U.S. Route 59 in Texas

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US Highway 59 marker

US Highway 59
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length 612.169 mi[1] (985.191 km)
Existed 1935 – present
Major junctions
West end Mexico–US border in Laredo
 
North end US 59 / US 71 in Texarkana, AR
Location
Counties Webb, Duval, McMullan, Live Oak, Bee, Goliad, Victoria, Jackson, Wharton, Fort Bend, Harris, Montgomery, Liberty, San Jacinto, Polk, Angelina, Nacogdoches, Rusk, Shelby, Panola, Harrison, Marion, Cass, Bowie
Highway system
SH 58SH 59
US 59, co-signed with I-69, in Houston looking east
US 59, connects Texarkana to Laredo. It is also known as the Lloyd M. Bentsen Highway in honor of the late Democratic U.S. senator from Texas, who served from 1971–1992. This sign is located near Freer, the seat of Duval County east of Laredo.

U.S. Highway 59 (US 59) in the U.S. state of Texas is named the Lloyd Bentsen Highway, after Lloyd Bentsen, former U.S. senator from Texas. In northern Houston, US 59, co-signed with Interstate 69 (I-69), is the Eastex Freeway (from Downtown Houston to the Liberty County/Montgomery County line). To the south, which is also co-signed with I-69, it is the Southwest Freeway (from Rosenberg to Downtown Houston). The stretch of the Southwest Freeway just west of The Loop was formerly one of the busiest freeways in North America, with a peak AADT of 371,000 in 1998.[2]

US 59 (overlapped by US 71) actually straddles the border between Texas and Arkansas north of I-30 near Texarkana, with the east side of the highway on the Arkansas side and the west side of the highway on the Texas side. In the past, both highways remained on the border past I-30 as State Line Avenue to downtown Texarkana; today, only US 71 does so. Nearly 90 percent of this route is designated to become part of I-69 in the future. Currently 75-mile-per-hour (121 km/h) speed limits are allowed on US 59 in Duval County and portions of northern Polk County.

The total length of the southernmost segment of US 59 that passes through Texas and terminates at the Mexico–US border is 615 miles (990 km).

History[edit]

The US 96 designation was originally applied in 1926 from Rosenberg, Texas, near Houston, to Pharr in the Rio Grande valley. This diagonal route, south of U.S. 90, did not violate the convention of even numbers for east–west routes. The highway's east–west nature was boosted in 1934 when US 96 was rerouted from Alice to Laredo.

Route description[edit]

Laredo to Interstate 37[edit]

US 59 begins at the Mexico–US border with Loop 20 on the World Trade International Bridge over the Rio Grande in Laredo. The portion of US 59 that is co-signed with Loop 20 is also named the Bob Bullock Loop. At under 2 miles, the two highways run together concurrent with I-69W from the Mexico–US border until I-35 in Laredo, where I-69W temporarily ends. US 59 and Loop 20 continue to run together until just south of Lake Casa Blanca, where Loop 20 heads south to Mangana-Hein Road (and potentially into Mexico) and US 59 heads towards Freer; traveling in a mostly northeast direction. In Duval County, the speed limit on US 59 is 75 miles per hour, the highest speed limit on the highway. US 59 shares a short congruency with SH 44 in and around Freer. From Freer, US 59 passes through the southeastern part of McMullen County, but does not intersect any highways. The highway continues northeast, intersecting US 281 in George West, before intersecting I-37 about 55 miles north of Corpus Christi. Between Laredo and Interstate 37, US 59 passes through many rural areas and ranching sites.

Interstate 37 to Houston[edit]

From I-37, US 59 heads northeast passing through Beeville. US 59 bypasses Victoria to the south, and becomes a divided highway, and has a series of interchanges, until it becomes a freeway south of Houston in Rosenberg and resumes the designation of I-69. Between Houston and Victoria, US 59 passes through Edna, Ganado, El Campo, and Wharton. US 59 intersects many major Texas highways in Houston, including I-10 (which goes to San Antonio and Beaumont) and I-45 (which goes to Dallas and Galveston).

