USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships
|Current season, competition or edition:
2016 United States Olympic Trials (track and field)
|Sport||Track and field|
|U.S. Olympic Trials|
|Official website||USATF Official website|
The USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships is an annual track and field competition organized by USA Track & Field, which serves as the American national championships for the sport. Since 1992, in years which feature a Summer Olympics or a World Championships in Athletics, the championships serve as a way of selecting the best athletes for those competitions.
The history of the competition starts in 1876, when the New York Athletic Club (NYAC) decided to organize a national championships. Having previously held the NYAC Spring and Fall Games, the seventh edition of the Fall Games became the country's first national track and field championships. The National Association of Amateur Athletes of America (NAAAA), began sponsoring the meeting in 1879, and organised the championships up to 1887. At this point, the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), a more powerful athletic organisation, began to hold their own version of the national championships. Two national championships were held in 1888, but the NAAAA disbanded after this. The AAU was the sole organizer of the event for the next ninety years.
As a result of the Amateur Sports Act of 1978, the AAU no longer had power over Olympic sports in the United States. A spin-off group, The Athletics Congress, held its first national track and field championships in 1980. The Athletics Congress was renamed USA Track & Field in 1993, and they have organized the annual championships ever since.
The following athletics events are currently featured on the national championships' program:
- Sprint: 100 m, 200 m, 400 m
- Middle distance track events: 800 m, 1500 m
- Long distance track events: 5000 m, 10,000 m
- Hurdles: 100 m hurdles, 110 m hurdles, 400 m hurdles, 3000 m steeplechase
- Jumps: long jump, triple jump, high jump, pole vault
- Throws: shot put, discus, hammer, javelin
- Combined events: heptathlon, decathlon
- Walks: 20 km walk (road) / 20000 m walk (track)
In earlier editions before 1974, running distances were often measured in yards. All races were in yards until 1928. From then on, races were measured in meters for Olympic years and yards for other years, except 1933 to 1951 inclusive and 1959.
Split gender editions
Note that the track surface changed over these years. Synthetic tracks were used in the men's editions in 1963 (rubber), 1965, 1969, 1971, 1972 and from 1974 on. The tracks in the other years were cinders, sometimes with a mix of brick (1967 and 1970)
Most successful athletes
- USA Indoor Track and Field Championships
- United States Olympic Trials (track and field)
- USA Marathon Championships
- USA Half Marathon Championships
- USA Cross Country Championships
- The United States' National Championships In Track & Field Athletics: Introduction. Track and Field News. Retrieved on 2009-09-19.
- "USA Track & Field - 2015 USA Outdoor Track & Field Championships in Eugene". Usatf.org. 2015-06-15. Retrieved 2015-06-15.
- "USA Track & Field - 2014 USA Outdoor Track & Field Championships in Sacramento". Usatf.org. 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
- "Los Angeles Sports Council – L.A. Facilities". Lasports.org. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
- USA Outdoor Track & Field Championships Records. USATF (2014-06-20). Retrieved 2016-07-03.
- Kirby Lee (22 June 2013). "World-leading wins from Gay, Gardner and Day at US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "200m Dash Results". flashresults.com. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Ed Gordon (1 July 2012). "Marritt hurdles world-leading 12.93, Felix blazes 21.69 in Eugene – U.S. Olympic Trials, Day 7". IAAF. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- Kirby Lee (24 June 2013). "World leads from Gay and Solomon highlight final day of US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Roy Jordan (11 July 2016). "Records broken on final day of US Olympic Trials". IAAF. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "Rupp wins trials 10K with meet-record 27:25.33, Tegenkamp and Ritzenhein also make US team". The Washington Post. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- Kirby Lee (24 June 2011). "Carter prevails in epic women's Shot Put battle in Eugene – USA champs, Day 1". IAAF. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- "10000 Metres Results". www.flashresults.com. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- Kirby Lee (23 June 2013). "National records for Rollins, Carter and Bingson at US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "3000m Steeplechase Results". flashresults.com. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "3000m Steeplechase Result". flashresults.com. 27 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "High Jump Results". www.flashresults.com. 26 June 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "High Jump Results". flashresults.com. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Parker Morse (2010-06-27). "Lowe jumps 2.05m, wins over Iowa: USATF Nationals Day 3". IAAF. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions Women's Pole Vault. USATF. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- Roy Jordan (3 July 2016). "Reese's big leap highlights early action at US Olympic Trials". IAAF. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions Men's Javelin Throw. USATF. Retrieved on 2009-09-28.
- Parker Morse (2010-06-26). "Patterson, Felix steal the show: USATF Nationals, Day 1 & 2". IAAF. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "Decathlon Results". USATF. 23 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "USA Outdoor Track & Field Champions Women's 20 km Race Walk". USATF. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- United States Championships (Women). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2015-06-28.
- United States Championships (Men 1876-1942). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2015-06-28.
- United States Championships (Men 1943-). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2015-06-28.