UKROP

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Ukrainian Association of Patriots

Українське об'єднання патріотів
AbbreviationUKROP (УКРОП)
Founded18 June 2015 (2015-06-18)
HeadquartersKiev, Ukraine
IdeologyUkrainian nationalism
Social market economy
Environmentalism
Political positionRight-wing
Verkhovna Rada
3 / 450
[1]

UKROP (Ukrainian: УКРОП; literally "dill") short for the Ukrainian Association of Patriots (Українське об'єднання патріотів) is a Ukrainian nationalist[2] right wing[3] political party founded on 18 June 2015.[4] Since the 17 July 2016 constituency mid-term elections the party is represented by two seats in the Ukrainian parliament.[5]

UKROP was established in months following the Euromaidan Revolution. The core of the party comprises civil society activists, participants of Euromaidan, volunteers and members of Ukrainian territorial defense battalions.[6]

The name "ukrop" was initially a derogatory Russian slang term used to refer to Ukrainians; however, in this case some Ukrainians reclaimed the term ukrop to refer to themselves.[7][8]

History[edit]

On 2 December 2014, in the Ukrainian Parliament was established an inter-factional group called Ukrop.[9] It includes non-faction MPs Dmytro Yarosh, Andriy Biletsky, Boryslav Bereza, Borys Filatov and Volodymyr Parasiuk.[9] Following the resignation of multibillionaire Ihor Kolomoyskyi from post of governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, members of his team announced their intention to build a new political force.[10][11]

The political party Ukrop was founded on 18 June 2015,[4] transformed from the party Patriotic Alliance ("Патриотический альянс") registered on September 25, 2014.[12] The head of the party's political council became oligarch[13] Hennadiy Korban.[14]

The party logo was designed earlier by Ukrainian artist Andriy Yermolenko to serve as a sleeve badge for the participants of the war in Donbass. The author released it for the use by the party for a symbolic fee of 1 hryvnia.[12] In its turn, the word "Ukrop" ("Укроп") used by Yermolenko was a repurposed Russian ethnic slur for Ukrainians.[8] Korban was deputy governor of Kolomoyskyi when Kolomoyskyi was governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast from 2 March 2014 till 24 March 2015.

The party's first political activity was when Korban took part in the 26 July 2015 parliamentary by-election in constituency 205 located in Chernihiv[15] (He lost these elections to Serhiy Berezenko of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, who won with 35.90% of the vote).[15] Korban took second place with 14.76%.[15] During the run-up to these elections Korban was repeatedly accused of bribing voters, the use of black PR and other violations (of the electoral legislation).[16] Berezenko was accused of employing these tactics as well.[16]

The party took part in the 25 October 2015 Ukrainian local elections,[14] with their best region being Dnipropetrovsk.[17] In this city its candidate Borys Filatov was elected Mayor.[18] Nationwide (in this election) the party won nationwide eight percent of the total vote.[19] This did not lead to being one of the top seat gainers of the elections.[20]

In 2015 the Ukrainian media reported that the party was allied to Ukrainian oligarch Ihor Kolomoyskyi.[4][14][9][21][22] Korban was his deputy governor when Kolomoyskyi was governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast from 2 March 2014[23] till 24 March 2015.[24][25][25]

On 31 October 2015, Korban was arrested and suspected to be head of organized crime group.[26][27][28] The party claims offices of other party members and party offices were also searched by police.[29]

During 17 July 2016 constituency mid-term elections the party won its first two seats in the Ukrainian parliament.[5]

During its November 2016 party congress Kolomoyskyi was elected into the party leadership.[30] By then Korban was not a member of UKROP anymore.[30]

On 23 March 2018 UKROP member Oleksandr Savchenko was appointed Governor of Volyn Oblast.[31][32]

In the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election the party won 3 seats in single-seat constituencies, other UKROP members won constituency seats as candidates for Servant of the People (the two parties had no formal allegiance).[33]

Ideology and political positions[edit]

Tom Burridge of BBC News has described UKROP as a centre-left party,[34] while the European Centre for Tolerance, the European Centre for Democracy Development and the Institute for Ethnic Policy and Interethnic Relations Studies describe UKROP as right-wing.[3] Deutsche Welle described the party as "right-wing nationalist".[31]

The party claims it will create a "New Ukraine" with a social market economy including social welfare programs (including free internet access, environmental reimbursements for healthcare costs, and a public option for those who cannot afford healthcare), nationalization, environmentalism, public-private partnerships, and use of minimal regulation to guarantee "socially responsible business" in Ukraine.[35] It claims that the Russian Federation is a Fascist regime comparable to Hitler's Germany and wants Ukrainian membership in NATO and the EU.[35]

The party also claims it seeks center-right economic reforms. "We support middle class entrepreneurship, de-monopolization, lowering trade barriers and simplification of tax laws, but with an emphasis on patriotism." [36]

