U.S. Route 95 in Idaho
|North and South Highway|
|Maintained by ITD|
|Length:||538.562 mi (866.732 km)|
|Existed:||1926 – present|
|Part of the
International Selkirk Loop
|South end:||US 95 at the Oregon state line|
|North end:|| BC 95 in Eastport, ID
into British Columbia, Canada
In the U.S. state of Idaho, U.S. Route 95 is a north–south highway near the western border of the state, stretching from Oregon to British Columbia for over 538 miles (866 km). It was earlier known in the state as the North and South Highway.
US 95 continues into Idaho from southeastern Oregon as an undivided two-lane highway for the majority of its length. As it is the state's primary north–south highway, Idaho is in the process of widening US 95 to an Interstate-style divided four-lane highway, from the Oregon state line in the southwest to Eastport at the northern border with Canada (Kingsgate, BC).
Oregon border to New Meadows
US 95 departs Malheur County, Oregon, and enters Idaho in the high desert of Owyhee County, about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Boise. It progresses north-northeast to just west of Marsing, where it meets with the southern terminus of State Highway 55. US 95 then turns briefly west, then north to Homedale, and crosses the Snake River before a junction with concurrent US 20 and US 26 as it passes through Parma. US 95 runs north concurrent with US 20 and US 26 for eight miles (13 km).
As it proceeds north near Idaho's western border, US 95 crosses Interstate 84 (exit 3) and US 30 before proceeding north through Payette and Weiser. It continues on to Midvale, Cambridge, and Council, then climbs into the Payette National Forest, passing the Tamarack sawmill site, and turns east to New Meadows. Here, US 95 joins with Highway 55, the two-lane undivided route that connects to Boise through McCall, Cascade and Horseshoe Bend. The elevation at the junction in New Meadows is 3,865 feet (1,178 m) above sea level.
Meadows Valley to Lewiston
US 95 continues north through Meadows Valley north of the junction (roadcam), then descends 2,000 feet (610 m) with the Little Salmon River to Riggins, tree-sparse but surrounded by mile-high mountains (vertical drop). Immediately after Riggins, the highway crosses the main Salmon River and enters the Pacific Time Zone. US 95 northbound gradually descends with the widening river until White Bird, where it climbs 2,700 feet (820 m) in 7 miles (11 km) to the cut at the top of White Bird Hill, peaking at an elevation of 4,245 feet (1,294 m) (roadcam) with an average gradient of over 7%. The steeper, straighter, and faster multi-lane grade was opened in June 1975, after ten challenging years of construction. The two-lane road of 1921 to the east was first paved in 1938; it left the Salmon River at White Bird Creek following it up through the town of White Bird, and then gradually climbed the grade in twice the distance, with multiple switchback curves. The arcs, if combined, would form 37 full 360° circles, an average of 950° per mile (590° per km). Following the completion of the new steel bridge over White Bird Creek, the new routing opened in June 1975, ending a decade of construction. The new Lewiston grade to the north was finished in just over two years.
North of the summit, US 95 descends in a steep but relatively short descent (roadcam) to the Camas Prairie and Grangeville at 3,390 feet (1,030 m). The highway then travels northwest towards Cottonwood, whose bypass was finished in 1976, then enters the Nez Perce Indian Reservation. New route construction in the early 1990s bypassed the main streets of Ferdinand and Craigmont. The new routing is now above, rather than in, the curvy Lawyers Creek Canyon between the cities, crossing the canyon on an elevated bridge (photo) constructed in 1991. Lawyers Canyon is named after Chief Lawyer (c.1801–76) of the Nez Perce, nicknamed for his skill in dealing with the encroaching whites; he is buried in Kamiah. US 95 winds its way westward across the high prairie, near the many timber railroad trestles of the Camas Prairie Railroad, to just east of Winchester. Here, at just under 4,000 feet (1,220 m), the highway turns northward and descends over 3,000 vertical feet (900 m), mostly in the Lapwai Canyon (photos), passing Culdesac, Lapwai, and Spalding at 807 feet (246 m).
