U.S. Route 31E

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U.S. Route 31E marker

U.S. Route 31E
Route information
Length: 190.9 mi[1][2][3] (307.2 km)
Major junctions
South end: US 31 / US 31W / US 41 / US 431 in Nashville, TN
  US 231 near Bransford, TN
I-265 in Louisville, KY
I-264 in Louisville, KY
North end: US 31 / US 31W / US 60 in Louisville, KY
Location
States: Tennessee, Kentucky
Counties: TN: Davidson, Sumner
KY: Allen, Barren, Hart, LaRue, Nelson, Spencer, Bullitt, Jefferson
Highway system

U.S. Route 31E (US 31E) is the easternmost of two parallel routes for U.S. Highway 31 from Nashville, Tennessee, to Louisville, Kentucky. (At one time, it split with U.S. Highway 31W at Sellersburg, Indiana, north of Louisville.)

Route description[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

US 31E begins as the Ellington Parkway at the corner of Main Street and US 31, US 31W, US 41 and US 431 (Spring Street) just east of Interstate 24 (I-24). The freeway's interchanges in the middle of the route mainly includes locally maintained streets such as Cleveland Street, East Trinity Lane, Hart Lane, and Broadmoor Drive.[4]

Ellington Parkway ends at an interchange with SR 155 (Briley Parkway), about 0.56 miles (900 m) east of the Briley's I-65 junction. A ramp directing Ellington Parkway's northbound traffic to I-65 north is provided at the Briley/Ellington junction. Access to Ellington Parkway southbound is also provided by a ramp from I-65 south via exit 90A. The road is named for former Tennessee governor Buford Ellington, who served two non-consecutive terms from 1959 to 1963, the other from 1967 to 1971. Ellington encouraged lots of road building throughout the state during his second term as governor.

After Nashville, the highway passes through Hendersonville and Gallatin, Tennessee.It never intersects Interstate 40.

Kentucky[edit]

Junction of U.S. Route 31E and Interstate 265

U.S. Route 31E in Kentucky is the easternmost of two parallel routes for U.S. Highway 31 in Kentucky, in between each is Interstate 65 in Kentucky. At the north end is Louisville, Kentucky, starting at the George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge. Going south, it goes through the towns of Mount Washington, Bardstown, New Haven, Hodgenville, Glasgow, and Scottsville before arriving at the Tennessee border. In the 19th century the same route was a stagecoach path between Louisville and Nashville, Tennessee, and before that a postal route at least by 1820.[5] Originally part of the Jackson Highway, the Works Progress Administration measured the total distance on 31E in Kentucky as 147.8 miles (237.9 km).[6]

Junction of U.S. Route 31E and Interstate 264

Its only interchanges with interstates are in Jefferson County; both of which are beltways: Interstate 264 (Watterson Expressway) and the I-265/Gene Snyder Expressway. However, it has intersections with the state freeways of Martha Layne Collins Blue Grass Parkway (in Nelson County) and with the Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway in Barren County.

There are various historical sites along 31E in Kentucky. Among them are Cave Hill Cemetery and Farmington Historic Plantation in Louisville, My Old Kentucky Home State Park in Bardstown, and Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site just south of Hodgenville. Also, five historic monuments to the Civil War are along the path: three in Louisville, one in Bardstown, and one in Glasgow.[7]

31E has been known as a dangerous road, with many risky spots. A historic one was at Coxs Creek in Nelson County, where a post office had to be relocated so traffic could see each other.[8] Other dangerous spots in Nelson County where emergency personnel consider notorious are Gobel Lake Curve, Hibbs Lane, and High Grove.[9]

When the rerouting of 31E in Nelson and Spencer Counties was being planned, a survey of historic sites that could have been affected by the new route was studied, especially if the sites could one day become listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

History[edit]

The American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) adopted a resolution against split routes in 1934. In order to eliminate the split in US-31 between Nashville, Tennessee, and Louisville, Kentucky, AASHO commissioned U.S. Route 37, replacing US 31E from the Louisville area south to Glasgow, Kentucky, where it then followed Kentucky Route 63 and several routes in Tennessee to Chattanooga. The rest of US 31E from Glasgow to Nashville was assigned U.S. Route 143. This proposed route was extended southwest to Centerville in 1938 and Jackson in 1944 via State Route 100 and State Route 20. US 31W would have become the main route of US 31.

