UEC European Track Championships
The European Track Cycling Championships are a set of elite level competition events held annually for the various disciplines and distances in track cycling, exclusively for European cyclists, and regulated by the European Cycling Union (UEC). They were first held in their current format in 2010, when elite level cyclists competed for the first time following an overhaul of European track cycling.
The UEC agreed with the governing bodies of six other major European sports from 2018 to integrate its four Olympic-class events, including track cycling, into the new European Championships event on a quadrennial basis. Beginning with 2018, every fourth edition of the competition will form part of the multi-sport event.
While track cycling will also form part of the 2019 European Games in Minsk, these events will not be European Championships, and the UEC event will also be held later in the same year.
In line with cycling tradition, winners of an event at the championships are presented with, in addition to the gold medal, a special, identifiable jersey. This UEC European Champion jersey is a blue jersey with gold European stars.
Age group championships
Prior to 2010, championship events were run under the same name, but solely for junior and under-23 cyclists, and the 2010 event is recognised as the first elite level senior championships. Since 2010, separate annual European championships for under-23 and junior riders have continued, described explicitly as such.
European Track Cycling Championships have been held for junior and under-23 athletes for a long time, though records in earlier editions are incomplete. They provided useful experience for young riders with winners automatically qualifying to compete at the UCI Track Cycling World Championships in which no age limit applied, and the world's best track cyclists competed.
A European Masters Track Championships also exists for riders over 35 years old.
Derny, Madison and Omnium championships
Men's European Track Championships for the "motor-paced" or "derny" track cycling discipline have been held since 1896. A separate European Madison championship event was also run for men.
Founding of the Elite Championships
In 2010 the UEC instigated a significant overhaul of how cyclists qualify for the Olympic Games. As a result, the European Championships was also introduced for elite level European cyclists. The first elite championships thereafter took place at the beginning of November 2010. It followed the same ten event schedule for the 2012 Olympics but also included the Madison "due to popular demand".
The Under 23 and Junior championships thereafter were run as an annual separate event.
|1||2010||5–7 November||Poland||Pruszków||BGŻ Arena||11|
|2||2011||21–23 October||Netherlands||Apeldoorn||Omnisport Apeldoorn||13|
|3||2012||19–21 October||Lithuania||Panevėžys||Cido Arena ||13|
|4||2013||18–20 October||Netherlands||Apeldoorn||Omnisport Apeldoorn||13|
|5||2014||16–19 October||France||Baie-Mahault, Guadeloupe||Vélodrome Amédée Détraux||19|
|6||2015||14–18 October||Switzerland||Grenchen||Velodrome Suisse||21|
|7||2016||19–23 October||France||Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines||Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines||22|
|9||2018[a]||2–7 August||Great Britain||Glasgow||Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome||22|
Elite Championships all-time Medal table : 2010–2018
|Totals (20 nations)||157||157||157||471|
Juniors and U23's
- UEC European Track Championships (under-23 & junior)
- Part of the European Championships
- Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill (2011). Historical Dictionary of Cycling. Scarecrow Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-8108-7175-5.
- "UK European Track Championships team". Cycling News. 11 July 2001. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
- "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite". www.cyclingarchives.com.
- "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite (F)". www.cyclingarchives.com.
- "European Track Championships". Track Cycling News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "2012 m. Europos dviračių treko čempionatas vyks Panevėžyje". delfi.lt.
- "2013 Calendar". uec-federation.eu. Archived from the original on 29 December 2012.
- "Sports Programme: 2–12 August 2018" (PDF). Glasgow 2018. Culture and Sport Glasgow. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "European Athletics – Leading sports bring together their European championships in 2018". european-athletics.
- Grohmann, Karolos (26 March 2015). "New kid on the block as European sports championships launched for..." Reuters.