U.S. Route 1 in North Carolina
Route of US 1 in North Carolina highlighted in red
|Maintained by NCDOT|
|Length||174.1 mi (280.2 km)|
|South end||US 1 at the South Carolina state line|
|North end||US 1 at the Virginia state line|
|Counties||Richmond, Moore, Lee, Chatham, Wake, Franklin, Vance, Warren|
U.S. Route 1 (US 1) is a north–south United States highway that runs for 174.1 miles (280.2 km) from the South Carolina state line, near Rockingham, to the Virginia state line, near Wise. It serves as a strategic highway, connecting the North Carolina Sandhills and Research Triangle regions.
From the South Carolina state line, US 1 passes through downtown Rockingham as a two-lane road with five-lane boulevard segments before and after downtown. North of Rockingham continues as a two-lane road. Between NC 177 and the Moore County line, begins the multilane highway where it is mostly a five-lane rural highway with a continuous center turn lane. Near the Moore County line becomes a 4 lane divided arterial. In southern Moore County, it continues as a 4 lane arterial with five-lane boulevard segments in Pinebluff, Aberdeen and the southern part of Southern Pines. After the Saunders Boulevard traffic signal, US 1 becomes an Expressway grade bypass in Southern Pines. After North May Street, it becomes a brief four-lane arterial before it becomes a four-lane Expressway after Aiken Road. A mile south of the US 15/US 501` juncture, downgrades as a 4 lane arterial towards Tramway. After Tramway, it becomes a freeway bypassing Sanford and continues to Raleigh as a freeway, sharing briefly with US 64 at Cary and 11 miles (18 km) of the Raleigh Inner-Beltline with I-440. North of Raleigh, US 1 continues as an expressway through Wake Forest and Henderson. Exiting off the connector road before I-85, the highway reverts to a two-lane rural road, paralleling I-85 into Virginia. US 1 through North Carolina generally follows the Fall Line between the Piedmont and the Atlantic Coastal Plain.
Though the highway is commonly known as "Highway 1" or "U.S. 1" throughout the state, the highway does have other known names it uses locally in areas.
- Capital Boulevard – Road name from I-440 north to the Franklin County line.
- Claude E. Pope Memorial Highway – Official North Carolina name of US 1, from I-40 in Cary south to the Chatham County line.
- Cliff Benson Beltline – Road name of Raleigh northern inner-beltline, cosigned with I-440.
- H. Clifton Blue Memorial Boulevard – Official North Carolina name of US 1 through Southern Pines.
- Jefferson Davis Highway – Road name in Lee County, approved in 1959 by county resolution at the request of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC).
The general route of US 1 in North Carolina was first part of the Capital Highway, an auto trail organized in 1909 to encourage counties along the route to improve the road between Washington and Atlanta. It differed from US 1 north of Norlina, where it ran via Emporia and Roanoke Rapids, and between Southern Pines and Rockingham, where a route via Pinehurst - where the association's president lived - was followed. The Quebec-Miami International Highway, organized in 1911 and renamed the Atlantic Highway in 1915, also followed this corridor, overlapping many parts of the Capital Highway. It initially followed even less of US 1 than the Capital Highway, only taking the same route between Raleigh and Cameron and south of Rockingham, but was modified to match the Capital Highway by 1920.
In 1922, the route was designated as North Carolina Highway 50, from the South Carolina state line to Roanoke Rapids. In 1923, the route from Norlina to Roanoke Rapids was renumbered as NC 48; redirecting NC 50 north to Virginia and continuing on to South Hill as VA 122. In 1926, US 1 was established, it was assigned to overlap all of NC 50; it would be in 1934 when NC 50 was dropped from the route.
