U2 (Berlin U-Bahn)

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Berlin U2.svg
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Berlin U-Bahn
Locale Berlin
Termini Ruhleben
Pankow
Stations 29
Operation
Opened 14 December 1902
Operator(s) Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe
Events
Separation of U1 and U2 1912–1913
Technical
Line length 20.7 km (12.9 mi)
Track gauge
Electrification
Route map
PankowBerlin S2.svg Berlin S8.svg Berlin S9.svg Berlin Tram M1.svg Berlin Tram 50.svg
VinetastraßeBerlin Tram M1.svg Berlin Tram 50.svg
Schönhauser AlleeBerlin S41.svg Berlin S42.svg Berlin S8.svg Berlin S85.svg Berlin S9.svg Berlin Tram M1.svg
Eberswalder StraßeBerlin Tram M1.svg Berlin Tram M10.svg Berlin Tram 12.svg
Senefelderplatz
Rosa-Luxemburg-PlatzBerlin Tram M8.svg
AlexanderplatzBerlin S3.svg Berlin S5.svg Berlin S7.svg Berlin U5.svg Berlin U8.svg Berlin Tram M2.svg Berlin Tram M4.svg Berlin Tram M5.svg Berlin Tram M6.svg VBB Bahn-Regionalverkehr.svg
Klosterstraße
Märkisches Museum
Spittelmarkt
Hausvogteiplatz
StadtmitteBerlin U6.svg
Mohrenstraße
Potsdamer PlatzBerlin S1.svg Berlin S2.svg Berlin S25.svg VBB Bahn-Regionalverkehr.svg
Mendelssohn-Bartholdy-Park
GleisdreieckBerlin U1.svg Berlin U3.svg
Bülowstraße
NollendorfplatzBerlin U1.svg Berlin U3.svg Berlin U4.svg
WittenbergplatzBerlin U1.svg Berlin U3.svg
Zoologischer GartenBerlin S3.svg Berlin S5.svg Berlin S7.svg Berlin U9.svg VBB Bahn-Regionalverkehr.svg
Ernst-Reuter-Platz
Deutsche Oper
BismarckstraßeBerlin U7.svg
Sophie-Charlotte-Platz
KaiserdammBerlin S41.svg Berlin S42.svg Berlin S46.svg (Berlin Messe Nord/ICC)
Theodor-Heuss-Platz
Neu-Westend
Olympia-Stadion
Ruhleben

U2 is a line of the Berlin U-Bahn. The U2 line starts at Pankow S-Bahn station, runs through the eastern city centre (Alexanderplatz) to Potsdamer Platz, the western city centre (Wittenbergplatz, Zoologischer Garten) and finally to the Ruhleben terminal station.

U2 sign at Ernst-Reuter Platz

The U2 has 29 stations and a length of 20.7 kilometers (12.9 mi). Together with the U1, U3, and U4 lines, it was part of the early Berlin metro network built before 1914. The route between Potsdamer Platz and Zoologischer Garten was the western section of the Stammstrecke, Berlin's first metro inaugurated in 1902.

Gleisdreieck higher platform - today the U1 stops here
Zoologischer Garten station, looking towards Ruhleben

Overview[edit]

The line starts in what was West Berlin at Ruhleben and runs on a causeway between Rominter Allee and the railway line (also called the "Olympic" or "Grunewald train") to Spandau. On the bend approaching Olympischen Straße, the line descends into tunnel to run beneath that road. Subsequently, the U2 pivots towards the national highway to Theodor-Heuss-Platz, where it runs in a curve to Kaiserdamm. Under Kaiserdamm, which becomes Bismarckstraße at Sophie Charlotte-Platz, the tunnel leads straight to Ernst-Reuter-Platz. Here again, it swings to the southeast, following the course of Hardenberger Straße towards Zoologischer Garten station. In the tunnel, it passes the foundations of the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in a tight arc, then follows Tauentzienstraße where the track emerges via a ramp to the elevated railway section after Wittenbergplatz - east of the intersection Kleist-Courbierestraße.