Kentucky and Tennessee refused to accept the renumbering and never changed signage for the routes. In 1952, AASHO re-recognized the split, officially restoring the US 31E and US 31W designations.

US 31E once terminated at US 31 in Sellersburg, Indiana until 1980. It followed the current routing of US 31 from Sellersburg to Louisville.

Major intersections[edit]

State County Location mi km Destinations Notes
Tennessee Davidson Nashville 0.000 0.000 US 31 south (James Robertson Parkway / US 41 south / US 431 south / SR 6 south / SR 11 south) south end of SR 6 overlap; south end of freeway
Main Street southbound exit and northbound entrance
To I-24 / I-65 / Spring Street (US 31W north / US 41 north / US 431 north / SR 11 north) southbound exit and northbound entrance
Cleveland Street
Douglas Avenue
Trinity Lane
Hart Lane / Ben Allen Road
Broadmoor Drive
SR 155 west (Briley Parkway) / I-65 / Briarville Road – Louisville, Nashville south end of SR 155 overlap; US 31E south follows exit 15B
SR 155 east (Briley Parkway) / Gallatin Road south – Opryland, Airport north end of SR 155 overlap; north end of freeway; US 31E north follows exit 14
SR 45 (Old Hickory Boulevard)
Sumner Hendersonville SR 386 – Gallatin, Nashville SR 386 exit 3; access road from US 31E to SR 386
SR 258 north (New Shackle Island Road)
SR 386 (Vietnam Veterans Boulevard) – Nashville SR 386 exit 9; no access from US 31E south to SR 386 north
Gallatin SR 109 / to Airport Road / Steam Plant Road – Portland, Lebanon, Bledsoe Creek State Park, Airport interchange
SR 25 (Red River Road / West Main Street / SR 174 west) – Airport south end of SR 174 overlap
SR 174 east (Albert Gallatin Avenue) north end of SR 174 overlap
Airport Road to Steam Plant Road - Bledsoe Creek State Park, Airport
Bransford US 231 south (SR 376) – Hartsville, Lebanon south end of US 231 overlap
Westmoreland SR 52 to SR 109 / I-65 – Portland, Lafayette
50.65
0.000
81.51
0.000
Tennessee–Kentucky state line
End concurrency with unsigned SR 6
Kentucky Allen 2.129 3.426 KY 482 / KY 3521 south (Andrew Jackson Highway)
3.737 6.014 KY 1147 Western terminus of KY-1147
Scottsville 7.415 11.933 KY 100 (Franklin Road) – Franklin, Scottsville
8.607 13.852 US 231 north / KY 980 – Bowling Green, Scottsville north end of US 231 overlap; western terminus of KY 980
11.582 18.639 KY 101 – Smiths Grove, Scottsville
13.154 21.169 KY 3499
Cedar Springs 16.893 27.187 KY 252 north / KY 1855 south
Barren 20.392 32.818 State Park Road / KY 87 east (Austin-Tracy Road) – Barren River Lake State Resort Park, Fountain Run
Lucas 23.222 37.372 KY 1318 south end of KY 1318 overlap
23.317 37.525 KY 1318 north end of KY 1318 overlap
Haywood 29.147 46.908 KY 252 south
Glasgow 31.091 50.036 KY 2207 west
31.573 50.812
Cumberland Parkway east / US 68 Truck east / KY 90 Truck east – Somerset
Cumberland Parkway exit 11; south end of US 68 Truck / KY 90 Truck overlap
31.631 50.905 Cumberland Parkway west – Bowling Green Exit 11 off Parkway WB and on ramp to Parkway WB
32.010 51.515
US 31E Bus. north (Green Street) to KY 63 – Glasgow Business District
32.469 52.254 KY 1297 (Cleveland Avenue)
33.428 53.797
US 68 Bus. / US 68 Truck west / KY 90 east (West Main Street)
north end of US 68 Truck / KY 90 Truck overlap; south end of KY 90 overlap
34.019 54.748 KY 90 west (Happy Valley Road) to I-65 – Cave City, Glasgow Business District north end of KY 90 overlap
35.031 56.377
US 31E Bus. south – SKYCTC Glasgow Campus
36.124 58.136 US 68 / KY 80 (Veterans Outer Loop) to KY 90
Griderville 42.216 67.940 KY 70 – Cave City, Hiseville
Hart Bear Wallow 45.121 72.615 KY 2195
Wigwam Village 46.654 75.082 KY 218 – Horse Cave, Greensburg
Uno 49.998 80.464 KY 571
Hardyville 53.405 85.947 KY 88 – Munfordville, Greensburg
55.570 89.431 KY 1572
Canmer 56.169 90.395 KY 1854
