U.S. Route 11

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U.S. Route 11 marker

U.S. Route 11
Route information
Length: 1,645 mi[2] (2,647 km)
Existed: November 11, 1926 (1926-11-11)[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: US 90 in New Orleans, LA
 
North end: Route 223 at Rouses Point, NY
Location
States: Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York
Highway system

U.S. Route 11 (US 11) is a north–south United States highway extending 1,645 miles[2] (2,647 km) across the eastern United States. The southern terminus of the route is at U.S. Route 90 in the Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge in eastern New Orleans, Louisiana. The northern terminus is at the Canada–US border in Rouses Point, New York. The route continues across the border into Canada as Quebec Route 223. US 11, created in 1926, largely follows the route of the original plan.

Until 1929, US 11 ended just south of Picayune, Mississippi at the Pearl River border with Louisiana. It was extended through Louisiana after that.

The Maestri Bridge, which carries US 11 across Lake Ponchartrain, served as the only route to New Orleans from the east for six weeks after Hurricane Katrina due to its sturdy construction. The storm virtually destroyed the Twin Span Bridge on I-10 and damaged the Fort Pike Bridge on US 90.

Interstate 81, constructed in the 1960s, parallels the route of US 11 in many areas. Beyond I-81's southern terminus, other interstates run along corridors paralleling US 11, specifically I-59, which is joined to I-81 by I-40, I-75, and I-24.

Route description[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

US 11 spans 31.2 miles (50.2 km) within the state of Louisiana. Its southern terminus is located in Eastern New Orleans at a junction with US 90 (Chef Menteur Highway). The route begins as a two-lane highway that travels northward through a remote stretch of marshland within both the Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge and the New Orleans city limits. After crossing over I-10 at exit 254, US 11 proceeds across Lake Pontchartrain on the Maestri Bridge, a 4.8-mile-long (7.7 km) span dating from 1928 that parallels the I-10 Twin Span Bridge. Midway across the lake, US 11 enters unincorporated St. Tammany Parish. Upon reaching the north shore, US 11 follows Pontchartrain Drive into the city of Slidell, where it becomes a busy four-lane commercial corridor.[3][4]

After a brief concurrency with Louisiana Highway 433 (LA 433), US 11 turns onto Front Street and travels alongside the Norfolk Southern Railway (NS) line through Slidell's historic district. During this stretch, the route intersects both US 190 Bus. (Fremaux Avenue) and mainline US 190 (Gause Boulevard), both four-lane thoroughfares connecting with nearby I-10. Returning to two-lane capacity, US 11 crosses to the west side of the NSRW line on a narrow overpass built in 1937. At the north end of the city, US 11 intersects I-12 at exit 83, which is located just west of a major interchange with I-10 and I-59.[3][5]

A few miles later, US 11 enters the town of Pearl River and intersects LA 41 (Watts Road). Here, the route turns southeast onto Concord Boulevard and proceeds a short distance to exit 3 on I-59. US 11 turns north onto I-59 and utilizes the four-lane interstate alignment for the remainder of its distance in Louisiana. Following a second interchange serving the small town, I-59 and US 11 cross the West Pearl River into the dense Honey Island Swamp. Along this stretch is an exit connecting to Old US 11, a remnant of the pre-interstate alignment that provides access to the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area. US 11 crosses into the state of Mississippi with I-59 on a bridge spanning the main branch of the Pearl River just south of Nicholson.[3][5]

Mississippi[edit]

U.S. Route 11 enters the state of Mississippi along Interstate 59, passing through several directions of trees. After a short distance, Route 11 and Interstate 59 interchange at Exit 1 with Mississippi Highway 607, where 607 ends and U.S. Route 11 takes over its northeastern alignment away from Interstate 59. Route 11 generally parallels I-59 across Mississippi, serving as a local business route and following city streets through communities such as Hattiesburg, Laurel, and Meridian. It leaves the state east of Meridian concurrent with U.S. Route 80, entering the state of Alabama.

Alabama[edit]

U.S. Route 11 and U.S. Route 80 split three miles (5 km) into Alabama near Cuba, with U.S. 80 following an eastward track toward Demopolis. US 11, in contrast, continues to parallel the I-20/I-59 freeway through Livingston to Eutaw, where US 11 joins U.S. Route 43. The overlapping routes proceed northeast to Tuscaloosa, where US 43 splits from US 11 and heads north. US 11, however, continues along the I-20/I-59 corridor to Birmingham. US 11 overlaps I-20/59 for approximately 12 miles (19 km) between Woodstock and Bessemer. From Bessemer into Birmingham, the route is locally known as the "Bessemer Superhighway." US 11 is co-signed with Alabama state route 5 between Woodstock and Birmingham. US 11 through the western side of Birmingham is known as the Bessemer Superhighway and 3rd Avenue West. It passes near the Alabama State Fairgrounds, Rickwood Field (one of the oldest baseball stadiums in America) and Legion Field (known for hosting football games). On the east side of Birmingham, US 11 is known locally as 1st Avenue North and as Roebuck Parkway.

