U.S. Route 49
|Length:||516 mi (830 km)|
|Existed:||1926 – present|
|South end:||US 90 at Gulfport, MS|
|US 63 at Jonesboro, AR|
|North end:||US 62 / AR 1 / AR 139 at Piggott, AR|
U.S. Route 49 is a north–south United States highway. The highway's northern terminus is in Piggott, Arkansas, at an intersection with US Route 62/Highway 1/Highway 139 (US 62/AR 1/AR 139). Its southern terminus is in Gulfport, Mississippi, at an intersection with U.S. Route 90. US 49 is approximately 516 miles (830 km) in length.
It was at the junction of US 49 and U.S. Route 61 that blues singer Robert Johnson is said to have sold his soul to the Devil. The highway is also the subject of songs by Big Joe Williams and Howlin' Wolf (Chester Arthur Burnett).
U.S. Route 49 has historically been one of the most important highways in Mississippi. It was the state's first highway to see a significant rural segment four-laned. Today, it is the only four-laned route directly connecting Jackson, the state's capital and largest city, to the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Some urban segments along this portion of the route maintain three or more traffic lanes in each direction. Highway 49 serves as a primary hurricane evacuation route for Gulf Coast residents.
The highway begins near the Port of Gulfport, Mississippi at a junction with U.S. Route 90. Highway 49 provides a major connection between the port, casinos, beaches and downtown with Interstate 10 on the city's north end. North of I-10, US 49 passes through suburban areas and enters De Soto National Forest. Various state highway interchanges and junctions are encountered before the route passes near Camp Shelby, then through an interchange with U.S. Route 98 just south of Hattiesburg. At this point, travelers have an option of continuing on U.S. 49 through Hattiesburg or using a U.S. 98 / Interstate 59 bypass which reconnects with 49 in the northern part of the city. Continuing on 49 brings one to the cloverleaf interchange at U.S. Route 11, one of very few in the South to lack merging lanes between loop ramps, thus altering the usual weaving patterns which plague many of these interchanges.
U.S. 49 passes Hattiesburg's primary medical facility, Forrest General Hospital, and the campus of the University of Southern Mississippi before arriving at another, more standard cloverleaf interchange with Interstate 59. Suburban development is soon encountered as the road returns to rural environs. Interchanges between Hattiesburg and Jackson provide access to various state highways, and one at Collins provides access to U.S. Route 84.
At Jackson, U.S. Highway 49 shares an alignment with segments of Interstates 20 and 220 before turning northwest to Yazoo City. A split in the highway, rare in the U.S. system, begins here, with both routes heading into the Mississippi Delta, U.S. 49W serving the towns of Belzoni and Indianola, where it junctions U.S. Route 82 and its four-lane segment ends, while two-laned 49E serves Tchula before encountering U.S. 82 at Greenwood. Both routes continue north from 82 and are linked again at Tutwiler, Mississippi. Continuing northwest, the highway passes through an interchange with U.S. Route 61 as it enters Clarksdale. It is at Clarksdale that Highway 49 encounters "The Crossroads", the legendary junction with State Street (an old alignment of U.S. 61) where the great blues musician Robert Johnson is reputed to have sold his soul to the devil.
It is notable that for several years during the 1930s, a second split route existed on this highway in South Mississippi, similar to but shorter than the split that still exists in the Delta region. Between Brooklyn and Hattiesburg, travelers had the option of a 24-mile direct route via 49W, or a somewhat shorter but broken route on 49E, serving the small community of McCallum.
In May 2005 portions of extant Highway 49E were renamed the "Emmett Till Memorial Highway."
The Mississippi section of U.S. 49 and the routes of U.S. 49E and 49W are defined at Mississippi Code Annotated § 65-3-3.
US 49 enters Arkansas near Helena-West Helena in Phillips County. US 49 Business runs around the north part of the city, with the main route meeting AR 242 in the southern portion. US 49 continues west to Walnut Corner where the route meets AR 1 (and briefly AR 316). The US 49/AR 1 concurrency ends in Marvell, and US 49 enters Monroe County.
