U.S. Route 66 in Missouri
|Will Rogers Highway|
|Maintained by MoDOT|
|Existed||November 11, 1926– June 26, 1985|
|West end||US-66 to Galena, Kansas|
|East end||US 66 at the Mississippi River to Illinois|
U.S. Route 66 (US 66, Route 66) is a former east–west United States Numbered Highway, running from Santa Monica, California to Chicago, Illinois. In Missouri, the highway ran from downtown St. Louis at the Mississippi River to the Kansas state line west of Joplin. The highway was originally Route 14 from St. Louis to Joplin and Route 1F from Joplin to Kansas. It underwent two major realignments (in the St. Louis and Joplin areas) and several lesser realignments in the cities of St. Louis, Springfield, and Joplin. Current highways covering several miles of the former highway include Route 100, Route 366, Route 266, Route 96, and Route 66. Interstate 44 (I-44) approximates much of US 66 between St. Louis and Springfield.
Missouri was the first state to erect a historic marker on US 66. It is located at Kearney Street and Glenstone Avenue in northeast Springfield. A new marker, designating the highway as a National Scenic Byway, was erected May 5, 2006. The historic alignment in Missouri is marked based on the route in 1935.
- 1 History
- 2 Route
- 3 Major intersections
- 4 Structures
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The route between St. Louis and Springfield was an old road. It had traditionally been a Native American trail, known as the "Osage Indian Trail". By the early-to-mid-19th century, settlers laid a telegraph line along the road (it continued south from Springfield to Fort Smith, Arkansas). It then was called the "Wire Road" and later the "Old Wire Road" after the telegraph line came down. The highway subsequently became part of the Ozark Trail.
After the completion of I-44, Seventh Street west of Duenweg (which had been US 166) became US 66 continuing from Galena, Kansas through Joplin and Duquesne to Duenweg. At Joplin, US 66 continued down what would later be Route 96 to Halltown. With the completion of I-44, US 66 was aligned on I-44 from Halltown to St. Louis, except for the St. Louis area itself, where it continued on Chippewa Street/Watson Road (Route 366) and Gravois Road (Route 30).
US 66 in Joplin
An old segment of highway (named Route 66 Boulevard), splits off from modern Route 66 in Galena, Kansas (where it followed North Main Street to Front Street) and enters Missouri to the north of the current highway.
Due to the mining history of Joplin, the realignment of US 66 in Joplin was partially for traffic and partially because of cave-ins of mines built under the highway. It zig-zagged through the city, following Seventh Street (now Route 66), Main Avenue, Broadway, St. Louis Avenue, Euclid Avenue, Utica Street, Florida Avenue, Zora Street, and Rangeline Road,
Later, US 66 went straight east from the Kansas state line on Seventh and then north on Rangeline.
Joplin to Springfield
Near Carthage, US 66 wound through various county roads and the city streets of Carterville and Webb City. In Carthage, a small segment of US 66 once ran concurrently with US 71 on what is now Route 571.
I-44 enters from the southwest at Halltown, somewhere away from US 66. The reason for this was the already completed Will Rogers Turnpike in Oklahoma, which that state wished to become part of US 96 (also known as Old Route 66). Unlike US 66, I-44 bypasses Kansas entirely, entering Missouri directly from Oklahoma. In order to complete the hookup, I-44 took over for US 166 from the Oklahoma state line southwest of Joplin to Miller. Drivers should avoid I-44 because they could end up on Route 66 (now Route 96) from Webb City to Springfield. Approaching Springfield, US 66 followed Routes 266 and Route 96.
US 66 in Springfield
The alignment through Springfield includes Chestnut Expressway, College Street, St. Louis Street, Glenstone Avenue, and Kearney Street. In this city, US 66 was concurrent with US 65 for several miles, and also served as the original western terminus of US 60, which does not intersect with US 66 in Missouri anymore. Bypass US 66 followed Kearney Street on the north side of Springfield to West Bypass. Later, this would become the main alignment of US 66.
Springfield to St. Louis
US 66 entered the Ozark Mountains. At Rolla, about halfway from Springfield to St. Louis, US 66 intersected with US 63 (Bishop Avenue) and passed by the Missouri University of Science and Technology. The university's half-scale model of Stonehenge is located next to the highway at the curve.
US 66 in the St. Louis area
The original route through St. Louis diverges from the later alignment at Gray Summit. It turned east on Route 100 (Manchester Road), north on Florissant Street, east on Salisbury Street and then entered Illinois from the McKinley Bridge in St. Louis.
The first major re-alignment of US 66 involved the construction of Watson Road (now Route 366). The road was realigned down Watson Road and Chippewa Street. I-44 was built down Watson Road for several miles west of Sunset Hills. With this realignment, US 66 crossed the Mississippi on MacArthur Bridge. The older highway passes through downtown Pacific in a scenic area under steep bluffs.
