U.S. Route 6 in Indiana

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U.S. Route 6 marker

U.S. Route 6
Grand Army of the Republic Highway
US 6 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by INDOT
Length: 149.490 mi[2] (240.581 km)
Existed: June 8, 1931[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: US 6 / I-80 / I-94 at Illinois state line
 

I-94 / I-80 / SR 51 at Lake Station, Indiana
US 421 near Westville, Indiana
US 35
US 31 near Plymouth, Indiana
US 33 at Ligonier, Indiana

I-69 near Waterloo, Indiana
East end: US 6 at Ohio state line
Highway system
US 421 IN US 12
SR 5 IN SR 7

U.S. Route 6 (US 6) is a part of the United States Numbered Highway that runs from California to Provincetown, Massachusetts. In Indiana, it is part of the Indiana State Road system that enters the state concurrent with the Borman Expressway between Lansing, Illinois, and Munster, Indiana. The 149.0 miles (239.8 km) of US 6 that lie within Indiana serve as a major conduit. Some sections of the highway is listed on the National Highway System. Various sections are rural two-lane highway and urbanized four-lane divided highways. The easternmost community along the highway is Butler at the Ohio state line.

US 6 passes through farm fields and forest lands, and along the northern part of Indiana. The highway is included in the Grand Army of the Republic Highway. US 6 was first designated as a US Highway in 1932. A section of the highway originally served as part of Sauk Indian Trail. US 6 replaced the original State Road 17 designation of the highway which dated back to the formation of the Indiana state road system. SR 17 ran from Ligonier through Kendallville to Waterloo and ended in Butler. US 6 also replaced the second designation of the highway, State Road 6, through most of the state.

Route description[edit]

US 6 enters Indiana concurrent with I-80/I-94 on the Borman Expressway, from Illinois. The concurrency passes through several communities in Lake County, before US 6 leaves the Borman in Lake Station at the Ripley Street exit. US 6 heads south on Ripley Street, concurrent with SR 51, passing through Lake Station. The road enters Hobart before turning east, leaving SR 51, before leaving Lake County and entering Porter County. In Porter County US 6 continues east as a four-lane road passing through commercial properties. US 6 has an intersection with SR 149, east of this intersection US 6 becomes a two-lane rural road passing through residential properties with some fields. The road becomes a four-lane divided highway passing south of the Porter Regional Hospital and through an interchange with SR 49. East of SR 49 the roadway reduces back to a two-lane road, before passing over a railroad track. East of the tracks US 6 becomes a three-lane roadway, with two-lanes eastbound and one-lane westbound, before reducing back to a two-lane roadway.[2][3][4]

US 6 leaves Porter County and enters La Porte County, before entering Westville. In Westville US 6 has an intersection with SR 2 before US 6 turns south concurrent with US 421. The concurrency heads south for a short distance, passing east of the Westville Correctional Facility, before US 6 turns towards the east and US 421 continues towards the south. East of US 421, US 6 passes farms and fields. In rural La Porte County US 6 has an intersection with SR 39 before an at grade crossing with a Canadian National Railway track. Past the railroad tracks US 6 becomes a four-lane divided road before an intersection with US 35. US 6 and US 35 head south-southeast and the roadway narrows back to a two-lane highway. The road crosses over a CSX railroad track before passing northeast of Kingsford Heights. Past Kingsofrd Heights the road bends to become east-west. The concurrency between US 6 and US 35 ends, with US 35 turning south and US 6 continuing east. US 6 crosses over the Kankakee River before entering St. Joseph County. In St. Joseph County the road enters Walkerton and passing through the southern end of SR 104, near industrial properties. US 6 bends to become southeast-northwest passing through downtown, while in downtown US 6 has a short overlap with SR 23. US 6 leaves Walkerton heading southeast before leaving St. Joseph County and entering Marshall County.[2][3][4]

In Marshall County US 6 curves to become east-west, passing farmland, before the roadway becomes a four-lane divided roadway and enters La Paz. In La Paz the road passes through commercial properties and an intersection with the Michigan Road, former US 31. Past La Paz US 6 has an interchange with US 31 before narrowing back to a two-lane rural highway. The highway curves northeast, having an intersection with western end SR 106 and crossing over a CSX railroad tracks, before curving to become east-west near a Indiana State Police Post. US 6 heads east having an intersection with a connecting road at connects with SR 331, before bridging over SR 331. The road bends to the southeast having an intersection with the eastern end of SR 106 before a few more curves, with the road generally traveling in a east-southeast direction. US 6 leaves Marshall County and enters Elkhart County before entering the town of Nappanee.[2][3][4]