Houston to Marshall[edit]

Leaving Houston, US 59 intersects Beltway 8 again on the northside of town, passing by Bush Intercontinental Airport and heads into Humble. Between Houston and Livingston, most of US 59 is a limited-access freeway but the I-69 designation temporarily ends at the Montgomery-Liberty county line. US 59 passes through or bypasses the towns of Cleveland and Livingston. 46 miles north of Livingston, US 59 bypasses Lufkin, where it overlaps US 69. 10 miles north of Lufkin, US 59 bypasses Nacogdoches and heads in an almost entirely east-west direction. Drivers wishing to stay on US 59 must turn left in Tenaha, where the highway intersects US 96 and ends its overlap with US 84. US 59 passes through Carthage before intersecting I-20 south of Marshall.

Marshall to Texarkana[edit]

US 59 intersects US 80 in Marshall, where US 59 is known as East End Boulevard (due to the fact the highway runs on the east side of town, near the city limits). US 59 passes through Jefferson, 15 miles west of Caddo Lake. US 59 passes through the towns of Linden and Atlanta before arriving in Bowie County. US 59 intersects SH 93 south of Texarkana, the old highway through the city. Shortly after, I-369 designation with US 59 when the freeway intersects Spur 151, where US 59 becomes a freeway on the westside of the city. Before US 59 intersects I-30, and overlaps I-30 until exit 223B, at the state line, I-369 designation ends. After leaving I-30, US 59 joins US 71, where both highways run on the state line between Texas and Arkansas, where both highways continue north towards DeQueen, Arkansas.

Future[edit]

Interstate 69
Location VictoriaTenaha

Interstate 69W
Location LaredoVictoria

Interstate 369
Location TenahaTexarkana

US 59 is in the process of being upgraded between Laredo & Victoria, to become I-69W; Between Victoria & Tenaha, as I-69; and Tenaha & Texarkana, I-369. Segments of I-69 are currently designated. I-69W runs between Mexico and I-35. I-69 runs through the Houston Metro, and a segment of I-369 exists on the west side of Texarkana. The entire I-69 project in Texas does not have a completion date.

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmikmExitDestinationsNotes
WebbLaredoWorld Trade Bridge over Rio Grande
west end of I-69W / Loop 20 overlap
FM 1472 (Mines Road) – Laredo Colombia Solidarity Bridgeinterchange
I-35 / US 83 – San Antonio, Laredoeast end of I-69W overlap; I-35 exit 8

Bus. US 59 west (Saunders Street) / Loop 20 south (Bob Bullock Loop) to I-35
interchange; east end of Loop 20 overlap
FM 2895 south – Aguilares
FM 2050 south – Bruni
Duval SH 44 west – Encinalsouth end of SH 44 overlap
Freer SH 16 – Tilden, Hebbronville, Falfurrias
SH 44 east – San Diegonorth end of SH 44 overlap
FM 2359 west to SH 16
McMullen
No major junctions
Live Oak FM 624 to SH 16 – Orange Grove, Cotulla
FM 1359 south – Clegg
FM 3336 west
George West
US 281 / Bus. US 59 north – Three Rivers, Alice

Bus. US 59 south – George West
Future I-69C South
FM 799 east – Beevillesouth end of FM 799 overlap
FM 799 westnorth end of FM 799 overlap
I-37 – San Antonio, Corpus ChristiI-37 exit 56
FM 1596 north
Bee FM 796 south – Tynan
FM 1349 south
Blue Berry Hill FM 351 (truck route)
Beeville FM 673 north (Minnesota Street)

Bus. US 181 / SH 202 east (Washington Street)
US 181 (truck route) – Kenedy, Karnes City, Skidmoreinterchange
GoliadBerclair FM 883 west – Goliad County Airport
FM 1351 west – Goliad County Airport
SH 239 west – Charco, Kenedysouth end of SH 239 overlap
FM 1726 north
Goliad
Alt. US 77 / US 183 / SH 239 east – Cuero, Refugio, Goliad State Historical Park, Presidio Labahia, General Zaragoza Birthplace
north end of SH 239 overlap
Fannin FM 2987 – Fannininterchange
VictoriaVictoria
US 77 north / Bus. US 59 north – Cuero, Hallettsville
interchange;north end of US 77 overlap
FM 446