The party aims the "complete destruction of the existing bureaucratic corruption system", "new faces in all branches of government and law enforcement agencies, the creation of a new Constitution and gradual "zeroing" of all laws, transparent funding of political parties, as well as the nationalization of strategically important enterprises."[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://m.dw.com/uk/партійці-коломойського-в-обгортці-слуги-народу/a-49718271
  2. ^ Democracy and Disorientation: Ukraine Votes in Local Elections by Balázs Jarábik, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (23 October 2015 )
  3. ^ a b Xenophobia, radicalism and hate crime in Europe 2015 European Tolerance Center, European Center for Democracy, Institute for Ethnic Policy and Interethnic Relations Studies.
  4. ^ a b c Ukrop political party launched by oligarch Kolomoisky obtains registration, Ukrinform (18 June 2015)
  5. ^ a b (in Ukrainian)Data on vote counting at percincts within single-mandate districts Extraordinary parliamentary election on 17.06.2016 Archived 2016-07-18 at the Wayback Machine, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  6. ^ "Local elections 2015". УКРОП. Українське об'єднання патріотів. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
  7. ^ "Пристрасті за "Укропом"". zaxid.net. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Як українці стають «Укропами»", ("How Ukrainians become 'Ukrops'") Radio Liberty, Ukraininan redaction
  9. ^ a b c Justice Ministry registered the party Kolomoisky, Korrespondent.net (18 June 2015)
  10. ^ "Борис Филатов: В Днепропетровске сейчас не просто паника — там психоз - ФОКУС". ФОКУС. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
  11. ^ #БУКВЫ. "Геннадий Корбан без Коломойского. Интервью". bykvu.com. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
  12. ^ a b "Партия "Укроп" и автор логотипа Ермоленко урегулировали вопрос авторских прав на символ партии"
  13. ^ Top-100 the richest Ukrainians 2013 - Gennadiy Korban, site of the Forbes-Ukraine magazine, October, 15, 2013
  14. ^ a b c Ukrop party will run in local elections across Ukraine, Kyiv Post (July 27, 2015)
  15. ^ a b c With 100% of ballots counted in Rada by-election, Berezenko gets 35.90% of votes, Korban 14.76% – CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (28 July 2015)
  16. ^ a b Корбан: Я потерял моральное право возглавлять политсовет партии "Укроп" "Гордон", .07.2015
    This crazy Ukrainian election shows the country has a ways to go toward reform, Global Post (28 July 2015)
  17. ^ "Five lessons from the local elections in Ukraine | European Council on Foreign Relations". Ecfr.eu. 2015-10-29. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  18. ^ Borys Filatov becomes Dnipropetrovsk mayor – election commission, Ukrinform (18 November 2015)
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ Poroshenko Bloc, Batkivschyna, Nash Kray get largest number of seats in local councils – Ukrainian Voters Committee, Interfax-Ukraine (12 November 2015)
  21. ^ "Accusations of logo theft greet new party of Kolomoisky allies - Jun. 18, 2015". Kyiv Post. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Преступности.НЕТ". News.pn. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  23. ^ Ukraine Turns to Its Oligarchs for Political Help, nytimes.com (2 March 2014)
  24. ^ Cullison, Alan (27 June 2014). "Ukraine's Secret Weapon: Feisty Oligarch Ihor Kolomoisky". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  25. ^ a b Login (2015-03-28). "Gennadiy Korban: 'We will continue the fight for Ukraine with its patriots' - Mar. 28, 2015". KyivPost. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  26. ^ None 13:39 31.10.2015 (2015-10-31). "Korban detained, could be head of organized crime group, now he is not a suspect – SBU, PGO". En.interfax.com.ua. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  27. ^ "SBU suspects Korban of organized crime activity, confirms detention | UNIAN". Unian.info. 2015-10-31. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  28. ^ "SBU, PGO on a large-scale raid in Dnipropetrovsk, over 500 officers involved | UNIAN". Unian.info. 2015-10-31. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  29. ^ "UKROP party says its leader Korban detained in Dnipropetrovsk | UNIAN". Unian.info. 2015-10-31. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  30. ^ a b "Новини | Українська правда". Pda.pravda.com.ua. 2016-11-25. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  31. ^ a b "Austrian ski resort of Semmering losing faith in Ukrainian oligarch investors". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  32. ^ "Ukraine's Volyn regional governor replaced". LB.ua. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  33. ^ https://m.dw.com/uk/%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%82%D1%96%D0%B9%D1%86%D1%96-%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B9%D1%81%D1%8C%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%BE-%D0%B2-%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%D1%86%D1%96-%D1%81%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%B3%D0%B8-%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B4%D1%83/a-49718271
  34. ^ "EU resists Russian overtures on Ukraine - BBC News". Bbc.com. 2015-12-14. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  35. ^ a b Ideological platform. "Ideological platform / УКРОП. Українське об'єднання патріотів". Ukrop.com.ua. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  36. ^ У Житомирі нардеп Купрій розповів про ідеологію партії «УКРОП» та представив голову її обласного осередку
  37. ^ "Kolomoisky promoted to senior position in UKROP Party". Retrieved 10 March 2018.

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