US 6 enters Nappanee, concurrent with Market Street passing industrial properties, before passing Stahly–Nissley–Kuhns Farm. The landscape of the road becomes more residential as it enters downtown. In downtown Nappanee US 6 has an intersection with SR 19. East of SR 19, Market Street passes on the south edge of the Nappanee Eastside Historic District, before leaving downtown and passing through a commercial part of town. US 6 passes some more industrial properties before leaving Nappanee. East of Nappanee US 6 passes south of the Nappanee Municipal Airport. Past the airport the road makes a few curves but is generally is east-west. In rural Elkhart County the road passes mostly farms, with some houses and industrial land mixed in, having an intersection with SR 15 and crosses a Norfolk Southern rail line. North of Syracuse US 6 has an intersection with SR 13, US 6 and SR 13 head east concurrent, until SR 13 tunes north concurrent with US 33. US 6 continues east, concurrent with US 33. The highway leaves Elkhart County and enters Noble County.[2][3][4]

In Noble County the roadway enters Ligonier passing some industrial properties, before the landscape sounding the road becomes commercial. The overlap between US 6 and US 33 ends at an intersection with SR 5, with US 33 turning south onto SR 5, while US 6 continues towards the east. US 6 leaves Ligonier having a few curves, but staying in a generally east-west direction. US 6 begins an overlap with SR 9 before passing over a Norfolk Southern railroad track and through Brimfield. Past Brimfield the overlap ends with SR 9 turning north, while US 6 continues towards the east, heading towards Kendallville. The road enters Kendallville, concurrent with North Street, passing industrial land, with some commercial properties, before an intersection with SR 3. At this intersection North Street becomes a four-lane roadway and SR 3 turns east onto North Street concurrent with US 6. The concurrency ends with SR 3 turning north and US 6 continuing east on North Street. On the east side of Kendallville US 6 becomes two-lane, passing through commercial and industrial properties, before leaving Kendallville and Noble County.[2][3][4]

US 6 enters DeKalb County and has a short overlap with SR 327, before passing through Corunna. Past Corunna the road has an interchange with I-69 before entering Waterloo. In Waterloo the road passes industrial land before residential properties as the road enters downtown Waterloo. In downtown US 6 has an intersection with the southern end of SR 427 before leaving Waterloo. East of Waterloo US 6 parallels Norfolk Southern railroad tracks for a short distance, before the road enters Butler passing industrial and commercial properties. The landscape along becomes residential as the road enters downtown. In downtown US 6 has an intersection with SR 1. The road crosses a NS railroad track before leaving Butler and entering rural DeKalb County. In rural DeKalb County US 6 parallels Norfolk Southern railroad tracks, passing agriculture land, before US 6 crosses into Ohio.[2][3][4]

Only the segment of US 6 that are concurrent with Interstate 80/Interstate 94 and the segment that is concurrent with U.S. Route 33 are included as a part of the National Highway System (NHS).[5] The NHS is a network of highways that are identified as being most important for the economy, mobility and defense of the nation.[6] The highway is maintained by the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) like all other U.S. Highways in the state. The department tracks the traffic volumes along all state highways as a part of its maintenance responsibilities using a metric called average annual daily traffic (AADT). This measurement is a calculation of the traffic level along a segment of roadway for any average day of the year. In 2010, INDOT figured that lowest traffic levels were the 2,620 vehicles and 930 commercial vehicles used the highway daily between US 35 and Walkerton. The peak traffic volumes were 166,160 vehicles and 42,090 commercial vehicles AADT along the section of US 6 that is concurrent with the I–80 and I–94.[7]

History[edit]

The first route along modern US 6 was used in the 1700s, and it was a Native American known as Sauk Indian Trail, also known as the Great East-West Trail. In 1843 the modern route of US 6 was became a gravel roadway, through most of Noble County.[8][9] During 1918 SR 17 was commissioned along what later would become US 6, from Ligonier to the Ohio-Indiana border.[9] In the 1920s the Toledo-Chicago Pike was commissioned between Toledo and Chicago using several state roads from Illinois state line, passing through South Bend, to Ligonier and then SR 17 from Ligonier and the Ohio state line.[8]