The elevated railway reaches its full height at Nollendorfplatz station where all four lines of the small-profile network meet. In the underground part of the station, there are four more lines. The U2 continues above ground to the east of the Bülowstraße. After that U2 makes a curves over a long viaduct on the southernmost point of the route, passes through Gleisdreieck station and then runs straight across the Landwehrkanal and returns into tunnel between Mendelssohn Bartholdy-Park and Potsdamer Platz stations.

While the railway company intended it to continue along Leipziger Straße, this route was not built and it continues instead along Mohrenstraße, Markgrafenstraße and Niederwallstraße to the River Spree in Berlin Mitte. After passing the Märkisches Museum station, it goes under the River Spree in a tunnel, and runs through Klosterstraße to Alexanderplatz station.

After leaving Alexanderplatz, the track turns under Rosa-Luxemburg-Straße and through the station of the same name. The line then runs north underneath Schönhauser Allee and through Senefelderplatz station. Before reaching Eberswalder Straße station, the line emerges from tunnel and on to an elevated viaduct through to the Schönhauser Allee station, an S-Bahn interchange. From there the line runs beyond the former city limits and the elevated railway descends again into a tunnel to Vinetastraße and before reaching the terminus at Pankow.

Route numbering[edit]

Since the introduction of the schematic line network plans at the Berlin subway, at least parts of today's line U2 always had the color red. When letters were introduced as a line name after the First World War, the small profile network received the letters "A" and "B". The inner city route, more important than the older route through Kreuzberg, became Line A, as did the two western branches to Charlottenburg and Dahlem (today's U2 and U3 lines). The routes from Kurfürstendamm and Schöneberg through Kreuzberg to the Warsaw Bridge (today: U1 and U4) were given the letter "B" and the color code green. To distinguish the branches in the western part of the route, the letters were supplemented by Roman numbers, the Charlottenburg route was thus the line AI.

From 1966, the designation of the lines operated by the Berlin public transport companies (BVG West / BVG) in West Berlin was converted to Arabic numbers. Each line should be operated independently and without branching. The ("green") line 1 drove now from Ruhleben through Charlottenburg to Kreuzberg, the previous AII became the ("red") line 2 (Krumme Lanke - Gleisdreieck, from 1972 only to Wittenbergplatz). The severed eastern line section, used since 1949 by the BVG East / BVB, retained unchanged the "A" as a line designation, as well as the red color code.

On January 9, 1984, the BVG also took over the previously managed by the Deutsche Reichsbahn S-Bahn lines in West Berlin. The marking of the subway lines traveled by the BVG changed again because of the now parallel operated U- and S-Bahn. To better distinguish the two trades, the respective Arabic number, which has remained valid since 1966, was prefixed with the letter "U" as a line number. According to the model of public transport networks, such things were followed from various cities (Frankfurt, Shanghai, Munich, Beijing, Guangzhou) they were then called U1 to U9 and equivalent to the acquired S-Bahn routes preceded by "S" and the route number.

With the merging of Berlin in the context of German reunification and the reconstruction of the disused section Wittenbergplatz - Mohrenstraße (1993), the BVG decided to swap the western branches of the meeting at the Wittenbergplatz lines U1 and U2. The reunited former AI line has since been under the new name "U2", but as earlier by the two previously separate parts of the city with traditional red line color.

History[edit]

The increasing traffic problems in Berlin at the end of the 19th century led to a search for new efficient means of transport. Inspired by Werner von Siemens, numerous suggestions were made for overhead conveyors, such as a suspension railway, as was later built in Wuppertal, or a tube railway as was built in London. Finally Siemens and some prominent Berliners submitted a plan for an elevated railway on the model of New York. These people opposed Siemens' suggestion of building an overhead railway in the major street of Friedrichstraße, but the city of Berlin opposed underground railways, since it feared damage to one of its new sewers.

The original route

Finally, after many years and negotiations, Siemens proposal for an elevated railway line from Warschauer Brücke via Hallesches Tor to Bülowstraße was approved. This was only possible, however, because it passed through poor areas. The richer residents of Leipziger Straße pressed the city administration to prevent the line using their street. Siemens & Halske carried out all construction work and also owned the line. The first sod was turned on 10 September 1896 in Gitschiner Straße. The construction work had to be carried out quickly because the contract with the city of Berlin, signed with the granting of the concession, specified that the line had to be finished within two years, or a penalty of 50,000 marks would be payable.

