UR-100N

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UR-100N
SS-19 Stiletto
SS-19 missiles.jpg
Type ICBM
Service history
In service 1975–present
Used by Soviet Union / CIS
Production history
Designer NPO Mashinostroyeniya
Manufacturer Khrunichev Machine-Building Plant
Specifications
Weight 105.6 tonnes
Length 27 metres
Diameter 2.5 m
Warhead up to 6
Blast yield 400 kt (Mod 3),[1] 5 Mt (Mod 2)

Engine

two-stage liquid fuel

  1. First stage powered by three RD-0233 and one RD-0234[2][3]
  2. Second stage powered by a RD-0235 main engine one RD-0236 vernier engine[2][3]
  3. MIRV Service block use the RD-0237 as steering engine[4]
Operational
range
10,000 km
Guidance
system
inertial

The UR-100N is an intercontinental ballistic missile in service with Soviet and Russian Strategic Rocket Forces. The missile was given the NATO reporting name SS-19 Stiletto and carries the industry designation 15A30.

Development[edit]

Development of the UR-100N began at OKB-52 in 1970 and flight tests were carried out from 1973 through 1975. In 1976, the improved UR-100NUTTKh (SS-19 Mod 3) version entered development with flight tests in the later half of the decade. The rocket's control system was developed at NPO "Electropribor"[5] (Kharkiv, Ukraine).

Description[edit]

The UR-100N is a fourth-generation silo-launched liquid-propellant ICBM similar to the UR-100 but with much increased dimensions, weights, performance, and payload. The missile was not designed to use existing UR-100 silos, and therefore had new silos constructed for it.

The missile has a preparation time to start of 25 minutes, a storage period of 22 years, and 6 MIRVs[6]

Operational history[edit]

The UR-100N reached initial operating capability in 1974, and by 1978 an inventory of 190 launchers were reached. In 1979, the UR-100UTTKh became operational and by 1983 had replaced many older missiles and reached maximum inventory of 360 launchers. This had fallen to 300 by 1991, and with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many in Ukraine became property of that nation. 170 remained in Russia, although treaty obligations required the rearming of the missiles with single warheads. Russia retains 30 UR-100UTTKhs in its inventory[7] with the potential to retain as many as fifty by the end of the decade. Recent political developments have led to plans to rearm the missiles again with MIRV warheads.

The units previously held by Ukraine have been returned to Russia or decommissioned.

As of 2013, the Russian Strategic Rocket Forces had an estimated 35 SS-19s in service.[8]

The UR-100N forms the basis of the Rockot space launch system, which was used in several successful launches in the 1990s and early 2000s (decade), and one failed launch of the ESA CryoSat satellite in 2005. After the failure, Rockot launches were suspended. Once the cause was unambiguously identified and corrective measures implemented, Rockot returned to active service on 28 July 2006, with the successful launch of an earth observation satellite for South Korea.

START-1 Treaty[edit]

The START I treaty was signed by the Soviet Union in 1991. The treaty required the Soviet Union to begin the process of dismantling nuclear war heads and the launchers used for SS-19 missiles.[9] The Soviet Union had 300 100NUTTH missiles stationed in both Russia and Ukraine. 130 deployed in Ukraine and the rest scattered around Russia.[10] After the fall of the USSR, Ukraine claimed ownership of all the missiles that were in its territory. Ukraine then began dismantling launchers for the SS-19 missiles in compliance with the START 1 treaty. Nuclear warheads that were deployed in Ukraine were also dismantled following terms in START 1 treaty.[11]

Operators[edit]

 Soviet Union and  Russia
The Strategic Rocket Forces are the primary operator of the UR-100N.
 Ukraine
The Armed Forces of Ukraine inherited a number of missiles from the Soviet Union and rapidly turned them over to Russia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://bos.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/04/13/0096340215581363.full.pdf+html
  2. ^ a b "RD-0233, RD-0234, RD-0235, RD-0236, RD-0237. Intercontinental ballistic missiles RS-18". KBKhA. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  3. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly. "UR-100N Family". RussianSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  4. ^ "RD-0237". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-06-19. 
  5. ^ Krivonosov, Khartron: Computers for rocket guidance systems
  6. ^ http://inbsite.com/missiles1.html
  7. ^ Sergei Kherkherov in Military Parade #2, 2010, page 22.
  8. ^ http://bos.sagepub.com/content/69/3/71.full
  9. ^ Goodby,, James (1998). Europe undivided: the new logic of peace in U.S.-Russian relations. Washington D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press. p. 81. 
  10. ^ Pike, John. "UR-100N / SS-19 STILLETO". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2017-04-27. 
  11. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2004). Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. MIT. p. 223. 

External links[edit]