Until 1960, US 95 was routed through Winchester and descended Culdesac Hill ( The new route through Lapwai Canyon was built in three years and reduced the distance by over four miles (6 km) and saved 25 minutes of driving time. After Spalding, it then proceeds towards the bridge over the Clearwater River to join with US 12 and depart the reservation. The current "Arrow" bridge replaced the "Spalding" bridge in 1973. Ice jams on the river a decade earlier shifted the Spalding bridge.), considered the worst of the three major grades (White Bird, Lewiston), all of which were extremely twisty.
After crossing the Clearwater, US 95 joins with US 12 for seven miles (11 km) along its north bank, heading westward, adding lanes, and gradually descending toward Lewiston. About midway along the co-sign, the reservation is departed; the highways split several miles later at Lewiston's northeast edge. US 12 briefly turns south to re-cross the river into the city center, and then west to cross the Snake River into Clarkston, Washington.
Lewiston grade to Canada
US 95 turns northeast, then westward to climb a steep grade, gaining over 1,900 feet (580 m) in 5 miles (8 km), ascending to the southern edge of the rolling Palouse region. The multi-lane grade (averaging over 7%) was opened on October 28, 1977, after 27 months of construction and two decades of planning. It replaced the Lewiston Spiral Highway, a narrow and switchback-laden 1917 route to the west with 64 spiral curves and about twice the length; it is visible from a scenic overlook. Similar to the White Bird Hill grade, the descending southbound lanes on the new route have three "runaway truck ramps" to halt any vehicles that experience brake failure.
Just north of the Lewiston grade is a junction with US 195, which proceeds north in Washington to Pullman and Spokane. US 95 continues north in Idaho on the Palouse as a four-lane divided highway (roadcam), completed in October 2007 to Thorn Creek Road ( ), midway between Genesee and Moscow. It then reverts to a two-lane undivided roadway for several miles until Moscow, home of the University of Idaho. Scheduled to be completed first, the divided highway construction between Thorn Creek and Moscow was put on hold, due to new right-of-way and environmental impact concerns.
In Moscow, US 95 is diverted a block to either side of Main Street onto multi-lane one-way arterials: northbound on Washington Street, southbound on Jackson Street. The original couplets of 1981 used existing streets and were later modified to eliminate sharp right angle turns which were difficult for large trucks to safely manage. The north end couplets were completed in the early 1990s, the south end in 2000. The construction on the northeast couplet forced the demolition of a noted Moscow watering hole's original west end in January 1991, after staving off its elimination for over a decade.
North of Moscow, US 95 resumes as an undivided two-lane highway. As it leaves Latah County, it gradually departs the Palouse and enters the lake country region of the north Panhandle. As it enters Benewah County, US 95 enters the Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation. US 95 intersects State Highway 5 in Plummer. US 95 becomes a four-lane divided highway as it leaves Worley and has an interchange with State Highway 58. This recently completed section bypasses the tribal casino and its Circling Raven golf course. US 95 continues north as a divided highway until just south of the Spokane River, where US 95 enters Coeur d'Alene.
US 95 becomes an arterial street and crosses over Interstate 90 Business (Northwest Boulevard) at an interchange. US 95 crosses Interstate 90 at exit 12 and becomes a divided highway north to Hayden, then as an undivided highway past State Highway 54 and Farragut State Park. After crossing Lake Pend Oreille on the 1.1-mile (1.8 km) Sandpoint Long Bridge, US 95 enters Sandpoint and has a junction with US 2. The two routes run concurrent for 35 miles (56 km), until a few miles after Bonners Ferry, where US 2 heads east into Montana and southeast to Libby, while US 95 continues north for 29 miles (47 km) to the Canada–US border at Eastport. At the border, US 95 meets BC 95, which continues northeastward in British Columbia to Cranbrook.
US-95 was established in 1926 as one of the original routes in the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) system of national highways. It originally terminated at U.S. Route 30 north of Parma, near the Oregon state line, and was wholly located within Idaho except for a small segment in Washington state northwest of Lewiston. Prior to the designation, the north–south highway was part of State Highway 24 (the number has since re-purposed for another highway).
