Business routes of U.S. Route 31 in Michigan
There have been seven business routes of US Highway 31 in the state of Michigan. All of the business routes are former sections of US Highway 31 (US 31). In addition, there is one signed emergency route for US 31. From south to north, they are:
Business US Highway 31 (Bus. US 31) was a 5.69 miles (9.16 km) business spur running to the Niles, Michigan downtown area along a former routing of US 31 from US 31 Exit 7 (Walton Rd.) northeasterly then southeasterly into downtown, ending at BUS US 12 at the corner of Front St. and Main St. It was commissioned in 1987 as a loop connecting to US 31 on both ends. The route was truncated to a spur route in 1998 when M-51 was extended south. The northernmost remaining portion along Walton Road was turned over to the Berrien County Road Commission October 23, 2007 and the remaining portion was replaced by an extended M-139 in April 2010.
Business US Highway 31 (Bus. US 31) was a 4.30 mile (6.92 km) business route running through the Holland metropolitan area. The highway was turned back to the City of Holland by the Michigan Department of Transportation so that the city would control and could enhance on-street parking in the downtown area. This jurisdictional change also removed the Lake Michigan Circle Tour from downtown Holland.
Bus. US 31 used a former routing of US 31 in Holland from August 3, 1955 until May 2005. The northern terminus of Business US 31 was at US 31 at a junction with BL I-196 and Chicago Dr. The southern terminus was at the interchange of US 31 and A-2/Blue Star Highway south of Holland.
|Location:||Grand Haven, Michigan|
Due to congested traffic conditions in Grand Haven, Michigan, Emergency US Highway 31 runs concurrently with Interstate 96 from Muskegon, Michigan, to Coopersville, Michigan, then exits at 68th Avenue, and runs south to M-45 then runs concurrent with M-45 west to US 31. M-104 is also signed as Emergency US 31, but I-96 is the primary emergency route.
|Length:||9.583 mi (15.422 km)|
This route was established on October 10, 1929 as US-31A. It was established in the early 1940s as the current designation. Shoreline Drive along Muskegon Lake replaced two downtown one-way five-lane streets as the business route in 2005.
The northern terminus of Business US 31 is at US 31 just south of the Muskegon River in Muskegon County at a three-level bridge. The top level of this bridge connects northbound US 31 to southbound Business US 31. The middle level of this bridge is southbound US 31. The bottom level of this bridge connects northbound Business US 31 to northbound US 31. The southern terminus is at the interchange of US 31 and I-96 in Norton Shores. I-96 begins where Bus. US 31 ends.
The entire highway is in Muskegon County.
|Norton Shores||0.000||0.000|| US 31 south / LMCT – Ludington, Holland
I-96 east – Grand Rapids
|Southern end of LMCT concurrency; eastern terminus of I-96; exit 1 on I-96; exit 110 on US 31|
|0.905||1.456||Western end of freeway|
|M-120 north – North Muskegon||Southern terminus of M-120|
|Muskegon–Muskegon Township line||8.687||13.980||Western end of freeway|
|Muskegon Township||9.583||15.422||US 31 north / LMCT – Ludington, Holland||Northern end of LMCT concurrency; exit 116 on US 31|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
The World's Largest Weathervane is located in downtown Montague, along this route.
The northern terminus is at the US 31 Fruitvale Rd. exit, north of the White River in Montague Township, near the city of Montague. The southern terminus is at the US 31 Colby St. exit, south of the White River in Whitehall Township, near the city of Whitehall.
North of Montague, the business route returns to US 31 at Fruitvale Rd. North of the Bus. US 31-Fruitvale intersection, Old US 31 runs from that intersection to Skeels, where it becomes Oceana Drive. Oceana Drive in Oceana County was originally US 31 to Ludington. East of Whitehall, the business route starts at US 31 at Colby. Just west of the interchange is Whitehall Road, which passes Michigan's Adventure and goes to Muskegon. This was also US 31 before the freeway was built. Whitehall Road extends to the Muskegon Causeway and M-120, where it connects to the Muskegon Bus. US 31.
Business US Highway 31 (Bus. US 31) is a 2.3 mile (3.7 km) long business spur running into the Hart downtown area.
It runs through along two streets in Hart, Polk Rd. and State St. It was determined as a trunkline designation in 1978 with the extension of the US 31 freeway in Oceana County earlier in 1976. The western terminus of Business US 31 is at US 31 at the interchange with Polk Rd. The eastern terminus is at the corner of State St and Johnson St.
|Length:||3.172 mi (5.105 km)|
It runs through along Pere Marquette Highway. It was an unsigned trunkline from 1990 with the extension of the US 31 freeway in Mason County until 2005. It is unknown if this will be signed as a spur, or extended along US 10 back to US 31. The western terminus of Business US 31 is at US 31 at the interchange with Pere Marquette Highway. The eastern terminus is at US 10 near the eastern city limits of Ludington.
|0.000||0.000||US 31 – Traverse City, Muskegon|
|3.172||5.105||US 10 – Carferry Dock, Clare|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Effective October 23, 2007, jurisdiction of the Walton Rd portion of US-31BR Niles was transferred and restored to the Berrien County Road Commission."
- Niles/Buchanan/Cass Area Transportation Study (December 18, 2007). "Minutes of the Technical Advisory Committee" (PDF). Southwest Michigan Planning Commission. p. 3.
- Michigan Department of Transportation & Michigan Center for Shared Solutions and Technology Partnerships (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 10, 2015.