U.S. Route 56
|Length||640.250 mi (1,030.382 km)|
|West end||I-25 BL / US 412 / NM 21 at Springer, NM|
|East end||US 71 at Kansas City, MO|
|States||New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri|
U.S. Route 56 (US 56) is an east–west United States highway that runs for approximately 640 miles (1,030 km) in the Midwestern United States. US 56's western terminus is at Interstate 25 Business (I-25 Bus.), US 412 and New Mexico State Road 21 (NM 21) in Springer, New Mexico and the highway's eastern terminus is at US 71 in Kansas City, Missouri. Much of it follows the Santa Fe Trail.
US 56 runs concurrent with US 412 for its entire length in New Mexico, and are signed as such through the state. The two routes begin in Springer and head east towards Abbot, where they serve as the northern terminus of State Road 39. Continuing east, US 56/412 meet the southern terminus of NM 193 south of Farley, the northern terminus of NM 120 east of Gladstone, and the southern terminus of NM 453. US 56/412 intersect US 64 and US 87 in Clayton, New Mexico, and US 64 joins with US 56/412 in their trek northeast. The three routes serve as the southern terminus of NM 406 as they enter the Kiowa National Grassland. The three routes then cross into Oklahoma together.
US-56's short path through Oklahoma consists of a diagonal slice across the western part of the Oklahoma Panhandle. US-56/64/412 enter Oklahoma near the southwest corner of the Panhandle, where they also enter Rita Blanca National Grassland. They leave the grassland near Felt. Three miles (4.8 km) southwest of Boise City, US-385 joins the concurrency. The routes then enter Boise City, where they enter a traffic circle around the Cimarron County Courthouse that involves US-56, US-64, US-385, US-412, State Highway 3, and SH-325. After leaving the traffic circle, US-56 overlaps US-64, US-412, and SH-3. 1.7 miles (2.7 km) east of the courthouse, US-56 meets US-287 at an interchange. US-56/64/412/SH-3 continue northeast for 6 miles (9.7 km), where US-56 splits to travel northeast on its own.
The route parallels the Cimarron Valley Railroad for the remainder of its time in Oklahoma. Keyes is the next town on US-56, and it also serves as the northern terminus of SH-171 where the two highways intersect. US-56 crosses into Texas County east of Sturgis. Just before crossing the Kansas line, US-56 meets the north end of SH-95. US-56 then enters Kansas on the east edge of Elkhart.
US-56 enters the state at the Kansas/Oklahoma border near Elkhart. It weaves its way across the state from southwest to northeast, passing through such towns as Dodge City, Great Bend, McPherson, Council Grove, and Baldwin City. It joins with I-35/US-50 east of Gardner, and goes northeast with I-35 into the Kansas City Metro Area. It exits the state as part of Shawnee Mission Parkway in Merriam.
For one mile (1.6 km) in Kansas City's Country Club Plaza, Route 56 follows the noted boulevard Ward Parkway along with 47th St through the Country Club Plaza. The route ends at an intersection with U.S. Route 71. It also includes Blue Parkway and Swope Parkway at certain points.
In the early 1950s, towns along what was then the K-45 corridor, connecting Ellsworth, Kansas to the Oklahoma state line at Elkhart, formed the Mid-Continent Diagonal Highway Association to push for a new highway from Springer, New Mexico (on US 85) northeast across the Oklahoma Panhandle, along K-45, and continuing to Manitowoc, Wisconsin on Lake Michigan. By mid-1954, it was being promoted as U.S. Route 55 between the Great Lakes and the Southwestern United States. The first submissions to the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) to establish the route were made in 1954; all placed the northeast end at Manitowoc, Wisconsin (absorbing US 151 from Cedar Rapids, Iowa), while they varied on whether the southwest end was to be at Albuquerque, New Mexico or Nogales, Arizona. The first route considered in northeast Kansas was via US 40 from Ellsworth to Topeka and K-4 and US 59 via Atchison to St. Joseph, Missouri. A revised route adopted in March 1955, due to AASHO objections to the original route, which traveled concurrently with other U.S. Highways for over half of its length, followed K-14, K-18, US 24, K-63, K-16, and US 59 via Lincoln and Manhattan. In July, the US 50-N Association proposed a plan that would have eliminated US 50N by routing US 55 along most of its length, from Larned east to Baldwin Junction, and then along US 59 to Lawrence and K-10 to Kansas City; towns on US 50N west of Larned, which would have been bypassed, led a successful fight against this.