SR 17 would become SR 6 and SR 6 was extended west to the Illinois state line, in 1926.[10] The first segment of roadway to be paved was between Waterloo and Ohio state line by 1928. In 1928 SR 6 was under construction, along its modern route, from Illinois state line to Ligonier, this route was built to help relieve traffic on the Lincoln Highway and Yellowstone Trail.[11] Also in 1928 the road was paved between Kendallville and Waterloo, with the section from near Ligonier to Kendallville being paved following year.[12] In 1929 construction was completed on the roadway between Illinois and SR 43, now US 421, and at this time the Toledo-Chicago Pike became Cleveland-Chicago Pike.[13] SR 6 was under construction between US 31 and SR 15 in 1931. On June 8, 1931 the American Association of State Highway Officials approved an extension of US 6 from Pennsylvania to Colorado, passing through Indiana along SR 6.[1]

US 6 was rerouted between Illinois state line and US 41 (Calumet Avenue), routed concurrent with US 41 and the Tri-state Highway, this reroute happened between 1953 and 1953.[14][15] The highway was rerouted to the modern route through Kendallville in October 1959.[8] US 6 and US 41 was rerouted on to Indianapolis Avenue between 1963 and 1964.[16][17] A reroute of US 6 to its modern route in Lake County, concurrent with SR 51 and the Borman Expressway, occurred in either 1966 or 1967.[18][19] US 6 was rerouted around Bremen, on a new roadway, between 1980 and 1981.[20][21] The old route of US 6 through Bremen became SR 106.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[2] km Exit Destinations Notes
Lake Hammond 0.000 0.000 I-80 west / I-94 west / US 6 west – Chicago, Des Moines US 6 crosses the Illinois state line from the Kingery Expressway concurrent with I-80/I-94 on the Borman Expressway
0.875 1.408 1 US 41 north / Calumet Avenue – Hammond, Munster Western end of US 41 concurrency
2.384 3.837 2 US 41 south / SR 152 north / Indianapolis Boulevard – Hammond, Purdue University Calumet, Highland Eastern end of US 41 concurrency
3.346–
3.358
5.385–
5.404
3 Kennedy Avenue Serves Visitors' Center
Gary 4.908 7.899 5 SR 912 (Cline Avenue) – Gary/Chicago Airport
6.448 10.377 6 Burr Street
8.890 14.307 9 Grant Street
9.915 15.957 10 SR 53 (Broadway) Serves Indiana University Northwest
10.856–
11.857
17.471–
19.082
11
12
I-65 to Indiana Toll Road – Indianapolis Signed as exits 11 (south) and 12 (north) eastbound and exits 12A (south) and 12B (north) westbound
Lake Station 12.748 20.516 13 Central Avenue Eastbound exit (shares ramp with I-65 north, Exit 12) and westbound entrance
15.156–
15.379
24.391–
24.750
15 I-80 east / I-94 east to I-90 / SR 51 north to US 20 – Detroit, Toledo Eastern end of I-80/I-94 concurrency and northern end of SR 51 concurrency
Hobart 17.406 28.012 SR 51 south / SR 130 east Southern end of SR 51 concurrency; west end of SR 130
Porter South Haven 23.440 37.723 SR 149
Liberty Township 27.483 44.230 SR 49 – Valparaiso, Chesterton, Dunes State Park
La Porte Westville 34.675 55.804 SR 2 – Valparaiso, La Porte
35.453 57.056 US 421 north – Michigan City Northern end of US 421 concurrency
36.674 59.021 US 421 south – La Crosse Southern end of US 421 concurrency
Scipio Township 44.686 71.915 SR 39 – La Porte, North Judson
Kingsbury 46.903 75.483 US 35 north – La Porte Northern end of US 35 concurrency
South Center 51.850 83.444 US 35 south – Knox Southern end of US 35 concurrency
St. Joseph Walkerton 59.478 95.721 SR 104 north – La Porte, Fish Lake
60.155 96.810 SR 23 north Northwestern end of SR 23 concurrency
60.292 97.031 SR 23 south Southeastern end of SR 23 concurrency
Marshall La Paz 69.685 112.147 Michigan Road – South Bend, LaVille School Formerly US 31
North Township 70.489–
70.698
113.441–
113.777
US 31 – Plymouth, South Bend
Bremen 75.094 120.852 SR 106 east – Bremen Western terminus of SR 106
77.989 125.511 SR 331 – Bremen, Mishawaka
79.241 127.526 SR 106 west – Bremen Eastern terminus of SR 106
Elkhart Nappanee 86.310 138.902 SR 19
Jackson Township 92.418 148.732 CR 17 – Goshen, Dunlap, Elkhart Future junction with CR 17[22]
94.579 152.210 SR 15 – Warsaw, Goshen
Benton Township 99.446 160.043 SR 13 south / CR 33 north – Syracuse Western end of SR 13 concurrency
102.216 164.501 US 33 north / SR 13 north – Goshen, Middlebury Eastern end of SR 13 concurrency; western end of US 33 concurrency
Noble Ligonier 107.973 173.766 US 33 south / SR 5 / Lincoln Highway – Fort Wayne, Ligonier Eastern end of US 33 concurrency
ElkhartOrange
township line
116.689 187.793 SR 9 south – Albion, Chain O'Lakes State Park Western end of SR 9 concurrency
119.535 192.373 SR 9 north – Rome City, Lagrange, Gene Stratton-Porter State Historic Site Eastern end of SR 9 concurrency