KY 677
Linwood 56.862 91.511 KY 566 east
60.179 96.849 KY 569 south south end of KY 569 overlap
60.429 97.251 KY 569 north north end of KY 569 overlap
Jonesville 63.217 101.738 KY 936
LaRue Magnolia 67.154 108.074 KY 1079 – Munfordville
67.436 108.528 KY 470 east – Buffalo
74.362 119.674 KY 61 south – Greensburg, Mount Sherman, Buffalo south end of KY 61 overlap
Hodgenville 75.922 122.185 KY 61 north / KY 1618 east to I-65 – Elizabethtown, Campbellsville north end of KY 61 overlap
77.116 124.106 KY 84 west to I-65 south end of KY 84 overlap
77.575 124.845 KY 210 west – Elizabethtown south end of KY 210 overlap; traffic circle around city park
KY 210 east – Campbellsville south end of KY 210 overlap
Ovesen Heights 79.343 127.690 KY 1794 east
79.385 127.758 KY 1832 west
White City 81.112 130.537 KY 470 west south end of KY 470 overlap
81.218 130.708 KY 84 east – Lebanon north end of KY 84 overlap
81.382 130.972 KY 470 east north end of KY 470 overlap
Nelson New Haven 88.031 141.672 KY 52 east – Lebanon, Trappist south end of KY 52 overlap
88.283 142.078 KY 52 west – Lyons Station north end of KY 52 overlap
Culvertown 93.090 149.814 KY 247
93.865 151.061 KY 46 west south end of KY 46 overlap
Balltown 96.278 154.944 KY 46 east north end of KY 46 overlap
99.186 159.624
Bluegrass Parkway east / US 31E Truck north – Lexington
99.225 159.687 Bluegrass Parkway west – Elizabethtown
Bardstown 101.225 162.906 US 62 west (West Stephen Foster Avenue) – Elizabethtown, Airport south end of US 62 overlap
101.488 163.329 US 62 east / US 150 east (East Stephen Foster Avenue) to Bluegrass Parkway east north end of US 62 overlap; south end of US 150 overlap; traffic circle around Old Courthouse Building
101.905 164.000 KY 1430 west (West Beall Avenue)
102.693 165.268
KY 245 / US 31E Truck south / US 150 Truck east to I-65 / Bluegrass Parkway
104.022 167.407 KY 332 (Old Nazareth Road)
Coxs Creek 107.829 173.534 KY 509 – Fairfield
112.252 180.652 KY 523
113.205 182.186 KY 480 west Eastern terminus of KY 480
Highgrove 114.106 183.636 KY 48 east – Fairfield, Bloomfield Western terminus of KY 48
Spencer
No major junctions
Bullitt 117.993 189.891 KY 2674 north southern terminus of KY-2674
Mount Washington 119.822 192.835 US 31EX north
120.495 193.918 KY 44 – Mount Washington Business District
122.064 196.443 US 31EX south – Mount Washington Business District
Jefferson Louisville 122.432 197.035 KY 660 east (Waterford Road)
124.285 200.017 KY 2053 west (Thixton Lane)
127.134–
127.435
204.602–
205.087
I-265 / KY 841 (Gene Snyder Freeway) I-265 exit 17
127.924 205.874 KY 1065 (Beulah Church Road / Seatonville Road)
129.608 208.584 KY 1747 (South Hurstbourne Parkway)
131.057 210.916 KY 1932 north (Breckenridge Lane)
132.264 212.858 Bardstown Road (KY 2251 north) - Buechel Business District
Progress Boulevard interchange
West Buechel 133.337 214.585 Hikes Lane (KY 2052 south)
133.514 214.870 Bardstown Road (KY 2251 south) - Buechel Business District
Louisville 134.407 216.307 I-264 (Watterson Expressway) I-264 exit 16
135.489 218.048 KY 155 south (Taylorsville Road)
136.989 220.462
US 60 Alt. ([[Eastern Parkway (Louisville, Kentucky)|Eastern Parkway]])
137.786 221.745 KY 2860 (Grinstead Drive)
138.016 222.115 KY 1703 south (Baxter Avenue)
138.264 222.514 US 150 west (East Broadway) north end of US 150 overlap
138.904 223.544 KY 864 south (East Chestnut Street)
139.086 223.837 US 42 east / US 60 east (East Main Street) south end of US 60 overlap; no direct access from US 42 west / US 60 west to US 31E south
139.819 225.017 KY 61 south (Preston Street) to I-64 / I-71
140.250 225.710 US 31 north (Second Street / Clark Bridge) / US 31W south / US 60 west (West Main Street) north end of US 60 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Special routes[edit]