Since its establishment, US 1 has not changed its route from the South Carolina state line to Pinebluff. The first change along the route happened in 1930 in Raleigh, where minor road changes were done in the downtown area. In 1933, US 1 was moved off Rocky Church Fork Road near Tramway onto new road to the west. Between 1937-1944, US 1 was rerouted in Aberdeen to its current routing and also north of Wise where US 1 moved onto new road east of Mac Powell Road. In 1948, US 1 was removed from most of Wake Forest Road, in Raleigh, and placed onto Louisburg Road; the old route became US 1A. In 1953, US 1 was placed on a bypass west of Wake Forest, leaving the old route to become US 1A.
Around 1956-1957, several changes along US 1 were made: A new bypass build west of Sanford, old route replaced by US 1A (later US 1 Business). In Raleigh, US 1 was redirected onto one-way streets Dawson and McDowell that connected to a new road called Capital Boulevard, which connected US 1 back onto Louisburg Road; Person Street and Wake Forest Road became secondary roads ever since. Finally, a new Super-2 bypass was built east of Henderson; which would later become a full freeway between 1991-1993.
In 1960, US 1 was placed on a Super-2, bypassing Moncure. Around 1963, US 1 was placed onto new freeway between Apex (via NC 55) to North Boulevard (today an extension of Capital Boulevard), in north Raleigh. The old route to Hillsborough Road became what is today Salem Street, Old Apex Road and Chatham Street (via Cary), while the routing through Raleigh became US 1 Business (1963-1975). Around 1965, the Super-2, from Moncure, extended north into Apex. In 1975, the Super-2, from Moncure, extended south to Sanford, connecting to its bypass. The entire route between Sanford to Apex became a freeway by the mid-1990s.
In 1999, NCDOT submitted a request to AASHTO to designate 32.36 miles (52.08 km) of US 1 from I-40, in Raleigh, to the future US 421 (Sanford Bypass) interchange, in Sanford as I-140. On April 17, 1999, the request was disapproved by the committee and has since been dropped. I-140 was subsequently designated along the western part of the Wilmington Outer Loop in 2002.
The NCDOT, in collaboration with the Department of Commerce and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, has designated US 1 as a Strategic Highway Corridor from Interstate 85 in Henderson to the South Carolina state line. From I-85 to I-540 in Raleigh, US 1 is recommended to be improved to a freeway. From I-540 to I-440 (the Capital Boulevard section in Raleigh) it is recommended be improved to an expressway (nearby freeway I-540 will maintain mobility). From I-440 to south of I-74/US 220 in Richmond County, it is designated as a freeway. South of I-74 to the South Carolina state line, it is designated as an expressway. The Strategic Corridors Initiative is an effort to protect and maximize mobility and connectivity on a core set of highway corridors, while promoting environmental stewardship through maximizing the use of existing facilities to the extent possible, and fostering economic prosperity through the quick and efficient movement of people and goods.
US 1 is not designated as Strategic Highway Corridor from the Vance County Line to US 401, as it is a 2 lane highway, with mobility being met by nearby I-85. However, the part of US 1 that is concurrent US 401 near I-85 is designated as a boulevard. (US 401 is designated as a boulevard from US 1 in Wake County to I-85). The small section of US 1 from I-85 to the Virginia State Line is also not designated. The 2010 Warren County Comprehensive Transportation Plan, which addresses transportation needs to the year 2035, concurs with these recommendations. The plan was adopted by all Warren County municipalities and NCDOT in 2007 and 2008.
The Comprehensive Transportation Plan for Vance County, which will address transportation needs to the year 2040, is currently under study. US 1 in Vance County from I-85 to the Warren County line not designated as a Strategic Highway Corridor, as mobility is served by nearby I-85.
The Franklin County Comprehensive Transportation Plan, which addresses transportation needs to the year 2035, US 1 is recommended to be improved to a 4 lane freeway throughout the county. The plan was adopted by all Franklin County Municipalities, the Capital Area Metropolitan Planning Organization, and NCDOT in 2011. Recently, a US 1 Corridor Study, managed by the Capital Area Metropolitan Organization, identified improvements between I-540 in Wake County to US 1A in Franklin County.
