United Nations Support Mission in Libya
|Formation||16 September 2011|
|Type||Special political mission|
|Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of Mission |
|United Nations Security Council|
The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) is a United Nations advanced mission in Libya, in the aftermath of the Libyan Civil War. UNSMIL is not a military mission, but a political one led by the Department of Political Affairs. It aims to help the National Transitional Council rebuild the State of Law and other institutions. Its mandate was last extended on 13 September 2018 to last until 15 September 2019.
UNSMIL, United Nations Support Mission in Libya, recorded 48 deaths and 22 injuries in clashes between Libya’s political factions in the month of September 2018. 
UNSCR 2009 (2011) said:
- Decides to establish a United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), under the leadership of a Special Representative of the Secretary-General for an initial period of three months, and decides further that the mandate of UNSMIL shall be to assist and support Libyan national efforts to :
- (a) restore public security and order and promote the rule of law;
- (b) undertake inclusive political dialogue, promote national reconciliation, and embark upon the constitution-making and electoral process;
- (c) extend state authority, including through strengthening emerging accountable institutions and the restoration of public services;
- (d) promote and protect human rights, particularly for those belonging to vulnerable groups, and support transitional justice;
- (e) take the immediate steps required to initiate economic recovery; and
- (f) coordinate support that may be requested from other multilateral and bilateral actors as appropriate;
Ian Martin was the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UNSMIL from 11 September 2011 until 17 October 2012 when he was succeeded by Tarek Mitri. On 14 August 2014, Tarek Mitri was succeeded by Bernardino León.
- https://www.un.org/wcm/content/site/undpa/main/about/field_operations, accessed September 2011
- "UN pledges support for Libya's reconstruction". Xinhuanet.
- "Security Council Extends Mandate of United Nations Support Mission in Libya until 15 September 2019, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2434 (2018)" (Press release). New York: United Nations. 13 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- UNSMIL reports 40 civilian casualties, 18 deaths and 22 injuries in Libya during September
- Libya rivals made progress in Tunis talks: UN, The New Arab, 1 octobre 2017.
- Représentations des Organisations Internationales et Régionales, ministère tunisien des affaires étrangères.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)