US 77 south / Bus. US 77 north – Refugio, Corpus Christi
interchange; south end of US 77 overlap
US 77 south (via Spur 91) – Refugio, Corpus Christiinterchange (future I-69E south); southbound exit and northbound entrance
SH 185 – Victoria, Seadriftinterchange
US 87 – Victoria, Port Lavacainterchange
Loop 463 / Burroughsville Road – Hallettsville, Cuerointerchange
Telferner
Bus. US 59 south / FM 1686 – Victoria, Telferner
interchange
Inez FM 444 – Inezinterchange; south end of freeway
Jackson FM 234 northinterchange
El Toro FM 234 – El Toro, Vanderbiltinterchange
Edna Loop 521 – Ednainterchange
SH 111 / FM 822 – Edna, Yoakum, Bay Cityinterchange
Loop 521 – Ednainterchange
FM 530 – Cordele, Hallettsvilleinterchange; north end of freeway
Ganado Loop 522 – Ganadointerchange
SH 172 / FM 710 – Ganado, La Wardinterchange
Loop 522 – Ganadointerchange
WhartonLouise Loop 523 / FM 647 – Louiseinterchange; no northbound entrance
County Road 319interchange
Loop 523 / FM 1160 – Louiseinterchange
Hillje Loop 524 / FM 441 – Hilljeinterchange
El Campo
Bus. US 59 north – El Campo
interchange
FM 1163interchange
SH 71 – Columbus, Palaciosinterchange
FM 1162interchange

Bus. US 59 south / FM 960 – El Campo
interchange
Pierce Loop 526 – Pierce
Wharton
Bus. US 59 north / FM 961 to SH 60 – Wharton, Bay City
interchange
FM 102 – Wharton, Eagle Lakeinterchange

Bus. US 59 / SH 60 – Wharton, Bay City, Hungerford, Sealy
interchange
Hungerford FM 1161 – Spanish Campinterchange

Bus. US 59 south – Hungerford
southbound access only
Fort BendKendleton FM 2919 – Kendletoninterchange; no northbound entrance
Loop 541 – Kendletonsouthbound exit only; to be closed
Doris Roadproposed
Beasley95 FM 360 / Loop 540 – Needvilleinterchange; no northbound exit
96Isleib Roadinterchange
97 Loop 540 – Beasleysouthbound access only
Rosenberg99 Spur 10 (Slade Road) / Hartledge RoadInterchange.
100 Spur 529 northat-grade intersection; south end of freeway; no northbound entrance; south end of I-69 overlap
see I-69
LibertyCleveland169 I-69 south / US 59 south
Fostoria Road
Montgomery County / Liberty County line; Southbound exit to Fostoria Road, exit 167;
North end of Freeway; North end of I-69 overlap.
SH 105 – Conroe, BeaumontUS 59 northbound exit is a left handed u-turn just north of the southbound exit;
Drivers must enter onto and cross over US 59 southbound lanes in order to take the southbound exit
Loop 573 (Washington Avenue)interchange; south end of freeway

Bus. SH 105 – Cleveland, Conroe
FM 2025 – Coldspring
Loop 573 (Washington Avenue)interchange; north end of freeway
San Jacinto FM 2914 east to FM 3460interchange under construction
Shepherd453 Loop 424 / FM 3460 – Shepherdinterchange; signed as exits 453A (on US 59 south) and 453B (on US 59 north)
451CFrontage RoadSouthbound exit only
451 SH 150 / FM 223 – Rye, Shepherd, Coldspringinterchange; signed as exit 451B (on US 59 north); no exit number southbound
Loop 424no left turn northbound
FM 1127 east
PolkGoodrich Loop 393 north
FM 1988 to FM 2665interchange
Loop 393 south – Goodrich
Livingston436A-B
Bus. US 59 north / FM 1988 south – Livingston, Woodville, Lake Livingston State Park
interchange; south end of freeway; signed as exits 436A (on US 59 south) and 436B (on US 59 north to US 59 Bus.); no exit number for US 59 north to FM 1988
436D
434B
Frontage Roadsigned as exits 434B (on US 59 south) and 436D (on US 59 north)
US 190 – Huntsville, Livingston, Jasper
434D
432B
Frontage Road - Pedigo Parksigned as exits 432B (on US 59 south) and 434D (on US 59 north), access to Memorial Medical Center