The railway engineers developed a design for the supporting columns for the elevated railway, but it was unpopular and the architect Alfred Grenander was asked to submit an artistic solution for this problem. For the next 30 years Grenander was the house architect for the elevated and underground railway.

After tough negotiations with the city of Charlottenburg it was decided to extend the line to Knie along the Tauentzienstraße, but instead of being elevated it would be a subsurface (cut-and-cover) railway. The management of the city of Berlin board of works regarded the idea of an underground railway sympathetically. Since the underground caused no apparent damage to the new sewer, an underground branch could be built from a junction at Gleisdreieck (German for "rail triangle") to Potsdamer Platz, Berlin’s then city centre. The national government granted permission for the planning changes on 1 November 1900.

The Bülowstraße elevated station in 1903

The total length of the elevated and underground railway was now 10.1 km (6.3 mi). The largest part of the route, approximately 8 km (5.0 mi), would be established on viaducts and connect eleven elevated stations. In addition there would be 2 km (1.2 mi) of underground line with three underground stations. The planners believed that 8-carriage trains would not be needed and therefore designed it with 80 m-long platforms, sufficient only for 6-carriage trains.

The first 6 km (3.7 mi) of the line was finished in 1901 and on 15 February 1902 the first train ran on the line from Potsdamer Platz to Zoologischer Garten, then to Stralauer Tor and back to Potsdamer Platz. This allowed many prominent Berliners to participate in the opening trip, including the Prussian minister for public works, Karl von Thielen. On 18 February 1902 the first stage of the Berlin U-Bahn was officially opened (Stralauer TorPotsdamer Platz). In March the line was extended to Zoologischer Garten and on 17 August it was extended by 380 m from Stralauer Tor to Warschauer Brücke. There were at that time only two lines:

  • From Warschauer Brücke to Zoologischer Garten via Potsdamer Platz (with reversal).
  • From Warschauer Brücke directly to Zoologischer Garten.

On 14 December the line was extended to Knie. The section between Gleisdreieck and Knie (now Ernst-Reuter-Platz) is now part of U2.

Charlottenburg Extension[edit]

After the opening of the original route further plans to extend the three route branches emerged: on Charlottenburg city to Wilhelmplatz (today's Richard-Wagner-Platz) and in the direction Reichskanzlerplatz (today: Theodor-Heuss Platz),[1] from Potsdamer Platz, starting in the center of Berlin and by the Warsaw road to Frankfurter Tor[2] The fastest way negotiations with the young and coming city Charlottenburg completed because there was a lot of vacant land that could be developed. The most important negotiating point was to build a path for Rathaus Charlottenburg am Wilhelmsplatz. Here the extension along the Berliner Straße (today's Otto-Suhr-Allee) would have offered, but there was driving at the time the Berlin-Charlottenburg tram and a parallel traffic did not seem sensible. Therefore, should this route under the Bismarckstraße further extend towards the west and then in an arc to the town hall. Under the working title Krumme Straße the stations were initially Bismarckstraße (today: Deutsche Oper) and on the railhead Wilhelmplatz planned. May 1906. The opening of the line between Knie and Wilhelmplatz took place on 14th. Both metro lines now drove to Bismarckstraße, but only the branch to Potsdamer Platz traversed line also drove up to the Wilhelmsplatz.

While this route was under construction, the overhead railway company and the city of Charlottenburg on a direction facing Berlin-Westend agreed. Therefore, a plan amendment was necessary at the planned station Bismarckstraße, because here the line Westend should branch. Therefore, the station was built the first four-track metro station Germany. Of the two inner tracks the route to Wilhelmsplatz should go from the outer to Westend. This created an unusual situation: Although the short section was planned to the Charlottenburg city hall as the main route, it has now been the route to Westend.

Since the western Charlottenburg area was still completely undeveloped, the route could provide no gains in their early years. Therefore, the overhead railway company was negotiating with the city Charlottenburg and the other property owners in order to compensate the deficit path. This contract was signed and completed on 23 June 1906.

For the route westwards along Charlottenburg, the following stations were to be built:

On 16 March 1908 the sailed Emperor Wilhelm II, opened the line, In reference to the "Minister ride", the first time this route. It was officially inaugurated on 29 March 1908. The two existing lines went no further until Reichskanzlerplatz; Rather, a third line was opened, the wrong only between Bismarck Street and Reichskanzlerplatz.