West of downtown Birmingham, US 11 intersects U.S. Route 78. US 78 turns east onto US 11, forming an overlap as the roadway enters the heart of the city. In the midst of the city center, US 78 breaks from US 11, progressing south of US 11 as the two routes exit the city. East of downtown, I-20 splits from I-59, with US 11 following I-59 to the northeast. US 11 passes through Gadsden and Fort Payne before crossing into Georgia ten miles (16 km) northeast of Hammondville.

Throughout Alabama, US 11 is paired with unsigned Alabama State Route 7.

Until 1955, US 11 was routed to Ashville and Gadsden following the current routes of AL 23 and US 411, and followed Third Street and went west on Forrest Avenue in downtown Gadsden. It was relocated to its present route to Attalla, with the original route designated as an alternate route until 1963.

The routes that corresponds to US 11's route in Alabama includes the Bear Meat Cabin Road (Huntsville Road), the Rome and Tuscaloosa Road (also called "Georgia Road") from Birmingham, and the Chattanooga Road (also called Alabama Road) from Attalla.

Georgia[edit]

After entering the state from Alabama, US 11 and State Route 58 (SR 58) travel northeast, parallel to Interstate 59 (I-59), through the valley between Sand Mountain and Lookout Mountain. The routes travel through the county seat of Dade County, Trenton, where they are briefly concurrent with SR 136. In the community of Wildwood, US 11 and SR 58 intersect the eastern terminus of SR 299 before continuing north into Tennessee.

US 11 and SR 58 see an Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) of 5,000 vehicles or more north of Trenton.[6] However, most of the route's through traffic has been diverted to Interstate 59, which closely parallels the route not only in Georgia, but also in Alabama and Mississippi.

Tennessee[edit]

US 11 along Lee Highway, south of Lenoir City

US 11 enters Tennessee west of Chattanooga. The route, concurrent with SR 38 from the state line north, runs parallel to Interstate 24 for three miles (5 km) to an intersection with Cummings Highway (US 41/US 64/US 72/SR 2). While SR 38 terminates here, US 11 follows the highway east into downtown Chattanooga. At the intersection of Broad Street and East 23rd Street, US 11 and US 64 separate from US 41 and US 72 and follow East 23rd east through downtown. The routes briefly overlap with US 41, here concurrent to US 76, on Dodds Avenue before resuming an easterly progression on Brainerd Road thereafter called Lee Highway. The road is also called Lee Highway in Southwestern Virginia.

East of downtown, I-24 terminates while Interstate 75 continues east along the I-24 right-of-way. US 11 and US 64 continue to the northeast, paralleling I-75 to Cleveland. In downtown Cleveland, US 64 separates from US 11, following US 74 east out of the city.

US 11 remains close to I-75 as it heads north, passing through Athens, Sweetwater, Loudon, and Lenoir City before entering Farragut. On the western edge of town, US 11 merges with US 70 at Dixie Lee Junction to form Kingston Pike. The routes remain joined for just over 20 miles (32 km) as they pass through Farragut and West Knoxville before diverging again in downtown Knoxville.

In eastern Knoxville, US 11 splits into U.S. Route 11W and U.S. Route 11E, with US 70 following US 11E.

U.S. Route 11E[edit]

Main article: U.S. Route 11E

Traversing 120.9 miles (194.6 km) from Knoxville, Tennessee to Bristol, Virginia, US 11E connects the cities and towns of New Market, Jefferson City, Morristown, Greeneville, Tusculum, Jonesborough, Johnson City, Bluff City and Bristol, all in Tennessee. After crossing into Virginia, it reconnects with US 11W.

U.S. Route 11W[edit]

Main article: U.S. Route 11W

Traversing 111.2 miles (179.0 km) from Knoxville, Tennessee to Bristol, Virginia, US 11W connects the cities and towns of Blaine, Rutledge, Bean Station, Rogersville, Surgoinsville, Church Hill, Mount Carmel and Kingsport, all in Tennessee. After crossing into Virginia, it reconnects with US 11E.

Virginia[edit]

US 11W and US 11E rejoin as US 11 in Bristol less than a mile north of the Tennessee-Virginia state line. As Lee Highway, US 11 proceeds northeastward through Abingdon, Wytheville and Radford. In this area, Interstate 81 was constructed parallel to US 11.

