United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
United States Senate
|Formed||December 9, 1825|
Pat Roberts (R) |
Since January 8, 2015
Debbie Stabenow (D) |
Since January 8, 2015
|Policy areas||Farm Bill, Agriculture, Nutrition, Farm Credit, Food Stamps, Crop insurance, Forestry, Food Inspection, Home economics, Rural electrification|
|Oversight authority||Department of Agriculture, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Farm Credit Administration, Commodity Credit Corporation, Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation|
|House counterpart||Committee on Agriculture|
|328A Russell Senate Office Building|
The Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of all matters relating to the nation's agriculture industry, farming programs, forestry and logging, and legislation relating to nutrition and health.
- 1 History
- 2 Members, 115th Congress
- 3 Subcommittees
- 4 Chairmen
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Founded in 1825 the Committee was formed at the request of Senator William Findlay from Pennsylvania. Arguing that agriculture was as important to national progress as commerce and manufacturing, Findlay succeeded in persuading the full Senate to divide the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures into two separate committees. The Committee on Agriculture was formed by resolution on December 9, 1825.
During the first four decades of the existence of this committee, the need for it was repeatedly called into question. At that time in America, nearly ⅔ of the population was directly engaged in agriculture. As such, issues related to agriculture overlapped with areas covered by other committees and were often referred to those committees instead of the Agriculture Committee.
Following a debate over the necessity of various committees to have need of the services of a dedicated clerk, a Special Committee was formed to investigate ways to "reduce the number and increase the efficiency of the committees." On February 17, 1857, the Special Committee submitted a plan of reorganization for the committees that did not include the Agriculture Committee. During a special session of the Senate, on March 5, 1857, the Senate approved the Special Committees recommendations and the Committee on Agriculture was dissolved.
In 1862, the country was embroiled in the Civil War, a large influx of immigrants was occurring and the nation was moving towards industrialization. That year, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Organic Act recreating the Department of Agriculture.
It became the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry in 1884, a reflection of the growing importance of forests to the country's needs. It was renamed again to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry in 1977. Nutrition was added to the name after the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 directed the Department of Agriculture to "conduct more human nutrition research, establish a national nutrition education program and develop a system to monitor America's nutritional status".
Members, 115th Congress
|Commodities, Markets and Trade||John Boozman (R-AR)||Heidi Heitkamp (D-ND)|
|Rural Development and Energy||Joni Ernst (R-IA)||Tina Smith (D-MN)|
|Conservation, Forestry and Natural Resources||Steve Daines (R-MT)||Michael Bennet (D-CO)|
|Nutrition, Agricultural Research and Specialty Crops||David Perdue (R-GA)||Bob Casey Jr. (D-PA)|
|Livestock, Marketing and Agriculture Security||Deb Fischer (R-NE)||Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)|
The committee, under its various names, has been chaired by the following senators:
Chairmen of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, 1829–1857
|William Marks||National Republican||Pennsylvania||1829–1831|
|Horatio Seymour||National Republican||Vermont||1831–1833|
|Bedford Brown||Democratic||North Carolina||1833–1836|
|John Page||Democratic||New Hampshire||1836–1837|
|Lewis F. Linn||Democratic||Missouri||1841–1843|
|Philip Allen||Democratic||Rhode Island||1853–1857|
Chairmen of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, 1863–1884
|Oliver P. Morton||Republican||Indiana||1871–1872|
|Frederick T. Frelinghuysen||Republican||New Jersey||1872–1877|
|Algernon S. Paddock||Republican||Nebraska||1877–1879|
Chairmen of the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, 1884–1977
Chairmen of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, 1977–present
|Herman E. Talmadge||Democratic||Georgia||1977–1981|
|Jesse Helms||Republican||North Carolina||1981–1987|
- "Senator Roberts Makes History" (Press release). January 8, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- "Jurisdiction". Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Register of Debates in Congress. December 9, 1825. p. 5-6.
- "Chapter 1: The Committee is Created: 1825–1857". The United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 1825–1998. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Congressional Globe, December 23, 1856, pp. 182–184.
- Journal of the Senate, March 5, 1857, p. 386.
- Daniel J. Boorstin (1973), The Americans: The Democratic Experience p. 119, New York: Vintage Press.
- U.S. Senate (1976). Temporary Select Committee to Study the Senate Committee System, p. 15. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
- "Chapter 7: Borrowing and Credit: 1970–1979". The United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 1825–1998. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- "U.S. Senate: Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "Subcommittees". Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- "Appendix I: Chairmen of the Committee On Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, 1825 – 1997". The United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 1825–1998. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee (Archive)
- Senate Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Committee. Legislation activity and reports, Congress.gov.
- The United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 1825 – 1998 (including Committee membership lists),
- Government Printing Office: Committee reports, 106th Congress-present
- Commodity Futures Trading Commission
- Farm Credit Administration