Recently, a US 1 Corridor Study, managed by the Capital Area Metropolitan Organization, identified improvements between I-540 in Wake County to US 1A in Franklin County.
Based on the 2011 Lee County Comprehensive Transportation Plan, which addresses transportation needs to the year 2035, US 1 is recommended to be improved to a 6 lane freeway from Chatham County to the US15-501 split. The remainder to the Moore County line is recommended to be improved to a 4 lane freeway. The improvements will increase capacity to address anticipated deficiencies and maintain statewide mobility. The plan was adopted by the County, Sanford, Broadway, and NCDOT in 2008.
In 2011, the North Carolina Department of Transportation, Moore County, and the Triangle Rural Planning Organization started work on a Comprehensive Transportation Plan to plan for future (2040) transportation improvements. State Law calls on each municipality to work cooperatively with NCDOT to develop such a plan to serve present and future travel demand. In November 2011, seven public charrettes were held to document local priorities on five transportation areas within the county, including US 1.
Many in the community fear that a US 1 Bypass project has been planned even though NCDOT has said repeatedly that there is no US 1 Bypass or any other US 1 improvements identified. The strongest opposition of any type of US 1 improvement has come from some area residents, the equestrian community and some business leaders. It is the aspiration of the opposition to lead towards no-build alternatives. However, since the Comprehensive Transportation Plan is based on 2040 travel demand, it is possible that no-build alternatives may not accommodate 2040 traffic, which may necessitate the need to plan for some type of future improvements.
Moore County Commissioners held a meeting on December 15, 2011 and passed a resolution against a US 1 bypass. Furthermore, the Southern Pines town council voted 4-1 against any US 1 improvements. Southern Pines Town Council member Fred Walden was the only dissenter on a US 1 bypass.
At this time, the cooperative effort to develop a Comprehensive Transportation Plan for Moore County is continuing. The plan which includes US 1, must address existing and future traffic and balance local priorities with future transportation needs. In a February 2012 meeting with the town of Aberdeen, local officials raised concerns over the improvement of US 1. NCDOT officials stated that there are "no lines on maps for any roads at this point". Also, it was conveyed that without a Comprehensive Transportation Plan, money for future projects may be "adversely affected".
As of December 2011, there has been no opposition for a proposed north-south Rockingham bypass. The widening project from the Moore County line to near NC 177 has been recently completed from a two-lane principal highway to mostly a 5 lane road with a small divided section near the Mackall Airfield. US 1 is now four lanes or greater from the US 1/I-85 interchange in Henderson, Vance County. Once US 1 enters South Carolina, there is no intention of widening US 1 to Cheraw and points south to Camden
In December 2012, public hearings have been held in Richmond County for the $260 million bypass. The project would begin at NC 177 and rejoin US 1 south of Rockingham by Sandhill Road, near the South Carolina state line.