Upon entering Monroe County, US 49 turns north to begin a concurrency with AR 39. US 49 also crosses US 79 before meeting US 70 near Brinkley. The route crosses Interstate 40 north of Brinkley prior to entering Woodruff County. US 49 runs northeast through rural Woodruff County, not crossing of concurring with any important routes before crossing into Cross County.
The route meets US 64 in Fair Oaks, and meets AR 42 in southern Hickory Ridge. It then enters Poinsett County, concurring with AR 214 from Fisher until Waldenburg. The route crosses AR 14 in Waldenburg.
US 49 runs along south Jonesboro, with US 49 Business formerly running into town. US 49 concurs with US 63 until again joining AR 1. The two routes angle north through downtown Jonesboro, crossing US 63 Business and passing by ASU Stadium before leaving town. US 49/AR 1 pass around Brookland, with US 49 Business serving the community.
Entering Greene County, US 49/AR 1 briefly meets AR 358 before entering Paragould. The routes cross US 412 near Kirk Field in Paragould, also meeting AR 135 north of town. US 49 Business also rejoins US 49/AR 1 north of Paragould.
Continuing northeast through rural Greene County, US 49/AR 1 meet AR 34 in Marmaduke and AR 90 in Rector. The route turns north to Piggott at Hargrave Corner, terminating at US 62/AR 139. The Arkansas portion of US 49 is mainly two-lane undivided.
One of the original US highways, US 49 was extended north from Clarksdale, Mississippi to US 70 in Brinkley, Arkansas via U.S. Route 61 and Highway 6 in 1963. US 49 was again extended north in 1978, replacing Highway 39 between Brinkley and Jonesboro. Highway 1 between Jonesboro and Piggott was redesignated as US 49 in 1979.
|Mississippi||Harrison||Gulfport||US 90 – Biloxi, Long Beach, Ship Island Ferry|
|I-10 – New Orleans||I-10 exit 34|
|MS 53 north – Poplarville, Lyman Fish Hatchery|
|||MS 67 south – D'Iberville, Biloxi||interchange|
|Stone||Wiggins||MS 149 north to MS 29 – Downtown Wiggins, South Wiggins, Flint Creek Water Park|
|MS 26 – Poplarville, Lucedale||interchange|
|MS 149 south to MS 29 – Downtown Wiggins, Flint Creek Water Park|
|Forrest||||MS 13 north – Lumberton|
|Hattiesburg||US 98 to I-59 – Columbia, Laurel, Lucedale, Mobile||interchange|
|Edwards Street (MS 969)|
|US 11 (Broadway Drive) – Purvis||interchange|
|MS 198 west (Hardy Street) to I-59 / US 98 – Columbia|
|Old Highway 42 - Petal||former MS 42 east|
|I-59 / MS 42 east – New Orleans, Gulf Coast, Laurel, Airport||I-59 exit 67; south end of MS 42 overlap|
|||MS 42 west – Sumrall, Prentiss||north end of MS 42 overlap|
|Covington||||MS 598 east – Sanford|
|Seminary||MS 589 south – Sumrall|
|MS 590 east – Seminary|
|Collins||MS 184 – Downtown Collins||interchange|
|US 84 – Prentiss, Laurel||interchange|
|||MS 149 north|
|Mount Olive||MS 35 – Bassfield, Columbia, Mount Olive, Mize|
|MS 149 south – Mount Olive|
|Simpson||Magee||MS 149 north|
|Siloam Road - Siloam|
|MS 28 east – Mize, Laurel||south end of MS 28 overlap|
|MS 541 north – Downtown Magee||south end of MS 28 overlap|
|MS 28 west / MS 541 south – Georgetown, Hazlehurst||north end of MS 28 / MS 541 overlap|
|MS 149 to MS 545 – Boswell Regional Center||interchange|
|||MS 149 south – Boswell Regional Center, Simpson County Lake|
|Mendenhall||MS 149 north|
|MS 13 – Mendenhall, Prentiss, Puckett||interchange|
|D'Lo||Walnut Street - D'Lo, D'Lo Water Park|
|||MS 149 south|
|Rankin||Florence||MS 469 – Downtown Florence, Brandon|
|Richland||Old Highway 49||proposed MS 149 north; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|East Frontage Road / West Frontage Road||interchange|