Kendallville 124.128 199.765 SR 3 south Western end of SR 3 concurrency
124.763 200.787 SR 3 north Eastern end of SR 3 concurrency
Dekalb Corunna 130.946 210.737 SR 327 north Western end of SR 327 concurrency
131.411 211.486 SR 327 south – Garrett Eastern end of SR 327 concurrency
Waterloo 136.234–
136.341
219.247–
219.420
I-69 – Fort Wayne, Lansing Exit 334 on I-69
138.157 222.342 SR 427 north Southern end of SR 427
Butler 144.417 232.417 CR 61 – Steel Mill
145.928 234.848 SR 1
Stafford Township 149.490 240.581 US 6 east Ohio state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weingroff, Richard F. (April 7, 2011). "U.S. 6 and The Grand Army of the Republic Highway". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Indiana Department of Transportation (July 2016). Reference Post Book (PDF). Indianapolis: Indiana Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 25, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Google (June 19, 2017). "overview map of U.S. highway 6 in Indiana" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Indiana Department of Transportation (2017). Indiana Roadway Map 2017 (PDF) (Map). 1:550,000. Indianapolis: Indiana Department of Transportation. § B3-B11. OCLC 976397802. Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  5. ^ National Highway System: Indiana (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. December 2003. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ "National Highway System". Federal Highway Administration. August 26, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2011. 
  7. ^ "INDOT Traffic Zones". Indiana Department of Transportation. 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Nartker, Dennis. "U.S. 6, Ind. 3: Kendallville's routes to growth". The News-Sun. Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  9. ^ a b Mark R Hunter and Emily Hunter (2015). Albion and Noble County. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 81–84. ISBN 978-1-4671-1451-6. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Road Numbers to Be Changed". The Hancock-Democrat. The Indianapolis News. September 30, 1926. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  11. ^ "Road Boosters Start Work on State Highway". The Bremen Enquirer. Bremen, IN. February 2, 1928. Retrieved June 11, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  12. ^ "Will Pave Toledo-Chicago Pike". Angola Herald. Angola, IN. October 28, 1927. Retrieved June 11, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  13. ^ "Name of Toledo and Chicago Pike Changed". Steuben Republican. Angola, IN. September 30, 1926. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  14. ^ Indiana State Highway Commission (1952). State Highway System of Indiana (Map). 1:660,000. Indiana State Highway Commission. OCLC 55533635. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Indiana State Library and Historical Bureau. 
  15. ^ Indiana State Highway Department (1953). State Highway System of Indiana (Map). 1:660,000. Indiana State Highway Department. OCLC 64574685. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Indiana State Library and Historical Bureau. 
  16. ^ Indiana State Highway Commission (1963). Indiana State Highway System (Map) (1963–1964 ed.). 1:633,600. Indiana State Highway Commission. OCLC 883418455. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Indiana State Library and Historical Bureau. 
  17. ^ Indiana State Highway Commission (1964). Indiana State Highway System (Map). 1:640,000. Indiana State Highway Commission. OCLC 65195866. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Indiana State Library and Historical Bureau. 
  18. ^ Indiana State Highway Commission (1966). Indiana State Highway System (Map) (1966–1967 ed.). 1:640,000. Indiana State Highway Commission. OCLC 65209231. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Indiana State Library and Historical Bureau. 
  19. ^ Indiana State Highway Commission (1967). Indiana State Highway System (Map) (1967–1968 ed.). 1:640,000. Indiana State Highway Commission. OCLC 65221593. Retrieved June 10, 2017 – via Indiana State Library and Historical Bureau. 
  20. ^ Indiana State Highway Commission (1980). Indiana State Highway System (Map). 1:640,000. Indiana State Highway Commission. OCLC 64223827, 5673147, 489761072. 
  21. ^ Indiana Department of Highways (1981). Indiana State Highway System (Map) (1981–1982 ed.). 1:640,000. Indiana Department of Highways. OCLC 64223136. 
  22. ^ "CR 17". Elkhart County Highway Department. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata


U.S. Route 6
Previous state:
Illinois
Indiana Next state:
Ohio