UCF Knights football

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UCF Knights Football
2017 UCF Knights football team
UCF Knights logo.svg
First season 1979
Athletic director Danny White
Head coach Scott Frost
2nd season, 8–7 (.533)
Stadium Spectrum Stadium
(Capacity: 44,206)
Field surface Grass
Location Orlando, Florida
Conference The American
Division East
All-time record 237–202–1 (.540)
Bowl record 3–5 (.375)
Conference titles 4 (2007, 2010, 2013, 2014)
Division titles 4 (2005, 2007, 2010, 2012)
Rivalries East Carolina Pirates
South Florida Bulls
Consensus All-Americans 1
Colors Black and Gold[1]
         
Fight song Charge On
Mascot Knightro
Marching band Marching Knights
Outfitter Nike[2]
Website UCFKnights.com

The UCF Knights football team represents The University of Central Florida (UCF) in the sport of American football. The Knights compete in the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the East Division of the American Athletic Conference (The American).[3] Their current head coach is Scott Frost, who began his tenure at the start of the 2016 season. The Knights play their home games at the 45,000 seat Spectrum Stadium. The stadium is located on UCF's main campus in Orlando, Florida, United States.

The University of Central Florida first fielded a varsity football team in the fall of 1979 as a NCAA Division III program, and subsequently completed their ascension to Division I–A, now known as the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), in 1996. As a Division I–AA program, the Knights made the 1990 and 1993 playoffs, and were picked as the preseason No. 1 team to start the 1994 season.[4]

As of the 2015 regular season, UCF has 225 official victories, and has won four division championships and four conference championships. The Knights have made seven postseason appearances since joining FBS, including winning one BCS bowl game. The program has produced one Consensus All-American, Kevin Smith in 2007, and two Heisman Trophy candidates, Daunte Culpepper (QB) in 1998 and Kevin Smith (RB) in 2007. UCF has had three first-round picks in the NFL Draft and produced a long-line of NFL players. Playing in fourteen Super Bowls and including six pro-bowlers, the list most notably includes Blake Bortles, Brandon Marshall, Bruce Miller, Matt Prater, Asante Samuel, Mike Sims-Walker, and Josh Sitton. The Knights' main rivals are the East Carolina Pirates, and South Florida Bulls.

History[edit]

Early history (1979–1984)[edit]

The UCF football program can be traced back to a speech given by the university's second president, Dr. Trevor Colbourn, in January 1979.[5] Colbourn believed that a successful athletics program would bring the university greater renown, and tasked Dr. Jack O'Leary with the job of creating a new football program at the school.[6] In addition, Colbourn changed the name of the school to the University of Central Florida, to express the university's expanded academic scope.[7]

Beginning at the Division III level, when the school was still widely known as Florida Technological University, O'Leary, then the university's athletic director, held a meeting of prospective players, who paid $14 per night to stay in the dorms and brought their own uniforms to the tryouts, in March 1979.[8] This would be the first football tryouts for prospective players, and would serve as the first that many students would hear about the new athletic program.[6] O'Leary had previously served as an assistant coach at Alabama under Paul "Bear" Bryant.[9] He would spearhead the effort to raise more than $40,000 to start the program, and would complete a deal for the team to play in the Tangerine Bowl.[6] Without a budget to hire a staff, O'Leary reached out to six UCF graduate students as volunteer assistants.[6] From there, O'Leary was able to lure Don Jonas, a former NFL quarterback and Orlando dignitary, to become UCF's first head football coach on a voluntary basis.[6]

One day during a practice, O'Leary pulled the team aside and unveiled the template for uniforms of "The Fighting Knights".[10] He would reveal a template that would follow the team into the 21st century: black jerseys, gold pants and gold helmets.[6] Less than one year after Colbourn had envisioned a football program for the university, UCF played its first game on September 22, 1979 against St. Leo University.[11] The Knights would prove victorious with a 21–0 shutout,[12] and less than a week later, the Knights would win their first home game by defeating Ft. Benning, 7–6.[13] Jonas led the Knights to a 6–2 inaugural season, behind an average attendance of 11,240, including a Division III record crowd of 14,138.[13] Following the season, in March 1980, Jonas was offered the Knights head coaching job as a full-time position.[14] After leading the team to a 4–4–1 and 4–6 record in 1980 and 1981 respectively,[15][16] Jonas would leave the Knights following the 1981 season.[13] During the 1980 season, the Knights earned the only tie in program history, an 11–all game against Miles,[17] and Tim Kiggins became the first Knight to sign a professional contract.[13] After his departure, Jonas remained involved in the program, including doing radio broadcasts of UCF football games and a radio sports talk show.[18] Jonas led the Knights to a 14–12–1 (.518) record in three seasons.[19]

Following the departure of Don Jonas, Sam Weir, who was the head coach at Lake Howell High School, became UCF's new head coach and led the Knights in their move up to Division II in 1982.[13] Another change to the university's athletic programs in 1982 was the departure of O'Leary as athletic director, and the hiring of Bill Peterson, who was the Florida State head coach from 1960–70.[20] In their first season playing Division II ball, the Knights went 0–10, and Weir decided not to return for the 1983 season.[21] One bright spot of the season was that Mike Carter became the first Knight to sign with an NFL team, the Denver Broncos.[20]

