From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Also calledBaijah Taigah (Germany, 2003–2007)
MWM Spartan (Czech Rep. 2020-present)
UAZ-469 / UAZ-469B (1971–present)
UAZ-3151 / UAZ-31512 (1985–2013)[1]
UAZ Hunter (2003–present)
UAZ Tigr (2005–2012)
UAZ Tundra 469 (West Germany, 1971–1991)[2]
AssemblyUlyanovsk, Russia
Bad Nauheim, Germany (2003–2007, Baijah Automotive)
Camagüey, Cuba (2003–present, Empresa Reparadora José Smith Comas)
Ganja, Azerbaijan (2005-present, Ganja Auto Plant)
Hanoi, Vietnam (2003–present, Thanh Xuan Industry Automobile-Motorbike Co.)
Kremenchuk, Ukraine (2004–present, KrAZ)
Port Sudan, Sudan (2006–present)
Štěnovice, Czech Republic (MW Motors, 2020-present)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door SUV[3]
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel drive[3]
Transmission4-speed or 5-speed manual gearbox 2-speed transfer shift
Wheelbase2,380 mm (93.7 in)
Length4,025 mm (158.5 in)
Width1,785 mm (70.3 in)
Height2,050 mm (80.7 in)
Curb weight1,700 kg (3,747.9 lb)
SuccessorUAZ Hunter
UAZ Simbir

The UAZ-469 is an off-road military light utility vehicle manufactured by UAZ since 1971. It was used by Soviet and other Warsaw Pact armed forces, as well as paramilitary units in Eastern Bloc countries. In the Soviet Union, it also saw widespread service in state organizations that needed a robust and durable off-road vehicle. Standard military versions included seating for seven personnel.[3]


Developed from the GAZ-69, UAZ-471 and UAZ-460,[4] the UAZ-469 was introduced in 1971 to replace the GAZ-69. It is powered by the same 75 hp (55 kW) 2,445 cc (149.2 cu in) UMZ-452MI inline-four engine as the UAZ-452 and is able to run on gasoline with an octane rating as low as 72 (although 76 was preferred).[5] The UAZ-469 presented two great advantages: it was able to drive in virtually any terrain and it was very easy to repair. The vehicle was originally not available for purchase by the public, but many were sold as surplus to private owners.[3]

UAZ-469 medical variant, used in Ukraine
A UAZ-3151 used in a military parade in Russia

Modifications include a basic UAZ-469B with ground clearance of 220 mm (8.7 in), and a specialized military UAZ-469, with ground clearance increased to 300 mm (12 in). After slight modernisation in 1985, due to new industry designation standards, they were renamed: the UAZ-469 became the UAZ-3151, while the UAZ-469B became the UAZ-31512. Manufacture of the UAZ-31512 for the Russian Army continued until 2011,[6] while manufacture for the civilian market was discontinued due to new emission standards. However, the currently manufactured UAZ Hunter is an updated version of the old UAZ-469B.[3][7] The Hunter was originally sold in Germany and some Asian countries as the "UAZ Tigr" (Tiger), until General Motors complained that the name was too similar to the Opel Tigra, and in Germany, it was renamed "Baijah Taigah".[8]

The UAZ-469 was exported to eighty countries,[8] and between 1.65 to 2 million units of the vehicle and its variants were produced.[9][10]

Major versions[edit]

UAZ-469B – a "civilian" version of the UAZ-469. In this version, the ground clearance is 220 mm and the drive axles use a single-stage main gear without the final drive.[11] The UAZ-469B was available with a contact or contactless (on later models) electronic ignition system. Its PTO shafts are slightly longer than the shafts of the UAZ-469 vehicle. The cabin is open and came with a detachable canvas roof; a hard-top roof made of metal or fiberglass could be purchased as an accessory. The 2.4-litre engine is paired with a four-speed transmission.