At the opening of the Deutsches Stadion on 8 June 1913 was the stretch with the new terminus Stadion (Sportpark also included) and finished in the shell station Neu-Westend go into operation. The corresponding Grunewald workshop was completed in January 1913. Built for the power supply of the metro nearby power plant Unterspreewald on Wiesendamm in Ruhleben had already started operation in 1911.[3]

Because of the greatly expanded route length of the desire for a new workshop was created because the previous workshop in Rudolfstraße (or Warschauer Brücke) now no longer sufficed. Therefore, they sought a suitable site. Since the Prussian forest administration wanted to market their site of the Grunewald profitably, the interests of both partners met. Just bought the overhead railway company 14 hectares land to build their new operating workshop. At the same time, it undertook, a route extension to the stadium station (today: Olympia-Stadion) to build. For the overhead railway company got a grant from the Forestry Administration of 200,000 Mark. It should only take place operating and occasional services here, a regular service was not provided. Together with the extension to the stadium station is built on the track, the Neu-Westend in the shell with, because a traffic demand at that time was not yet.

The Central Line[edit]

In Berlin's city centre, Potsdamer Platz was disconnected — to be replaced by Leipziger Platz (Potsdamer Platz) — to allow an extension to the spur, construction began on 15 December 1905. The line underneath Leipziger Straße to Spittelmarkt opened in 1908.

The lines in 1908 do include:

  • K1: Warschauer Brücke – Potsdamer Platz – Spittelmarkt
  • K3: Wilhelmplatz (Charlottenburg) – Wittenbergplatz – Potsdamer Platz – Spittelmarkt

It was extended to Alexanderplatz by July 1913, with the Wilhelmplatz–Alexanderplatz route swiftly becoming the most heavily traveled of the Berlin U-Bahn. Three-and-a-half weeks later, on 27 July 1913, the northern extension to the S-Bahn station (Schönhauser Allee), which was originally called Nordring was also opened. Construction also began in March 1910. The elevated viaduct from Danziger Straße to Nordring, is the only one built similar to some of the Frankfurt Metro's viaducts. At Nordring, it is also a connection to the Berlin Ringbahn.

There, with the Schönhauser Tor station (today: Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz), the first station was built under today's Torstraße. Since the Schönhauser Allee was wide enough, there are no problems with the tunnelling.

The new Gleisdreieck[edit]

Gleisdreieck lower platform – today the U2 stops here

One of the most dangerous places of the entire U-Bahn network was found at the triangular rail junction at Gleisdreieck, which connected the main route between Warschauer Brücke and Zoologischer Garten with the branch line to Potsdamer Platz. This branch was protected only by signals, so that train-driver inattention could easily lead to a disaster, as happened on 26 September 1908. A U-Bahn train ran into the side of another train, forcing two carriages off the track. One carriage fell over the viaduct and 21 passengers died. As a result, it was decided to change the configuration at Gleisdreieck.

Construction began in May 1912 to replace the rail triangle with two lines built as a grade-separated cross with a new Gleisdreieck interchange station at the intersection. These lines now form part of U1 and U2. The new works were carried out largely with full services operating, although services were briefly interrupted on each line. On 3 November 1912 the new Gleisdreieck station was opened but construction was not completed until August 1913. The connecting track from the Pankow direction to the Warschauer Straße direction continued to operate until the completion of works for construction supply vehicles.

World War 2[edit]

After their takeover of power, two stations were renamed after people highly regarded by the Nazi party. On April 24, 1933, the former Reichskanzlerplatz (today known as Theodor-Heuss-Platz), received the name Adolf Hitler Platz. The former Schönhauser Tor (today known as Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz), was renamed on May 1, 1934 after Horst Wessel, a Nazi Sturmführer who was killed in a clash in 1930.

In the autumn of 1943, as the bombings of Berlin by Allied Forces rose sharply, many people took refuge in U-Bahn stations. The official regulations stated that at the sound of an air raid siren, all the metro stations must be closed, however this was rarely the case and many people mistakenly believed that they were protected from the attacks. For example, the entrance to the station at Senefelderplatz was collapsed by a bomb in attacks that occurred on November 3 and 4 in 1943. In 1944, as the air raids continued, the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe had trouble keeping the U2 line in operation, as many stations were affected such as Gleisdreieck, Nollendorfplatz, Olympiastadion, Potsdamer Platz, and Klosterstraße.

