List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom

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The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of Government of the United Kingdom, and chairs Cabinet meetings. There is no specific date when the office of Prime Minister first appeared, as the role was not created but rather evolved over a period of time.[1] The term was used in the House of Commons in 1805;[2] it was certainly in Parliamentary use by the 1880s,[3] and in 1905 the post of Prime Minister was officially given recognition in the order of precedence.[4] Modern historians generally consider Sir Robert Walpole, who led the government of Great Britain for 21 years in 1721–42,[5][6] as the first Prime Minister to serve; Walpole is also the longest-serving British prime minister by this definition.[7] However, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was the first titular[clarification needed] Prime Minister, and Margaret Thatcher the longest-serving Prime Minister to be officially referred to as such.

Strictly, the first "prime minister" of the United Kingdom (of Great Britain and Ireland) was William Pitt the Younger. The first Prime Minister of the current British state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was David Lloyd George, although the country was not renamed officially until 1925 when Stanley Baldwin was Prime Minister.

Due to the gradual evolution of the post of Prime Minister, the title is applied to early Prime Ministers only retrospectively; this has sometimes given rise to academic dispute. William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath and James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave are both sometimes listed as Prime Ministers. Bath was invited to form a ministry following the resignation of Henry Pelham in 1746, as was Waldegrave in 1757 following the dismissal of William Pitt the Elder (the predominant minister of the first Devonshire ministry). Neither was able to command sufficient Parliamentary support to form a government; Bath stepped down after two days, and Waldegrave after four. Modern academic consensus does not consider either man to have held office as Prime Minister, and they are not listed.

Before 1721[edit]

Prior to the creation of the United Kingdom, the Treasury of England was led by the Lord High Treasurer. From Tudor times, the Lord High Treasurer was regarded as one of the Great Officers of State and was often (though not always) the dominant figure in the government: Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (Lord High Treasurer, 1547–49) served as Lord Protector to his nephew Edward VI; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (Lord High Treasurer, 1572–98) served Elizabeth I as chief advisor; Burghley's son Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury (Lord Privy Seal and Secretary of State; Lord High Treasurer, 1608–12) succeeded his father as chief minister to Elizabeth I and then James I.

From the 17th century onwards, the Treasury was often run not by a single individual (the Lord High Treasurer) but by a commission (i.e. a committee) of Lords of the Treasury, led by the First Lord of the Treasury. The last Lords High Treasurer, Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin (Lord High Treasurer, 1702–10) and Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer (Lord High Treasurer, 1711–14), led the government of Queen Anne.

After the succession of George I in 1714, the arrangement of a commission of Lords of the Treasury as opposed to a single Lord High Treasurer became permanent. In 1714–17, the ministry was led by Viscount Townshend, who was nominally Northern Secretary, having[clarification needed] three different First Lords. In 1717–21 Lords Stanhope and Sunderland led the administration jointly, with Stanhope managing foreign affairs and Sunderland managing domestic affairs. Stanhope died in February 1721 and Sunderland resigned in April 1721; Townshend and Walpole returned to office. From that point, the holder of the office of First Lord also unofficially held the position of "prime minister". It was not until the 20th century that the title of Prime Minister was constitutionally recognised.[8] The Prime Minister still holds the title of First Lord of the Treasury by constitutional convention.

Since 1721[edit]

Century
Monarch
  Whig       Tory       Conservative       Peelite       Liberal       Labour       National Labour
Portrait Name
Honorifics & Constituency
(Birth–Death)
Term of office
Electoral mandates
Other ministerial offices held as Prime Minister Political party Government Monarch
(Reign)
Ref
Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford by Arthur Pond.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Walpole
KG KB
MP for King's Lynn until 1742
Earl of Orford from 1742
(1676–1745)
4 April
1721
15 May
1730
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Whig Walpole–Townshend
(I–III)
George I
King of Great Britain
(1714–1727)
[5]
[7]
[9]
[10]
15 May
1730
11 February
1742
Walpole
(IV–VI)
George II
King of Great Britain
(1727–1760)
Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Spencer Compton,
1st Earl of Wilmington

