UDP-galactopyranose mutase

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UDP-galactopyranose mutase
4u8p.jpg
UDP-galactopyranose mutase tetramer, Aspergillus fumigatus
Identifiers
EC number5.4.99.9
CAS number174632-18-9
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
UDP-galactopyranose mutase
Identifiers
SymbolUDP-GALP_mutase
InterProIPR004379

In enzymology, an UDP-galactopyranose mutase (EC 5.4.99.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

UDP-D-galactopyranose UDP-D-galacto-1,4-furanose

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, UDP-D-galactopyranose, and one product, UDP-D-galacto-1,4-furanose.

This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically those intramolecular transferases transferring other groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-D-galactopyranose furanomutase.

UDP-D-galactofuranose then serves as an activated sugar donor for the biosynthesis of galactofuranose glycoconjugates. The exocyclic 1,2-diol of galactofuranose is the epitope recognized by the putative chordate immune lectin intelectin.

Structural studies[edit]

Because UGM is not present in the mammalian systems but is essential among several pathogenic microbes, the enzyme is an attractive antibiotic target. As of late 2007, 5 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1I8T, 1V0J, 1WAM, 2BI7, and 2BI8.

References[edit]

  • Trejo AG, Chittenden GJ, Buchanan JG, Baddiley J (1970). "Uridine diphosphate alpha-D-galactofuranose, an intermediate in the biosynthesis of galactofuranosyl residues". Biochem. J. 117 (3): 637&ndash, 9. PMC 1178970. PMID 5419754.