In Mexico, a special package called Vallarta Kit, named after the beach resort of Puerto Vallarta, was released featuring a winch, steering assembly and gearbox reinforcement, snorkel, suspension kit and LED headlights, among other extras.[12]

A police patrol car version was available, based on the UAZ-31512-UMM with an insulated five-door metal body and optional special equipment.[13] The UAZ-469B formed the basis of the TREKOL-39041 amphibious vehicle.[14]


The original version uses a 2.45-liter four-cylinder engine. From 2010 until 2013 it had a 2.7 L (2,693 cc) engine producing 112 hp (82 kW).[1]

2,450 cc petrol, in-line 4-cylinder, water cooled, 75 hp (55 kW) at 4,000 rpm, 166.7 N⋅m (123.0 lb⋅ft) at 2,200 rpm[15]
Carburettor system, uses 76-octane petrol, tank capacity is 78 litres
4-speed manual gearbox, 2-speed transfer case, 4-wheel drive
Front axle
Live axle with coil springs, drum brakes
Rear axle
Live axle with leaf springs, drum brakes
Dimensions and weights
  • Empty weight with fuel: 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
  • Max. gross weight: 2,450 kg (5,401 lb)
  • External dimensions: (length/width/height): 4,025 mm (158.5 in) × 1,785 mm (70.3 in) × 2,050 mm (80.7 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,380 mm (93.7 in)
  • Tread front/rear: 1,453 mm (57.2 in)/1,453 mm (57.2 in)
  • Ground clearance: 220 mm (8.7 in)
  • Tire size: 215 SR 15
  • Wheel size: 6L×15

Other variants[edit]

  • UAZ-469BI – 469B version with shielded electrical equipment (for example, P-403M microwave transceiver VHF radio)
  • UAZ-469BG – medical utility version, equipped with places for nurses and a stretcher; after modernization in 1985, it received the designation UAZ-3152.
    • UAZ-469 WZMot-4 – Polish ambulance version with stretched patient compartment, upgraded from UAZ-469BG[16]
  • UAZ-469RH – version modified for nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) resistance
  • UAZ-39294 - variant with low pressure tires

Concepts and prototypes[edit]

  • UAZ-3907 Ягуар (Jaguar) – amphibious vehicle based on the UAZ-469 with two propellers mounted to the rear axle
  • UAZ-Martorelli – UAZ-469B version that was exported to Italy, where it was significantly modified. These versions included:
    • with Russian UMP-451M petrol engine (2,445 cc, 75 hp), called the "UAZ-Explorer"
    • with a Peugeot XD2 diesel (2,498 cc, 76 hp) – UAZ-Marathon
    • with a turbodiesel Vittorio Martorelli VM Motori (2,400 cc, 100 hp) - UAZ-Dakar,
    • with a Fiat petrol engine (1,995 cc, 112 hp) – UAZ-Racing[17]
  • UAZ-3105 (or UAZ-3150)[18][19] Cпорт (Sport) – a short wheelbase (2000mm) version with removable roof and doors[20]
  • UAZ-3171/3172 - variant with rebodied body and rectangular headlights


A UAZ-3151 on parade in Minsk, July 2017.

Former users[edit]

Service history[edit]


See also[edit]


  • Foss, Christopher F.; Gander, Terry J., eds. (1999). Jane's Military Vehicles and Logistics, 1999-2000. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-1912-9.