A proposal to extend the highway south was considered by the AASHTO in 1937, but deferred until 1940 while routes in Oregon were improved. US-95 was extended through Oregon and Nevada to California, terminating near Blythe.
|Owyhee||||0.000||0.000||US 95 south – Jordan Valley||Continuation into Oregon|
|||26.266||42.271||SH 55 north – Boise, Nampa|
|Homedale||34.166||54.985||SH 19 west|
|Canyon||Wilder||38.429||61.845||SH 19 east to I-84 – Caldwell|
|||45.509||73.240||US 20 east / US 26 east – Boise||Southern end of US 20 / US 26 overlap|
|||53.557||86.192||US 20 west / US 26 west – Nyssa, Ontario||Northern end of US 20 / US 26 overlap|
|I-84 – Boise, Ontario, Portland||Interchange|
|||61.078||98.296||US 30 east – Boise||Southern end of US 30 overlap|
|Fruitland||65.035||104.664||US 30 west to I-84 – Ontario, Portland||Northern end of US 30 overlap|
Main Street (US 95 Spur north) to SH 52 west
|Former alignment of US 95|
|68.372||110.034||SH 52 – Emmett|
E. Main Street (US 95 Spur)
|Cambridge||113.300||182.339||SH 71 north (Hells Canyon Scenic Byway) – Brownlee Dam|
|Adams||New Meadows||160.934||258.998||SH 55 south (Payette River Scenic Byway) – Cascade Dam|
||No major junctions|
||No major junctions|
||No major junctions|
||No major junctions|
|Idaho||Grangeville||239.782||385.892||SH 13 north – Kooskia|
|US 12 east – Orofino, Missoula||Interchange; southern end of US 12 overlap|
|US 12 west – Lewiston, Clarkston, Walla Walla||Interchange; northern end of US 12 overlap|
|US 195 north – Pullman, Colfax, Spokane||Northbound exit and southbound entrance only|
US 195 Spur south – Pullman, Colfax, Spokane
|Latah||Moscow||344.885||555.039||SH 8 east – Troy||Southern end of SH-8 overlap|
|345.349||555.785||SH 8 west – Pullman||Northern end of SH-8 overlap|
|||354.634||570.728||SH 66 west – Palouse|
|||360.554||580.255||SH 6 west – Palouse||Southern end of SH-6 overlap|
|||361.724||582.138||SH 6 east – Potlatch||Northern end of SH-6 overlap|
|Benewah||||387.502||623.624||SH 60 west – Willard, Tekoa|
|Plummer||395.877||637.102||SH 5 south to SH 3 – St. Maries|
|SH 58 west – Rockford||Interchange|
|I-90 Business Loop – Downtown Coeur d'Alene||Interchange, former US-10|
|I-90 – Spokane, Missoula||Interchange|
|||438.880||706.309||SH 53 south – Rathdrum, Spokane|
|||449.099||722.755||SH 54 west – Spirit Lake, Farragut State Park|
|US 2 west / SH 200 east (Pend Oreille Scenic Byway) – Priest River, Cabinet Gorge Dam||Interchange; southern end of US 2 overlap|
|Boundary||Bonners Ferry||507.375||816.541||Kootenai Street - City Center|
|||510.370||821.361||US 2 east – Kalispell, Glacier National Park||Northern end of US 2 overlap|
|||521.862||839.855||SH 1 north to BC 21 / BC 3 – Porthill, Creston|
|Eastport||538.562||866.732||BC 95 to BC 3 – Cranbrook||Continuation into British Columbia|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- U.S. Route 95 Alternate: current state highways 6, 3, and 97 from Coeur d'Alene to Potlatch
- U.S. Route 95 Spur (Weiser, Idaho)
- U.S. Route 95 Spur (Payette, Idaho)
- "North & South Highway bringing to reality old dreams of united Idaho". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. May 3, 1936. p. 1.
- "1927 U.S. Numbered Highways (RVD)". Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- Idaho Transportation Department. "Milepost Log, US 95" (PDF). Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- "Average of 400 autos daily uses North & South Highway". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. December 19, 1937. p. 1.
- "Idaho: scenic road knits north and south". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. (progress edition). January 26, 1947. p. 4.
- "North and South Highway helped bind state together". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. October 6, 1955. p. 2-sec.2.
- Idaho Historical Markers - Owyhee Country
- "'Goat trail' symbol breaks as Whitebird route opens". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. June 17, 1975. p. 12A.
- "New Idaho road will rival Lewiston hill". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. November 27, 1918. p. 8.