Lou Saban replaced Weir as the Knights head coach in 1983.[22] Saban had previously coached at Miami, Army, Northwestern, and in the AFL and NFL with the Buffalo Bills and Boston Patriots, to name just a few.[20] In UCF's first Black and Gold Spring game held in 1983, the defense won 14–6.[16] The Knights finished the 1983 season 5–6, including the team's first win over a Division I–AA opponent.[20] Starting the 1984 season filled with optimism, the Knights were shaken by a 1–6 start.[23] Following the disappointing beginning to the season, Saban stepped away from the program, and was replaced on an interim basis by assistant coach Jerry Anderson.[20] Saban had a 6–12 (.333) record during his tenure as the Knights head coach.[24] Anderson finished out the year with the team in an interim position, with a 1–3 (.250) record.[25] UCF finished the season with a 2–9 mark.[20] In the course of the three seasons following Jonas' departure, the Knights went through three head coaches, and amassed a 7–25 record.[20]

Gene McDowell era (1985–1997)[edit]

Reeling after a disappointing string of seasons, there were discussions within the community about the possibility of dismantling the program,[26] and Peterson announced his retirement as the university's athletic director.[27] In addition, due to financial troubles, the team had to postpone plans to move up to Division I-AA.[20] Without a head coach or athletic director, President Colbourn hired Florida State assistant coach Gene McDowell to fill both positions.[28] McDowell took the helm in 1985, and hired his eventual successor and former Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback Mike Kruczek as his offensive coordinator.[20] The Knights would finish with a 4–7 mark in McDowell's first year, including a 21–42 loss to UCF's first-ever Division I–A opponent, Louisville.[20] Due to financial hardships, McDowell waived half of his annual salary, and FSU head coach Bobby Bowden donated uniforms and cleats to the program.[20]

McDowell would the lead the Knights to their first winning season since 1979, with a 6–5 record in 1986.[29] Also that year, Ted Wilson became the first UCF player to be selected in the 1987 NFL Draft, being picked by the Washington Redskins in the 10th round.[30] Following an 8–3 regular season record in 1987,[31] the Knights earned their first trip to the Division II playoffs, where they earned a 1–1 record.[29] After starting the 1988 season with five straight wins, UCF would be ranked No. 2 in Division II.[29] During a game against the defending D-II national champions Troy at the Citrus Bowl, UCF fans were so loud at one point that the Trojans quarterback Bob Godsey couldn't call plays.[32] Godsey complained to the referee about the crowd noise, but instead of helping Troy, the referee called a delay of game penalty on the Trojans.[33] The "noise penalty" is legendary at UCF, and the win over Troy thrust the Knights into the position as the No. 1 ranked team in D-II.[29] Between 1986 and 1990 under the leadership of McDowell, the Knights held a 24–6 record at the Citrus Bowl.[29]

During McDowell's tenure, the program moved up to Division I-AA in 1990.[34] In their first year in the division, the Knights earned a 10–4 record, a program best, and a trip to the I–AA playoffs.[35] UCF would make it to the semifinals, and became the first school in history to qualify for the I–AA playoffs in its first season of eligibility.[34] The Knights would finish the 1991 and 1992 with winning seasons as well.[36][37] In 1992, Dr. John Hitt, UCF's fourth president, announced that the program would make the move to Division I-A in 1996,[38] and he hired Steve Sloan as the university's new athletic director.[34] Earning their eighth winning season in 1993, the Knights would again make the playoffs.[34] During the season, the team won their first game over a Division I–A team, a 38–16 victory at Louisiana Tech.[39] After another impressive season, UCF was selected as the preseason No. 1 to start the 1994 season.[40] The 1994 season would prove disappointing however, as the Knights would finish the season ranked No. 20 with a 7–4 record.[34] During the team's final season in Division I-AA, the Knights were reinvigorated by freshman sensation Daunte Culpepper. The quarterback would lead the Knights to a 6–5 record, and their tenth straight winning season in 1995.[41]

On September 1, 1996, UCF officially made its foray into Division I-A.[42] At that time, the Knights became the first football program to play in four different NCAA divisions (III, II, I-AA and I-A).[41] In their first two seasons in Division I-A, the Knights posted identical 5–6 records behind Culpepper. In 1997, assistant coach Alan Gooch was named the national assistant coach of the year, due to his work with deaf running back Dwight Collins.[41] In the wake of a federal fraud scandal revolving around improper cellular phone benefits and use, McDowell resigned as head coach on January 20, 1998.[41][43] Over his 13–year tenure at UCF, McDowell earned an 87–61 (.587) record.[44]

Mike Kruczek era (1998–2003)[edit]

