UK Albums Chart

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The Official Albums Chart logo, as introduced by the Official Charts Company in October 2011

The UK Albums Chart (currently entitled the Official Albums Chart) is a list of albums ranked by physical and digital sales and (from March 2015) audio streaming[1] in the United Kingdom. It was published for the first time on 22 July 1956 and is compiled every week by the Official Charts Company (OCC) on Fridays (previously Sundays). It is broadcast on BBC Radio 1 (top 5) and published in Music Week magazine (top 75), on the OCC website (top 100) and in UKChartsPlus magazine (top 200).

To qualify for the Official Albums Chart the album must be the correct length and price. It must be more than three tracks or 20 minutes long and not be classed as a budget album. A budget album costs between £0.50 and £3.75. Additionally, various artist compilations – which until January 1989 were included in the main album listing – are now listed separately in a compilations chart. Full details of the rules can be found on the OCC website.[2]

According to the canon of the OCC, the official British albums chart was the Melody Maker chart from 8 November 1958 to March 1960 (although the Record Mirror published charts from 22 July 1956[3]); the Record Retailer chart from 1960 to 1969; and the Official Albums Chart from 1969 on. In the 1970s the new album chart was revealed at 12:45 pm on Thursdays on BBC Radio 1, and then moved to 6:05 pm (later 6:30 pm) on Wednesday evenings during the Peter Powell and Bruno Brookes shows. In October 1987 it moved to Monday lunchtimes, during the Gary Davies show, and from April to October 1993 it briefly had its own show from 7:00–8:00 pm on Sunday evenings, introduced by Lynn Parsons. Since October 1993 it has been included in The Official Chart show from 4:00 – 5:45 pm on Fridays (previously from 4:00 – 7:00 pm on Sundays). A weekly 'Album Chart' show was licensed out to BBC Radio 2 and presented by Simon Mayo, until it ended on 2 April 2007.

Though album sales tend to produce more revenue and, over time, act as a greater measure of an artist's success, this chart receives less media attention than the UK Singles Chart, because overall sales of an album are more important than its peak position. 2005 saw a record number of artist album sales with 126.2 million sold in the UK.[4] In February 2015, it was announced that, due to the falling sales of albums and rise in popularity of audio streaming, the Official Albums Chart would begin including streaming data from March 2015.[1] Under the revised methodology, the Official Charts Company takes the 12 most streamed tracks from one album, with the top-two songs being down-weighted in line with the average of the rest. The total of these streams is divided by 1000 and added to the pure sales of the album. This calculation was designed to ensure that the chart rundown continues to reflect the popularity of the albums themselves, rather than just the performance of one or two smash hit singles. The final number one album on the UK Albums Chart to be based purely on sales alone was Smoke + Mirrors by Imagine Dragons. On 1 March 2015, In the Lonely Hour by Sam Smith became the first album to top the new streaming-incorporated Official Albums Chart.[5]

Record holders[edit]

The most successful artists in the charts depends on the criteria used. As of February 2016, Queen albums have spent more time on the British album charts than any other musical act,[6][7] followed by The Beatles, Elvis Presley, U2 and ABBA. By most weeks at number one, however, The Beatles lead with a grand total of 174 weeks, and the most number one albums of all with 15.[8] The male solo artist with the most weeks at number one is Presley with a total of 65 weeks. Presley also holds the record for the most number one albums by a male solo artist (12) and most top ten albums by any artist (50).[9] Madonna has the most number one albums (12) by a female artist in the UK, though this includes the Evita film soundtrack which was a cast recording and not strictly a Madonna album.[10] Adele is the female solo artist with the most weeks at number one, with a total of 37 weeks.[11]

Queen's Greatest Hits is the best-selling album in UK chart history with 6 million copies sold as of February 2014.[12] Previous first-place holder The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is now in third-place after being supplanted by Queen and then by ABBA's Gold: Greatest Hits. Both albums have sold in excess of 5.1 million copies.[13] The longest running number one album, both consecutively and non-consecutively, is the soundtrack of the film South Pacific. It had a consecutive run of seventy weeks from November 1958 to March 1960 (meaning it was number one for the entire year of 1959), and had further runs at the top in 1960 and 1961, making a non-consecutive total of 115 weeks.

The youngest artist to top the chart is Neil Reid, whose debut album topped the chart in 1972 when he was only 12 years old.[14]

The oldest living artist to top the charts is Vera Lynn at the age of 92 with We'll Meet Again: The Very Best of Vera Lynn, released in 2009 (though the album only contains material she recorded between 1936 and 1959).

The album which has spent the most weeks on the charts is Queen's Greatest Hits with over 700 weeks on its own and a further 211 weeks as part of The Platinum Collection. See List of albums which have spent the most weeks on the UK Albums Chart for full details.

