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Also calledBaijah Taigah (Germany, 2003–2007)
MWM Spartan (Czech Rep. 2020-present)
UAZ-469 / UAZ-469B (1971–present)
UAZ-3151 / UAZ-31512 (1985–2013)[1]
UAZ Hunter (2003–present)
UAZ Tigr (2005–2012)
UAZ Tundra 469 (West Germany, 1971–1991)
AssemblyUlyanovsk, Russia
Bad Nauheim, Germany (2003–2007, Baijah Automotive)
Camagüey, Cuba (2003–present, Empresa Reparadora José Smith Comas)
Ganja, Azerbaijan (2005-present, Ganja Auto Plant)
Hanoi, Vietnam (2003–present, Thanh Xuan Industry Automobile-Motorbike Co.)
Kremenchuk, Ukraine (2004–present, KrAZ)
Port Sudan, Sudan (2006–present)
Štěnovice, Czech Republic (MW Motors, 2020-present)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door SUV[2]
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel drive[2]
Engine1971–1985 – 4-cylinder UMZ 451 MI 2,450 cm3 (2.5 l) 53 kW (71.1 hp)
2010–2013 – 2,693 cm3 (2.7 l) 83.5 kW (112 hp)[1]
Transmission4-speed or 5-speed manual gearbox 2-speed transfer shift
Wheelbase2,380 mm (93.7 in)
Length4,025 mm (158.5 in)
Width1,785 mm (70.3 in)
Height2,050 mm (80.7 in)
Curb weight1,700 kg (3,747.9 lb)
SuccessorUAZ Hunter
UAZ Simbir

The UAZ-469 is an off-road military light utility vehicle manufactured by UAZ. It was used by Soviet and other Warsaw Pact armed forces, as well as paramilitary units in Eastern Bloc countries. In the Soviet Union, it also saw widespread service in state organizations that needed a robust and durable off-road vehicle. Standard military versions included seating for seven personnel.[2]


Developed from the GAZ-69, UAZ-471 and UAZ-460,[3] the UAZ-469 was introduced in 1971 to replace the GAZ-69. It was powered by the same 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) 2,445 cc (149.2 cu in) UMZ-452MI inline-four engine as the UAZ-452 and was able to run on gasoline with an octane rating as low as 72 (although 76 was preferred).[4] The UAZ-469 presented two great advantages: it was able to drive in virtually any terrain and it was very easy to repair. The vehicle was originally not available for purchase by the public, but many were sold as surplus to private owners.[2]

UAZ-469 medical variant, used in Ukraine
A UAZ-3151 used in a military parade in Russia

Modifications include a basic UAZ-469B with ground clearance of 220 mm (8.7 in), and a specialized military UAZ-469, with ground clearance increased to 300 mm (12 in). After slight modernisation in 1985, due to new industry designation standards, they were renamed: the UAZ-469 became the UAZ-3151, while the UAZ-469B became the "UAZ-31512". Manufacture of the UAZ-31512 for the Russian Army continued until 2011,[5] while manufacture for the civilian market was discontinued due to new emission standards. However, the currently manufactured UAZ Hunter is an updated version of the old UAZ-469B.[2][6] The Hunter was originally sold in Germany and some Asian countries as the "UAZ Tigr" (Tiger), until General Motors complained that the name was too similar to the Opel Tigra, and in Germany, it was renamed "Baijah Taigah".[7]

The UAZ-469 was exported to eighty countries,[7] and between 1.65 to 2 million units of the vehicle and its variants were produced.[8][9]

Major versions[edit]

UAZ-469B – a "civilian" version of the UAZ-469. In this version, the ground clearance is 220 mm and the drive axles use a single-stage main gear without the final drive.[10] The UAZ-469B was available with a contact or contactless (on later models) electronic ignition system. Its PTO shafts are slightly longer than the shafts of the UAZ-469 vehicle. The cabin is open and came with a detachable canvas roof; a hard-top roof made of metal or fiberglass could be purchased as an accessory. The 2.4-litre engine is paired with a four-speed transmission.