|Richmond||||0.0||0.0||US 1 south – Cheraw||Continuation into South Carolina|
Future I-74 / US 74 – Laurinburg, Monroe
|10.9||17.5||US 220 north – Asheboro||Southern terminus of US 220|
US 74 Bus. (Broad Avenue) – Wadesboro, Hamlet
|||22.3||35.9||NC 177 – Hamlet|
|Moore||Aberdeen||37.7||60.7||US 15 south / US 501 south / NC 211 east (Poindexter Street) – Laurinburg, Raeford||South end of US 15/US 501 and east end of NC 211 overlap|
|37.9||61.0||NC 5 (South Street) – Pinehurst|
|39.5||63.6||US 15 north / US 501 north / NC 211 west – Pinehurst||North end of US 15/US 501 and west end of NC 211 overlap|
|Southern Pines||40.5||65.2||Old U.S. Highway 1 – Southern Pines Business District||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|40.8||65.7||Morganton Road||No southbound entrance|
|42.7||68.7||NC 2 west (Midland Road) to NC 22 – Carthage, Pinehurst, Whispering Pines||Two northbound exits; to Sandhills Community College and Moore County Airport|
US 1 Bus. north – Vass
|50.3||81.0||NC 690 (Main Street) – Vass|
|Cameron||55.7||89.6||NC 24 / NC 27 (Carthage Street) – Cameron, Lillington, Fayetteville|
US 1 Bus. south – Cameron
|||62.1||99.9||US 15 south / US 501 south (Whitehill Road) – Pinehurst, Carthage||South end of US 15/US 501 overlap|
|Tramway||64.4||103.6||NC 78 east (Tramway Road)|
US 1 Bus. north / NC 42 (Wicker Street) – Asheboro, Fuquay-Varina
US 421 Bus. / NC 87 south (Horner Boulevard) – Dunn, Greensboro
|South end of NC 87 overlap|
|69.1||111.2||69B||Burns Drive / Canterbury Road|
US 421 / NC 87 Byp. south (Oscar Keller Jr. Highway) – Lillington, Siler City, Greensboro
|Signed as exits 70A (south) and 70B (north)|
US 15 north / US 501 north / US 1 Bus. south / NC 87 north – Pittsboro, Chapel Hill
|North end of US 15/US 501/NC 87 overlap|
|||78.7||126.7||78||Deep River Road|
|||81.7||131.5||81||Pea Ridge Road|
|Merry Oaks||84.4||135.8||84||Old U.S. Highway 1|
|Wake||New Hill||89.1||143.4||89||New Hill Holleman Road|
NC 540 Toll (Triangle Expressway) to I-540 to NC 55 to NC 147 – Durham
|Signed as exits 93A (south) and 93B (north)|
|Apex||95.1||153.0||95||NC 55 (Williams Street) – Apex, Holly Springs, Fuquay-Varina|
|96.5||155.3||96||Ten Ten Road|
|98.5||158.5||98B||US 64 west – Apex, Pittsboro, Asheboro||West end of US 64 overlap|
|101.3||163.0||101||Walnut Street, Buck Jones Road, Crossroads Boulevard||Signed as exits 101A (Walnut Street) and 101B (Buck Jones Road, Crossroads Boulevard) southbound|
|Raleigh||101.9||164.0||1||I-40 / US 64 east – Durham, Benson, Rocky Mount||East end of US 64 and west end of I-440 overlap; Signed as exits 1A (east) and 1B (west)|
|102.8||165.4||1C||Jones Franklin Road|
|103.9||167.2||1D||Melbourne Road||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|104.4||168.0||2||Western Boulevard – Downtown Raleigh, Cary||Signed as exits 2A (east) and 2B (west); westbound left entrance|
|105.5||169.8||3||NC 54 (Hillsborough Street) – Meredith College|
|105.8||170.3||4||To I-40 west / Wade Avenue – Cameron Village, Durham||Signed southbound as exits 4A (east) and 4B (west); access to the RDU International Airport|
|106.9||172.0||5||Lake Boone Trail|
|108.2||174.1||6||Ridge Road||northbound exit and entrance; southbound exit is part of exit 7A|
|108.5||174.6||7||US 70 / NC 50 (Glenwood Avenue) / Ridge Road – Crabtree Valley, Durham||Signed southbound as exits 7A (east) and 7B (west)|
|110.3||177.5||8||Six Forks Road – North Hills||Signed as exits 8A (south) and 8B (north)|
|111.5||179.4||10||Wake Forest Road|
|112.6||181.2||11||I-440 east / US 401 south (Capital Boulevard) – Rocky Mount||East end of I-440 and south end US 401 overlap|
|115.2||185.4||US 401 north (Louisburg Road) – Rolesville, Louisburg||North end US 401 overlap|
|117.8||189.6||I-540 – Durham, Louisburg|
|119.3||192.0||Durant Road / Perry Creek Road||Future interchange (funded), scheduled to begin construction in 2021.|
|Wake Forest||121.3||195.2||Burlington Mills Road||Future interchange (funded), scheduled to begin construction in 2021.|
|123.4||198.6||US 1A north (Main Street) / Falls of the Neuse Road – Wake Forest||Future upgrade to interchange (funded), scheduled to begin construction in 2021.|
|124.5||200.4||124||NC 98 – Wake Forest, Durham|
NC 98 Bus. (Durham Road) – Wake Forest Downtown
|127.7||205.5||Purnell Road / Harris Road||Future interchange (funded), scheduled to begin construction in 2024.|
|Franklin||Youngsville||130.7||210.3||NC 96 – Oxford, Youngsville|
|131.7||212.0||US 1A south – Youngsville|