|Pearl||I-20 east to US 80 – Flowood, Meridian, Airport||south end of I-20 overlap; US 49 south follows exit 47A|
|Richland||I-55 north – North Jackson, Grenada||I-20 exit 46; south end of I-55 overlap|
|Jackson||I-20 west – Vicksburg||north end of I-20 overlap; south end of I-220 overlap; US 49 north follows exit 41|
|I-220 north / Medgar Evers Boulevard||north end of I-220 overlap; US 49 north follows exit 5B|
|Natchez Trace Parkway||interchange|
|Madison||Flora||MS 22 – Edwards, Flora, Canton, Mississippi Petrified Forest National Natural Landmark|
|Yazoo||Bentonia||Bentonia||proposed MS 830|
|MS 433 – Satartia, Bentonia|
|MS 830 east – Bentonia|
|||MS 16 east – Benton, Canton||south end of MS 16 overlap|
|Yazoo City||MS 16 west / MS 149 north – Downtown Yazoo City||north end of MS 16 overlap|
|US 49E north / US 49W north / MS 3 south – Greenwood, Indianola, Vicksburg||interchange|
|Gap in route|
|Tallahatchie||Tutwiler||US 49E south / US 49W south – Greenwood, Indianola||south end of MS 3 overlap|
|MS 3 north – Marks, Lambert||north end of MS 3 overlap|
|MS 726 west|
|Coahoma||Clarksdale||MS 322 east||south end of MS 322 overlap|
|US 61 south / US 278 west / MS 322 west – Clarksdale, Cleveland, Greenville, Delta Blues Museum||interchange; north end of MS 322 overlap; south end of US 61 / US 278 overlap|
|US 278 east / MS 6 – Clarksdale, Batesville||north end of US 278 overlap|
|||MS 161 south – Lyon, North Clarksdale|
|||Friars Point-Highway 61 / Highway 61-Jonestown - Friars Point, Moon Lake||proposed MS 316|
|||US 61 north / MS 315 south (Lula-Rich) – Tunica, Memphis, Sledge, Sardis||north end of US 61 overlap|
|||MS 1 south – Friars Point, North Delta Museum|
|Arkansas||Phillips||Helena-West Helena||0.99||1.59||US 49B north / Great River Road north / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. (Biscoe Drive) – Business District||south end of Great River Road overlap|
|1.35||2.17||AR 20 / Great River Road south to AR 44 – Lakeview, Elaine, Harbor and Industrial Park||north end of Great River Road overlap|
|3.98||6.41||AR 242 to AR 185|
|6.28||10.11||US 49B south (North Sebastian Street) – Business District|
|6.88||11.07||AR 185 north – Municipal Airport|
|Walnut Corner||12.48||20.08||AR 1 north / AR 85 south – Barton, Lake View|
|Kindall||15.45||24.86||AR 316 north – Rondo|
|Poplar Grove||17.58||28.29||AR 316 south – Trenton|
|Marvell||20.62||33.18||AR 243 north|
|21.52||34.63||AR 1 south – DeWitt|
|||27.56||44.35||AR 39 south – Postelle, Turner|
|||29.67||47.75||AR 86 west – Holly Grove|
|Monroe||||33.56||54.01||AR 362 east – Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park|
|||35.60||57.29||AR 39 north – Blackton|
|||38.67||62.23||US 79 – Clarendon, Marianna, Stuttgart, Holly Grove|
|||41.30||66.47||AR 39S – Monroe|
|||43.55||70.09||AR 39 south / AR 241 to AR 17 – Rich|
|||50.67||81.55||AR 238S west|
|Brinkley||51.80||83.36||US 70 west – DeValls Bluff||south end of US 70 overlap|
|52.55||84.57||AR 238 east (West Sycamore Street)|
|53.39||85.92||US 70 east (West Cypress Street)||north end of US 70 overlap|
|54.97||88.47||I-40 (US 63) – Little Rock, Memphis||I-40 exit 216|
|56.13||90.33||AR 17 north – Cotton Plant|
|Woodruff||||62.47||100.54||AR 38 west – Cotton Plant|
|Hunter||66.28||106.67||AR 306 east to AR 78|
|||71.61||115.25||AR 269 north to AR 145|
|Penrose||76.23||122.68||AR 284 east to AR 193|
|Cross||Fair Oaks||80.26||129.17||US 64 west – Bald Knob||south end of US 64 overlap|
|80.28||129.20||US 64 east – Wynne||north end of US 64 overlap|
|Tilton||84.88||136.60||AR 364 east – Vanndale|
|Hickory Ridge||90.44||145.55||AR 42 to AR 37 – Cherry Valley|