In 1945, the situation deteriorated further and the U-Bahn operated only as a shuttle between some stations. On April 25, 1945, the entire U-Bahn came to a standstill.

The construction of the Wall[edit]

The closure of the sector boundary between the two parts of Berlin - the Berlin Wall - resulted in line A also being split into two, as it crossed the city from east to west. On the orders of the then GDR Interior Minister Karl Maron, trains on the section of line A (now U2) in East Berlin terminated at Thälmannplatz station (now Mohrenstraße).

Lines C and D (now U6 and U8) of the West Berlin BVG were left alone, but the stations located in the eastern sector were closed (the Geisterbahnhöfe). Connections were not allowed from the eastern section of line A and lines C and D at city centre stations or at Alexanderplatz.

Maron had originally assumed that the West Berlin BVG would terminate their trains on the western section of line A at Potsdamer Platz, however in fact the trains were terminated one stop earlier, at Gleisdreieck. Tracks to allow trains to change direction here had been built in the early 1950s as a precaution. Therefore, the East Berlin BVG used the turning facilities at Potsdamer Platz and occasionally even ran their trains through under West Berlin.

The splitting on line A and the closure of those stations on lines C and D under East Berlin caused the final split in all-sector Berlin transport, as the trams and buses hadn't crossed the sector border since 1953. The Berlin S-Bahn was in whole Berlin under the direction of the GDR-controlled Deutsche Reichsbahn and therefore could not count as a common means of transport.

The Line A (U2) in East Berlin[edit]

The split of the U-Bahn network left only two lines under the direction of BVG-Ost.

The first was the entire Line E (now U5) from Alexanderplatz to Friedrichsfelde, which was opened in 1930.

The second line was the eastern part of the line A, in principle opened the 1908-1913 through the city center and to Pankow.

Both these lines crossed in the center of East Berlin at Alexanderplatz, where there was a connection to the S-Bahn. The other two lines in the district centre were under the control of West BVG. The stations located in the Eastern sector were closed and bricked-up, treated as (ghost stations). These stations were patrolled by GDR security forces to stop East Berliners escaping to the West via the U-Bahn.

The underground transport system played a less important role in East Berlin than in West Berlin. The focus in the East was more on the extensive suburban train and tram networks. In 58 years (1930-1987) only one new subway station (Tierpark) was built in the eastern part of the city, while the S-Bahn expanded along with many new tram routes.

Plans were made for line C (now U6) to capitalize on East Berlin territory and to extend line A through the city centre in a tunnel along the Friedrichstraße, but were not put into action.

The Kaiserhof station (now Mohrenstraße) was originally named after a luxury hotel that had been severely damaged during World War II, at the intersection of Willhelm and Mohrenstraße in the heart of the government district. When East Berlin fell under communist administration after the Second World War, the Wilhelmplatz square as well as the station were renamed on 18 August 1950 to Thälmannplatz, after the communist leader Ernst Thälmann.

With the erection of the Berlin Wall from 13 August 1961, the line ceased to run between East and West Berlin and the station became the terminus of the line in East Berlin. Because the square was overbuilt by a housing estate and the Czechoslovakian Embassy, on 15 April 1986 the station and corresponding street (Wilhelmstraße) was renamed Otto-Grotewohl-Straße, after the politician Otto Grotewohl. On 3 October 1991, following German reunification, the station was renamed Mohrenstraße. The line was reconnected on 13 November 1993 and simultaneously reconfigured, forming a new U2 line between Vinetastraße in the east and Ruhleben in the west.

After the 1953 Uprising, the East German government sat mainly in the old government quarters in Wilhelmstraße, it was decided the station should reflect the new Socialist order. The station was completely redesigned and is unique due to its 1950s design, in the style of Socialist Classicism in Berlin.

