The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education is the largest international postgraduate water education facility in the world and is based in Delft, Netherlands. The Institute confers fully accredited MSc degrees, and PhD degrees in collaboration with partners in the Netherlands. Since 1957 the Institute has provided postgraduate education to more than 14,500 water professionals from over 160 countries.
UNESCO-IHE was created in 2003 from the previous IHE. This in turn was established from the International Course in Hydraulic Engineering (set up in 1957). This name changed to International Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering (IHE) in 1976.
UNESCO-IHE is owned by all UNESCO member states and is established as a UNESCO "Category I Institute" jointly by UNESCO and the Government of the Netherlands. The agreements include internal rules that guarantee functional autonomy to achieve the Institute's objectives.
UNESCO-IHE is instrumental in the strengthening of efforts by other universities and research centres in increasing knowledge and skills of professionals working in the water sector. The Member States of UNESCO will have access to the knowledge and services of UNESCO-IHE in human and institutional capacity-building, which is vital to their efforts in the achievement of Millennium Development Goals, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (Agenda 21) and other global water objectives.
UNESCO-IHE carries out three types of activities that complement and reinforce each other in broad the broad field of water engineering, water management, environment, sanitation, and governance. Its core activities are education, research, and capacity building, with additional functions including:
- Offering education, training, and research;
- Providing capacity development services, particularly for developing countries;
- Setting up and managing international networks of educational and water sector institutions and organizations;
- Serving as a policy forum for UNESCO Member States and other stakeholders;
- Providing professional expertise and advice on water education; and
- Playing a leadership role in international standard setting for postgraduate water education programmes and continuing professional education.
Since its inception in 1957, IHE – as it was known – has provided postgraduate education to numerous professionals (engineers and scientists) almost entirely from developing/transitional countries, representing 162 countries. It has also graduated over 100 PhD candidates and executed numerous research and capacity development projects throughout the world. Many of the alumni have reached senior positions in their home countries upon return and remain key links in the global water network.
UNESCO's work in water is built on three pillars. At its heart is the long-standing International Hydrological Programme (IHP), now carried out in collaboration with academic and professional institutions, IHP National Committees, and governments of UNESCO's 190 Member States.
The second pillar is provided by UNESCO-IHE as an integral part of UNESCO, as well as around ten associated regional and international centres throughout the world.
The third pillar is the World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP), a joint initiative of 26 bodies of the United Nations system which make up UN-Water. WWAP, a programme of UN-Water hosted by UNESCO, produces the triennial UN World Water Development Report, the first global assessment of its kind on the world's water resources.