KG KB PC
(1673–1743)
16 February
1742
2 July
1743
– First Lord of the Treasury Whig Carteret [11]
Henry Pelham, Parliamentary Art Collection crop.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Pelham
FRS
MP for Sussex
(1694–1754)
27 August
1743
10 February
1746
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Whig Carteret [12]
[13]
[14]
[15]
Broad Bottom
(I–III)
12 February
1746
6 March
1754
1747
1stDukeOfNewcastleOld.jpg His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles,
1st Duke of Newcastle

KG PC FRS
(1693–1768)
16 March
1754
16 November
1756
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig Newcastle
(I & II)
[11]
[16]
[17]
1754
4th Duke of Devonshire after Hudson.jpg His Grace
William Cavendish,
4th Duke of Devonshire

KG PC
(1720–1764)
16 November
1756
25 June
1757
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig Pitt–Devonshire [11]
[18]
1757 Caretaker
1stDukeOfNewcastleOld.jpg His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles,
1st Duke of Newcastle

KG PC FRS
(1693–1768)
2 July
1757
26 May
1762
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig Pitt–Newcastle
(I & II)
[11]
[19]
1761 George III
King of the United Kingdom
(1760–1820)
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
John Stuart,
3rd Earl of Bute

KG PC
(1713–1792)
26 May
1762
8 April
1763
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Tory Bute [20]
George Grenville (1712–1770) by William Hoare (1707-1792) Cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
George Grenville
PC
MP for Buckingham
(1712–1770)
16 April
1763
13 July
1765
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Whig
(Grenvillite)
Grenville [21]
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth,
2nd Marquess of Rockingham

KG PC FRS
(1730–1782)
13 July
1765
30 July
1766
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig
(Rockingham)
Rockingham I [22]
William Pitt the Elder by William Hoare crop.jpg The Right Honourable
William Pitt ‘the Elder’,
1st Earl of Chatham

PC FRS
MP for Bath until 1766
Earl of Chatham from 1766
(1708–1778)
30 July
1766
14 October
1768
– Lord Privy Seal Whig
(Chathamite)
Chatham
(I & II)
[23]
1768
Grafton3 cropped.JPG His Grace
Augustus FitzRoy,
3rd Duke of Grafton

KG PC
(1735–1811)
14 October
1768
28 January
1770
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig
(Chathamite)
Grafton [24]
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Frederick North,
Lord North

KG PC
MP for Banbury
(1732–1792)
28 January
1770
22 March
1782
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Tory North
(I–III)
[25]
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth,
2nd Marquess of Rockingham

KG PC
(1730–1782)
27 March
1782
1 July
1782
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig
(Rockingham)
Rockingham II [11]
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne by JL Mosnier crop.jpg The Right Honourable
William Petty,
2nd Earl of Shelburne

KG PC
(1737–1805)
4 July
1782
2 April
1783
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig
(Chathamite)
Shelburne [11]
3rd Duke of Portland crop.jpg His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck,
3rd Duke of Portland

PC FRS
(1738–1809)
2 April
1783
19 December
1783
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig Fox–North [11]
William Pitt the Younger 2 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Pitt ‘the Younger’
MP for Appleby until 1784
MP for Cambridge University from 1784
(1759–1806)
19 December
1783
14 March
1801
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt
(I–IV)
[26]
Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Addington
MP for Devizes
(1757–1844)
17 March
1801
10 May
1804
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Tory
(Pittite)
Addington
(I & II)
[11]
William Pitt the Younger 2 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Pitt ‘the Younger’
MP for Cambridge University
(1759–1806)
10 May
1804
23 January
1806
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt V [11]
1st Baron Grenville cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Grenville,
1st Baron Grenville

PC FRS
(1759–1834)
11 February
1806
31 March
1807
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig All the Talents
(I & II)
[11]
1806
3rd Duke of Portland crop.jpg His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck,
3rd Duke of Portland

KG PC FRS
(1738–1809)
31 March
1807
4 October
1809
– First Lord of the Treasury Tory
(nominally Whig)
Portland
(II & III)
[11]
1807
Spencerperceval.jpg The Right Honourable
Spencer Perceval
KC
MP for Northampton
(1762–1812)
4 October
1809
11 May
1812
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
– Leader of the House of Commons
Tory Perceval [27]
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson,
2nd Earl of Liverpool

