UL16 binding protein 2 (ULBP2) is a cell surface glycoprotein encoded by ULBP2 gene located on the chromosome 6. ULBP2 is related to MHC class I molecules, but its gene maps outside the MHC locus. The domain structure of ULBP2 differs significantly from those of conventional MHC class I molecules. It does not contain the α3 domain and the transmembrane segment. ULBP2 is thus composed of only the α1α2 domain which is linked to the cell membrane by the GPI anchor. It functions as a stress-induced ligand for NKG2D receptor.
^ abcCosman D, Müllberg J, Sutherland CL, Chin W, Armitage R, Fanslow W, Kubin M, Chalupny NJ (Feb 2001). "ULBPs, novel MHC class I-related molecules, bind to CMV glycoprotein UL16 and stimulate NK cytotoxicity through the NKG2D receptor". Immunity. 14 (2): 123–33. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(01)00095-4. PMID11239445.
^ abcdRadosavljevic M, Cuillerier B, Wilson MJ, Clément O, Wicker S, Gilfillan S, Beck S, Trowsdale J, Bahram S (Jan 2002). "A cluster of ten novel MHC class I related genes on human chromosome 6q24.2-q25.3". Genomics. 79 (1): 114–23. doi:10.1006/geno.2001.6673. PMID11827464.
Onda H, Ohkubo S, Shintani Y, Ogi K, Kikuchi K, Tanaka H, Yamamoto K, Tsuji I, Ishibashi Y, Yamada T, Kitada C, Suzuki N, Sawada H, Nishimura O, Fujino M (Jul 2001). "A novel secreted tumor antigen with a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored structure ubiquitously expressed in human cancers". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 285 (2): 235–43. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2001.5149. PMID11444831.
Steinle A, Li P, Morris DL, Groh V, Lanier LL, Strong RK, Spies T (2001). "Interactions of human NKG2D with its ligands MICA, MICB, and homologs of the mouse RAE-1 protein family". Immunogenetics. 53 (4): 279–87. doi:10.1007/s002510100325. PMID11491531.
Sutherland CL, Chalupny NJ, Schooley K, VandenBos T, Kubin M, Cosman D (Jan 2002). "UL16-binding proteins, novel MHC class I-related proteins, bind to NKG2D and activate multiple signaling pathways in primary NK cells". Journal of Immunology. 168 (2): 671–9. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.168.2.671. PMID11777960.
Radosavljevic M, Cuillerier B, Wilson MJ, Clément O, Wicker S, Gilfillan S, Beck S, Trowsdale J, Bahram S (Jan 2002). "A cluster of ten novel MHC class I related genes on human chromosome 6q24.2-q25.3". Genomics. 79 (1): 114–23. doi:10.1006/geno.2001.6673. PMID11827464.
Rölle A, Mousavi-Jazi M, Eriksson M, Odeberg J, Söderberg-Nauclér C, Cosman D, Kärre K, Cerboni C (Jul 2003). "Effects of human cytomegalovirus infection on ligands for the activating NKG2D receptor of NK cells: up-regulation of UL16-binding protein (ULBP)1 and ULBP2 is counteracted by the viral UL16 protein". Journal of Immunology. 171 (2): 902–8. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.171.2.902. PMID12847260.
Rohner A, Langenkamp U, Siegler U, Kalberer CP, Wodnar-Filipowicz A (Oct 2007). "Differentiation-promoting drugs up-regulate NKG2D ligand expression and enhance the susceptibility of acute myeloid leukemia cells to natural killer cell-mediated lysis". Leukemia Research. 31 (10): 1393–402. doi:10.1016/j.leukres.2007.02.020. PMID17391757.