UOB Plaza

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United Overseas Bank Plaza
Chinese: 大华银行大厦
Malay: Bangunan Bank UOB
UOBnOUB.JPG
Alternative namesUnited Overseas Bank Plaza
General information
TypeCommercial offices
LocationDowntown Core, Singapore
Coordinates1°17′08″N 103°50′59″E / 1.28555°N 103.84972°E / 1.28555; 103.84972Coordinates: 1°17′08″N 103°50′59″E / 1.28555°N 103.84972°E / 1.28555; 103.84972
Construction startedPlaza One: 1992
CompletedPlaza One: 1995
Plaza Two: 1974
OwnerUnited Overseas Bank
ManagementUnited Overseas Bank Property Management
Height
RoofPlaza One: 280 m (920 ft)
Plaza Two: 162 m (531 ft)
Technical details
Floor countPlaza One: 66
Plaza Two: 38
Floor areaPlaza One: 42,230 m2 (454,600 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectKenzo Tange Associates
Architects 61
Architects Team 3
DeveloperUnited Overseas Bank
Structural engineerArup
Main contractorNishimatsu Construction
Lum Chang JV
References
[1][2][3][4][5][6]

United Overseas Bank Plaza (UOB Plaza) is a complex with twin tower late-modernist skyscrapers in the city of Singapore. UOB Plaza One was one of the three tallest in the city, sharing the title with the OUB Centre and Republic Plaza, but it is now the second tallest since the construction of Tanjong Pagar Centre in 2016. UOB Plaza Two is a shorter and older building with construction completed in 1973 and was later renovated in 1995 with a similar facade as UOB Plaza One. Both buildings are connected by a 45 m (148 ft) podium supported by four columns. The podium houses the banking hall of the United Overseas Bank's main branch. The building was opened by then Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew in 1995 which was 60 years after the founding of the United Overseas Bank.

Overview[edit]

The UOB Plaza is a 280.1 m tall 66-floor high-rise, three-story underground building built at Raffles Place, Singapore's Central Business District, along the Singapore River. It is a box-shaped post-modernism building which was designed by Kenzo Tange, a renowned Japanese architect, and was constructed by Nishimatsu Construction and Lum Chang JV. It was completed in 1992.

Built as the head office of the United Overseas Bank, one of Singapore's leading banks, the building was also one of the country's tallest skyscrapers along with the adjoining OUB Center and Republic Plaza until it was succeeded by the Tanjong Pagar Centre.

There are two buildings that make up the Plaza, which are divided into the high-rise "Plaza 1 (UOB Plaza One)" and the low-rise "Plaza (UOB Plaza Two)". Among them, "Plaza 2" was built in 1973 before it was remodeled in 1995.

The materials, colors, shapes and overall image of the building closely resembles the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, which was completed in Shinjuku, Tokyo in 1990 which was also designed by Kenzo Tange.

UOB Plaza Two[edit]

UOB Plaza Two is a 162 m (531 ft) building with 38 floors and was completed in 1973 with the building reconstructed again in 1995. The building was formerly called the Bonham Building and housed the former United Chinese Bank (now the United Overseas Bank) before it changed to the current name in 1965.[7]

Architecture[edit]

The towers have an octagonal base and consists of rotated cubic volumes, which is a distinctive stylistic expression of Kenzo Tange's works in the 1990s. The cubic volumes on the octagonal base, they rotate on a 45 degree plane of reference and diminish in volume towards the top of UOB Plaza One. A six-storey podium links the two buildings together and skillfully accommodates the reconstructed UOB Building (now UOB Plaza 2). This place is a large airy atrium linking Raffles Place to Singapore River without entering the building. The banking hall has full height glass walls to see through the Singapore River from the financial district. The change in lighting brings out the geometric qualities of the building's architecture, highlighting the buildings with shafts of light and shadow. The external curtain wall system of the building represents a significant and innovative contribution of the evolution of building facades over time. The "performance wall" envelope of the towers is a composite of white and grey granite and insulated grey glass units. The atrium is also known as a "city room" and above it has a large office space and a large skylight, which gives the place natural lighting. A double storey sky lobby could be found on the 37th and 38th floors, which provide panoramic views of the city. It is also used for workers to transfer lifts from the lower floors to the higher floors. However, the sky lobby has been closed to the public due to security reasons after the September 11, 2001 attacks. There are two sculptures on the ground floor; Homage To Newton by Salvador Dalí in the city room, and another designed by Fernando Botero.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UOB Plaza One". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  2. ^ "UOB Plaza Two". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  3. ^ UOB Plaza at Emporis
  4. ^ UOB Plaza at Glass Steel and Stone (archived)
  5. ^ "UOB Plaza One". SkyscraperPage.
  6. ^ "UOB Plaza Two". SkyscraperPage.
  7. ^ "Marked Historic SitesUnited Overseas Bank". Heritage Trails. National Heritage Board. 2009. Archived from the original on 12 October 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • 'Wong, Yunn Chii (2005). Singapore 1:1: A Gallery of Architecture & Urban Design. Singapore: Urban Redevelopment Authority. ISBN 981-05-4467-7.

External links[edit]