|Poinsett||Fisher||96.67||155.58||AR 214 east – White Hall|
|Waldenburg||102.74||165.34||AR 14 – Newport, Harrisburg|
|||104.9||168.8||AR 956-1 – Lake Hogue Public Fishing|
|||109.34||175.97||AR 214 west – Grubbs|
|Craighead||Jonesboro||120.50||193.93||AR 226S west to AR 226 / US 67|
|125.53||202.02||US 63 north / AR 18 east (Southwest Drive) – Walnut Ridge, Hoxie||south end of US 63 overlap; US 49 south follows exit 45|
|126.75||203.98||AR 1B (Harrisburg Road)||US 63 exit 44|
|128.40||206.64||US 63 south / AR 1 south (Stadium Boulevard) / Caraway Road – Memphis, Harrisburg||north end of US 63 overlap; south end of AR 1 overlap; US 49 north follows exit 42|
|129.53||208.46||US 63B south / AR 18 (East Highland Drive) – Blytheville|
|131.74||212.01||AR 91 north (East Johnson Avenue) to AR 141 – Jonesboro Business District||AR 91 southern terminus|
|132.31||212.93||AR 351 north / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. (Old Greensboro Road)||south end of AR 351 overlap|
|132.75||213.64||AR 351 (Airport Road) – Airport||north end of AR 351 overlap|
|||136.7||220.0||US 49B north – Brookland Business District|
|||140.60||226.27||US 49B south – Brookland Business District|
|Greene||Paragould||144.65||232.79||AR 69 north|
|147.34||237.12||AR 358 east|
|147.87||237.97||AR 358 west|
|149.71||240.93||US 412 / US 49B north – Walnut Ridge, Cardwell, MO, Paragould Business District, Airport|
|149.97||241.35||US 49Y to US 412 west – Walnut Ridge|
|151.13||243.22||AR 135 / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. – Corning, Business District|
|151.88||244.43||US 49B south|
|Marmaduke||161.44||259.81||AR 34 – Business District|
|Clay||Rector||168.86||271.75||AR 90 west – Rector Business District||south end of AR 90 overlap|
|169.37||272.57||AR 119 south|
|Hargrave Corner||172.33||277.34||AR 90 east – Kennett, MO||north end of AR 90 overlap|
|Piggott||182.33||293.43||US 62 / AR 1 north / Crowley's Ridge Pkwy. – Corning, St. Francis, Piggott Business District||north end of AR 1 overlap|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- U.S. Route 49 Business in Brookland, Arkansas
- U.S. Route 49 Business in Helena-West Helena, Arkansas
- U.S. Route 49 Business in Jonesboro, Arkansas (decommissioned)
- U.S. Route 49 Business in Paragould, Arkansas
- U.S. Route 49E Business in Greenwood, Mississippi (decommissioned)
- U.S. Route 49 Business in Hattiesburg, Mississippi (decommissioned)
- Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 02:55, 4 July 2006 (UTC).
- "U.S. Route Number Database" (Dec 2009 ed.). American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
- Official Mississippi Highway Map of 1960 retrieved 7 Sept 2011
- Official Mississippi State Highway Map, retrieved 7 Sept 2011
- Official Mississippi Hurricane Evacuation Map, retrieved 7 Sept 2011
- Bluesman at 100; Ever at a crossroads (c) 2011 Los Angeles Times, retrieved 14 Sept 2011
- Official Mississippi Highway Map of 1936, retrieved 29 Sept 2011
- "Emmett Till Museum." Village of Glendora. Retrieved on October 17, 2010.
- "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. March 20, 1963. pp. 903–904. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. April 26, 1978. pp. 269–270. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. April 25, 1979. p. 66. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- Planning and Research Division (2010). "Arkansas Road Log Database" (ZIP). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Archived from the original on 23 June 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
Route map: Google
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