UK Film Council
Logo of the UK Film Council
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
The UK Film Council (UKFC) was a non-departmental public body set up in 2000 to develop and promote the film industry in the UK. It was constituted as a private company limited by guarantee, owned by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, and governed by a board of 15 directors. It was funded from various sources including the National Lottery. John Woodward was the Chief Executive Officer of the UKFC. As at 30 June 2008, the company had 90 full-time members of staff. It distributed more than £160m of lottery money to over 900 films. Lord Puttnam described the Council as "a layer of strategic glue that's helped bind the many parts of our disparate industry together."
On 26 July 2010, the government announced that the council would be abolished; Although one of the parties elected into that government had, for some months, promised a bonfire of the Quangos, Woodward said that the decision had been taken with "no notice and no consultation". UKFC closed on 31 March 2011, with many of its functions passing to the British Film Institute. This had happened after 2009 when the UKFC had persuaded the government of the merits of creating a "single public body for film" - in which the UKFC proposed that the British Film Institute should be abolished while the UKFC would take over all its assets and funding. However the legal protections offered to English charities like the BFI, meant that its proposals were dismissed in a QC's report as being legally impossible.
In its own words, the aim of the UKFC was:
"To stimulate a competitive, successful and vibrant UK film industry and culture, and to promote the widest possible enjoyment and understanding of cinema throughout the nations and regions of the UK. The UKFC had a mandate that spans cultural, social and economic priorities."
This represented a significant change from the UKFC's objectives when it was first established, when it stated its purpose was to create a "sustainable UK film industry".
The UKFC administered and funded a range of different activities, including:
Arguably the most visible activity of the UKFC was its direct funding for feature and short films. Between 2009 and 2013 the UKFC funded over 140 film projects. There were three funds offering around £17 million Lottery funding per year for the production and development of films.
The Development Fund aimed to broaden the quality, range and ambition of film projects being developed in the UK. With £12 million of Lottery funding to invest over three years, the fund aimed to build a talent-driven home for writers, directors and producers. It helped filmmakers of all experience levels develop their ideas and screenplays into viable feature films, be they fiction, documentary or animation, up until the moment they were ready to get production finance. There were two funding programmes, one for first-time feature filmmakers and one for established filmmakers. The First Feature Film Development Programme aimed to identify and support emerging filmmakers (e.g. screenwriters, writer/directors and writer, director, producer teams) who had not made a feature film or who had not yet had a feature film released theatrically or broadcast on UK television. Awards were made up to £25,000. The Feature Film Development Programme was a dedicated industry funding programme for producers, production companies and filmmakers with a demonstrable track record of success in feature filmmaking or in production in the audio-visual arena, looking for funding and financing partnerships. In total it funded over sixty projects. The fund also offered Signature Awards to help further encourage ambitious and original filmmakers and projects.
Funded films included Jane Campion's Bright Star; Oscar-winning filmmaker Andrea Arnold's second feature Fish Tank; Armando Iannucci's In the Loop; and Sam Taylor Wood's Nowhere Boy, written by Matt Greenhalgh.
The New Cinema Fund supported emerging talent and established filmmakers working outside the mainstream, focusing on innovative writing and gifted directors. The fund had £15 million of Lottery money to invest over three years and funded eight to ten feature films each year. It had a commitment to supporting work from the nations and regions, from black, Asian and other minority ethnic filmmakers and encouraged the use of digital technology in the production, distribution and exhibition of films. It also supported over 100 short films each year through its short film schemes. Four flagship short film schemes operated nationwide: Cinema Extreme (administered by The Bureau); the Completion Fund (administered by Maya Vision International); The Magic Hour (administered by 104 films); and Blank Slate (administered by B3 Media). The remaining short film funding offered by the UK Film Council was administered by the regional screen agencies and the national screen agencies via the Digital Shorts Scheme and Digital Nation (formerly known as Digital Shorts Plus). Features produced by the UKFC New Cinema Fund had an average IMDB rating of 6.8 and a Metacritic score of over 65. It received the second highest rating out of all UK film funding bodies during that period in both categories.
