|United States Postmaster General|
|United States Postal Service|
|Member of||Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service|
|Seat||475 L'Enfant Plaza SW, Washington, D.C. 20260|
|Appointer||Board of Governors|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||39 U.S.C. § 203|
|First holder||Benjamin Franklin|
|Deputy||Deputy Postmaster General|
The United States postmaster general (PMG) is the chief executive officer of the United States Postal Service (USPS). The PMG is responsible for managing and directing the day-to-day operations of the agency.
The PMG is selected and appointed by the Board of Governors of the Postal Service. The postmaster general then also sits on the board. The PMG does not serve at the president's pleasure and can only be dismissed by the Board of Governors. The appointment of the postmaster general does not require Senate confirmation. The governors, and the postmaster general elect the deputy postmaster general.
The office, in one form or another, dates from before the United States Constitution and the United States Declaration of Independence, having been based on the much older English, and later British, position of Postmaster General. Benjamin Franklin was appointed by the Continental Congress as the first postmaster general in 1775; he had previously served as deputy postmaster for the British colonies of North America since 1753. The formal office of the United States Postmaster General was established by act of government on September 22, 1789.
Until 1971, the postmaster general was the head of the Post Office Department (or simply "Post Office" until the 1820s).: 60–65 During that era, the postmaster general was appointed by the president of the United States, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate.: 120 From 1829 to 1971, the postmaster general was a member of the president's Cabinet. After the passage of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act in 1883 and prior to the passage of the Hatch Act of 1939, the postmaster general was in charge of the governing party's patronage and was a powerful position which held much influence within the party, as exemplified by James Farley's 1933–1940 tenure under Franklin D. Roosevelt.
After the spoils system was reformed, the position remained a Cabinet post, and it was often given to a new president's campaign manager or other key political supporters, including Arthur Summerfield, W. Marvin Watson, and Larry O'Brien (each of whom played vital roles organizing the campaigns of presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson, respectively), and was considered something of a sinecure. Notably, poet and literary scholar Charles Olson (who served as a Democratic National Committee official during the 1944 United States presidential election) declined the position in January 1945.
In 1971, the Post Office Department was re-organized into the United States Postal Service, an independent agency of the executive branch, and the postmaster general was no longer a member of the Cabinet nor in line of presidential succession. The postmaster general is now appointed by the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service, not appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate.: 120 
List of postmasters general
Under the Continental Congress (1775–1789)
|Benjamin Franklin||July 26, 1775||November 7, 1776|
|Richard Bache||November 7, 1776||January 28, 1782|
|Ebenezer Hazard||January 28, 1782||September 26, 1789|
US Post Office Department (1789–1971)
As non-Cabinet department (1789–1829)
|Samuel Osgood||Massachusetts||September 26, 1789||August 12, 1791||George Washington|
|Timothy Pickering||Pennsylvania||August 12, 1791||January 1, 1795||George Washington|
|Joseph Habersham||Georgia||February 25, 1795||November 28, 1801||George Washington|
|Gideon Granger||Connecticut||November 28, 1801||March 17, 1814||Thomas Jefferson|
|Return Meigs||Ohio||March 17, 1814||June 26, 1823||James Madison|
|John McLean||Ohio||June 26, 1823||March 4, 1829||James Monroe|
|John Quincy Adams|
As cabinet department (1829–1971)
|William Barry||Kentucky||March 9, 1829||April 10, 1835||Andrew Jackson|
|Amos Kendall||Kentucky||May 1, 1835||May 18, 1840||Andrew Jackson|
|Martin Van Buren|
|John Niles||Connecticut||May 19, 1840||March 4, 1841||Martin Van Buren|
|Francis Granger||New York||March 6, 1841||September 18, 1841||William Henry Harrison|
|Charles Wickliffe||Kentucky||September 18, 1841||March 4, 1845||John Tyler|
|Cave Johnson||Tennessee||March 6, 1845||March 4, 1849||James K. Polk|
|Jacob Collamer||Vermont||March 8, 1849||July 22, 1850||Zachary Taylor|
|Nathan Hall||New York||July 23, 1850||August 31, 1852||Millard Fillmore|
|Samuel Hubbard||Connecticut||August 31, 1852||March 4, 1853||Millard Fillmore|
|James Campbell||Pennsylvania||March 7, 1853||March 4, 1857||Franklin Pierce|
|Aaron Brown||Tennessee||March 6, 1857||March 8, 1859||James Buchanan|
|Joseph Holt||Kentucky||March 9, 1859||December 31, 1860||James Buchanan|
|Horatio King||Maine||February 12, 1861||March 4, 1861||James Buchanan|
|Montgomery Blair||District of Columbia||March 5, 1861||September 24, 1864||Abraham Lincoln|
|William Dennison||Ohio||September 24, 1864||July 25, 1866||Abraham Lincoln|
|Alexander Randall||Wisconsin||July 25, 1866||March 4, 1869||Andrew Johnson|
|John Creswell||Maryland||March 5, 1869||June 22, 1874||Ulysses S. Grant|
|James Marshall||Virginia||July 3, 1874||August 24, 1874||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Marshall Jewell||Connecticut||August 24, 1874||July 12, 1876||Ulysses S. Grant|
|James Tyner||Indiana||July 12, 1876||March 3, 1877||Ulysses S. Grant|
