United Nations Support Mission in Libya
|United Nations Support Mission in Libya|
|Formation||16 September 2011|
|Type||Special Political Mission|
|United Nations Security Council|
The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) is a United Nations advanced mission in Libya, in the aftermath of the Libyan Civil War. UNSMIL is not a military mission, but a political one led by the Department of Political Affairs. It aims to help the National Transitional Council rebuild the State of Law and other institutions.
UNSCR 2009 (2011) said:
- Decides to establish a United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), under the leadership of a Special Representative of the Secretary-General for an initial period of three months, and decides further that the mandate of UNSMIL shall be to assist and support Libyan national efforts to :
- (a) restore public security and order and promote the rule of law;
- (b) undertake inclusive political dialogue, promote national reconciliation, and embark upon the constitution-making and electoral process;
- (c) extend state authority, including through strengthening emerging accountable institutions and the restoration of public services;
- (d) promote and protect human rights, particularly for those belonging to vulnerable groups, and support transitional justice;
- (e) take the immediate steps required to initiate economic recovery; and
- (f) coordinate support that may be requested from other multilateral and bilateral actors as appropriate;
Ian Martin was the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UNSMIL from 11 September 2011 until 17 October 2012 when he was succeeded by Tarek Mitri. On 14 August 2014, Tarek Mitri was succeeded by Bernardino León.