UEFA Euro 2020 bids
The bidding process for the UEFA Euro 2020 is the process by which the location for the 16th European Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2020, will be selected. The process officially began on 21 March 2012 with the intent to announce the hosts in late 2013 or early 2014. Despite interest from Turkey, a joint bid from Scotland, the Republic of Ireland and Wales and a proposal from Georgia and Azerbaijan, UEFA announced on 6 December 2012 that it had made the unprecedented decision to host the tournament in multiple cities across Europe.
- 1 Background
- 2 Initial bidding process
- 3 Change to pan-European tournament format
- 4 Bidding venues
- 5 Voting
- 6 Selected venues
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Euro 2020 will be the second tournament to involve 24 nations, following UEFA Euro 2016 four years previously.
Initial bidding process
It was initially envisaged that the tournament would be contained within one, two or three countries. In the case of multiple countries hosting the tournament, these countries would have to share a border. Assuming no changes from the Euro 2016 bidding process, the basic hosting requirements were to be as follows:
- Only the 54 football associations affiliated to UEFA are eligible to host the tournament.
- Joint bids by two member associations are permitted and, under exceptional circumstances, joint bids by three member associations may be considered.
- The stadium requirements for Euro 2016 were as set out below. However, Euro 2016 will now use 10 stadiums rather than the nine initially specified, so the 2020 bidding process may adopt a new formula.
- 2 stadiums with 50,000 seats
- 3 stadiums with 40,000 seats
- 4 stadiums with 30,000 seats
On 21 March 2012, UEFA announced that the bidding process would be as set out below in the event that more than one expression of interest in bidding was received by UEFA before 15 May 2012. Without a second bid, UEFA stated that the hosts would be confirmed on 15 May, subject to the confederation receiving the necessary guarantees. On 16 May 2012, UEFA announced that, because more than one national association had submitted their interest, it would begin its formal selection process and would allow any of the 54 national federations to bid, even if they chose not to declare an interest prior to the deadline. The timeline for the rest of the procedure was announced by UEFA on 30 June 2012.
|First||21 March 2012||Declarations of interest formally invited|
|15 May 2012||Last date to submit a "letter of intent" to UEFA|
|Second||30 June 2012||UEFA to announce timeline for the rest of the bid process|
|July / December 2012||UEFA will hold discussions with all national associations|
|6 December 2012||Decision that Euro 2020 will be spread across the European continent|
|28 March 2013||Approval of the bidding requirements and bid regulations|
|April 2013||Publication of the bid requirements and launch of the bidding phase|
|September 2013||Formal confirmation of their bid by the candidates|
|April/May 2014||Submission of bid dossiers and start of the evaluation phase|
|September 2014||Appointment of the host cities by the UEFA Executive Committee|
Expressions of interest
Turkey, a joint Scottish, Irish and Welsh bid and an Azerbaijani-Georgian bid all formally confirmed their interest in hosting Euro 2020 with UEFA in the spring of 2012. The deadline for declarations of interest was at midnight on 15 May 2012, but UEFA announced that further bids were welcome on 16 May.
By and large, this was seen as a disappointing group of hosts to select from, especially as favourite for the bid Turkey favoured a bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics in its largest city Istanbul, held in the same year and seen as an obstacle to the hosting of Euro 2020.
The Azerbaijani-Georgian coalition was doubted by some due to Azerbaijan's preference for a successful Baku bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics. On 15 May 2012, hours after the announcement of the three-way Irish, Scottish and Welsh bid, Georgian Sports Minister Vladimir Vardzelashvili announced his country's intention to declare an interest in hosting Euro 2020 alone. Nine days later, however, Azerbaijan notified UEFA that they planned to join forces with Georgia in a bid for Euro 2020 after Baku failed to make the IOC's shortlist as a contender to bid for the 2020 Olympic Games.
Several other nations made a less committed effort to the host the tournament, but never announced a firm interest. Among these were Belgium, a joint Bosnia and Herzegovina–Croatia–Serbia bid, a proposal from Romania alongside either Bulgaria or Hungary and sole bids from Germany and the Netherlands.
Change to pan-European tournament format
On 30 June 2012, at a press conference a day before the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, UEFA President Michel Platini suggested that instead of having one host country (or joint hosting by multiple countries), Euro 2020 may be spread over "12 or 13 cities" across the continent. A similar system is in use for its male and female under-age competitions. On 6 December 2012, UEFA announced that the 2020 championships would be held in multiple cities all over Europe to mark 60 years of the tournament's existence. Platini reasoned that this was the logical decision at a time of financial difficulty across Europe.
Schedule of process
- 28 March 2013: Approval of the bidding requirements and bid regulations
- 26 April 2013: Publication of the bid regulations, bid requirements and launch of the bidding phase
- 12 September 2013: Formal confirmation of candidate cities by their respective football associations
- 20 September 2013: Announcement of candidate cities by the UEFA Executive Committee
- 25 April 2014: Submission of bid dossiers
- 19 September 2014: Appointment of the host cities by the UEFA Executive Committee
- Twelve cities will host four matches (the 'Standard Package'), consisting of three group stage matches + one round of 16/quarter-final match). A 13th city will host the semi-finals and final (the 'Finals Package). Each city will use one venue only. Each association may bid for either or both of the above packages (same city or two different cities). However, a maximum of one city per country will be chosen.
