U.S. Route 401
|Auxiliary route of US 1|
|Length||251.0 mi (403.9 km)|
US 76 Bus. / US 521 in Sumter, SC
|North end||I-85 / US 1 near Wise, NC|
|States||South Carolina, North Carolina|
|Counties||SC: Sumter, Lee, Darlington, Marlboro|
NC: Scotland, Hoke, Cumberland, Harnett, Wake, Franklin, Warren
Starting in Sumter, South Carolina, US 401 goes northeast through mostly swamp and farmland, as it connects the cities of Darlington and Bennettsville before crossing the state line into North Carolina. Traversing the state for 77.2 miles (124.2 km), it is mostly a two-lane rural road, which is likely to only have local traffic along it thanks to nearby Interstate 95.
In North Carolina, the highway becomes more utilized, as it connects several mid-size and large cities in the state. In the sandhills region, it connects the cities of Laurinburg, Raeford, and Fayetteville, all three of which have business routes connecting the downtown areas. The road is typically two-lane still, but expands to four-lane (or more) in each city. The road then runs somewhat parallel to nearby Interstate 95 from Fayetteville through Lillington to Fuquay-Varina.
In Wake County, US 401 is center-stage again as a major north-south corridor, connecting bedroom communities to downtown Raleigh. Once it leaves the county, it reverts to a rural road connecting the small cities of Louisburg and Warrenton. US 401 finally ends at Interstate 85, just north of the community of Wise; completing a 173.8-mile (279.7 km) through the state.
Overall, the route goes through endless fields of farmland broken now and then by cities and small towns. With exceptions to both the sandhills region and Wake County, most travelers would be better served using Interstate 95.
In 1967, northbound US 401 was rerouted along South Street west onto McDowell Street, formally using Lenoir Street, in Raleigh. That same year, US 401 was rerouted onto a bypass route northwest of downtown Fayetteville, replacing part of NC 59; its old alignment became US 401 Business. In 1971, US 52/US 401 was placed on a new bypass northwest of Darlington; its old alignment became US 52 Business. In 1984, US 401 was rerouted along the eastern half of the Raleigh Beltline (Tom Bradshaw Freeway and Cliff Benson Beltway); its former alignment through downtown Raleigh was downgraded to secondary roads. In 1991, US 401 was rerouted back through downtown Raleigh after I-440 was established along the entire Raleigh Beltline. In 2001, US 401 was extended north, in concurrency with US 1, to its current northern terminus to I-85, north of Norlina. On July 16, 2015, US 401 was placed onto new four-lane superstreet alignment bypassing east of Rolesville; its former alignment through downtown Rolesville became US 401 Business.
The first US 401 existed between 1926-1931, solely in Virginia, it was replaced by US 52. The second US 401 existed between 1932-1934, in North Carolina and South Carolina, it was replaced by US 15 and US 15A.
Considered an important link between Fayetteville, Lillington and Raleigh, NCDOT has set up the US 401 Corridor Study. The purpose of the study is to identify deficiencies in the existing corridor and develop alternatives for accommodating future growth in traffic volumes (i.e. widen to multi-lanes). The corridor study also includes NC 55 and NC 210. Estimated costs for all road improvements along the corridor is around $193–222.6 million. Property acquisition and construction is unfunded at this time.
US 76 Bus. (Washington Street)
|0.5||0.80||US 15 (Lafayette Drive) – Summerton, Bishopville|
|1.9||3.1||US 76 / US 378 (Robert E. Graham Freeway) – Conway, Columbia|
|Lee||Saint Charles||12.6||20.3||SC 154 (Saint Charles Highway) – Mayesville, Bishopville|
|Elliott||17.1||27.5||SC 527 (Elliott Highway) – Kingstree, Bishopville|
|||18.6||29.9||SC 341 (Lynchburg Highway) – Lynchburg, Bishopville|
|Darlington||Lamar||24.5||39.4||Main Street / Lee State Park Road – Lee State Park|
|||27.4||44.1||SC 403 (Oates Highway) – Timmonsville, Hartsville|
|||28.0||45.1||I-20 – Florence, Columbia|
|Darlington||37.8||60.8||US 52 south (Governor Williams Highway) – Florence||South end of US 52 overlap|
|38.2||61.5||SC 34 / SC 151 (Harry Byrd Highway) – Hartsville|
US 52 Bus. south (Main Street) – Darlington
|||52.3||84.2||US 15 south (Hartsville Highway) – Hartsville||South end of US 15 overlap|
|Society Hill||54.3||87.4||US 52 north (Cheraw Highway) – Cheraw||North end of US 52 overlap|
|Marlboro||||61.3||98.7||SC 912 (Willamette Road)|
|Bennettsville||64.6||104.0||SC 385 north (Main Street) – Bennettsville|
|65.6||105.6||SC 9 north / SC 38 north (Cottingham Boulevard) – Cheraw||North end of SC 9/38 overlap|
SC 38 south / SC 9 Bus. north / SC 38 Bus. north (Broad Street) – Blenheim
|South end of SC 38 overlap|
|67.6||108.8||SC 9 south (Tyson Avenue) – Dillon||South end of SC 9 overlap|
|McColl||75.6||121.7||SC 381 (Main Street) – Clio, Blenheim, Hamlet|
|South Carolina–North Carolina state line|
US 15 Bus. north / US 401 Bus. north (Main Street)
|5.8||9.3||I-74 / US 74 / US 501 south – Rockingham, Lumberton, Wilmington||South end of US 501 overlap|
US 74 Bus. (Church Street)
US 15 Bus. south / US 501 Bus. south (Aberdeen Road)
US 15 north / US 501 north (Aberdeen Road) – Aberdeen, Sanford