After the abrupt departure of Gene McDowell, offensive coordinator Mike Kruczek was named UCF's new head coach on an interim basis.[45] He would receive the position permanently later in 1998.[41] Daunte Culpepper led UCF to its best season ever with a 9-2 record in 1998 (with losses only coming to Purdue[46] and Auburn).[47] Culpepper finished 6th in the Heisman Trophy voting and set the NCAA record for completion percentage that year (73.4%).[41] Following the season, Culpepper was drafted with the 11th pick in the first round of the 1999 NFL Draft by the Minnesota Vikings, marking the highest ever draft pick of a UCF player.[41]

The Knights proved to be a scary team on the road against heavily favored opponents, with close losses including a 10-6 loss at Auburn in 1998, a 24-23 loss at Georgia in 1999,[48] and a 21-17 loss at Georgia Tech in 2000.[49] Kruczek's biggest victory would come in 2000 against Alabama at Bryant–Denny Stadium in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, when the Knights won 40-38 on a last-second field goal by Javier Beorlegui.[50][51] After finishing 9–2 in 1998,[52] UCF received a tentative verbal agreement to play in the inaugural Oahu Bowl.[53] That arrangement, however, was contingent on UCLA finishing the season undefeated; the Oahu Bowl was otherwise committed to taking a team from the Pac-10.[54] On the final day of the regular season, Miami upset UCLA, setting off a chain reaction that sent Washington to the Oahu Bowl and left the Knights out in the cold.[55]

Kruczek guided the team as a Division I-A independent until 2002.[56] After six difficult years as an independent, UCF played its much-anticipated first season as a member of the Mid-American Conference in 2002.[51] They finished runner-up in the East division with a 6–2 conference record. They finished the season 7–5 overall, completing their 14th winning season in the past 17 years.[57][17] The excitement, however, would be short-lived.[51] After signing a three-year contract extension at the beginning of the 2003 season,[58] Kruczek was fired following a 3–7 start.[59] Kruczek was replaced on an interim basis by assistant coach and former player Alan Gooch who finished out the dismal 3-9 season[60] with losses to Mid-American Conference rivals Marshall and Miami (OH).[51] The Marshall game marked UCF's first nationally televised home football game as it was aired on ESPN2.[61] Kruczek ended his 6–year stewardship of UCF with a 36–30 (.545) record.[62] An increasing travel burden, inability to compete with much better MAC teams, and lack of natural rivals within the midwest-based MAC saw UCF begin to explore the possibility of a different conference affiliation after just a couple years in the conference.[63][51] In 2003, UCF was invited as an all-sports member of Conference USA beginning with the 2005 season.[64][51]

George O'Leary era (2004–2015)[edit]

Coach O'Leary

Following the disappointing 2003 season, Minnesota Vikings defensive coordinator and former Georgia Tech head coach George O'Leary was named UCF's new head coach in 2004.[65] This was a controversial and bold hire because O'Leary had previously left Georgia Tech after the 2001 season and been named head coach at Notre Dame, but resigned in disgrace five days into his tenure after inconsistencies were found on his resume.[66] The difficult coaching transition for 2004, the Knights' final year in the Mid-American Conference, saw the team hit rock bottom, going 0–11.[67]

In 2005, UCF started their first season as a member of Conference USA. Not expected to improve much over 2004, they surprisingly won their first conference game against Marshall, 23–13, ending the school's 17-game losing streak, then the nation's longest such streak.[68][65] UCF fans celebrated by storming the field and tearing down the goal posts.[69] Students came back to the campus and celebrated further by jumping into UCF's Reflection Pond (a practice normally reserved for Spirit Splash).[70] UCF then went on to win eight out of the remaining nine games on their schedule, finishing 7–1 in C-USA games and 8–5 overall,[71] winning the East Division and hosting the first ever C-USA Championship game, which they lost, 44-27, to Tulsa.[72][65] Shortly thereafter, UCF was invited to play in their first ever bowl game, the Hawaii Bowl, losing to Nevada 49-48 in overtime due to a missed PAT that would have tied the game.[73] In 2005 O'Leary was chosen by SportsIllustrated.com for the coach of the year award and received votes for the larger Bobby Dodd National Coach of the Year award.[65] In May 2006, UCF extended O'Leary's contract for 10 years and increased his pay to $1 million plus incentives per year after he engineered the fourth-best single-season turnaround in college football history.[74][75]