- The minimum stadium capacities should be 70,000 for semi-finals/final, 60,000 for quarter-finals, and 50,000 for round of 16 and group matches. Up to two exceptions would be allowed for stadiums of a minimum capacity of 30,000, limited to group matches and a round of 16 match. Any projected stadiums must start construction by 2016.
- For the group stage, a maximum of two host teams will be drawn into each group, with each qualified host team guaranteed to play two home matches in the group stage. However, there is no guarantee that a host team will play any knockout matches at home. The composition of teams in the group stage will still be subject to seeding and draw, but the allocation of host teams to each group will take into account of travel distances (flights between host cities in the same group should not exceed two hours).
- Each team which qualifies for the finals can set up their base camp anywhere, without any obligation of staying in any of the host countries.
- Each host city must have two airports, or two separate airport terminals at a single airport. This is to segregate rival fans.
In May 2013, UEFA President Michel Platini announced that his personal priority was to have the competition hosted at venues that have never hosted European Championship matches before.
Expressions of interest
The deadline for expressions of interest was 12 September 2013. On 20 September, UEFA confirmed expressions of interest from 32 football associations to act as host cities. Of the FAs which have applied to host EURO 2020, 19 associations have not previously hosted the final stages of tournament, (labeled with *). Whilst neither Croatia or Serbia have hosted an international football tournament as independent countries, the Serbian and Croatian capitals both hosted finals matches for Euro 1972 as part of then Yugoslavia.
Expressed interest in bidding for Finals Package and Standard Package
Expressed interest in bidding for Finals Package
Expressed interest in bidding for Standard Package
The Finnish Football Association withdrew its bid on 4 March 2014 as redevelopments to its chosen venue, the Helsinki Olympic Stadium, will leave it below the standards required to host matches at the tournament.  The Czech Football Association also withdrew its candidacy in March 2014 citing that the government was not ready to provide the guarantees for building a new stadium. 
Several federations withdrew their bids in late April 2014, before the final dossiers were submitted on 25 April. Four nations who had hosted recent tournaments - Euro 2008 hosts Switzerland (St. Jakob-Park, Basel), Euro 2012 co-hosts Poland (National Stadium, Warsaw and Silesian Stadium, Katowice) and Ukraine (Olympic Stadium, Kiev), and Euro 2016 hosts France (Stade des Lumières, Lyon)  - withdrew after deciding that their chances of success were minimal. Despite being favourites to host the final, Turkey withdrew its bid to host the final at the Ataturk Stadium in Istanbul in favour of bidding to host Euro 2024.
In addition, other withdrawn bids included: both Portuguese bids, at the Estádio da Luz and Estádio do Dragão, due to lack of support from local councils; the bid from the Czech Football Association in Prague due to lack of financial guarantees from city authorities; the Croatian Football Federation's bid in Zagreb, due to financial problems;  Armenia; Greece; Kazakhstan; and Serbia.
The final list of bids was published by UEFA on 26 April 2014 with a decision on the hosts to be made by the UEFA Executive Committee on 19 September 2014. There were two bids for the Finals Package (of which one was successful, marked with blue colour for Semi-Finals and Final) and 19 bids for the Standard Package (of which 12 were successful, marked with green colour for Quarter-Finals and Group Stage, yellow colour for Round of 16 and Group Stage).
|Azerbaijan||Baku||Baku National Stadium||68,700 (under construction)||Standard Package|
|Belarus||Minsk||Traktar Stadium||16,500 (to be expanded to 33,000)||Rejected Standard Package|
|Belgium||Brussels||Eurostadium (proposed new national stadium)||50,000 (60,000 potentially)||Standard Package|
|Bulgaria||Sofia||Vasil Levski National Stadium||43,000 (to be expanded to 50,000)||Rejected Standard Package|
|Denmark||Copenhagen||Telia Parken||38,065||Standard Package|
|England||London||Wembley Stadium||90,000||Finals Package (and withdrawn Standard Package)|
|Germany||Munich||Allianz Arena||67,812 (to be expanded to 75,000)||Standard Package (and withdrawn Finals Package)|
|Hungary||Budapest||New Puskás Ferenc Stadium||56,000 (proposed new 68,000 stadium)||Standard Package|
|Ireland||Dublin||Aviva Stadium||51,700||Standard Package|
|Israel||Jerusalem||Teddy Stadium||34,000 (to be expanded to 53,000)||Rejected Standard Package|
|Italy||Rome||Stadio Olimpico||72,698||Standard Package|
|Macedonia||Skopje||Philip II Arena||33,460||Rejected Standard Package|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam||Amsterdam Arena||53,052 (to be expanded to 55-56,000)||Standard Package|
|Romania||Bucharest||Arena Națională||55,600||Standard Package|
|Russia||Saint Petersburg||New Zenit Stadium||69,500 (under construction)||Standard Package|
|Scotland||Glasgow||Hampden Park||52,063||Standard Package|
|Spain||Bilbao||San Mamés Stadium||53,332||Standard Package|
|Sweden||Solna, Stockholm||Friends Arena||50,000||Rejected Standard Package|
|Wales||Cardiff||Millennium Stadium||74,500||Rejected Standard Package|
On 10 September 2014, UEFA published the evaluation reports of the 19 bids. Before the voting on 19 September 2014, UEFA judged that the candidatures of Belarus (Minsk), Bulgaria (Sofia), Macedonia (Skopje) and Israel (Jerusalem) did not fulfill the bid requirements, so they did not participate at all in the selection phases.
