All of the alternate and business routes within Texas are maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). U.S. Route 90 has one alternate route and two business routes within the state. Along US 90, TxDOT identifies each business route as Business U.S. Highway followed by an alphabetic suffix. Along Texas U.S. routes, the alphabetic suffixes on business route names ascend eastward and northward. There are gaps in the alphabetic values to allow for future system expansion or for decommissioned routes. The alphabetic naming suffixes are included as small letters on the bottom of route shields.
The business route was created in 1992 when US 90 was realigned off the route between Beltway 8 and FM 2100. The portion of the business route between I-610 and Beltway 8 remained concurrent with US 90 until the completion of the current US 90 along the Crosby Freeway in January 2011.
Business U.S. Highway 90-Y or Bus. US 90-Y begins at Exit 874A of the combined route of Interstate 10 and US 90 on the west side of Orange in Orange County. The route proceeds to the east along W. Park Ave. to FM 3247 where the route turns to the southeast along Strickland Dr. through western Pinehurst. After reentering Orange, the route is joined by SH 87, and the combined route proceeds to the east along MacArthur Dr. After SH 87 turns off of the route, Bus. US 90-Y continues east along Green Ave past FM 1006 and then turns north along Simmons Dr. returning to I-10 and US 90 at Exit 878.
The business route follows the former alignment of US 90 through Orange until April 30, 1962. With the realignment, the route was designated State Highway Loop 358 but was signed as a US 90 business route. That designation was canceled and replaced with the current designation on June 21, 1990.
U.S. Highway 90 Alternate is an east–west bypass route of Pensacola, Florida. It is also known as Nine Mile Road, as it is located approximately nine miles north of downtown Pensacola.
Interstate 10 has largely supplanted the role of U.S. 90 Alternate as a bypass route. The road today serves largely as a commercial corridor for the northern suburbs of Pensacola. However, following the partial destruction of the Escambia Bay Bridge by Hurricane Ivan, U.S. 90 Alternate resumed its role as a cross-country bypass route for a short time.
U.S. Route 90 Alternate in Tallahassee was a former segment of US 90 from 1926–1949 that existed only in 1950 as an alternate route. It ran from Tallahassee to Quincy along what is today US 27 (Hidden State Road 63) and State Road 12. The route was co-signed with US 27 from Tallahassee to Havana.