  1. ^ a b c "Cars Database - UAZ 469". Roman Pashkeev. Archived from the original on 2013-11-08. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  2. ^ "1980 UAZ 469 B". IMCDB. The fact that they have or not the "B" in the name depending also if it had or not portal axles fitted;into story of Italian UAZ site they say also that "469 B" was military denomination chosen by Importer for put in sale that vehicle in Italy,being "31512" name that of original civilian version at home;e.g.,in West Germany into '70s,the same civilian UAZ was marketed as "Tundra 469 B";by that,it's easy to understand that if us were in presence of a military one,then was a UAZ 469(with portal axles)or a 469 B(without portal axles);if civilian version,therefore only UAZ 31512(but if wrongly named 469 B at export);warning,but:some military cars into movies sometimes were civilian ones converted in military for be filmed,so isn't easy to say if us were in presence of a true surplus ex-military one or a civilian one retouched and re-painted(when needs)as a military-spec vehicle.
  3. ^ a b c d e "UAZ All-Terrain Vehicles: History, Photographs, and Links". Archived from the original on 2013-11-09. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  4. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p. 73 caption.
  5. ^ Thompson, p.178.
  6. ^ Минобороны отказалось от «уазиков» (in Russian) Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "UAZ". Archived from the original on 2010-08-03. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  8. ^ a b Thompson, p.333 caption.
  9. ^ "UAZ 469 total production".
  10. ^ "UAZ Restarts Iconic Hunter SUV Production". 10 February 2016.
  11. ^ The GAZ-69 had differentials with two satellites but the UAZ-469B uses four satellites due to its higher torque.
  12. ^ "UAZ". Archived from the original on 2018-12-16. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  13. ^ ТУ 78.2.071-92
  14. ^ INET-SERVIS.CZ. "Floating UAZ vehicles - Made in Russia". Archived from the original on 2014-06-11.
  15. ^ "UAZ - 469 - 2.45 (75 Hp) - Technical specifications, Fuel economy (consumption)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  16. ^ В Польше переделывали наши УАЗ-469 в необычные санитарки с удлиненным кузовом (in Russian)
  17. ^ Уазбука (2012). "Oise firms brothers Martorell" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2012-12-21.
  18. ^ "Автомодельное бюро: УАЗ-3150 "Шалун"". Archived from the original on 2017-11-17.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-19. Retrieved 2018-01-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Autosoviet: UAZ". Archived from the original on 2015-08-10.
  21. ^ Shankar, Colonel C. P. (2015). Military in Pakistan and Afghanistan A Brief History. Neha Publishers & Distributors. p. 202. ISBN 978-9380318851.
  22. ^ a b c Foss & Gander 1999, p. 727.
  23. ^ Janovsky, Jakub; Dan; Mitzer, Stijn; Oliemans, Joost; Kemal (27 September 2020). "The Fight For Nagorno-Karabakh: Documenting Losses On The Sides Of Armenia And Azerbaijan". Oryx. Retrieved 5 January 2024.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Foss & Gander 1999, p. 732.
  25. ^ Nuciari, Marina; Olivetta, Eraldo (9 May 2021). Leaders for Tomorrow: Challenges for Military Leadership in the Age of Asymmetric Warfare. Springer Nature. p. 202. ISBN 978-3-030-71714-8.
  26. ^ a b Foss & Gander 1999, p. 728.
  27. ^ "UAZs were armed with American 106-mm recoilless guns". ВПК.name. 11 February 2022. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  28. ^ a b c Foss & Gander 1999, p. 730.
  29. ^ Gibson, Neil; Fediushko, Dmitry (22 January 2019). "Laotian military parades Russian- and Chinese-made equipment". Jane's 360. London, Moscow. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  30. ^ a b c d Foss & Gander 1999, p. 731.
  31. ^ Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (1997). North Korea Country Handbook (PDF). Quantico, VA: MCIA. p. A-123. Retrieved 28 January 2024.
  32. ^ a b Foss & Gander 1999, p. 733.
  33. ^ Mitzer, Stijn; Oliemans, Joost (25 November 2022). "The Struggle For Relevance: Transnistria's Fighting Vehicles". Oryx. Retrieved 28 January 2024.
  34. ^ Janovsky, Jakub; naalsio26; Aloha; Dan; Kemal; Black, Alexander. "Attack On Europe: Documenting Ukrainian Equipment Losses During The Russian Invasion Of Ukraine". Oryx. Retrieved 28 January 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  35. ^ "Photos - Uruguayan military". 5 August 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
  36. ^ Foss & Gander 1999, p. 734.
  37. ^ "Handbook Of Pre-War Yemeni Fighting Vehicles". Oryx. Retrieved 24 May 2023.
  38. ^ "The purchase of off-road vehicles: the Army is to defend the change of assignment". Czech Defence Journal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  39. ^ Foss & Gander 1999, p. 729.
  40. ^ "Sons of Bamako - Malian Armed Forces Fighting Vehicles". Oryx. Retrieved 19 February 2024.

External links[edit]