After an anemic 2006 which saw the Golden Knights go a mere 4–8,[76] the team rebranded in 2007 in preparation for its move to its new on-campus venue, Spectrum Stadium.[77] They dropped the "Golden" from their name, becoming the "UCF Knights".[78] Fortunes seemed to have changed as the Knights moved into new facilities. After defeating a BCS school for just the second time ever, NC State by a score of 25-23,[79] they inaugurated their new stadium by hosting and losing to national power #6 Texas by a score of 35-32.[80] The Knights lost to archrival South Florida by a score of 64-12 in Tampa,[81] but went on to have a 10–4 overall record and won the C-USA East again, hosting the Championship game against Tulsa once more.[82] UCF defeated Tulsa in a near-reversal of the 2005 Conference USA Championship Game 44-25,[83] thereby gaining UCF's first ever Conference Championship title and a berth in the 2007 Liberty Bowl. Following UCF's victory, the Knights received 35 votes in the AP Poll, but did not reach the top 25, ranking 27th.[84] The Knights lost the Liberty Bowl in Memphis, Tennessee by a score of 10-3 to Mississippi State.[85] The Knights went on to finish the year with its first 10 win season in the FBS. In 2007, Kevin Smith set an NCAA record with 450 rushing attempts and rushed for 2,567 yards, placing him 2nd on the NCAA's all-time single season rushing list behind only Oklahoma State's Barry Sanders.[86] Despite this, he was not selected even as a finalist for the Doak Walker Award.[86] He also was the only running back in the 2007 season to rush for more than 100 yards against the Texas Longhorns.[86] He was a fan favorite, especially with student section at Brighthouse Networks Stadium.[86] Smith originally stated that he would return for his senior season at UCF,[87] however, he later changed his mind, announcing on January 6, 2008 that he would declare for the 2008 NFL Draft.[88] He was selected with the first pick in the third round by the Detroit Lions.[89]

On March 18, 2008, running back Ereck Plancher collapsed shortly after a conditioning drill, and was then transported to a nearby hospital where he died approximately one hour later.[90] ESPN's "Outside The Lines" program on November 2, 2008 interviewed players who were at the training session at which Plancher became ill, and which after he died, and stated that the session was longer and far more rigorous than O'Leary and other UCF Athletics officials have admitted to publicly.[91] They also alleged that O'Leary and other coaches had initially warned players off from providing assistance to Plancher when he became visibly distressed.[92] After a 14-day trial in 2011, a jury found the UCF Athletics Association guilty of negligence in the death of Plancher. The jury awarded each of his parents $5 million.[93] Upon appeal, however, the Florida Supreme Court sided with the University of Central Florida, ruling that sickle-cell disease caused the death and the university didn't owe any money to Plancher's family.[92]

After a lackluster 4–8 season in 2008,[94] UCF bounced back with an 8–5 record in 2009,[95] including winning their last six straight C-USA games. Among those wins was their first victory over a nationally ranked team, beating then #12 Houston on November 14 by a score of 37–32 at Spectrum Stadium.[96] UCF finished with a 45–24 loss to Rutgers in the St. Petersburg Bowl, their third bowl appearance in five years.[97] Entering the 2010 season, with the recruitment of Jeffrey Godfrey and return of key seniors, including Bruce Miller, there were high hopes for the Knights.[98] After winning 5 straight games, and posting an 11-game conference winning streak, the Knights were ranked for the first time in school history following their nationally televised 40–33 victory over Houston on the road.[99] For the polls released on November 7, 2010, UCF was ranked in all three major college polls.[100] The Knights were ranked 25 in the AP Poll, 23 in the USA Today Coaches Poll and 25 in the Harris Poll.[101] In their first game as a nationally ranked squad, the Knights fell 31-21 to Southern Miss in Orlando.[102] UCF would bounce back and defeat Tulane by a score of 61–14[103] and Memphis by a score of 37–17.[104] With the wins, the Knights secured the C-USA Eastern Division championship and reentered the polls.[105]

The Knights would go on to win the 2010 Conference USA championship game, defeating SMU 17–7.[106] Following the win, UCF entered the BCS standings for the first time in program history, ranking No. 25.[107] The Knights ended the 2010 season with a 10–6 victory over Georgia in the AutoZone Liberty Bowl, marking the team's first-ever bowl victory.[108] UCF would end the season ranked 20th in the final coaches poll and 21st in the final AP rankings.[109]

2011 proved to be a disappointing season as UCF finished with a 5–7 record and were not bowl eligible for the first time since 2008.[110] The season included out-of-conference losses to FIU[111] and BYU,[112] as well as conference losses to then-winless UAB,[113] a 1–point loss to #23 Southern Miss[114] and the continuation of the Knights woes at quarterback, as Jeff Godfrey and Blake Bortles battled for playing time.[115] Following the 2011 season, Jeff Godfrey planned on transferring, though be later decided to return to the Knights as a wide receiver.[115] It was announced on December 7, 2011 that UCF would join the Big East Conference, renamed the American Athletic Conference soon thereafter,[116] in all sports beginning in 2013.[117]

Following an investigation into recruiting violations in the men's basketball and football programs in 2011, on July 31, 2012, the NCAA announced sanctions – in addition to penalties UCF had previously self-imposed.[118] The NCAA imposed a one-year postseason football ban.[119] The penalty was in addition to a $50,000 fine, adding two years to UCF's previously proposed three years' probation, reduction of football scholarships, and tighter limits of football recruiting visiting days.[120][121] In 2012, the Knights finished 10–4[122] and won their fourth C-USA East Division championship, though they would fall 33–27 in overtime to Tulsa in the league title game.[123] UCF would play in the 2012 Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl and win 38-17 over Ball State as quarterback Blake Bortles would be named the game's MVP after throwing four touchdown passes.[124]