Films supported by the fund included James Marsh's Oscar-winning Man on Wire; Armando Iannucci's In the Loop (Sundance 2009); Jane Campion's Bright Star; Andrea Arnold's Fish Tank; Dominic Murphy's White Lightnin' (Berlin and Sundance Film Festivals 2009); Sally Potter's Rage (Berlin Competition 2009); Noel Clarke’s Adulthood (BAFTA Rising Star); Ken Loach's The Wind That Shakes the Barley (Cannes, Palme d'Or); Shane Meadows's This is England (BAFTA, Best British Film); Kevin Macdonald's Touching the Void (BAFTA, Best British Film); Andrea Arnold's Red Road (Cannes, Jury Prize); Paul Andrew Williams's London to Brighton (Edinburgh International Film Festival, Best New Director); Alexis Dos Santos's Unmade Beds (also at Berlin and Sundance 2009); and Duane Hopkins's Better Things (Cannes, Critics’ Week).
The Premiere Fund invested £8 million of Lottery funding per year into mainstream, commercially driven films encouraging the involvement of British creative talent in a range of films to attract international audiences.
Funded films included Mike Leigh's award-winning Happy-Go-Lucky; Oliver Gerald McMorrow’s Franklyn; Christopher Smith's Triangle; Oliver Parker's Dorian Gray; Stephen Frears's Cheri; Bob Weide's How to Lose Friends and Alienate People; Anand Tucker's And When Did You Last See Your Father?; Julian Jarrold's Brideshead Revisited; Oliver Parker and Barnaby Thompson's St Trinian's; Rupert Wyatt’s The Escapist; Roger Michell's Venus; Vito Rocco’s Faintheart; and Gabor Csupo's The Secret of Moonacre.
The Office of the British Film Commissioner worked to ensure that the UK remained an attractive production base for international films. Activities included: encouraging and supporting international films being made in the UK; strengthening the UK's production infrastructure; promoting UK talent and product around the world; working with the UK's Government to ensure that film friendly policies were in place; and reviewing and developing international co-production treaties, allowing the UK to collaborate with other countries to make films.
Distribution and exhibition
The UK Film Council's Distribution and Exhibition Department worked to make non-mainstream films more widely available to cinema audiences in the UK through the following schemes:
The Prints and Advertising Fund – provided £2 million per year to help UK distributors produce extra prints of non-mainstream or more commercially focused British films, or to publicise films more effectively through advertising and other channels.
The Cinema Access Programme (launched in 2003) – provided £350,000 to help cinemas purchase subtitling and audio-description technologies that improve the cinema-going experience for people with hearing and sight impairments. The programme also provided funds to YourLocalCinema.com, the film listings website of choice for film-goers with sensory impairments, and the Film Print Provision strand, an ongoing funding initiative that helps distributors produce fully accessible film prints.
The Digital Fund for Non Theatrical Exhibition (launched in 2004) – a £500,000 fund to help expand the activities of film clubs, societies community groups and mobile film exhibitors in order to improve viewing opportunities for audiences in rural areas across the UK that might not be able to support a full-time cinema.
The Digital Screen Network (set up in 2005 by the UK Film Council and the Arts Council England) – a £12 million investment to equip 240 screens in 210 cinemas across the UK with digital projection technology to give UK audiences much greater choice.
Capital funding – the Small Capital Fund (2006) provided £800,000 to help smaller cinemas meet the costs of essential building refurbishments and other improvements such as disabled access; and the Capital and Access Fund for Cinemas (2007) provided £500,000 to help cinemas upgrade their equipment and premises to improve the cinema-going experience for audiences.
FindAnyFilm.com – the film search engine which told users when, where and how a film is available in the UK, legally and across all formats and platforms – cinema, TV, DVD & Blu-ray sale or rental, or download.
Education and training
The UKFC also funded:
The Skillset Film Skills Fund which ensured a supply of skilled professionals in line with market demand and aims to build a bigger and better future for the film industry in the UK. As the first ever comprehensive training strategy for the British film industry, it was launched in September 2003.