|||133.8||215.3||US 1A north (Main Street) – Franklinton|
|Franklinton||135.3||217.7||NC 56 (Green Street) – Franklinton, Creedmoor|
|136.3||219.4||US 1A south (Main Street) – Franklinton|
US 1 Bus. north (Raleigh Road)
US 1 Bus. north (Raleigh Road) – Henderson
|Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Henderson||150.2||241.7||Vanco Mill Road|
|151.7||244.1||NC 39 (Andrews Avenue) – Henderson|
To I-85 north / US 158 west / US 1 Bus. south (Garnett Street) – Richmond, Henderson
|West end of US 158 overlap; freeway continues onto north I-85|
|Middleburg||157.8||254.0||I-85 – Richmond, Durham|
|Warren||Norlina||166.3||267.6||US 158 east / US 401 south – Warrenton||East end of US 158 and south end of US 401 overlap|
|||173.3||278.9||I-85 / US 401 – Richmond, Durham||North end of US 401 overlap|
|||174.1||280.2||US 1 north – South Hill||Continuation into Virginia|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, United States Numbered Highways Archived February 4, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, 1989 Edition
- Google (March 4, 2011). "US 1" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- "NCDOT: Strategic Highway Corridors". Archived from the original on January 29, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- "North Carolina Memorial Highways and other Named Facilities" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 19, 2011. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Stradling, Richard (November 6, 2020). "NCDOT moves to eliminate references to Jefferson Davis Highway in North Carolina". The News & Observer. Raleigh, NC. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
- The Washington Post, Push Capital Highway, September 1, 1909
- American Association for Highway Improvement, The Official Good Roads Year Book of the United States, 1912, p. 342
- William Kaszynski, The American Highway: The History and Culture of Roads in the United States, 2000, p. 38
- American Highway Association, Good Roads Year Book, 1917, p. 491
- American Automobile Association, General Map of Transcontinental Trails with Principal Connections, 1918
- Rand McNally, New Official Railroad Map of the United States and Southern Canada, 1920
- Automobile Club of America and National Highways Association, United States Touring Map, 1924
- "NCRoads.com: U.S. 1". Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- "OpenStreetMap". OpenStreetMap. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
- "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Standing Committee on Highways, Saturday, April 17, 1999, Little Rock, Arkansas" (PDF). AASHTO. April 17, 1999. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 15, 2014. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- "NCDOT, Strategic Highway Corridors". Ncdot.gov. September 2, 2004. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 26, 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Webmaster. "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Ncdot.org. Archived from the original on November 26, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Webmaster (June 5, 2012). "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Ncdot.gov. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Webmaster. "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Ncdot.gov. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "US 1 Corridor Study". NCDOT. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Webmaster. "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Ncdot.gov. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "GS_136-66.2". Ncleg.net. July 1, 1959. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "NCDOT: Moore County Transportation Plan". Ncdot.gov. Archived from the original on August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "Horse Country Group Makes Case Against Bypass | The Pilot: Southern Pines, NC". The Pilot. October 20, 2011. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "Aberdeen Raises Concerns on U.S. 1 Options | The Pilot: Southern Pines, NC". The Pilot. February 2, 2012. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "Walden Clarifies Stance on Horse Country Bypass | The Pilot: Southern Pines, NC". The Pilot. December 15, 2011. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- [dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 10, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Media related to U.S. Route 1 in North Carolina at Wikimedia Commons
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