However, in September of that year, the Kansas Highway Commission accepted that plan, taking US 55 east to Kansas City. On June 27, 1956, the AASHO Route Numbering Committee considered this refined plan for US 55, between Springer, New Mexico and Kansas City, Missouri, with a short US 155 along the remaining portion of US 50N from Larned west to Garden City. The committee approved the request, but since the proposed route was more east–west than north–south, it changed it to an even number – US 56 – and the spur to US 156.
On June 26, 1958, AASHO denied the New Mexico Department of Transportation's request to extend US 56 west from Springer to Santa Fe, which would have followed US 85, US 84 and US 285.
|Location||Near Boise City, Oklahoma – near Elkhart, Kansas|
US 56 originally took a different route between Boise City, Oklahoma and Elkhart, Kansas. The original route followed US 64 east to an intersection south of Eva. It then split off to the north towards Elkhart. By 1961, the section north of US 64 had been overlaid with SH-95. The following year, US 56 was rerouted over SH-114, bringing it to its current diagonal path across the Oklahoma Panhandle. The old alignment is still on the Oklahoma highway system as the north half of SH-95.
|New Mexico||Colfax||Springer||0.000||0.000||NM 21 west (4th Street west) – Miami||Continuation beyond western terminus|
I-25 BL (Maxwell Avenue) to I-25 / NM 58 – Las Vegas, Raton, Cimarron, Taos Ski Valley, Springer Lake
US 412 begins
|Western terminus of US 56/US 412; western end of US 412 overlap|
|Abbott||19.719||31.735||NM 39 south – Roy, Mosquero||Northern terminus of NM 39|
|||31.690||51.000||NM 193 north – Farley||Southern terminus of NM 193|
|Union||||46.688||75.137||NM 120 south – Yates||Northern terminus of NM 120|
|||54.040||86.969||NM 453 north – Grenville||Southern terminus of NM 453|
|Clayton||82.400||132.610||NM 402 (S. 1st Avenue)|
|82.530||132.819||US 64 west / US 87 (1st Street) – Dalhart, Raton||Western end of US 64 overlap|
|||85.890||138.227||NM 406 north – Seneca||Southern terminus of NM 406|
|New Mexico–Oklahoma line||94.172|
|Mileposts reset at state line|
|Oklahoma||Cimarron||||28.49||45.85||US 385 south – Dalhart||Western end of US-385 overlap|
|Boise City||32.31||52.00||US 385 north / SH-3 west (Cimmaron Avenue north) / SH-325 west (Main Street west)||Traffic circle; eastern end of US-385 overlap; western end of SH-3 overlap; eastern terminus of SH-325|
|||34.03||54.77||US 287 – Stratford, Denver||Interchange; US-287 exit 21|
|||40.09||64.52||US 64 / US 412 / SH-3 east – Guymon||Eastern end of US-64/US-412/SH-3 overlap|
|Keyes||48.54||78.12||SH-171 south – Kerrick||Northern terminus of SH-171|
|Texas||||71.46||115.00||SH-95 south – Guymon||Northern terminus of SH-95|
|Mileposts reset at state line|
|Kansas||Morton||Elkhart||2.366||3.808||K-27 north – Richfield||Southern terminus of K-27|
|Rolla||17.746||28.559||K-51 west – Richfield||Western end of K-51 overlap|
|Stevens||||25.994||41.833||K-25 south – Guymon OK||Western end of K-25 overlap|
|Hugoton||33.629||54.121||K-51 east – Liberal||Eastern end of K-51 overlap|
|35.775||57.574||K-25 north – Ulysses||Eastern end of K-25 overlap|
||No major junctions|
|Haskell||Satanta||61.813||99.478||K-190 west – Ulysses||Western end of K-190 overlap|
|62.893||101.216||K-190 east – Liberal, Meade||Eastern end of K-190 overlap|
|Sublette||69.316||111.553||US-160 – Liberal, Garden City, Meade|
|Gray||||87.201||140.336||K-144 west – Ulysses||Eastern terminus of K-144|
|||100.191||161.242||K-23 – Cimarron, Meade|
|Ford||Dodge City||116.209||187.020||US-400 west – Garden City||Western end of US-400 overlap|
|119.752||192.722||US-283 south – Minneola||Western end of US-283 overlap|
|123.182||198.242||US-400 east – Greensburg||Eastern end of US-400 overlap|
|126.894||204.216||US-50 west – Cimarron||Western end of US-50 overlap|
|Wright||128.630||207.010||US-283 north – Jetmore||Eastern end of US-283 overlap|
|Edwards||Kinsley||156.790||252.329||US-50 east – Hutchinson||Eastern end of US-50 overlap|
|116.838||188.033||US-183 south – Greensburg||Western end of US-183 overlap|