On April 19, 2013, UCF won their appeal with the NCAA and was eligible for postseason play in 2013.[125] The appeal would prove crucial, as in 2013, O'Leary led the Knights to their first twelve-win season (12–1),[126] first perfect conference record (8–0), first win against a Big Ten opponent (Penn State),[127] first win against a Top–10 team (#8 Louisville),[128] third conference title, and the program's first appearance and victory in a BCS bowl game, defeating #6 Baylor 52–42 in the 2014 Fiesta Bowl.[129] The game was one of the biggest upsets of the BCS era.[130][131] On January 7, 2014, UCF was ranked #10 in the season's final AP Poll, the highest ranking in school history.[132] Blake Bortles would be drafted in the first round at third overall by the Jacksonville Jaguars in the 2014 NFL Draft.[133]

The Knights would finish 9–4 in 2014.[134] The Knights kicked off the season in Dublin, Ireland against Penn State, losing to the Nittany Lions by a score of 26-24.[135] O'Leary's squad dropped to 0–2 after losing to #20 Missouri by a score of 38-10.[136] Central Florida then won its next five; defeating FCS foe Bethune-Cookman,[137] Houston,[138] BYU in overtime,[139] Tulane[140] and Temple.[141] The Knights' five-game winning streak was snapped with a 37-29 loss to UConn on November 1.[142] UCF won its next four to close the regular season; topping Tulsa,[143] SMU,[144] archrival South Florida[145] and East Carolina.[146] O'Leary's Knights accepted a bid to the 2014 St. Petersburg Bowl, a game they lost to NC State by a score of 34-27.[147]

The 2015 season, which began with high hopes, would be a disaster. After dropping their first three, UCF lost to South Carolina by a score of 31-14 on September 26 to fall to 0–4.[148] Following UCF's 59–10 loss to Houston on homecoming,[149] dropping the Knights to an 0–8 record to start the 2015 season, O'Leary resigned as head football coach.[150][151] Quarterbacks coach Danny Barrett was named interim head coach and led the team for the remaining four games of the season.[152] UCF finished the 2015 season at a winless 0–12, its third such campaign in program history.[153]

Scott Frost era (2016–present)[edit]

After an extensive coaching search, Oregon offensive coordinator Scott Frost was named as UCF's tenth head coach on December 1, 2015.[154] Frost had overseen one of college football's quickest and most explosive offenses at Oregon that helped the Ducks rise to national prominence, won multiple Pac-12 conference championships, coached quarterback Marcus Mariota into a Heisman Trophy winner in 2014[155] and sent many players into the National Football League.[156][157] All this after a successful collegiate playing career at quarterback for Stanford and Nebraska in the 1990s and in the National Football League as a quarterback for five years.[158]

In 2016, Frost and his explosive, up-tempo offense led the Knights to a 6–7 record.[159] UCF began the Frost era with a 38-0 shutout win over FCS opponent South Carolina State.[160] After losing its next two to Big Ten opponents #5 Michigan in a rout[161] and Maryland in double overtime,[162] the Knights defeated FIU[163] and East Carolina.[164] Central Florida then suffered a close 26-25 loss due to a late field goal to Temple on October 15.[165] The Knights rebounded the following week to defeat UConn by a score of 24-16.[166] UCF suffered a defeat on October 29 to Houston,[167] then responded with wins over Tulane[168] and Cincinnati, gaining bowl eligibility.[169] Frost's squad concluded the regular season with losses to Tulsa[170] and archrival South Florida.[171] The Knights lost to Arkansas State in the 2016 Cure Bowl by a score of 31-13.[172] After the 2016 season, Oregon fired head coach Mark Helfrich, under whom Frost served as offensive coordinator from 2013-2015.[173] Amidst rumors that he might be interested in the Ducks opening, Frost announced he was not interested in Oregon and that he would return as UCF's head coach in 2017.[174] Ironically, the position eventually went to UCF's rival coach, South Florida head coach Willie Taggart.[175]

Head coaches[edit]

UCF has had eight head coaches since organized football began in 1979. The Knights have played nearly 400 games in their 34 seasons. In that time, 2 coaches have led the Knights to the postseason: Gene McDowell and George O'Leary. McDowell in 1987, 1990, and 1993, and O'Leary in 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010, and 2012. O'Leary is the only coach to win a division or conference championship at the school. Before leading UCF in 1983 and 1984, Lou Saban was a head coach in both the American Football League (AFL) and the National Football League (NFL).[176] O'Leary also coached in the NFL between 2002 and 2004.

Tenure Coach Years Record Pct.
1979–1981 Don Jonas 3 14–12–1 .518
1982 Sam Weir 1 0–10 .000
1983–1984 Lou Saban 2 6–12 .333
1984 Jerry Anderson Interim 1–3 .250
1985–1997 Gene McDowell 13 87–61 .587
1998–2003 Mike Kruczek 6 36–30 .545
2003 Alan Gooch Interim 0–2 .000
2004–2015 George O'Leary 12 81–68 .544
2015 Danny Barrett Interim 0–4 .000
2016–present Scott Frost 1 6–7 .462
38 seasons 234–211–1 .526

Venues[edit]

Citrus Bowl (1979–2006)[edit]

The Citrus Bowl, the Knights home field from 1979 to 2006.