Bypass US 66 was routed over the Mississippi on the north side of St. Louis via the Chain of Rocks Bridge. This alignment is now an outer road of I-270 from Watson Road north on the US 61 and US 67 concurrency (Lindbergh Boulevard) to the river.
|Jasper||||0||0.0||US-66 west – Tulsa||Kansas state line|
US 71 Bus. / US 166 Bus. west / Route 43 (South Main Street)
|west end of US 166 Bus. overlap|
|US 71 / US 166 (East 7th Street / South Range Line Road) – Duenweg, Neosho, Fort Smith||East end of US 166 Bus. overlap; west end of US 71 overlap; now I-49 Bus.|
US 71 Bus. south (Zora Avenue)
|pre-1947 US 66 west|
|Webb City||Route 171 north (MacArthur Drive) / Madison Avenue – Pittsburg|
US 66 Bus. east (Main Street)
|now Route D|
US 66 Bus. west (East Main Street)
|Carthage||Route 96 west – Oronogo|
US 71 north / US 71 Alt. south (Garrison Avenue) – Kansas City, Diamond
|east end of US 71 overlap; now Route 571|
US 66 Alt. west (Java Street)
|now Route V|
|||Route 37 south – Reeds||west end of Route 37 overlap|
|Avilla||Route 37 north – Golden City||east end of Route 37 overlap|
|Lawrence||||Route 97 – Lockwood, Stotts City|
|Albatross||Route 39 – Miller, Mount Vernon|
US 66 Bus. east (Chestnut Expressway) / US 166 Truck west (West Bypass) to US 60
|West end of US 166 Truck overlap|
|||US 160 west (Kearney Street) – Willard||West end of US 160 overlap; now Route 744|
|Springfield||Route 13 north (Bolivar Road) – Bolivar||West end of Route 13 overlap|
|US 160 east / Route 13 south (Grant Avenue) – Nixa||East end of US 160 / Route 13 overlap|
US 65 / US 166 / US 66 Bus. west (Glenstone Avenue) to US 60 – Sedalia, Branson
|East end of US 166 Truck overlap; now I-44 Bus.|
|||Route 125 south to US 60||West end of Route 125 overlap; pre-1928 US 66 west|
|Strafford||Route 125 north – Fair Grove||East end of Route 125 overlap|
|Webster||||Route 38 west (Spur Drive) – Elkland||West end of Route 38 overlap|
|Marshfield||Route 38 east (Jackson Street) – Hartville||East end of Route 38 overlap|
|Laclede||Lebanon||135||217||Route 5 / Route 32 (Jefferson Avenue) – Camdenton, Hartville, Grovespring|
|||Route 133 north – Richland|
|Pulaski||||Route 17 south – Roby||West end of Route 17 overlap|
|||Route 35 north – Laquey, Richland||Now Route P|
US 66 Bus. east / Route 17 north – Waynesville
|East end of Route 17 overlap; now I-44 Bus.|
US 66 Bus. west – Waynesville
|Now I-44 Bus.|
US 66 Spur (Missouri Avenue) – Fort Leonard Wood
|Now I-44 Bus.|
|Morgan Heights||Route 28 east – Dixon|
US 66 Bus. east – Rolla
|Now I-44 Bus.|
US 63 / US 66 Bus. west – Jefferson City, Rolla, Salem
|St. James||203||327||Route 68 (Jefferson Street) – Salem|
|Crawford||Cuba||216||348||Route 19 (Franklin Boulevard) – Owensville, Steelville|
|Franklin||Sullivan||Route 155 north – Spring Bluff||Now Route 185|
|||Route 114 east – Potosi||now Route 185|
|||Route 30 east – St. Clair|
|||250||400||Route 47 – Union, St. Clair||Interchange|
|||US 50 west – Union, Jefferson City||Interchange; west end of US 50 overlap|
Route 100 Spur – Villa Ridge
|Now Route M|
|||Route 100 west – Washington||West end of Route 100 overlap|
|||Route 100 east – Gray Summit, Manchester||East end of Route 100 overlap|
|St. Louis||Eureka||Route 109 north|
|Peerless Park||Route 141 – Valley Park, Fenton|
US 61 / US 66 Byp. east / US 67 Byp. (Lindbergh Boulevard)
|City of St. Louis||US 67 (Kingshighway Boulevard)|
|Route 30 west (Gravois Avenue)||West end of Route 30 overlap|
US 66 City east (12th Street)
|Interchange; west end of freeway|
US 67 Alt. (7th Street) / Park Avenue
|Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Walnut Street||At-grade intersection; east end of freeway|
|US 40 west (Market Street)||West end of US 40 overlap|
|Washington Avenue - Eads Bridge|
|301||484||US 40 east / US 50 east / US 66 east||Illinois state line (Veterans Memorial Bridge over the Mississippi River)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
Historic sites on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places include the 66 Drive-In in Carthage, Missouri which was an outdoor cinema built in 1949 when the closest television station was out-of-range. The Pulaski County Courthouse in Waynesville built 1903 in Romanesque Revival style now houses a museum. The Spanish Colonial Revival Gillioz Theatre in Springfield which exhibited cinema and live theatre from its 1926 opening until it closed in 1970.