|Pawnee||||165.995||267.143||US-183 north – La Crosse||Eastern end of US-183 overlap|
K-19 Spur south – Belpre
|Northern terminus of K-19 Spur|
|183.810||295.814||K-156 west – Jetmore||Western end of K-156 overlap; former US-156 west|
|Barton||Great Bend||204.229||328.675||K-96 west – Ness City||Western end of K-96 overlap|
|206.006||331.535||US-281 – St. John, Russell|
|||209.801||337.642||K-156 east – Ellsworth||Eastern end of K-156 overlap; former US-156 east|
|Rice||Lyons||236.876||381.215||K-96 east / K-14 (Grand Avenue) – Ellsworth, Hutchinson||Eastern end of K-96 overlap|
|McPherson||McPherson||265.669||427.553||K-153 south – Hutchinson||Northern terminus of K-153; former US-81|
US 81 Bus. south – Newton, Hutchinson, Opera House
|Western end of US-81 Bus. overlap|
US 81 Bus. ends / I-135 / US-81 – Salina, Wichita
|Eastern end of US-81 Bus. overlap; I-135 exit 60|
|Marion||||285.158||458.917||K-15 south – Newton||Western end of K-15 overlap|
|Lehigh||286.642||461.306||K-168 north – Lehigh||Southern terminus of K-168|
|Hillsboro||291.156||468.570||K-15 north – Abilene||Eastern end of K-15 overlap|
|Marion||301.399||485.055||K-256 south – Marion||Northern terminus of K-256|
|||305.390||491.478||US-77 south / K-150 east – Emporia, El Dorado||Western end of US-77 overlap; western terminus of K-150; roundabout|
US 56 Bus. east – Herington
|Western terminus of US-56 Bus.; no access to US-56 Bus. from US-56 westbound|
US-77 north / US 56 Bus. west – Herington, Junction City
|Eastern end of US-77 overlap; eastern terminus of US-56 Bus.|
|Morris||||337.304||542.838||K-149 north – White City||Southern terminus of K-149|
|K-177 – Cottonwood Falls, Manhattan|
|Lyon||Admire||372.731||599.852||K-99 – Emporia, Alma|
|||376.162||605.374||I-335 / Kansas Turnpike – Emporia, Topeka||Tolls at entrance to, and exit from, Kansas Turnpike; Kansas Turnpike exit 147|
|Miller||378.469||609.087||K-78 south – Miller||Northern terminus of K-78|
|Osage||||386.959||622.750||K-31 south / 229th Street – Osage City||Wye intersection; western end of K-31 overlap|
|Burlingame||393.732||633.650||K-31 north – Harveyville||Eastern end of K-31 overlap|
|||383.775||617.626||US-75 – Lyndon, Topeka|
|Douglas||Baldwin City||426.126||685.783||US-59 – Lawrence, Ottawa|
|||436.919||703.153||K-33 south – Wellsville||Northern terminus of K-33|
|Johnson||Gardner||New Century AirCenter||Interchange|
|448.458||721.723||210||I-35 south / US-50 west – Wichita||Western end of I-35 and US-50 overlaps|
|Olathe||451.688||726.921||214||Lone Elm Road / 159th Street|
|453.208||729.368||215||US-169 south / K-7 – Paola||Southern end of US-169 concurrency|
|454.468||731.395||217||Old Highway 56||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|455.668||733.327||218||Santa Fe Street|
|Lenexa||460.198||740.617||222A||I-435 east / US-50 east||Northern end of US-50 concurrency; I-435 exit 83|
I-435 west to K-10 – Lawrence, Topeka
|I-435 exit 83|
|461.658||742.967||224||95th Street||Diverging diamond interchange|
|463.398||745.767||225B||US-69 south (Overland Parkway)||Southern end of US-69 concurrency; southbound exit and northbound entrance only|
|Merriam||464.788||748.004||227||75th Street||Signed as exit 225C northbound|
|466.348||750.514||228B||US-56 east (Shawnee Mission Parkway) / US-69 north / US-169 north||Northern end of US-56 / US-69 / US-169 concurrency|
|Merriam||466.340||750.501||228B||I-35 north / Shawnee Mission Parkway west – Des Moines||Eastern end of I-35 overlap|
|Overland Park–Shawnee line||467.710||752.706||US-69 north (Metcalf Avenue)||Eastern end of US-69 overlap; interchange|
|Mission–Fairway line||Roe Avenue / Johnson Drive||Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Westwood–Mission Woods line||471.201||758.325||US-169 north (Rainbow Boulevard)||Eastern end of US-169 overlap|
|State Line Road||Mileposts reset; no state maintenance inside Missouri|
|Missouri||Jackson||Kansas City||2.948||4.744||US 71||Interchange; eastern terminus; road continues as Swope Parkway|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
Herington business loop
|Existed||October 13, 1979–present|