At Christiansburg, US 11 joins US 460 and the two routes overlap for 28 miles (45 km) to Salem, where the two highways split. US 11 winds through Roanoke on several roads, sometimes opposite the signed direction.

Part of the Carolina Road, a colonial trail, follows the roadbed of Route 11, also known as "the Lee Highway", through Virginia. Near Cloverdale, Virginia is the historical marker: "This is the old road from Pennsylvania to the Yadkin Valley, over which in early times settlers passed going south. On it were the Black Horse Tavern and the Tinker Creek Presbyterian Church."[7]

From Roanoke, the highway continues through Buchanan, Lexington, Staunton, Harrisonburg and Winchester in the Shenandoah Valley. (Between Buchanan and Lexington, US 11 passes over the famed Natural Bridge). Interstate 81 was constructed parallel to US 11 through many of these cities, although it generally bypassed the smaller towns. US 11 enters West Virginia about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Winchester.

West Virginia[edit]

US 11 enters West Virginia less than 200 yards (180 m) southeast of I-81. US 11 heads northeast for about 35 miles (56 km) through Berkeley County, passing through Inwood, Martinsburg, and Falling Waters before crossing the Potomac River into Maryland. The road is known as Winchester Pike south of Martinsburg, and as Williamsport Pike north of the city.

Maryland[edit]

In Maryland, US 11 passes over the Potomac River into Williamsport and through Hagerstown in Washington County before crossing the Mason–Dixon line into Pennsylvania. Interstate 81 was constructed along much the same route in the 1960s.

Pennsylvania[edit]

US 11 and I-81 enter Pennsylvania south of Greencastle. Known as the Molly Pitcher highway, US 11 follows I-81 northeast through the Cumberland Valley, running parallel to each other as they pass through Chambersburg, Shippensburg, and Carlisle. Northeast of Carlisle in Middlesex, US 11 interchanges with the Pennsylvania Turnpike (Interstate 76) and I-81 in succession. US 11, now to the south of I-81, continues eastward into the western suburbs of Harrisburg as the Carlisle Pike.

In Camp Hill, a close suburb of Harrisburg, US 11 stops paralleling I-81 and joins U.S. Route 15 northward through the western suburbs of Harrisburg. As the road exits the Harrisburg area, US 11 and US 15 begin to parallel the Susquehanna River as both head northward. The two routes remain overlapped to an intersection in Shamokin Dam, where US 15 branches off to the northwest, following the path of the Susquehanna's West Branch northward. US 11, in contrast, continues to parallel the main Susquehanna River, passing through municipalities such as Danville, Bloomsburg, and Berwick prior to reaching Wilkes-Barre.

In Wilkes-Barre, US 11 breaks from the Susquehanna and begins to run parallel to I-81 once more. From Wilkes-Barre, the highway goes through nearby Scranton, becoming the North Scranton Expressway north of downtown. In Clarks Summit, just north of Scranton, US 11 intersects U.S. Route 6. US 6 joins US 11 westward to Factoryville, where US 11 separates from US 6 and resumes its northerly trek through Susquehanna County to the New York-Pennsylvania border.

New York[edit]

US 11 proceeds northwestward through New York from the Pennsylvania border to Binghamton. US 11 and I-81 continue to parallel each other as they head north through Cortland and Syracuse. The route continues northward to Watertown. US 11 heads northeast from Watertown, passing along the northern edge of the Fort Drum Military Reservation and traversing a number of towns and villages, including Canton and Potsdam. US 11 passes north of Adirondack Park passing through Malone. At Rouses Point, US 11 joins New York State Route 9B and heads north to the Canada–US border, becoming QC 223.

Major intersections[edit]

