US-Taiwan Business Council
|Founded||1976; Chicago, Illinois|
|Headquarters||Arlington, Virginia; United States|
|Paul D. Wolfowitz
Senator Lisa Murkowski
Senator John D. Rockefeller
Rupert J. Hammond-Chambers
The US-Taiwan Business Council (Traditional Chinese: 美台商業協會; Pinyin: Měi Tái Shāngyè Xíehùi) is a membership-based, non-profit organization founded in 1976 to foster trade and business relations between the United States and Taiwan. Council members consist of private companies with business interests in Taiwan, and range in size from one-person consulting firms to large multinational corporations. Because the organization reflects the views and concerns of an extensive group of US businesses, the Council is generally considered to be one of the most influential private organizations playing a part in the unofficial relationship between the two economies. The organization is particularly well known in the Defense & Security community, as it is the host of an annual US-Taiwan Defense Industry Conference. The inaugural conference in St. Petersburg, Florida in 2002 brought Taiwan's Minister of National Defense to the U.S. for the first time since 1979.
The mission of the US-Taiwan Business Council - as defined in its By-Laws - is to develop private economic, commercial and financial relationships, to foster investment, trade, and commerce between the United States and Taiwan.
The organization provides a variety of services to its members, including:
Tactical and strategic business advice to companies looking to get established, or to expand, in the Taiwan market. Advocacy work - on behalf of individual companies or on behalf of groups of members - can range from dealing with market access issues and equipment sales, to resolving contractual difficulties or attempting to change Taiwan government policies.
Weekly email bulletins examine recent US-Taiwan-China business, economic, and political developments. Issues covered include General Business, Finance & Banking, Defense & Security, Semiconductors, PCs, Intellectual property, and Biotechnology.
Quarterly publications include an in-depth analysis on recent trends in a sector, and contain contact information, statistics, and other relevant data. Quarterly reports are produced on defense and security, and on semiconductors.
Conferences, seminars, receptions, and other events are held throughout the U.S. and Taiwan each year. The two largest events are the annual US-Taiwan Defense Industry Conference (美台國防工業會議) and the Taiwan + China Semiconductor Industry Conference. Tang Yiau-ming, Taiwan's Minister of National Defense, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz and U.S. Assistant Secretary of State James Kelly attended the 2002 Defense Industry Conference in St. Petersburg, Florida. Taiwan Minister of National Defense Chen Chao-min attended the 2008 Defense Industry Conference on Amelia Island, Florida.
The organization cultivates an extensive network of contacts and relationships within the U.S. and Taiwan governments, as well as within the private sector and among non-government organizations with an interest in Taiwan. Both the United States Congress and the Executive Branch frequently call upon the organization to express its views on the US-Taiwan business relationship.
Board of Directors
Staff in functional departments
In 1976, David M. Kennedy formed the organization in Chicago, Illinois as the “USA-ROC Economic Council.” For the next 14 years he served as Chairman of the organization and helped guide its development. William Morell was elected President the same year.
The organization quickly got involved with the commercial and political spheres in both the United States and Taiwan, and it played an important role in the drafting and passing of the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) in 1979, the legislation that guides US-Taiwan relations in lieu of official diplomatic recognition.
The 1980s brought the Council an expanded membership base and deeper ties with business and political leaders in Taiwan. Since U.S. diplomatic recognition had been transferred from Taipei to Beijing, the Council took on greater importance as it continued to work towards strengthening trade and communications with Taiwan on behalf of American companies.
In 1990, Caspar Weinberger ("Cap") succeeded David Kennedy as Chairman of the organization and David Laux was elected to take the place of outgoing President William Morell. The change in leadership also brought with it a change in venue, as the Council relocated its office from Chicago to Washington, D.C.
In 1991, the Council formed its “Chairman’s Circle,” a group of member companies with heavily vested business interests in Taiwan. In 1995, Dan Tellep was elected Chairman as Caspar Weinberger rotated out of the post. Soon afterwards the “USA-ROC Economic Council” changed its name to the “US-ROC (Taiwan) Business Council.”
William P. Clark was elected Chairman in January 1997. Later that year, Senators Frank H. Murkowski of Alaska and John D. Rockefeller, IV of West Virginia became Honorary Co-chairmen. The Council also moved once more to Arlington, Virginia to share a floor with the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT), the entity that - under contract to the U.S. State Department - manages America’s unofficial relationship with the island. Frank C. Carlucci replaced William Clark as Chairman of the organization in 1999.
In 2000, David Laux stepped down and Rupert Hammond-Chambers was elected as the youngest-ever President. In 2001, the name of the organization was again changed to “US-Taiwan Business Council.” In 2003, William Cohen was elected as Chairman and Senator Conrad Burns of Montana took the place of Frank Murkowski as Honorary Co-chairman.
In 2005, the Council gained new leadership with the election of Senator William Brock to the Chairmanship and Vance D. Coffman to the position of Vice Chairman. In 2007, Senator Lisa Murkowski of Alaska took over the Honorary Co-Chairman seat vacated by Conrad Burns. In 2008, Paul D. Wolfowitz joined the Council as its Chairman, succeeding Bill Brock.
The Council's "sister organization" in Taiwan is the ROC-USA Business Council. During the 1980s and 1990s, the two organizations co-hosted conferences - called "Annual Joint Business Conferences" - which were held on alternate years in either Taiwan or the US. The conferences served as opportunities for high-level bilateral dialogue, and often brought United States Cabinet officers to Taiwan. This tradition ended in 2004.