In Mexico, a special package called Vallarta Kit, named after the beach resort of Puerto Vallarta, was released featuring a winch, steering assembly and gearbox reinforcement, snorkel, suspension kit and LED headlights, among other extras.[11]

A police patrol car version was available, based on the UAZ-31512-UMM with an insulated five-door metal body and optional special equipment.[12] The UAZ-469B formed the basis of the TREKOL-39041 amphibious vehicle.[13]

Other variants[edit]

  • UAZ-469BI – 469B version with shielded electrical equipment (for example, P-403M microwave transceiver VHF radio)
  • UAZ-469BG – medical utility version, equipped with places for nurses and a stretcher; after modernization in 1985, it received the designation UAZ-3152.
    • UAZ-469 WZMot-4 – Polish ambulance version with stretched patient compartment, upgraded from UAZ-469BG[14]
  • UAZ-469RH – version modified for nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) resistance
  • UAZ-39294 - variant with low pressure tires

Concepts and prototypes[edit]

  • UAZ-3907 Ягуар (Jaguar) – amphibious vehicle based on the UAZ-469 with two propellers mounted to the rear axle
  • UAZ-Martorelli – UAZ-469B version that was exported to Italy, where it was significantly modified. These versions included:
    • with Russian UMP-451M petrol engine (2,500 cm3, 75 hp), called the "UAZ-Explorer"
    • with a Peugeot XD2 diesel (2,500 cm 3, 76 hp) – UAZ-Marathon
    • with a turbodiesel Vittorio Martorelli VM Motori (2,400 cm3, 100 hp) - UAZ-Dakar,
    • with a Fiat petrol engine (2,000 cm 3, 112 hp) – UAZ-Racing[15]
  • UAZ-3105 (or UAZ-3150)[16][17] Cпорт (Sport) – a short wheelbase (2000mm) version with removable roof and doors[18]
  • UAZ-3171/3172 - variant with rebodied body and rectangular headlights


A UAZ-3151 on parade in Minsk, July 2017.

Former users[edit]



2,450 cc petrol, in-line 4-cylinder, water cooled, 75 hp (56 kW) at 4,000 rpm, 166.7 N⋅m (123.0 lb⋅ft) at 2,200 rpm[25]
Carburettor system, uses 76-octane petrol, tank capacity is 78 litres
4-speed manual gearbox, 2-speed transfer case, 4-wheel drive
Front axle
Live axle with coil springs, drum brakes
Rear axle
Live axle with leaf springs, drum brakes
Dimensions and weights
  • Empty weight with fuel: 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
  • Max. gross weight: 2,450 kg (5,401 lb)
  • External dimensions: (length/width/height): 4,025 mm (158.5 in) × 1,785 mm (70.3 in) × 2,050 mm (80.7 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,380 mm (93.7 in)
  • Tread front/rear: 1,453 mm (57.2 in)/1,453 mm (57.2 in)
  • Ground clearance: 220 mm (8.7 in)
  • Tire size: 215 SR 15
  • Wheel size: 6L×15

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Cars Database - UAZ 469". Roman Pashkeev. Archived from the original on 2013-11-08. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  2. ^ a b c d e "UAZ All-Terrain Vehicles: History, Photographs, and Links". Archived from the original on 2013-11-09. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  3. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p. 73 caption.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.178.
  5. ^ Минобороны отказалось от «уазиков» (in Russian) Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "UAZ". Archived from the original on 2010-08-03. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  7. ^ a b Thompson, p.333 caption.
  8. ^ "UAZ 469 total production".
  9. ^ "UAZ Restarts Iconic Hunter SUV Production". 10 February 2016.
  10. ^ The GAZ-69 had differentials with two satellites but the UAZ-469B uses four satellites due to its higher torque.
  11. ^ "UAZ". Archived from the original on 2018-12-16. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  12. ^ ТУ 78.2.071-92
  13. ^ INET-SERVIS.CZ. "Floating UAZ vehicles - Made in Russia". Archived from the original on 2014-06-11.
  14. ^ В Польше переделывали наши УАЗ-469 в необычные санитарки с удлиненным кузовом (in Russian)
  15. ^ Уазбука (2012). "Oise firms brothers Martorell" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2012-12-21.
  16. ^ "Автомодельное бюро: УАЗ-3150 "Шалун"". Archived from the original on 2017-11-17.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-19. Retrieved 2018-01-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Archived from the original on 2015-08-10. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ "The purchase of off-road vehicles: the Army is to defend the change of assignment | Czech Defence Journal". (in Czech). Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  20. ^ "UAZs were armed with American 106-mm recoilless guns". ВПК.name. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  21. ^ "In Iraq Russian UAZ turned into a mobile tank installation". Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  22. ^ Gibson, Neil; Fediushko, Dmitry (22 January 2019). "Laotian military parades Russian- and Chinese-made equipment". Jane's 360. London, Moscow. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  23. ^ "Armed UAZ-3151 in Syria". Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  24. ^ "Photos - Uruguayan military". Retrieved 23 February 2022.
  25. ^ "UAZ - 469 - 2.45 (75 Hp) - Technical specifications, Fuel economy (consumption)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.

External links[edit]