Until 2007, the Knights had played all of their home games at the Citrus Bowl in downtown Orlando. Located about 10 miles (16 km) from UCF's main campus, the stadium originally opened in 1936. Though UCF would not play its first football game at the Citrus Bowl until September 1979, a 7–6 victory over Fort Benning, the stadium's first college football game was played in January 1947 between Catawba and Maryville.[13]

By 2005, Orlando-city officials in conjunction with UCF's administration, expressed dissatisfaction with the state of the aging facility. While UCF was the primary leasing tenant of the Citrus Bowl for nearly three decades, they received minimal revenue from football games, and the stadium's 70,000 seat capacity was seen as too large for the Knights. With an average attendance of 10,000–15,000 people per game, the stadium was left with the appearance of being largely empty. When the university approached the city about possible renovations and new revenue-sharing measures for the stadium, they were met with resistance. The city wanted UCF to consider relocating, or to spend considerable expense to upgrade the facility. At one point during the negotiations, stadium officials told then UCF Athletic Director Steve Orsini that "the value of UCF's fans was nothing."[177]

Spectrum Stadium (2007–present)[edit]

Spectrum Stadium, the Knights home field since 2007.

In early 2005, as a response to the deteriorating condition of the Citrus Bowl, and lack of revenue derived from the games there, UCF proposed building an on-campus stadium for the first time. In December 2005, the UCF Board of Trustees approved the construction of a new on-campus stadium.[178] The new stadium, Spectrum Stadium was originally planned to open in time for the 2006 football season, but neighborhood opposition delayed the time frame by a year.

Stadium construction began in 2006 and was finished in time for the 2007 season. The first home-game took place on September 15, 2007, as the Knights nearly upset the No. 6-ranked Texas Longhorns. The seating capacity of the stadium is 44,206, though plans for an expansion to 65,000 seats are in place. Although the Knights lost their first on-campus home game, they finished the remainder of the stadium's inaugural season undefeated, including the Conference USA home opener against Memphis. UCF hosted and won the 2007 and 2010 C-USA Championship Games, defeating Tulsa and SMU, respectively. Following the 2014 season, the stadium underwent an $8 million renovation. The Wayne Densch Center for Student-Athlete Leadership was constructed on the east facade of the stadium, and a party deck known as the "Carl Black and Gold Cabana" was added to the east stands.[179][180][181] By many accounts the stadium was built cheaply and as fast as possible. Due to these factors the stadium tends to bounce up and down giving it the nickname "The Bounce House".

Rivalries[edit]

Though UCF remains a relatively young program that has shifted conferences several times, it has several long-standing rivalries with schools throughout the duration of Conference USA and The American. The university's biggest rival historically is their instate rival, the University of South Florida Bulls, played from 2005 to 2008, and since 2013.[182] Other rivalries include the East Carolina University Pirates and the University of Tulsa Golden Hurricane. UCF once had a major rivalry with the Marshall University Thundering Herd, but the rivalry with Marshall has become less important since the Knights joined The American because the schools no longer play each other regularly. UCF only holds a winning record in its rivalry with Marshall (.727).

One other rivalry, known as the Civil Conflict, unofficially exists between UCF and Connecticut. However, UCF does not acknowledge the rivalry, and has publicly dismissed it.[183][184][185]

East Carolina[edit]

The rivalry began with the teams' first meeting in 1991, with annual meetings beginning in 2005 when the Knights entered C-USA. Playing in the same division East Carolina and UCF were permanent opponents under the conference's scheduling structure. In recent years, the match between UCF and East Carolina has determined the winner of the Eastern Division. In 2007, UCF's only conference loss came at the hands of the Pirates. UCF won the division anyway, and ultimately took the conference title. In 2008, UCF was looking like they were going to ruin East Carolina's dreams of the Eastern Division title like they did to Marshall, but with a late rally, the Pirates won in overtime making the Pirates the first C-USA team to beat UCF in Spectrum Stadium. A loss at East Carolina also determined them as the Eastern Division champions in 2009, while a UCF win at home was the difference in 2010. In the final scheduled meeting of the two schools in 2012, it would be UCF that would win 40–20, despite falling behind 14–0 early on. As of now, the final count in the series in 9–4 in favor of East Carolina. The rivalry resumed when the Pirates joined UCF in the American Athletic Conference in 2014.[186] UCF won as time expired on a 51-yard Hail Mary pass from Justin Holman to Breshad Perriman, 32–30. This allowed for them to win back to back conference championships. ECU would blow out a winless UCF team the next year, 44-7. One year later, UCF would beat ECU 47-29 under first-year head coach, Scott Frost, against ECU's first-year head coach, Scottie Montgomery.