The city center stations, Hausvogteiplatz, Spittelmarkt, Rosa Luxemburg-Platz and Senefelderplatz were remodeled in the 1960s, the walls retiled all for show as U6 ran through without stopping. In 1987, the stations at Markisches Museum and Klosterstraße, as part of the rebuilding for the celebration of 750th anniversary of Berlin, were remodeled with a view to showcase the socialist economic system with advertising space and artistic representations of the urban development of historic buses and trams. The Alexanderplatz station has not changed and is still preserved almost in its original condition, as was Potsdamer Platz which had lain unused for 32 years.

New Station: Bismarckstraße[edit]

Due to the S-Bahn boycott and closure of the tram, the U-Bahn was expanded in West-Berlin. However, this affected only the more modern large network profile (today's U6 to U9). The small-profile construction projects in power were limited to the construction of new interchanges on new subway lines.

In the area of today's U2 this happened in 1978 in Charlottenburg, the Deutsche Oper (German Opera) and between the existing stations and Sophie-Charlotte-Platz.

During the construction of the line 7, a tangential line that connects several district centers with each other outside of the actual city center, several existing lines were crossed . These included the lines 4, 2 (now U3), and 1 (now U2). The intersection of the latter was in Bismarckstraße / Wilmersdorfer Straße, 380 meters west of the station Deutsche Oper. Despite the short distance to the station, a new interchange station was built to provide the required transfer possibility .

Before the beginning of work for line 7 and the Bismarckstraße station, the shuttle line from Deutsche Oper to Richard-Wagner-Platz (in the timetable called 'line 5') was closed. This connection took over after its completion, the new line 7.

As the already 70-year-old tunnel of Line 1 consisted only of weak reinforced concrete, the SNB simply removed the existing tunnel and built it again as a completely closed reinforced concrete frame. As the station was constructed, there was an underground station tower to attach the station to street level. The line 7 received a 110 meter long and 11.6 meter wide platform. For the small line profile, however uncomfortable two side platforms, each of which was 4.5 meters wide, were built. For the construction of a center platform, the tracks were pulled apart and the line was shut down for a long time. The new station went under the name of Bismarckstraße, together with the extension of line 7 on 28 April 1978 in operation.

Reopening of the Wall[edit]

After the opening of the border on 9 November 1989, the line was not set up to handle the high volume of cross-border traffic. While Friedrichstraße station was easily restored for S-Bahn service, a quick restoration of the broken line A after 28 years was not possible.

However, the so-called "ghost stations" (closed stations, which were passed without stopping) on the U6 and U8 reopened, so interchange was possible from East Berlin's line A to West Berlin's U6 and U8 at Stadtmitte and Alexanderplatz stations respectively.

On 1 July 1990, East Berlin's lines A and E were integrated into the western numbering scheme of the BVG. Line A was given the line number "U2". That led to a three-year-long curiosity, since the two U2s were not yet connected. Three months later, on 3 October 1990, the day of Reunification, the Berlin U-Bahn network was largely "Communist free"; station names from the Communist era were mostly replaced by politically neutral names. This involved two stations on the U2 line: "Dimitroffstraße" to "Eberswalder Straße", and "Otto-Grotewohl-Straße" to "Mohrenstraße".

The Bülowstraße Station, closed from 1972 to 1993, required substantial reconstruction.

Against the opposition of conservatives, one station was not renamed back to its pre-1933 name: Because there were many Rosa-Luxemburg-Straße's and Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz's in East Germany, the stations name was not changed to 'Schönhauser Tor'.

In 1991, construction began to close the gap between the two parts of the U2, the section Wittenbergplatz - Gleisdreieck - Potsdamer Platz - Mohrenstraße. Several obstacles and problems had to be overcome:

  • For Nollendorfplatz and Bulowstraße: Both stations hosted their own bazaar, using discarded U-bahn carriages.
  • For Gleisdreieck all the way to Potsdamer Platz: An experimental maglev train ("M-Bahn") was built and had to be dismantled.
  • For Potsdamer Platz all the way to Mohrenstraße: Potsdamer Platz lay directly under the border, numerous security and border fortifications had to be removed in December 1990.