The voting procedure of the venues was approved by the UEFA Executive Committee on 13 May 2014:
- In the first voting phase, the winner of the Finals Package will be selected.
- In the second voting phase, the winners of the four Standard Packages which will host the quarter-finals will be selected.
- In the third and fourth voting phases, the winners of the eight Standard Packages which will host the round of 16 matches will be selected. This selection will be based on "regional zones" which will be finalized by the end of August 2014 by UEFA Executive Committee members whose associations are not bidding.
- In the third phase, for each zone that has not been selected in the first two phases, a winner of the Standard Package will be selected.
- In the fourth phase, the winners of the remaining Standard Packages will be selected.
The voting will be done by secret ballot and Executive Committee members which are associated with the bidding associations will not be allowed to vote.
The 13 venues were selected and announced on 19 September 2014:
- Final and Semi-finals: London (England)
- Quarter-finals and Group stage: Munich (Germany), Baku (Azerbaijan), Saint Petersburg (Russia), Rome (Italy)
- Round of 16 and Group Stage: Copenhagen (Denmark), Bucharest (Romania), Amsterdam (Netherlands), Dublin (Republic of Ireland), Bilbao (Spain), Budapest (Hungary), Brussels (Belgium), Glasgow (Scotland)
Since Minsk, Sofia, Skopje and Jerusalem did not fulfill UEFA's requirements, Cardiff and Stockholm were the only cities not selected among the eligible bids.
In the second phase, the four venues which will host one quarter-final and three group stage matches were selected. The seven candidate venues with a capacity of at least 60,000 were eligible. Each voting member ranked the venues in their order of preference: four points for their first choice, three points for their second choice, two points for their third choice, and one point for their fourth choice. The four venues with the highest points total were selected.
In the third phase, a venue from each of the geographical zones which had not yet been chosen was selected to host a round of 16 match and three group stage matches. The six geographical zones were:
- Zone 1 (North-West): England, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, Wales
- Zone 2 (Scandinavia): Denmark, Sweden
- Zone 3 (East): Azerbaijan, Belarus, Russia
- Zone 4 (Centre-East): Bulgaria, Macedonia, Hungary, Romania
- Zone 5 (Centre): Belgium, Germany, Netherlands
- Zone 6 (South-Mediterranean): Italy, Israel, Spain
Prior to the vote, the venues of Belarus (Minsk), Bulgaria (Sofia), Macedonia (Skopje), and Israel (Jerusalem) were determined to have failed bid requirements, and thus were not involved in the final two phases.
Of the six zones, Zones 1, 3, 5 and 6 already had venues chosen in the first two phases. Therefore, only Zones 2 and 4 were involved in this phase.
In the fourth phase, the six remaining venues which will host one round of 16 and three group stage matches were selected among the remaining candidate venues. Each voting member ranked the venues in their order of preference: six points for their first choice, five points for their second choice, four points for their third choice, three points for their fourth choice, two points for their fifth choice, and one point for their sixth choice. The six venues with the highest points total were selected.
|Azerbaijan||Baku||Baku National Stadium||68,700 (under construction)||QF and GS||—|
|Belgium||Brussels||Eurostadium||50,000 (60,000 potentially)||R16 and GS||1972 & 2000|
|Denmark||Copenhagen||Telia Parken||38,065||R16 and GS||—|
|England||London||Wembley Stadium||90,000||F and SF||1996|
|Germany||Munich||Allianz Arena||67,812 (to be expanded to 75,000)||QF and GS||1988|
|Hungary||Budapest||New Puskás Ferenc Stadium||56,000 (proposed new 68,000 stadium)||R16 and GS||—|
|Ireland||Dublin||Aviva Stadium||51,700||R16 and GS||—|
|Italy||Rome||Stadio Olimpico||72,698||QF and GS||1968 & 1980|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam||Amsterdam Arena||53,052 (to be expanded to 55-56,000)||R16 and GS||2000|
|Romania||Bucharest||Arena Națională||55,600||R16 and GS||—|
|Russia||Saint Petersburg||New Zenit Stadium||69,500 (under construction)||QF and GS||—|
|Scotland||Glasgow||Hampden Park||52,063||R16 and GS||—|
|Spain||Bilbao||San Mamés Stadium||53,332||R16 and GS||1964|
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