SH 146 south / Bus. US 59 south – Downtown Livingston, Liberty
interchange; north end of freeway; no direct northbound exit (signed at exit 434D)
Loop 116 north
Leggett Loop 116 south
FM 942 north – Camden, Corrigansouth end of FM 942 overlap
FM 942 southnorth end of FM 942 overlap
Moscow FM 62 east – Camden
Loop 177
FM 350 south – Livingston
Corrigan FM 942 south – Camden, Leggett
US 287 – Groveton, Woodville
FM 352 east (Stryker Road)
FM 1987 north – Damascus
FM 357 north / FM 1987 south – Wakefield, Damascus
AngelinaDiboll Loop 210 (Thompson Street) / FM 1818 east (Dennis Street) – Zavalla
Loop 210 (North Hines Street)
FM 2497 north
Burke FM 2108 east
FM 324 north
Lufkin FM 819 (College Drive) – Angelina College
391 FM 3482 (Whitehouse Drive)interchange; south end of freeway

Bus. US 59 north (South First Street) / Loop 287 west – Groveton, Crockett
south end of Loop 287 overlap; US 59 north follows exit 390; access to FM 1877, access to Woodland Heights Medical Center
Tulane Driveno direct northbound exit
FM 58 (Chestnut Street)interchange; north end of freeway
US 69 south (US 69 Bus. north) – Huntington, Woodville, Beaumontinterchange; south end of US 69 overlap
FM 841 (Ford Chapel Road)interchange
FM 325 (Lufkin Avenue)interchange; no direct northbound exit (signed at FM 841)
SH 103 (Atkinson Drive) – Etoile, Milaminterchange

US 69 north / Loop 287 west / Bus. US 59 south – Tyler, Dallas, Crockett
interchange; north end of US 69 / Loop 287 overlap; access to FM 2021 west and FM 3521 east; US 59 north follows exit 386B
FM 3439
Redland FM 2021 – Pollok
FM 843 west
Nacogdoches FM 2782 north
Nacogdoches
Bus. US 59 north / Loop 224 east – San Augustine, Center
interchange; south end of Loop 224 overlap; US 59 south follows exit 59S
SH 7 – Pollok, Crockett, Airportinterchange
FM 225 (Durst Street) – Douglass, Cushinginterchange
SH 21 (Douglass Road) – Alto, Crockett, Elkhartinterchange
FM 2609 north (Austin Street)northbound access only
FM 1638 (Old Tyler Road) / FM 3314 (Lone Star Road)interchange
Loop 224 east (Stallings Drive) / Westward Driveinterchange; north end of Loop 224 overlap
FM 343 (Industrial Boulevard) – Cushinginterchange
Redfield
US 259 north / Bus. US 59 south – Henderson, Longview, Nacogdoches, SFASU
interchange
FM 2864 north
Appleby FM 941 south
FM 2435 north
FM 2476 south
Garrison FM 95 south – Chirenosouth end of FM 95 overlap
FM 138 east – Center
FM 95 north – Concordnorth end of FM 95 overlap
Rusk
No major junctions
Shelby FM 2667 south – Blair
Timpson US 84 west – Rusk, Palestinesouth end of US 84 overlap
SH 87 south – Center, Hemphill
FM 947 east – Tenaha
Spur 470 south
FM 1645 south
Tenaha FM 2141 south
FM 947 west (West Drive) – Timpsonsouth end of FM 947 overlap
FM 947 east (Main Street)north end of FM 947 overlap
Loop 157 (Center Street) – Center, Marshall
US 84 east / US 96 south / I-69 – Logansport, Mansfield, Center, Jasperinterchange; north end of US 84 overlap. South End of Future I-369 overlap. US 84 to the east will be upgraded to I-69.
Loop 157 south (North Center Street) – Center
Panola FM 999 west – Gary, Lake Murvaul
FM 2517 – Deadwood
Carthage
Bus. US 59 north / Loop 436 north to SH 149 – Mount Enterprise, Henderson, Longview
interchange
FM 699 / Forsythe Street – Paxton, Center