South Florida[edit]

The War on I–4 dates years before the two schools ever played a game against each other. The matchup was the subject of much discussion and fan enthusiasm since the 1990s, though the first game was not played until 2005. The rivalry, often known as the "War on I–4" or "I–4 Corridor Clash",[187] continued as a four home-and-away series through the 2008 season. The Bulls won each of the four games, which all drew strong crowds, but South Florida declined to continue the series after 2008.[188][189][190] The UCF–South Florida game resumed as a regular conference game beginning with the 2013 season, as UCF joined the American Athletic Conference.[191] The Knights won the first game as conference members 23–20 before 45,952 in Orlando.[192] In 2014, the Knights won for the first time at Raymond James Stadium, and delivered the first home shut-out in South Florida history, 16-0. In 2015, USF defeated the Knights 44-3 to finish a winless season for the Knights. In 2016, the War On I-4 trophy was introduced for the first time. USF took home the trophy by defeating UCF 48-31 and clinching their first 10-win season in school history.

Tulsa[edit]

The games between the Knights and Tulsa Golden Hurricane occurred on a two-year scheduling cycle when both schools were members of C-USA, except for three times that the teams met in the Conference USA title game (2005, 2007, 2012).[193] Tulsa leads the series 7–3, with the Golden Hurricane winning three times in the regular season and twice in the conference championship game.[194] In both 2007 and 2012, the Golden Hurricane and Knights played each other twice, once in the regular season and once in the conference championship. The rivalry resumed in 2014 when the Golden Hurricane joined The American, with UCF winning the game 31–7. Tulsa would win in 2015 against a winless UCF team, 45-31, and in the year after, 35-20.

All-time records versus rivals[edit]

Team Name Trophy Active Games played First meeting Last meeting UCF wins UCF losses Win Pct.
East Carolina Red XN Red XN Green tickY 14 1991 2016 won 47–29 5 10 .333
Marshall Red XN Red XN Red XN 11 2002 2012 won 54–17 8 3 .727
South Florida War on I–4 Green tickY Green tickY 8 2005 2016 lost 31–48 2 6 .250
Tulsa Red XN Red XN Green tickY 10 2005 2016 lost 20–35 3 7 .300
Reference:[195]

Program records and achievements[edit]

Conference championships[edit]

George O'Leary is the only coach in program history to lead the Knights to the postseason since joining the FBS in 1996. Under O'Leary's leadership, the Knights won four C-USA Eastern Division Championships (2005, 2007, 2010, 2012), and two Conference USA Championships (2007, 2010). O'Leary also led the Knights to The American conference championship in their first year in the league (2013), earning the conference's automatic berth to a BCS bowl game. In 2014, the Knights clinched back-to-back conference championships.

Season Conference Coach Overall Record Conference Record
2007 C-USA George O'Leary 10–4 7–1
2010 George O'Leary 11–3 7–1
2013 The American George O'Leary 12–1 8–0
2014 George O'Leary 9–4 7–1
Total Conference Championships 4

Note: denotes co–championship.

Divisional championships[edit]

UCF made four appearances in the Conference USA Championship Game, more than any other C-USA school, with the last being in 2012. Three of the four appearances were against Tulsa of the Western Division. The Knights won two of the four C-USA Championship Games in which they appeared.

Season Division Coach Championship Game Result
2005 C-USA East George O'Leary Tulsa 44, UCF 27
2007 George O'Leary Tulsa 25, UCF 44
2010 George O'Leary SMU 7, UCF 17
2012 George O'Leary Tulsa 33, UCF 27
Total Division Championships 4

Note: denotes co–championship.

Bowl games[edit]

UCF has played in seven bowl games in its history and has a 3–5 record in those games. UCF has been bowl eligible for seven of the past thirty seven seasons, after receiving its first bowl invitation in 2005. The Knights nearly earned a bowl berth in 1998, when Daunte Culpepper led the team to a 9–2 record.[196][197]

Season Bowl Game Winner Loser
2005 Hawaii Bowl Nevada 49 UCF 48
2007 Liberty Bowl Mississippi State 10 UCF 3
2009 St. Petersburg Bowl Rutgers 45 UCF 24
2010 Liberty Bowl No. 24 UCF 10 Georgia 6
2012 Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl UCF 38 Ball State 17
2013 Fiesta Bowl No. 15 UCF 52 No. 6 Baylor 42
2014 St. Petersburg Bowl NC State 34 UCF 27
2016 Cure Bowl Arkansas State 31 UCF 13
Bowl Record 3–5 (.375)

Division I–AA Playoffs[edit]

The Knights appeared in the Division I–AA playoffs twice with a record of 2–2.

Season Round Winner Loser
1990 First Round UCF 20 Youngstown State 17
1990 Quarterfinals UCF 52 William & Mary 38
1990 Semifinals Georgia Southern 44 UCF 7
1993 First Round Youngstown State 56 UCF 30
I-AA Playoff Record 2–2 (.500)

Division II Playoffs[edit]

The Knights appeared in the Division II playoffs once with a record of 1–1.