KG PC FRS
(1770–1828)
8 June
1812
9 April
1827
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Tory Liverpool
(I–V)
[28]
George IV
King of the United Kingdom
(1820–1830)
George Canning by Richard Evans - detail.jpg The Right Honourable
George Canning
FRS
MP for Seaford
(1770–1827)
10 April
1827
8 August
1827
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Tory
(Canningite)
Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
[11]
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Frederick John Robinson,
1st Viscount Goderich

PC
(1782–1859)
31 August
1827
21 January
1828
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Tory
(Canningite)
Goderich
(CanningiteWhig)
[11]
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field Marshal His Grace
Arthur Wellesley,
1st Duke of Wellington

KG GCB GCH PC
(1769–1852)
22 January
1828
16 November
1830
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Tory Wellington [11]
1830 William IV
King of the United Kingdom
(1830–1837)
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey by Sir Thomas Lawrence copy.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Grey,
2nd Earl Grey

KG PC
(1764–1845)
22 November
1830
9 July
1834
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig Grey
(I–III)
[29]
2nd V Melbourne.jpg The Right Honourable
William Lamb,
2nd Viscount Melbourne

PC
(1779–1848)
16 July
1834
14 November
1834
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig Melbourne I [30]
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field Marshal His Grace
Arthur Wellesley,
1st Duke of Wellington

KG GCB GCH PC
(1769–1852)
14 November
1834
10 December
1834
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Secretary of State for the Home Department
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
– Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
– Leader of the House of Lords
Tory Wellington Caretaker [31]
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel, Bt
FRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
10 December
1834
8 April
1835
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Chancellor of the Exchequer
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative Peel I [32]
[33]
1835§
2nd V Melbourne.jpg The Right Honourable
William Lamb,
2nd Viscount Melbourne

PC FRS
(1779–1848)
18 April
1835
30 August
1841
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Whig Melbourne
(II & III)
[34]
Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
(1837–1901)
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel, Bt
FRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
30 August
1841
29 June
1846
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative Peel II [35]
1841
Lord John Russell.jpg The Right Honourable
Lord John Russell
GCMG PC FRS
MP for City of London
(1792–1878)
30 June
1846
21 February
1852
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Whig Russell
(I & II)
[36]
1847§
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley,
14th Earl of Derby

PC
(1799–1869)
23 February
1852
17 December
1852
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Conservative Who? Who?
(I & II)
[37]
1852
Earlofaberdeen.jpg The Right Honourable
George Hamilton-Gordon,
4th Earl of Aberdeen

KG KT FRSE FRS PC FSA Scot
(1784–1860)
19 December
1852
30 January
1855
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Peelite Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)
[38]
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple,
3rd Viscount Palmerston

KG GCB PC FRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
6 February
1855
19 February
1858
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Whig Palmerston
(I & II)
[39]
1857
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley,
14th Earl of Derby

KG PC
(1799–1869)
20 February
1858
11 June
1859
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Conservative Derby III [40]
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple,
3rd Viscount Palmerston

KG GCB PC FRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
12 June
1859
18 October
1865
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Liberal Palmerston
(III & IV)
[41]
Lord John Russell.jpg The Right Honourable
John Russell,
1st Earl Russell

KG GCMG PC FRS
(1792–1878)
29 October
1865
26 June
1866
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Liberal Russell III [42]
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley,
14th Earl of Derby

KG PC
(1799–1869)
28 June
1866
25 February
1868
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Lords
Conservative Derby IV [43]
Disraeli.jpg The Right Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli
MP for Buckinghamshire
(1804–1881)
Disraeli Premierships – First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative Disraeli I [44]
27 February
1868
1 December
1868
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FSS
MP for Greenwich
(1809–1898)
Gladstone Premierships – First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
– Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1873
Liberal Gladstone I [45]
3 December
1868
17 February
1874
1868
Disraeli.jpg The Right Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli,
1st Earl of Beaconsfield

KG PC FRS
MP for Buckinghamshire until 1876
Earl of Beaconsfield from 1876
(1804–1881)
20 February
1874
21 April
1880
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons until 1876
– Lord Privy Seal during 1876–1878
– Leader of the House of Lords from 1876
Conservative Disraeli II [46]
1874
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
23 April
1880
9 June
1885
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
– Chancellor of the Exchequer during 1880–1882
Liberal Gladstone II [47]
1880
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil,
3rd Marquess of Salisbury