First Light, a digital short filmmaking scheme that offered children and young people more opportunities to participate in and learn about filmmaking.
FILMCLUB, free to all state after school programmes in England, FILMCLUB opened the world of film to school children with free DVDs for screenings, visits from film professionals and an interactive website.
Regional and national film activity
The UKFC funded nine regional screen agencies via its Regional Investment Fund for England (RIFE) which provided funding for production, screen commissions, cinema exhibition, training, archives and education within each English region. These were: EM Media; Film London; Northern Film & Media; North West Vision and Media; Screen East; Screen South; Screen West Midlands; Screen Yorkshire and South West Screen. It also funded three national screen agencies responsible for developing film television and broadcast new media in the UK nations: Scottish Screen; Northern Ireland Screen; and the Film Agency for Wales.
Film culture and history
The UKFC also part-funded the British Film Institute which champions moving image culture, education and cinema heritage to benefit as wide an audience as possible and aims to deepen and encourage public debate about film. The BFI was responsible for delivering that part of the UKFC's strategy "to help UK audiences enjoy the best of British and world cinema".
Response to abolition
On 26 July 2010 it was announced that the council would be abolished; Actors and professionals including James McAvoy, Emily Blunt, Pete Postlethwaite, Damian Lewis, Timothy Spall, Daniel Barber and Ian Holm campaigned against the Council's abolition. The move also led American actor and director Clint Eastwood (who had filmed Hereafter in London) to write to the British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne in August 2010 to protest the decision to close the Council. Eastwood warned Osborne that the closure could result in fewer foreign production companies choosing to work in the UK. A grass-roots online campaign was launched and a petition established by supporters of the Council.
Countering this, a few professionals including Michael Winner, Julian Fellowes, Chris Atkins supported the Government's decision. A number of other organisations such as Save The British Film Industry responded positively.
At the closure of the UK Film Council on 31 March 2011, The Guardian reported that "The UKFC's entire annual budget was a reported £3m, while the cost of closing it down and restructuring is estimated to have been almost four times that amount." One of the UKFC's last films, The King's Speech, is estimated to have cost $15m to make and grossed $235m, besides winning several Academy Awards. UKFC invested $1.6m for a 34% share of net profits, a valuable stake which passed to the British Film Institute.
- "Staff FAQs". UK Film Council. Retrieved 20 March 2009.
- The Guardian, 26 July 2010, UK Film Council axed
- "Death of the UK Film Council in DCMS quango cull". The Financial Times. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- The Guardian, 1 April 2010, Fade out from the UK Film Council ... to the British Film Institute
- "The Bureau – Cinema Extreme". The Bureau. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Maya Vision International – UK Film Council Completion Fund". Maya Vision International. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- "104 films – The Magic Hour". 104 films. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Blank Slate". B3 Media. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "British film industry will suffer if the Government closes the UK Film Council", 5 August 2010
- "Daniel Barber condemns UK Film Council abolition", 29 July 2010
- "Clint Eastwood writes plea to save UK Film Council". BBC News Online. August 9, 2010. Archived from the original on January 23, 2011.
- Shoard, Catherine (9 August 2010). "Clint Eastwood joins fight to save UK Film Council". The Guardian.
- Online campaign to save the UK Film Council, 27 July 2010
- child, Ben (11 August 2010). "Michael Winner berates UK Film Council supporters". The Guardian.
- Fellowes, Julian (12 August 2010). "Cut the Film Council and end this 1970s navel-gazing". Daily Telegraph.
- Clarke, Donald (20 August 2010). "Pros and cons of dumping UK film council". Irish Times.
- Screen Focus, 24 February 2011, King's Speech: BFI gets king’s ransom?
- Regional bodies
- EM Media
- Film London
- Northern Film & Media
- North West Vision and Media
- Screen East
- Screen South
- Screen West Midlands
- Screen Yorkshire
- South West Screen
- Film Agency for Wales
- Northern Ireland Screen
- Scottish Screen