|David Key||Tennessee||March 12, 1877||June 2, 1880||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|Horace Maynard||Tennessee||June 2, 1880||March 4, 1881||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|Thomas James||New York||March 5, 1881||December 20, 1881||James A. Garfield|
|Chester A. Arthur|
|Timothy Howe||Wisconsin||December 20, 1881||March 25, 1883||Chester A. Arthur|
|Walter Gresham||Indiana||April 3, 1883||September 4, 1884||Chester A. Arthur|
|Frank Hatton||Iowa||October 14, 1884||March 4, 1885||Chester A. Arthur|
|William Vilas||Wisconsin||March 6, 1885||January 6, 1888||Grover Cleveland|
|Donald Dickinson||Michigan||January 6, 1888||March 4, 1889||Grover Cleveland|
|John Wanamaker||Pennsylvania||March 5, 1889||March 4, 1893||Benjamin Harrison|
|Wilson Bissell||New York||March 6, 1893||March 1, 1895||Grover Cleveland|
|William Wilson||West Virginia||March 1, 1895||March 4, 1897||Grover Cleveland|
|James Gary||Maryland||March 5, 1897||April 21, 1898||William McKinley|
|Charles Smith||Pennsylvania||April 21, 1898||January 8, 1902||William McKinley|
|Henry Payne||Wisconsin||January 9, 1902||October 4, 1904||Theodore Roosevelt|
|Robert Wynne||Pennsylvania||October 10, 1904||March 5, 1905||Theodore Roosevelt|
|George Cortelyou||New York||March 6, 1905||January 14, 1907||Theodore Roosevelt|
|George Meyer||Massachusetts||January 15, 1907||March 4, 1909||Theodore Roosevelt|
|Frank Hitchcock||Massachusetts||March 5, 1909||March 4, 1913||William Howard Taft|
|Albert Burleson||Texas||March 5, 1913||March 4, 1921||Woodrow Wilson|
|Will Hays||Indiana||March 5, 1921||March 3, 1922||Warren G. Harding|
|Hubert Work||Colorado||March 4, 1922||March 4, 1923||Warren G. Harding|
|Harry New||Indiana||March 4, 1923||March 3, 1929||Warren G. Harding|
|Walter Brown||Ohio||March 5, 1929||March 4, 1933||Herbert Hoover|
|James Farley||New York||March 4, 1933||September 10, 1940||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Frank Walker||Pennsylvania||September 10, 1940||May 8, 1945||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Harry S. Truman|
|Robert Hannegan||Missouri||May 8, 1945||December 15, 1947||Harry S. Truman|
|Jesse Donaldson||Missouri||December 16, 1947||January 20, 1953||Harry S. Truman|
|Arthur Summerfield||Michigan||January 21, 1953||January 20, 1961||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Edward Day||California||January 21, 1961||August 9, 1963||John F. Kennedy|
|John Gronouski||Wisconsin||September 30, 1963||November 2, 1965||John F. Kennedy|
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Larry O'Brien||Massachusetts||November 3, 1965||April 10, 1968||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Marvin Watson||Texas||April 26, 1968||January 20, 1969||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Winton Blount||Alabama||January 22, 1969||January 1, 1971||Richard Nixon|
US Postal Service (1971–present)
|Winton Blount||January 1, 1971||January 1, 1972||Richard Nixon|
|Ted Klassen||January 1, 1972||February 16, 1975||Richard Nixon|
|Benjamin Bailar||February 16, 1975||March 15, 1978||Gerald Ford|
|William Bolger||March 15, 1978||January 1, 1985||Jimmy Carter|
|Paul Carlin||January 1, 1985||January 7, 1986||Ronald Reagan|
|Albert Casey||January 7, 1986||August 16, 1986||Ronald Reagan|
|Preston Tisch||August 16, 1986||March 1, 1988||Ronald Reagan|
|Anthony Frank||March 1, 1988||July 6, 1992||Ronald Reagan|
|George H. W. Bush|
|Marvin Runyon||July 6, 1992||May 16, 1998||George H. W. Bush|
|William Henderson||May 16, 1998||May 31, 2001||Bill Clinton|
|George W. Bush|
|John Potter||June 1, 2001||December 6, 2010||George W. Bush|
|Patrick Donahoe||January 14, 2011||February 1, 2015||Barack Obama|
|Megan Brennan||February 1, 2015||June 15, 2020||Barack Obama|
|Louis DeJoy||June 15, 2020||Present||Donald Trump|
- "DeJoy hired four people who worked for his businesses to work at USPS". CNN. September 15, 2020.
- "39 U.S. Code § 203 – Postmaster General; Deputy Postmaster General".
- https://about.usps.com/who/leadership/board-governors/[bare URL]
- https://about.usps.com/newsroom/national-releases/2020/0506-bog-announces-selection-of-louis-dejoy-to-serve-as-nations-75th-postmaster-general.htm[bare URL]
- "39 U.S. Code § 202 – Board of Governors".
- https://about.usps.com/who/leadership/officers/pmg-ceo.htm[bare URL]
- "Benjamin Franklin — About USPS" (PDF). United States Postal Service. Historian US Postal Service. February 2003. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
- "Letters Sent By the Postmaster General, 1789-1836". National Archives and Records Service. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2023.
- The United States Postal Service: An American History 1775–2006 (PDF). United States Postal Service. 2020. ISBN 978-0-9630952-4-4.
- Savage, Sean J. (1991). Roosevelt: The Party Leader, 1932–1945. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0813117553. Archived from the original on July 9, 2020.
- "Farley And Howe To Rule Patronage; To Ease Roosevelt's Burden, They Will Meet the Office-seekers at Capital. Working All Next Month. Meantime, Republicans Plan to Reorganize Committees and Start Publicity for 1936". The New York Times. January 11, 1933.
- "History of the United States Postal Service". Mailbox Near Me. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
- "About the Board of Governors". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
- Since July 1, 1971, the postmaster general has been appointed by and serves under the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service.
- "Postal leadership". USPS. June 2020. Archived from the original on 2014-10-03.
- "Papers of Arthur E. Summerfield, Postmaster General, 1953–1961". Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library. Archived from the original on May 12, 2008.