KG GCVO PC FRS
(1830–1903)
23 June
1885
28 January
1886
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
– Leader of the House of Lords
Conservative Salisbury I [48]
1885§
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
1 February
1886
20 July
1886
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Lord Privy Seal
– Leader of the House of Commons
Liberal Gladstone III [49]
1885
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil,
3rd Marquess of Salisbury

KG GCVO PC FRS
(1830–1903)
25 July
1886
11 August
1892
– Leader of the House of Lords
– First Lord of the Treasury during 1886–1887
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1887
Conservative Salisbury II [50]
1886
Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
15 August
1892
2 March
1894
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Lord Privy Seal
– Leader of the House of Commons
Liberal Gladstone IV [51]
1892§
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery - 1890s.jpg The Right Honourable
Archibald Primrose,
5th Earl of Rosebery

KG PC FRS
(1847–1929)
5 March
1894
22 June
1895
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Lord President of the Council
– Leader of the House of Lords
Liberal Rosebery [52]
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil,
3rd Marquess of Salisbury

KG GCVO PC FRS
(1830–1903)
25 June
1895
11 July
1902
– Leader of the House of Lords
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs during 1895–1900
– Lord Privy Seal from 1900
Conservative Salisbury
(III–V)

(Cons.Lib.U.)
[53]
Edward VII
King of the United Kingdom
(1901–1910)
Arthur Balfour, photo portrait facing left.jpg The Right Honourable
Arthur Balfour
OM FRS DL
MP for Manchester East
(1848–1930)
11 July
1902
5 December
1905
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative Balfour
(Cons.Lib.U.)
[11]
Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
GCB
MP for Stirling Burghs
(1836–1908)
5 December
1905
7 April
1908
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Liberal Campbell-Bannerman
(I & II)
[11]
1906
H H Asquith 1908.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Henry Asquith
KC FRS
MP for East Fife
(1852–1928)
7 April
1908
25 May
1915
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
– Secretary of State for War during 1914
Liberal Asquith (I–III) [11]
25 May
1915
6 December
1916
Asquith IV
(Lib.Cons.Lab.)
George V
King of the United Kingdom
(1910–1936)
The Right Hon. David Lloyd George.jpg The Right Honourable
David Lloyd George
OM
MP for Caernarvon Boroughs
(1863–1945)
6 December
1916
19 October
1922
– First Lord of the Treasury Liberal Lloyd George
(I & II)