Glasgow business route[edit]


U.S. Route 31E Business
Location: Glasgow, Barren County, KY
Length: 3.24 mi (5.214 km)

U.S. Route 31E Business starts near the Southgate Shopping Center 0.379 mile north of the Exit 11 interchange of the Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway, and intersects Kentucky Routes 249 and 63 before reaching the Barren County Courthouse at the Public Square. It then joins US 68 Business for only 0.123 miles before right-turning onto North Race Street. US 31E Business then follows North Race Street, passes the T.J. Samson Hospital, and ends at an intersection with the regular US 31E alignment on the north side of town about one mile south of the Veterans Outer Loop.

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Glasgow, Barren County.

mi[11] km Destinations Notes
0.000 0.000 US 31E / S L Roger Wells Boulevard Western terminus
1.001 1.611 KY 249 south / Black Street Northern terminus of KY 249
1.269 2.042 KY 63 east / East College Street Western terminus of KY 63
1.406 2.263
KY 80 / KY 90 / US 68 Bus. / West Washington Street
Begin concurrency with KY 80/KY 90/US-Bus 68
1.516 2.440
KY 80 west / KY 90 / US 68 Bus. / West Main Street
End concurrency with KY 80/KY 90/US-Bus 68
2.118 3.409 To KY 90 / Happy Valley Road Old KY 90; previously KY 90 Alternate
3.240 5.214 US 31E / Glasgow Bypass Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

U.S. Route 31E Truck[edit]


U.S. Route 31E Truck
Location: Bardstown, Nelson County

U.S. Route 31E Truck (US 31E Truck) is the truck route of US 31E in the Nelson County seat of Bardstown.

The truck route consists of the following designations:

U.S. Route 31EX[edit]

U.S. Route 31EX
Location: Mount Washington, Bullitt County
Length: 2.487 mi[11] (4.002 km)

U.S. Route 31EX (US 31EX) is the business route of US 31E in the Bullitt County town of Mount Washington. The only major intersection it has besides the main alignment is with KY 44 in the town's business district. The route is 2.487 miles (4.002 km) long.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. "Official DMI Route Log". Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Tennessee Department of Transportation (2000). Nashville City Map (Northeast) (PDF) (Map). Nashville: Tennessee Department of Transportation.
  3. ^ Tennessee Department of Transportation (2000). Sumner County General Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Nashville: Tennessee Department of Transportation.
  4. ^ DeLorme (2004). Tennessee Atlas & Gazetteer (Map). Yarmouth, ME: DeLorme. [full citation needed]
  5. ^ Kleber p.16
  6. ^ Simon pp.288,289
  7. ^ Joseph E. Brent (January 8, 1997). "National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Submission: Civil War Monuments in Kentucky, 1865-1935" (pdf). National Park Service. 
  8. ^ Rennick p.70
  9. ^ "US 31E Nelson-Spencer Counties" (PDF). Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. Fall 2004. Retrieved 2009-01-10. 
  10. ^ "US 31E Nelson-Spencer Counties" (PDF). Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. Winter 2002. Retrieved 2009-01-10. 
  11. ^ a b c Commonwealth of Kentucky. "Official DMI Route Log". Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  • Kleber, ed. (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0. 
  • Rennick, Robert M. (1988). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-0179-4. 
  • Simon, F. Kevin (1996). The WPA Guide to Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-0865-9. 

External links[edit]