Southern segment
Louisiana
US 90 in New Orleans
I‑10 in New Orleans
US 190 in Slidell
I‑12 in Slidell
I‑59 in Pearl River. The highways travel concurrently to Nicholson, Mississippi.
Mississippi
I‑59 / US 98 in Hattiesburg
US 49 in Hattiesburg
I‑59 in Walters
I‑59 in Laurel
I‑59 northeast of Laurel
I‑20 / I‑59 / US 80 in Meridian. I-20/I-59/US 11 travel concurrently through the city. US 11/US 80 travel concurrently to Cuba, Alabama.
I‑20 / I‑59 east-northeast of Toomsuba
Alabama
US 43 in Eutaw. The highways travel concurrently to Tuscaloosa.
I‑20 / I‑59 in Knoxville
I‑359 / US 43 in Tuscaloosa. I-359/US 11 travel concurrently through the city.
I‑20 / I‑59 / I‑359 in Tuscaloosa
US 82 in Tuscaloosa
I‑20 / I‑59 in Tuscaloosa
I‑20 / I‑59 in Tuscaloosa
I‑20 / I‑59 south of Lake View. The highways travel concurrently to Bessemer.
I‑459 southwest of McCalla
US 78 in Birmingham. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑65 in Birmingham
US 31 / US 280 in Birmingham
I‑20 in Birmingham
I‑59 in Birmingham
I‑459 in Birmingham
US 231 in Ashville
US 278 / US 431 in Attalla. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑59 in Fort Payne
Georgia
No major intersections
Tennessee
US 41 / US 64 / US 72 in Chattanooga. US 11/US 41/US 72 travel concurrently through the city. US 11/US 64 travel concurrently to Cleveland.
US 27 in Chattanooga
US 41 / US 76 in Chattanooga. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑75 in Chattanooga. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
US 321 in Lenoir City
US 70 southwest of Farragut. The highways travel concurrently to .
I‑140 in Knoxville
I‑40 / I‑75 in Knoxville
US 129 in Knoxville.
US 441 in Knoxville. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑40 / I‑275 in Knoxville
US 11E / US 11W / US 70 in Knoxville.
Northern segment
Virginia
US 11E / US 11W / US 19 / US 421 in Bristol. US 11/US 19 travel concurrently to Abingdon.
I‑81 / US 58 in Bristol
I‑81 / US 58 northeast of Bristol
I‑81 / US 58 east of Abingdon. US 11/US 58 travel concurrently for approximately 0.3 miles (0.48 km).
I‑81 southeast of Glade Spring
I‑81 in Seven Mile Ford
I‑81 southwest of Marion
I‑81 northeast of Marion
I‑81 west of Wytheville
US 21 in Wytheville. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑77 / I‑81 / US 52 in Wytheville. I-77/US 11/US 52 travel concurrently to Fort Chiswell. I-81/US 11 travel concurrently to south of Pulaski.
US 460 in Christiansburg
I‑81 / US 460 in Christiansburg. US 11/US 460 travel concurrently to Salem.
US 221 in Roanoke. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑581 / US 220 in Roanoke
US 221 / US 460 in Roanoke
I‑81 southwest of Buchanan
I‑81 northeast of Buchanan. The highways travel concurrently to west of Natural Bridge.
I‑81 northeast of Natural Bridge
US 60 in Lexington
I‑64 in East Lexington
I‑64 / I‑81 northeast of East Lexington
US 340 in Greenville
I‑64 / I‑81 in Greenville
US 250 in Staunton. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑81 in Harrisonburg
US 33 in Harrisonburg
I‑81 northeast of Harrisonburg
I‑81 in Mauzy
US 211 in New Market
I‑81 in Strasburg
US 17 / US 50 / US 522 in Winchester. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
I‑81 northeast of Winchester
West Virginia
I‑81 north-northeast of Falling Waters
Maryland
I‑81 in Halfway
US 40 in Hagerstown
Pennsylvania
I‑81 in Antrim Township
US 30 in Chambersburg
I‑76 in Middlesex Township
I‑81 in Middlesex Township
US 15 in Camp Hill. The highways travel concurrently to Shamokin Dam.
I‑81 in Summerdale
US 22 / US 322 in Penn Township
US 522 in Monroe Township
I‑80 in South Centre Township
I‑81 in Moosic
I‑81 / US 6 in South Abington Township. US 6/US 11 travel concurrently to northwest of Factoryville.
New York
I‑81 in Dickinson
I‑81 in Chenango
I‑81 in Chenango
I‑81 in Chenango
I‑81 northwest of Whitney Point
I‑81 in Cortlandville
I‑81 northwest of Tully
US 20 south of LaFayette
I‑81 south of Nedrow
I‑81 in Salina
I‑81 south-southwest of Mannsville
I‑781 in Calcium
I‑87 in the Town of Champlain
US 9 in the Town of Champlain
US 2 in Rouses Point
Route 223 at the Canada–United States border north of Rouses Point

See also[edit]

Blank shield.svg U.S. Roads portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved December 6, 2016 – via University of North Texas Libraries. 
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Route Number Database". American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. December 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Google (December 6, 2016). "Overview Map of US 11 in Louisiana" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 6, 2016. 
  4. ^ Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development Office of Multimodal Planning (February 2012). District 02: Official Control Section Map / Construction and Maintenance (PDF) (Map). Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development Office of Multimodal Planning (February 2012). District 62: Official Control Section Map / Construction and Maintenance (PDF) (Map). Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  6. ^ [1] Archived September 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Department of Historic Resources". 

External links[edit]

Browse numbered routes
LA 10 LA I-12
I-10 MS MS 12
I‑10 AL SR 12
MD 10 MD MD 12
PA 10 PA PA 12