(Lib.Cons.Lab.)
[54]
1918
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg The Right Honourable
Andrew Bonar Law
MP for Glasgow Central
(1858–1923)
23 October
1922
20 May
1923
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative Law
(I & II)
[55]
1922
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
23 May
1923
16 January
1924
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
– Chancellor of the Exchequer during 1923
Conservative Baldwin I [56]
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain 35734.jpg The Right Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald
MP for Aberavon
(1866–1937)
22 January
1924
4 November
1924
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
– Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Labour MacDonald I [57]
1923§
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
FRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
4 November
1924
5 June
1929
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative Baldwin II [58]
1924
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain 35734.jpg The Right Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald
FRS
MP for Seaham
(1866–1937)
5 June
1929
24 August
1931
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Labour MacDonald II [59]
24 August
1931
7 June
1935
National Labour 1st & 2nd National
(Lab.Nat.Cons.Lib.Nat.
Lib. until 1932
)
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
FRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
7 June
1935
28 May
1937
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative 3rd National
(Cons.Lab.Nat.Lib.Nat.)
[60]
1935 Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
(1936)
  George VI
King of the United Kingdom
(1936–1952)
Neville chamberlain1921.jpg The Right Honourable
Neville Chamberlain
FRS
MP for Birmingham Edgbaston
(1869–1940)
28 May
1937
3 September
1939
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Leader of the House of Commons
Conservative 4th National
(Cons.Lab.Nat.Lib.Nat.)
[11]
3 September
1939
10 May
1940
Chamberlain War
(Cons.Lab.Nat.Lib.Nat.)
Churchill HU 90973.jpg The Right Honourable
Winston Churchill
CH TD DL FRS RA
MP for Epping
(1874–1965)
10 May
1940
23 May
1945
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister of Defence
– Leader of the House of Commons until 1942
Conservative Churchill War
(All parties)
[61]
[62]
23 May
1945
26 July
1945
Churchill Caretaker
(Cons.Lib.Nat.)
Attlee BW cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Clement Attlee
OM CH FRS
MP for Limehouse until 1950
MP for Walthamstow West from 1950
(1883–1967)
26 July
1945
26 October
1951
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister of Defence during 1945–1946
Labour Attlee
(I & II)
[63]
Churchill HU 90973.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Winston Churchill
KG OM CH TD DL FRS RA
MP for Woodford
(1874–1965)
26 October
1951
6 April
1955
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister of Defence during 1951–1952
Conservative Churchill III [64]
1951 Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
(1952–present)
Sir Anthony-Eden number 10 Official.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Anthony Eden
KG MC
MP for Warwick and Leamington
(1897–1977)
6 April
1955
10 January
1957
– First Lord of the Treasury Conservative Eden
(I & II)
[65]
1955
Harold Macmillan number 10 official.jpg The Right Honourable
Harold Macmillan
FRS
MP for Bromley
(1894–1986)
10 January
1957
19 October
1963
– First Lord of the Treasury Conservative Macmillan
(I & II)
[66]
1959
Alec Douglas-Home (c1963).jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
KT
Earl of Home until 1963
MP for Kinross and Western Perthshire from 1963
(1903–1995)
19 October
1963
16 October
1964
– First Lord of the Treasury Conservative Douglas-Home [67]
Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg The Right Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBE FRS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
16 October
1964
19 June
1970
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service from 1968
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
[68]
Heathdod.JPG The Right Honourable
Edward Heath
MBE
MP for Bexley
(1916–2005)
19 June
1970
4 March
1974
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Conservative Heath [69]
1970
Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg The Right Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBE FRS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
4 March
1974
5 April
1976
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
[70]
James Callaghan.JPG The Right Honourable
James Callaghan
MP for Cardiff South East
(1912–2005)
5 April
1976
4 May
1979
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Labour Callaghan [71]
[72]
Margaret Thatcher cropped2.png The Right Honourable
Margaret Thatcher
FRS
MP for Finchley
(1925–2013)
Thatcher Premiership – First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Conservative Thatcher I [73]
[74]
4 May
1979
28 November
1990
Thatcher II
Thatcher III
Major PM full.jpg The Right Honourable
John Major
MP for Huntingdon
(born 1943)
28 November
1990
2 May
1997
– First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Conservative Major I [75]
[76]
Major II
1992
TonyBlairofficial (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Tony Blair
MP for Sedgefield
(born 1953)
Blair Premiership – First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Labour Blair
(I–III)
[77]
[78]
2 May
1997
27 June
2007
Gordon Brown official.jpg The Right Honourable
Gordon Brown
MP for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
(born 1951)
Brown Premiership – First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Labour Brown [79]
27 June
2007
11 May
2010
Official-photo-cameron.png The Right Honourable
David Cameron
MP for Witney
(born 1966)
Cameron Premiership – First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Conservative Cameron–Clegg
(Cons.Lib.Dem.)
[80]
11 May
2010
8 May
2015
8 May
2015
13 July
2016
Cameron II
Theresa May (cropped).png The Right Honourable
Theresa May
MP for Maidenhead
(born 1956)
May Premiership – First Lord of the Treasury
– Minister for the Civil Service
Conservative May I [81]
13 July
2016
Incumbent
May II
2017§

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Hansard, 29 April 1805 Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Hansard, 20 March 1885 Archived 21 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. and 14 April 1885 Archived 21 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
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  41. ^ Longford 1998, p. 282.
  42. ^ Longford 1998, p. 346.
  43. ^ Longford 1998, p. 351.
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  45. ^ Longford 1998, p. 357.
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  47. ^ Longford 1998, p. 433.
  48. ^ Hunt, William; Poole, Reginald Lane (1907). The Political History of England. Longmans, Green and co. p. 505. 
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  79. ^ Summers, Deborah; Mulholland, Hélène (27 June 2007). "Brown declared prime minister". The Guardian. London: Guardian News & Media. Archived from the original on 5 October 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
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Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]