in reality paid by the state to train on a full-time basis.[4][5][6] As a result, the Olympics has shifted away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Pierre de Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warren Wofford was the flagbearer in the (Equestrian) parade in Stockholm for the Olympics Equestrian Sports Association events held there because a quarantine imposed on horses prevented equestrian events from taking place in Australia
  2. ^ The first female flagbearer for the United States at the Olympics
  3. ^ "Jim Thorpe Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 9 February 2009. 
  4. ^ http://blogs.bu.edu/guidedhistory/russia-and-its-empires/tyler-benson/
  5. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP80-00810A005600130009-0.pdf
  6. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP80-00810A005600130009-0.pdf

External links[edit]