In 1980, Kate Bush became the first British female artist to have a number-one album in the UK with Never for Ever, as well as being the first album by any female solo artist to enter the chart at number 1. In August 2014 she became the first female artist to have eight albums in the Official UK Top 40 Albums Chart simultaneously, (altogether she had eleven albums in the Top 50 in one week).[15] She is currently in fourth place for artists having the most simultaneous UK Top 40 albums, behind Elvis Presley and David Bowie who both tie for the most simultaneous Top 40 albums (twelve each, both immediately following their deaths in 1977 and 2016 respectively),[16] and The Beatles who had eleven in 2009 when remastered versions of their albums were released.

The fastest selling album (first chart week sales) is 25 by Adele. Released in November 2015, it sold over 800,000 copies in its first week.[17]

The X Factor's 2006 runner up, Ray Quinn, is the only solo artist to top the album chart without ever releasing a single, though Led Zeppelin achieved eight consecutive number-one albums from 1970 to 1979 without releasing a single in the UK until 1997.

The biggest drop from number one was by Christina Aguilera with her 2010 album, Bionic. The album fell from the top spot in its second week to number 29.[18]

The Rolling Stones have reached number one in the album chart during five different decades (1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and then in the 2010s with a deluxe re-release of their 1972 album Exile on Main Street). ABBA have reached the top spot in four consecutive decades, though this was with the same album (Gold) in the 1990s and the 2000s. For solo artists, Elvis Presley has scored UK number-one albums in five different decades (1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 2000s and 2010s). In 1993, Cliff Richard became the first male solo artist to score UK number-one albums in four consecutive decades (1960s, 1970s, 1980s and 1990s). In 2010, Kylie Minogue became the first female solo artist to have UK number-one albums in four consecutive decades (1980s, 1990s, 2000s and 2010s).

The longest number one by a group is Simon and Garfunkel's Bridge Over Troubled Water which was no.1 for 33 weeks (13 of which were consecutive). The longest consecutive number one by a group was The Beatles' Please Please Me, which held the top spot for a straight 30 weeks. The longest number one by a male solo artist was Elvis Presley with G.I. Blues which stayed at the top for 22 weeks (his Blue Hawaii album was also the longest consecutive number one album for a male artist with 17 weeks). Adele's album 21 has the most weeks at number one by a female solo artist (and by a solo artist of either gender) with 23 weeks, 11 of which were consecutive (which is also a record for a female artist).

Rihanna's album Talk That Talk holds the record for having the lowest one-week sales while at the top of the chart, when it was number one the week of 12 August 2012 on sales of only 9,578 copies.[19]

Debut albums[edit]

The fastest selling debut albums (first week sales):

Sam Smith holds the record for most weeks spent in the Top 10 by a debut album with In the Lonely Hour, with 76, surpassing a record previously held by Emeli Sandé and The Beatles.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "UK's Official Albums Chart to include streaming data for first time". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Rules for Chart Eligibility: Albums" (PDF). Official Charts Company. 1 March 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Warwick, Neil; Kutner, Jon; Brown, Tony (2004). The Complete Book of the British Charts: Singles and Albums (3rd ed.). London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 1-84449-058-0.
  4. ^ "Blunt boosts record labels' 2005". BBC. 6 January 2008. 
  5. ^ Jones, Alan (1 March 2015). "Sam Smith tops first streaming integrated UK Albums Chart". Music Week. Intent Media. Retrieved 12 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "Queen top UK album charts league". BBC. 4 July 2005. Retrieved 27 October 2008. 
  7. ^ "Queen becomes longest reigning chart act | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  8. ^ "The Beatles". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  9. ^ "Elvis Presley". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  10. ^ "Madonna". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  11. ^ "Adele". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  12. ^ "Queen reach six million album sales in UK". BBC. 11 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "ABBA overtake The Beatles to score UK's second biggest selling album". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  14. ^ "Record Breakers and Trivia: Albums". everyhit.co.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  15. ^ "Kate Bush sets new Official Chart record". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  16. ^ "David Bowie matches Elvis Presley's Official Albums Chart record". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  17. ^ "Adele's '25' becomes UK's fastest selling album of all time with sales of over 800,000". NME.com. 
  18. ^ "Christina Aguilera Makes Music History in the UK". New York Magazine. New York Media LLC. 20 June 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  19. ^ "Album sales fall to new low as Rihanna tops UK chart despite selling less than 10,000 copies of Talk That Talk". The Independent. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  20. ^ Fulton, Rick (20 November 2009). "Record-breaker Susan Boyle claims number one spot with biggest debut album in history". Daily Record. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "Madonna breaks earnings record". BBC Online. 29 September 2006. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  22. ^ Morgan Britton, Luke (1 March 2016). "Craig David recreates iconic 'Born to Do It' album artwork with Instagram post". NME. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  23. ^ Myers, Justin (3 September 2015). "Sam Smith's In the Lonely Hour breaks Official Charts record". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 

External links[edit]