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Also called Baijah Taigah (Germany 2003–07)
UAZ-469 / UAZ-469B (1971–present)
UAZ-3151 / UAZ-31512 (1985–2013)[1]
UAZ Hunter (2003–present)
UAZ Tigr (2005–12)
UAZ Tundra 469 (West Germany 1971–91)
Production 1971–present
Assembly Ulyanovsk, Russia
Bad Nauheim, Germany (2003–07, Baijah Automotive)
Camagüey, Cuba (2003–present, Empresa Reparadora José Smith Comas)
Ganja, Azerbaijan ('05-present, Ganja Auto Plant)
Hanoi, Vietnam (2003–present, Thanh Xuan Industry Automobile-Motorbike Co.)
Kremenchuk, Ukraine (2004–present, KrAZ)
Pasadena, United States (1997–2005, UAZ of America)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-Door SUV[2]
Layout Front-engine, four-wheel drive[2]
Engine 1971–85 – 4 Cylinder UMZ 451 MI 2,450 cm3 (2.5 l) 53 kW (71.1 hp)
2010–13 – 2,693 cm3 (2.7 l) 112 hp (83.5 kW)[1]
Transmission 4-speed or 5-speed manual gearbox 2-speed transfer shift
Wheelbase 2,380 mm (93.7 in)
Length 4,025 mm (158.5 in)
Width 1,785 mm (70.3 in)
Height 2,050 mm (80.7 in)
Curb weight 1,700 kg (3,747.9 lb)
Predecessor GAZ-69
Successor Baijah Stalker (2007, Germany)

The UAZ-469 is an off-road military light utility vehicle manufactured by UAZ. It was used by Soviet and other Warsaw Pact armed forces, as well as paramilitary units in Eastern Bloc countries. In the Soviet Union, it also saw widespread service in state organizations that needed a robust and durable off-road vehicle. Standard military versions included seating for seven personnel.[2]

Developed from the GAZ-69 and UAZ-460,[3] the UAZ-469 was introduced in 1971 to replace the GAZ-69. It was powered by the same 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) 2,445 cc (149.2 cu in) UMZ 452MI inline-four engine as the UAZ-452 and was able to run on gasoline with an octane rating as low as 72 (although 76 was preferred).[4] The UAZ-469 presented two great advantages: It was able to drive in virtually any terrain and it was very easy to repair. The vehicle was originally not available for purchase by the public, but many were sold as surplus to private owners.[2]

UAZ-469 medical variant, used in Ukraine
A UAZ-3151 used on a military parade in Russia

Modifications include a basic UAZ-469B with ground clearance of 220 mm (8.7 in), and a specialized military UAZ-469, with ground clearance increased to 300 mm (12 in). After slight modernisation in 1985, due to new industry designation standards, they were renamed: the UAZ-469 became the UAZ-3151, while the UAZ-469B became the UAZ-31512. Manufacture of UAZ-31512 for the Russian Army continues, while the manufacture for civilian market is discontinued due to new emission standards. However, the currently manufactured UAZ Hunter[5] is an updated version of the old UAZ-469B.[2] The Hunter was originally sold in Germany and some Asian countries as the UAZ Tigr, until General Motors complained the name was too similar to the Opel Tigra, and in Germany, it was renamed Baijah Taigah.[6]

The 469 was exported to 80 countries.[7]

Major versions[edit]

Ukrainian police UAZ-3151 UMM
UAZ-469 on Garbarska street in Kraków

UAZ-469B – a "civilian" version of the UAZ-469. In this version, the ground clearance is 220mm and the drive axles use a single-stage main gear without the final drive.[8] The 469B was available with a contact or contactless (on later models) electronic ignition system. Its PTO shafts are slightly longer than the shafts of the UAZ-469. The cabin is open and came with a detachable canvas roof; a hard-top roof made of metal or fiberglass could be purchased as an accessory. The 2.4-liter engine was paired with a 4-speed transmission.

A police patrol car version was available, based on the UAZ-31512-UMM with an insulated five-door metal body and optional special equipment.[9] The UAZ-469B formed the basis of the TREKOL-39041 amphibious vehicle.[10]

Other versions included:

  • UAZ-469BI – 469B version with shielded electrical equipment (for example, P-403M microwave transceiver VHF radio)
  • UAZ-469BG – medical utility version, equipped with places for nurses and a stretcher; after modernization in 1985, it received the designation UAZ-3152.
  • UAZ-469RH – version modified for nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) resistance

Concepts and prototypes[edit]

  • UAZ-3907 Ягуар (Jaguar) – amphibious vehicle based on the UAZ-469 with two propellers mounted to the rear axle
  • UAZ-Martorelli – UAZ-469B version that was exported to Italy, where it was significantly modified. These versions included:
    • with "native" UMP-451M petrol engine(2,500 cm3, 75 hp), called UAZ-Explorer
    • with a Peugeot XD2 diesel (2,500 cm 3, 76 hp) – UAZ-Marathon
    • with a turbodiesel Vittorio Martorelli VM Motori (2,400 cm 3, 100 hp) - UAZ-Dakar,
    • with a FIAT petrol engine (2,000 cm 3, 112 hp) – UAZ-Racing[11]
  • UAZ 3105 "Sport" – a short wheelbase version with removable roof and doors[12]

Appearances in media[edit]

A contraband UAZ-469, referred to as a 'bobik', figures centrally in the second half of the 1994 Lionel Davidson thriller Kolymsky Heights.

A UAZ-469 features in the BBC television documentary "Russia on Four Wheels".[13]

In many video games, UAZ-469 is shown, either as a normal transport variant, or a variant with mounted machine gun, ranging from PKT to DShK machine guns. Also, in ArmA II, a variant exists, that is equipped with SPG-9 "Kopye" (spear) recoilless rifle.

The off-road driving game Spin Tires features the UAZ as a driveable vehicle, as well as a MAZ prime mover.


UAZ-469 in a museum
UAZ-469 interior
2,450 cc petrol, in-line 4-cylinder, water cooled, 75 hp (56 kW) at 4,000 rpm, 166.7 N·m (123.0 lb·ft) at 2,200 rpm[14]
Carburettor system, Uses 76-octane petrol, tank capacity is 78 litres
4-speed manual gearbox, 2-speed transfer case, 4-wheel drive
Front axle
Live axle with leaf springs, drum brakes
Rear axle
Live axle with leaf springs, drum brakes
Dimensions and weights
  • Empty weight with fuel: 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
  • Max. gross weight: 2,450 kg (5,401 lb)
  • External dimensions: (length/width/height): 4,025 mm (158.5 in) × 1,785 mm (70.3 in) × 2,050 mm (80.7 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,380 mm (93.7 in)
  • Tread front/rear: 1,453 mm (57.2 in)/1,453 mm (57.2 in)
  • Ground clearance: 220 mm (8.7 in)
  • Tire size: 215 SR 15
  • Wheel size: 6L×15

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Cars Database - UAZ 469". Roman Pashkeev. Retrieved 2013-11-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "UAZ All-Terrain Vehicles: History, Photographs, and Links". Retrieved 2013-11-09. 
  3. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p. 73 caption.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.178.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Thompson, p.333 caption.
  7. ^ Thompson, p.333 caption.
  8. ^ The GAZ-69 had differentials with two satellites but the UAZ-469B uses four satellites due to its higher torque.
  9. ^ ТУ 78.2.071-92
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Уазбука (2012). "Oise firms brothers Martorell" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. 
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^

External links[edit]