U.S. Route 56 Business (US-56 Bus.) is a short business loop through Herington, Kansas. US-56 begins at US-56 and US-77 south of Herington. At this intersection, there is no access to eastbound US-56 or northbound US-77 from US-56 Bus. and no access to US-56 Bus. from westbound US-56 or southbound US-77. US-56 Bus. heads north through flat lands with scattered trees for 1.1 miles (1.8 km) then enters Herington. The highway continues for roughly 0.55 miles (0.89 km) then curves east and becomes Trapp Street. US-56 Bus. then crosses Lime Creek as it continues through the city. After roughly 0.85 miles (1.37 km) the highway exits the city and reaches its eastern terminus at US-56 and US-77.
US-56 Bus. and US-77 Bus. was approved through Herington in a meeting on October 13, 1979. US-77 Bus. was approved to be decommissioned in a meeting on June 9, 1991, leaving just US-56 Bus..
- Major intersections
The entire route is in Dickinson County.
|||0.00||0.00||US-56 west / US-77 south||Western terminus; no access to US-56 east/ US-77 north from US-56 Bus. west; no access to US-56 Bus. from US-56 west/ US-77 south|
|||US-56 west / US-77 – Junction City, Lincolnville||Eastern terminus|
|US-56 east – Council Grove||Continuation beyond eastern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
U.S. Route 156
|Location||Garden City, Kansas – near Ellsworth, Kansas|
|Length||175.663 mi (282.702 km)|
|Existed||June 27, 1956–April 1, 1981|
U.S. Route 156 (US-156) was an approximately 175.7-mile-long (282.8 km) highway entirely within Kansas. On June 27, 1956, the AASHO Route Numbering Committee approved US-56, between Springer, New Mexico and Kansas City, Missouri, with a short US-156 along the former of US-50N from Larned west to Garden City, Kansas. Between 1966 and 1967, US-156 was extended northeast from Larned along US-56 to Great Bend, then along K-45 to I-70 northeast of Ellsworth. The entirety of US-156, from Garden City to I-70 northeast of Ellsworth, was decommissioned on April 1, 1981, and redesignated as K-156.
- Major intersections
US 50 Bus. / US 83 Bus. – Lakin, Scott City, Liberal
|1.936||3.116||US-50 / US-83 – Scott City, Liberal||Diamond interchange|
|||24.210||38.962||K-23 north – Dighton||Western end of K-23 overlap|
|||30.190||48.586||K-23 south – Cimarron||Eastern end of K-23 overlap|
|Hodgeman||Jetmore||56.069||90.234||US-283 (Main Street) – Ness City, Jetmore|
|Pawnee||||89.939||144.743||US-183 – Lacrosse, Kinsley|
|||98.908||159.177||K-264 south – Larned State Hospital||Northern terminus of K-264|
|Larned||101.734||163.725||US-56 west (Broadway Street) – Belpre, Kinsley||Western end of US 56 overlap|
|Barton||Great Bend||122.153||196.586||K-96 west – Ness City||Western end of K-96 overlap|
|123.930||199.446||US-281 (Main Street) – Russell, St. John|
|||127.725||205.553||US-56 / K-96 east – Lyons||Eastern end of US 56/K-96 overlap|
|||142.989||230.118||K-4 – Lindsborg, Hoisington||Folded diamond interchange|
K-14 (Grand Avenue) / K-14 Truck begins – Ellsworth, Lyons
|Southern terminus of K-14 Truck; west end of K-14 Truck overlap|
|Ellsworth||163.747||263.525||Kanopolis via Blake Street||Partial interchange; access via westbound exit ramp and connector road|
K-14 Truck north (15th Street) / K-140 to I-135
|East end of K-14 Truck overlap|
|||170.417||274.260||K-111 south – Kanopolis||Northern terminus of K-111|
|||175.663||282.702||I-70 / US-40 – Salina, Hays||Eastern terminus; I-70 exit 225; diamond interchange|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
|Location||Near Boise City, Oklahoma – Elkhart, Kansas|
|Length||42.9 mi (69.0 km)|
|Existed||July 11, 1956–c. 1961|
U.S. Route 56 Temporary (US-56 Temp.) was a 42.9-mile-long (69.0 km) temporary route of US 56 in Oklahoma. It began on modern US-56 northeast of Boise City, Oklahoma and followed US 64 and SH 3 east to SH 95. It then traveled north along SH 95 to Elkhart, Kansas. The route was approved on July 11, 1956, along existing highways, when the current routing of US-56 was being constructed. By 1962, US 56 was rerouted over SH 114, bringing it to its current diagonal path across the Oklahoma Panhandle.