|North end of US 15/US 501 overlap|
US 401 Bus. south (Wagram Road)
|Wagram||16.8||27.0||NC 144 west (Old Wire Road)||To John Charles McNeill House|
US 401 Bus. north (Harris Avenue)
|27.2||43.8||To NC 211 (Teal Drive)|
US 401 Bus. south – Raeford
US 401 Bus. north (Raeford Road)
|46.3||74.5||All American Expressway – Fort Bragg, Pope Army Airfield|
|47.1||75.8||NC 24 / NC 87 (Bragg Boulevard)|
US 401 Bus. south (Ramsey Street)
|55.2||88.8||NC 295 north to I-95 / US 13|
|||64.3||103.5||NC 217 north (Linden Road) – Linden|
|Harnett||Lillington||74.9||120.5||NC 210 south – Spring Lake, Fort Bragg||South end of NC 210 overlap|
|75.0||120.7||NC 27 west (Old Road) – Cameron, Carthage||West end of NC 27 overlap|
|75.4||121.3||US 421 north (Front Street) – Sanford||North end of US 421 overlap; to Raven Rock State Park|
|77.0||123.9||US 421 south / NC 27 east / NC 210 north – Erwin, Dunn, Angier||South end of US 421, east end of NC 27, and north end of NC 210 overlap|
|Wake||Fuquay Varina||89.7||144.4||NC 42 west (Academy Street) – Sanford||West end of NC 42 overlap|
|90.5||145.6||NC 55 west (Ennis Street) – Holly Springs||West end of NC 55 overlap|
|92.5||148.9||NC 42 east / NC 55 east – Angier, Clayton||East end of NC 42/NC 55 overlap|
|Garner||103.8||167.0||US 70 east / NC 50 south – Garner, Smithfield, Goldsboro||East end of US 70 and south end of NC 50 overlap|
|Raleigh||104.8||168.7||Wilmington Street – Downtown Raleigh|
|105.5||169.8||I-40 / US 64 – Cary, Durham, Benson|
|106.7||171.7||Martin Luther King Jr Boulevard / Western Boulevard|
|108.7||174.9||US 70 west / NC 50 north (Wade Avenue) – RDU Airport, Research Triangle Park||West end of US 70 and north end of NC 50 overlap|
|108.8||175.1||Fairview Avenue||Northbound left exit, no northbound entrance|
|109.5||176.2||North Wake Forest Road||No southbound exit|
|109.7||176.5||South Wake Forest Road / Atlantic Avenue|
|111.2||179.0||I-440 / US 1 south – Sanford, Rocky Mount||South end of US 1 overlap|
|113.5||182.7||US 1 north (Capital Boulevard) – Wake Forest, Henderson||North end of US 1 overlap|
|115.9||186.5||I-540 – Rocky Mount, Wilson, Durham||SPUI|
|||125.5||202.0||NC 96 (Zebulon Road) – Zebulon, Youngsville|
|Franklin||||127.4||205.0||NC 98 – Bunn, Wake Forest|
|Louisburg||136.9||220.3||NC 56 west – Franklinton||West end of NC 56 overlap|
|137.6||221.4||NC 39 south – Bunn||South end of NC 39 overlap|
|138.5||222.9||NC 56 east / NC 581 south (Nash Street) – Rocky Mount||East end of NC 56 overlap|
|139.1||223.9||NC 561 east – Centerville|
|Ingleside||144.0||231.7||NC 39 north – Henderson||North end of NC 39 overlap|
US 158 Bus. east / NC 58 south (Macon Street) – Macon, Centerville
|East end of US 158 Business overlap|
|Norlina||165.5||266.3||US 158 east – Macon, Roanoke Rapids||East end of US 158 and west end of US 158 Business overlap|
|166.7||268.3||US 1 south / US 158 west – Middleburg, Henderson||South end of US 1 and west end of US 158 overlap|
|||173.8||279.7||I-85 / US 1 north – Henderson, Richmond||Continuation as US 1|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Google (February 26, 2013). "Overview map of US 401 in South Carolina" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Google (November 29, 2011). "Overview map of US 401 in North Carolina" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
- "Route Change (1967-03-09)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. March 9, 1967. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Route Changes (1967-11-03)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. November 3, 1967. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee (November 7, 1970). "U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway Officials. p. 6. Retrieved August 2, 2015 – via Wikimedia Commons.
- Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (June 10, 1991). "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 3. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Route Changes (1991-07-16)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. July 16, 1991. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (May 19, 2001). "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Standing Committee on Highways" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 3. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Route Changes (2001-06-29)" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. June 29, 2001. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Special Committee on U. S. Route Numbering - Louisville, Kentucky - Report to SCOH". AASHTO. May 29, 2014. Archived from the original (DOC) on May 31, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
- WTVD Staff (July 16, 2015). "DOT opens 6-mile long Rolesville Bypass". Durham, NC: WTVD. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- "NCDOT: US 401 Corridor Study". Retrieved November 28, 2011.
- "NCDOT: US 401 Corridor Study Project Map" (PDF). Retrieved November 28, 2011.
- "NCDOT: Project R-2609". Retrieved November 28, 2011.
- Staff. "Project Status: Northern Project". I-73 Environmental Impact Study. South Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- I-73 Northern Map (PDF) (Map). South Carolina Department of Transportation. Bennettsvile inset. Retrieved February 26, 2013.