The Red Cedar Inn, a log cabin restaurant opened in 1933 (and closed in 2005), was built by James and Bill Smith in Pacific. Both owners were former bootleggers who established lawful taverns at the end of Prohibition.
The Big Chief Restaurant in Wildwood opened in 1928 as the Big Chief Hotel, a roadside tourist cabin court with 62 rooms (each constructed as an individual cabin with its own garage) and an on-site restaurant, dance hall, Conoco filling station, playground and general store. The cabins, which served as housing for Weldon Spring Ordnance Works workers during World War II, were later demolished; the restaurant, closed in 1949, was restored in the 1990s and reopened.
Camps, motor courts, and motels
The 1936 Wagon Wheel Motel in Cuba and the 1945 Rock Fountain Court in Springfield are tourist courts which were constructed as groups of cabins, built with local Ozark sandstone. This "tourist court" design pre-dates the motel format, common in the 1950s, of constructing multiple rooms as one long building with direct access to individual rooms from the car park.
While the Rock Fountain Court is currently not a tourist motel (due to long-term residential use), the Wagon Wheel has undergone a recent restoration and is currently the longest continuously operating motel on US 66. Its restaurant is now a souvenir shop and its filling station is no longer operational, but it continues to offer lodging to US 66 travellers more than seventy-five years later.
In 2012, the first five rooms in a Boots Court Motel historic restoration in Carthage re-opened to travellers. Not yet listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the 1939 streamline moderne Boots Court originally touted "a radio in every room" long before the 1949 opening of the 66 Drive-In cinema and the 1953 sign-on of the first local Joplin-Springfield television stations.
Fate has been less kind to other Route 66 lodgings. The streamline moderne Coral Court Motel in Marlborough (an inner St. Louis suburb) was demolished in 1995, its 8.5 acre site sold for over a million dollars for suburban residential development, while John's Modern Cabins in Newburg, abandoned since the 1970s, have been allowed to slowly deteriorate beyond repair.
The Meramec River U.S. 66 Bridge - J421 was built in 1931 when US 66 was rerouted to pass through Times Beach, a working-class resort established in 1925 and abandoned in 1983 due to dioxin contamination. The site is now part of Route 66 State Park. Bypassed in 1956, the bridge has deteriorated and is no longer passable. The Gasconade Bridge is another historic Route 66 bridge in Missouri which has been closed by MoDot. The bridge, which was once deemed for demolition, was put on a 'Review List' by MoDot after a group of concerned business owners, local government and Route 66 travelers and 'roadies' came together to find a solution to 'Repair Don't Replace' the bridge.
Smart highway technology trials
During the summer of 2016 it was announced that the Solar Roadways firm in Sandpoint, ID will be attempting trials of its smart highway technology in and around the community of Conway, MO, as sponsored by MoDOT, at Conway's Route 66 Welcome Center and Museum, as sidewalk paving. Eventually, if the trials go well, the firm's hexagonal roadway panels would even be used as paving for sections of the historic Route 66 roadbed itself in time.
- Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (June 26, 1985). "Route Numbering Committee Agenda" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 5 – via Wikimedia Commons.
- Sonderman, Joe. "A Bit of Missouri 66 History". Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Some history and things to see when you stay at the historic best western route 66 Rail Haven". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Route 66 History". Route 66 World. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Cuba Mo Murals". Cuba, MO - Route 66 Mural City. Retrieved 2017-09-26.
- "US 66 in Missouri". Google Maps.
- "66 Drive-In". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Pulaski County Courthouse". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Gillioz theatre". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Red Cedar Inn". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Big Chief Restaurant". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Rock Fountain Court". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Wagon Wheel Motel". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Susan Redden (May 6, 2012). "Boots Motel, a Route 66 icon, reopens Tuesday in Carthage". Joplin Globe.
- "Meramec River US 66 Bridge". US National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Eisenstein, Paul A. (July 13, 2016). "Missouri Plans to Build Solar Panels into Road Along Old Route 66". nbcnews.com. NBC News. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
One of the most famous roads from America's past could help set the stage for the highway of the future, at least if a project launched by the Missouri Department of Transportation pans out. MoDOT, as its locally known, plans to become the first public highway department to test out a new type of pavement that not only replaces conventional concrete and asphalt but that also can generate electricity through built-in solar panels. The technology was developed by an Idaho-based start-up called Solar Roadways.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to U.S. Route 66 in Missouri.|
|U.S. Route 66|