- Major intersections
|Cimarron||||0.0||0.0||US 56 west / US 64 west / SH-3 west / SH-114 east||Transitions to US 56; west end of US 64 and SH 3 overlap; western terminus of SH 114|
|Texas||||US 64 / SH-3 east / SH-95 south||East end of US 64 and SH 3 overlap; west end of SH 95 overlap|
|||SH-114 west||Eastern terminus of SH 114|
|||42.9||69.0|| US 56 east / K-27 north /|
|Transitions to US 56; southern terminus of K-27; eastern end of SH 95 overlap; northern terminus of SH 95|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Official Road Map of New Mexico (ZIP File) (Map). 1:1,267,200. Cartography by Louis Hesch. Santa Fe: New Mexico State Highway Department. 1957. §§ 9B,8B. Retrieved August 3, 2019 – via University of New Mexico RGIS.
- Official State Map (PDF) (Map) (Centennial ed.). Oklahoma Department of Transportation. 2007.
- "Highway Assured". Atchison Daily Globe. December 17, 1953. p. 20. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Vernon Tip Traylor..." Great Bend Daily Tribune. October 1, 1953. p. 1. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "New Mexico Okays US-55 Road Proposal". Great Bend Daily Tribune. June 2, 1954. p. 7. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- Oklahoma Department of Transportation, Chronological History Documentation: US 56 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine (correspondence between ODOT, AASHO, and other DOTs)
- "Another Effort to Reroute Proposed Federal Highway". Great Bend Daily Tribune. January 6, 1955. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via NewspaperArchive.
- "New US-55 Route Approved Here". Great Bend Daily Tribune. March 20, 1955. p. 3. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Call Meeting On Road Proposals". Great Bend Daily Tribune. July 26, 1955. p. 1. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "US 50N Boosters Turn Down New Route, Name". Great Bend Daily Tribune. July 29, 1955. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Highway Boosters Here Oppose New US-55 Plan". Great Bend Daily Tribune. September 16, 1955. Retrieved October 7, 2020 – via NewspaperArchive.
- U.S. Route Numbering Committee (November 29, 1958). "U.S. Route Numbering Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway Officials. p. 159 – via Wikimedia Commons.
- Oklahoma 1961 Road Map (PDF) (Map). Oklahoma Department of Highways. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
- Oklahoma 1962 (PDF) (Map). Oklahoma Department of Highways. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
- Oklahoma's Highways 1957 (PDF) (Map). Oklahoma Department of Highways. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
- Carney, Candi. "The construction is over! Drivers have access to the I-35 and 95th Street interchange". kshb.com. 41 Action News-KSHB. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (October 13, 1979). "Route Numbering Committee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 508 – via Wikimedia Commons.
- Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (October 12, 1991). "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017.
- Resolution to redesignate a Highway (Map). KDOT. Archived from the original on July 23, 2020. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- State Highway Commission of Kansas (1966). Kansas State Highway System (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Topeka: State Highway Commission of Kansas. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
- State Highway Commission of Kansas (1967). Kansas State Highway System (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Topeka: State Highway Commission of Kansas. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 10, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
|Browse numbered routes|
|← NM 55||NM||→ NM 56|
|← SH-55||OK||→ SH-56|
|← K-55||KS||→ K-57|
|← I-55||MO||→ I-57|