Season Round Winner Loser
1987 Quarterfinals UCF 12 Indiana (PA) 10
1987 Semifinals Troy State 31 UCF 10
Division II Playoff Record 1–1 (.500)

All-time record vs. conference teams[edit]

Since joining a conference for the first time in 2002, the Knights are 66–46 (.589) in league play. UCF is 15–9 (.625) in conference games since joining The American in 2013.

Opponent Won Lost Win Pct. Streak First Last
Cincinnati 1 1 .500 Won 1 2015 2016
Connecticut 1 2 .333 Lost 2 2013 2015
East Carolina 4 10 .286 Won 1 1991 2016
Houston 5 2 .714 Lost 1 2005 2015
Memphis 9 1 .900 Won 9 1990 2013
Navy 0 0 2017
SMU 6 1 .857 Won 3 2007 2014
South Florida 2 6 .286 Lost 1 2005 2015
Temple 2 1 1.000 Lost 1 2013 2015
Tulane 5 2 .714 Lost 1 2001 2015
Tulsa 3 6 .333 Lost 1 2005 2015
Totals 37 31 (.544)

Individual awards and honors[edit]

All-Americans[edit]

Every year, several publications release lists of their ideal "team". The athletes on these lists are referred to as All-Americans. The NCAA recognizes five All-American lists. They are the Associated Press (AP), American Football Coaches Association (AFCA), Football Writers Association of America (FWAA), Sporting News (TSN), and the Walter Camp Football Foundation (WCFF). UCF has had numerous players honored as first team All-Americans. To date, Kevin Smith is the only Consensus All-American.[198]

Conference honors[edit]

2013: George O'Leary
2010: George O'Leary
2007: George O'Leary
2005: George O'Leary
2013: Blake Bortles
2007: Kevin Smith
2016: Shaquem Griffin
2014: Jacoby Glenn
2012: Kemal Ishmael
2010: Bruce Miller
2009: Bruce Miller
2012: Quincy McDuffie
2008: Joe Burnett
2015: Tre'Quan Smith
2010: Jeff Godfrey
2005: Kevin Smith

Heisman Trophy[edit]

Quarterback Daunte Culpepper and running back Kevin Smith are the only Knights finish in the Top–10 of voting for the Heisman Trophy.[199][200]

Year Name Position Finish
1998 Daunte Culpepper Quarterback 6th
2007 Kevin Smith Running back 8th

Honored numbers[edit]

UCF retires a student-athlete's jersey but does not retire the respective jersey numbers. The Knights coaching staff can choose to reissue a given number, as the retirement of the jersey does not require that the number not be worn again.[201]

Knights in professional football[edit]

A football players looking towards his sideline.
Brandon Marshall, Class of 2006

Knights in the Pro Bowl[edit]

Knights in the Super Bowl[edit]

Schedule[edit]

UCF is one of 12 full members of the American Athletic Conference, and play in its Eastern division.[203][204] Division rivals include the Cincinnati, Connecticut, East Carolina, South Florida, and Temple. The Western division consists of Houston, Memphis, Navy, SMU, Tulane, and Tulsa. UCF plays an eight-game conference schedule, four home and four away.[205] These games operate on a two-year cycle, as a home-and-home series.

The Knights currently have games scheduled through 2023.[206] Among the games scheduled are finishing a home-and-away series with Stanford (at home). They also have an away game against Texas (2023).[206] Of note is that the game against the Longhorns will be the final game of a three-game contract between UCF and Texas.[207] The contract was organized as such: for the first game, the Knights would host the Longhorns to open up their new stadium, Spectrum Stadium; the remaining games (one was played in 2009) would be played at Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium, the home stadium of the Longhorns, as a "repayment" for opening UCF's new stadium. The Knights are near the end of a 6-game series with FIU from 2011–2016, which started with a 2011 away game at FIU Stadium in Miami.[206] Because the 2014 game was canceled, the remaining FIU games were delayed a year, now ending the series in 2017. One of the recently announced home-and-away series is a future home-and-away series with in-state opponent FAU in 2018 and 2019, the first one being in Spectrum Stadium on September 22, 2018 and the second one being in FAU Stadium on September 7, 2019. UCF also announced a home-and-away series with Georgia Tech with the first game in Spectrum Stadium on September 16, 2017 and the second being an away game on September 19, 2020, as well as a home and away series with the Pittsburgh, with the Knights hosting on September 29, 2018 and visiting Pittsburgh on September 21, 2019.[208]

Future non-conference opponents[edit]

Announced schedules as of January 19, 2017

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
vs. FIU at North Carolina at FAU vs. North Carolina at Texas
vs Georgia Tech vs. FAU vs. Stanford at Georgia Tech
at Maryland vs Pittsburgh at Pittsburgh
vs. Maine
Reference:[209]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General:

  • Holic, Nathan, and the UCF Alumni Association. University of Central Florida: The Campus History Series (2009), ISBN 978-0-7385-6768-6
  • MacCambridge, Michael. ESPN College Football Encyclopedia: The Complete history of the Game (2005), ISBN 1-4013-3703-1

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