Two new stations in late 1990s[edit]

At the reopening of the full U2 line in 1993, a new station had been provided on the line. This time the ramp between Gleisdreieck and Potsdamer Platz railway stations to be built from scratch, since a 120 -meter station must be perfectly horizontal. Therefore, the ramp was redesigned and built a little steeper. A need for this station, however, arose only after completion of the new area around Potsdamer Platz. Planned as Hafenplatz was built in the BVG-house station Mendelssohn-Bartholdy-Park with two side platforms opened on 1 October 1998. The construction works were done without impeding the operation of U2. The station, designed by the architects Hilmer, Sattler & Partner is 619 meters from the Potsdamer Platz and 469 metres from the Gleisdreieck

For decades, there were plans for an extension of the U2 to Pankow S-Bahn station. In 1930, the route had been extended to Vinetastraße. A further extension towards the north no longer came about due to the economic crisis. Also in the expansion plans of the Nazis was always intended that U2 to Pankow station at least, if not even lead to Pankower Kirche. It was the same in the GDR in the late 1980s, there was even concrete announcements about the construction. This was mainly because BVB lacked a small-profile workshop. All trains were both in the large profile workshop Friedrichsfelde and in the Reichsbahn repair shop Schoeneweide, which took over the function of a main workshop, waiting. These states no longer seemed acceptable and so they sought space for a new workshop, since the existing (very small) workshop at Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz station did not meet the requirements. This was to be built east of the freight station Pankow, at the Granitzstraße. In connection therewith, the subway should be extended for a station. Until 1988, the tunnel was extended, after the fall of the tunnel has been turned into a reversing facility.

It was not until the mid 1990s this topic was relevant again. In numerous places in the metro network new interchanges between S-and U -Bahn were provided, this included the extension of the U2 to Pankow. The groundbreaking for this new network expansion took place on 13 June 1997. It was also discussed with construction of a new small-profile workshop, as provided in GDR times. While it renounced its construction, since the current workshop Grunewald can do all the work without capacity problem, but they built the foundations for a connection of a workshop. Extremely difficult ground conditions, the extremely high water table and finds a medieval settlement slowed progress nonetheless significant. Finally, it was only on 16 September 2000, the new building will be opened with the new interchange station to the suburban train. The cost was estimated instead of the 126 million marks to 105 million marks. In the meantime, was provided the name "Bahnhof Pankow", but the BVG chose the name "Pankow".

In the blue, white and yellow held 110 meter long underground station was rare in the Berlin underground network skylights, as well as natural light can penetrate into the station. It was designed by architect Orlando Figallo. During the construction, a generous reception building was simultaneously established with the possible by a lift and escalators convenient connections to the S-Bahn line S2 to Bernau. Both stations were the first buildings in Berlin's small-profile power for decades.

Future Plans[edit]

There are still plans, according to the U2 towards Pankow Kirche or Rosenthaler Weg should be extended. This planning is also provided in the financial scenario in 2030 the Berlin Senate. Thus, a medium-realization, at least in the realm of possibility. It might still be revived in the Berlin U-Bahn 2014 Plan, but it might be completed before 2030.

In the west, an extension is planned from Ruhleben to Stadtrandstraße, via Ruhlebener Straße, Tiefwerder Weg, Rathaus Spandau, Flankenschanze, Zeppelinstraße, Westerwaldstraße, Falkenhagener Feld and Stadtrandstraße. It was rejected because the patronage is not high enough to justify the expansion.

Frequency[edit]

Since 2003, the night service has been offered on weekends; and since 2007, the night bus service "N2" has been offered on weekdays. The night service will travel through the full stretch from Pankow to Ruhleben.

Line Mon-Thu
Peak
Mon-Thu
Off-Peak
Friday
Peak
Friday
Off-Peak
Saturday Sundays & Public Holidays Night
Pankow ↔ Theodor-Heuss-Platz 04 min
04.5 min
05 min 04 min
04.5 min
05 min 05 min 05 min 015 min
Theodor-Heuss-Platz ↔ Ruhleben 08 min
09 min
010 min 08 min
09 min
010 min 010 min 010 min 015 min

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lemke, Ulrich; Poppel, Uwe. Berlin underground. p. 28.[full citation needed]
  2. ^ Reichardt, Hans D. Berlin subway. p. 24.[full citation needed]
  3. ^ Pavel, E. (1927). "The development of the electricity generating plant of elevated and underground train in Berlin". metro archive.de. Berlin.