US 79 north / Bus. US 79 south / Shelby Street – Greenwood, Shreveport
interchange; south end of US 79 overlap

US 79 south / Bus. US 59 south – Henderson, Tatum, Panola College
interchange; north end of US 79 overlap
FM 124 west – Beckville
Grand Bluff FM 2792 north
FM 1794 – Tatum, De Berry
Harrison FM 1186 south
FM 2983 north
FM 2625 – Darco, Crossroads, Waskom
Marshall I-20 – Longview, Dallas, ShreveportI-20 exit 617
SH 43 south (East Pinecrest Drive) – Henderson, Tatum, Wiley Collegesouth end of SH 43 overlap
FM 31 south (East Travis Street) – Elysian Fields, Starr State Historical Park, De Berry
US 80 (East Grand Avenue / Victory Drive) – Hallsville, Longview, Waskom
SH 43 north (Karnack Highway) – Karnack, Caddo Lake, Caddo Lake State Parkcity4=Atlantanorth end of SH 43 overlap
Loop 390 (Ernest F. Smith Parkway) to US 80 – Longview, Gilmer, Shreveport, East Texas Baptist University, Karnack
FM 1793 north
Woodlawn FM 1997 south
Marion FM 2208 – Karnack, Jefferson Historical Riverfront District, Cypress River Airport, Longview
Jefferson SH 49 / FM 134 south (Broadway) – Daingerfield, Lake O' The Pines, Jefferson Historical Riverfront District, Vivian
FM 1324 east
Cass FM 2683 east – Lodi
Linden SH 155 to SH 8 – New Boston, Gilmer
FM Spur 125 north (South Main Street)
FM 125 (Kildare Road) – Business District, Kildare, Mc Leod
FM 1841 east – Bivins, Atlanta
SH 11 west (East Houston Street) – Hughes Springs, Pittsburg
FM 2328 southsouth end of FM 2328 overlap
FM 2328 north – Laws Chapelnorth end of FM 2328 overlap
Atlanta SH 77 west – Naples, Douglassvillesouth end of SH 77 overlap
SH 77 east (Pinecrest Drive) / FM 249 east (West Main Street) to SH 43 – Downtown Atlanta, Shreveport, Viviannorth end of SH 77 overlap
SH 43 south (Louise Street) – Downtown Atlanta, Marshall
Queen City Loop 236 north / FM 2791 west (Hickory Street) – Antioch, Douglassville, Queen City, Bloomburg
FM 96 west (Lanark Street) – Wright Patman Lake South Shore, Atlanta State Park
Loop 236 south – Queen City
FM 2327 north – Springdale
FM 2327 south – Springdale
FM 3129 south – Domino, BloomburgInterchange
Bowie FM 2148 west – Wright Patman Lake North Shore, Redwater
FM 3244 east
FM 2516 east (Buchanan Loop Road)
Eylau FM 989 (Kings Highway) – Wake Village, Nash
Texarkana SH 93 north (Lake Drive) / Loop 151 east (South Bishop Road) to I-30 east / US 71 / FM 3527 (Leopard Drive) – Downtown Texarkana, Little Rock, Shreveportinterchange; south end of I-369 overlap. North End of Future I-369 overlap.
see I-369
I-30 west – Dallasnorth end of I-369 overlap; south end of I-30 overlap; US 59 south follows exit 220A
220B FM 559 (Richmond Road) / Pavilion Parkway
222 SH 93 / FM 1397 (Summerhill Road)
I-30 east / US 59 north / US 71 (State Line Avenue) – Little Rock, AshdownArkansas state line; north end of I-30 overlap; south end of US 71 overlap; US 59 north follows exit 223
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 59". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  2. ^ "TexasFreeway > Houston > Photo Gallery > US 59 > The Southwest Freeway". www.texasfreeway.com. Retrieved 2016-09-30. 
U.S. Route 59
Previous state:
Terminus
Texas Next state:
Arkansas