- Idaho Historical Markers - White Bird
- Harrell, Sylvia (October 27, 1977). "The new hill route: $12 million and two decades in the making". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. p. 1D.
- "Cottonwood bypass open to U.S. traffic". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. July 13, 1976. p. 7A.
- "The Nez Perce Reservation with a Map Insert of Idaho" (PDF). Nez Perce Tribe. Geographic Information Systems. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- "Highway work underway in Lawyer's Canyon". Idahonian. Moscow. June 1, 1988. p. 7A.
- "Opposition heard on U.S. 95 work". Idahonian. Moscow. Associated Press. November 10, 1988. p. 5A.
- Pettit, Diane (July 16, 1989). "Lawyers Canyon road construction enters second phase this month". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. p. 1D.
- Idaho Transportation Dept. - Bridge deck rehabilitation - 2010-08-06 - accessed 2011-09-25
- Ruark, Janice (February 23, 1977). "Lawyer lead Nez Perce in peace before war". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. p. 3.
- Carter, Jack (July 4, 1960). "Winding Winchester grade won't bother much longer". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. p. 10.
- "Culdesac cutoff finished in 1960". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. January 2, 1961. p. 5.
- Hughes, John B. (June 29, 1958). "New Culdesac cutoff to be scenic wonder". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. p. 1-sec.2.
- "Bridge opens". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. February 21, 1973. p. 5.
- Watkins, Clint G. (March 12, 1973). "Idaho bridge comes down". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. (photo). p. 1.
- Lyons, Shirley (March 23, 1973). "Poof and it comes down". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. (photos). p. b3.
- Swank, Gladys Rae (July 10, 1967). "Highway building pushed in Idaho". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. p. 5.
- "Idaho bridge shifts". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. (photo). February 5, 1963. p. 1.
- "Highway replaces 'goat trail'". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. Associated Press. October 17, 1977. p. 3.
- "Lewiston Spiral Highway". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. October 27, 1977. p. 6D.
- "Truck escape". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. AP photo. October 17, 1977. p. 3.
- "U.S. 95 widening will be celebrated". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. October 18, 2007. p. B3.
- Matson, Malia (May 15, 2004). "More work on U.S. Highway 95 planned for spring 2005". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Idaho-Washington. p. 3A.
- Doyle, Megan (January 19, 2006). "Path of least resistance". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Idaho-Washington. p. 1A.
- "Which way do I go?". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. Spring 1982. p. 34.
- Long, Ben (June 4, 1991). "Crews start rerouting Moscow street". Idahonian. Moscow. p. 12A.
- Goetsch, Lara (July 10, 1991). "1st traffic flow through Moscow couplet". Idahonian. Moscow. p. 12A.
- "Clarkston firm wins Moscow project". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Idaho-Washington. March 27, 1992. p. 12A.
- "Moscow work will divert traffic". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. July 27, 2000. p. 7A.
- Long, Ben (December 7, 1990). "Roadwork ends party in half of Corner Club". Idahonian. Moscow. p. 1A.
- Long, Ben (January 9, 1991). "A real bar bash: Corner Club demolished". Idahonian. Moscow. p. 1A.
- Johnson, David (September 2, 1979). "To the Club for a tub!". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. p. 1B.
- "Dedication set today for Sandpoint bridge but opening doubtful". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. June 22, 1956. p. 1.
- "Sandpoint span due next year". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. October 23, 1980. p. 5.
- Jensen, Janet (August 5, 1981). "Bridge almost finished". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. p. c4.
- Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved February 17, 2017 – via University of North Texas Libraries.
- Rand McNally Official 1926 Auto Trails Map: Idaho-Montana-Wyoming (Map). Rand McNally. OCLC 289456074.
- Pulvers' Auto Highway Map, State of Idaho Including Western Montana (Map). Seattle: Edward W. Pulver. June 6, 1925. OCLC 696620763.
- Weingroff, Richard (October 17, 2008). "U.S. 95 and Idaho's North and South Highway". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Idaho Transportation Dept. – highway roadcams – US-95
- U.S. Dept. of Transportation – Idaho's north–south highway – US-95
- David Rumsey Map Collection – Historic road map (1937) – Idaho, Montana, Wyoming – Texaco (Rand McNally)
|U.S. Route 95|