Eagre, c. 1901
|Owner||William T. Garner|
|Builder||J.B & J.D. Van Deusen|
|Launched||10 June 1875|
|Fate||Sank on maiden voyage, 20 July 1876|
|U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey|
|Acquired||Raised and purchased|
|Fate||Transferred to the United States Navy, 31 July 1903|
|United States Navy|
|Acquired||31 July 1903|
|Stricken||10 September 1910|
|Length||140 ft (43 m)|
USC&GS Eagre was a survey ship of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, originally the yacht Mohawk, which later served in the United States Navy as USS Eagre.
The schooner-yacht Mohawk was launched from J. B. Van Deusen's shipyard in Williamsburg, Brooklyn for the millionaire cotton merchant William T. Garner. She was called the "biggist yacht in the world." At 140 feet (43 meters) she was the largest racing yacht of her generation. Garner, his wife, and all but 2 passengers and 1 crewman were lost when the yacht capsized in a squall during her maiden voyage in New York Harbor on 20 July 1876 off Stapleton, Staten Island. Mohawk was later raised at a cost of $25,000, and bought for the Coast Survey and renamed Eagre, taking its name from a term for a tidal bore, which is in turn derived from Ægir the Norse god of the sea.
In 1890 Eagre was part of a squadron of ships under the command of Lieutenant E.M. Hughes making the first systematic survey of the hazardous Nantucket Shoals along with the steamer A. D. Bache as flagship, the schooner Scoresby and the steam tender Daisy.
Eagre was eventually transferred from the Coast and Geodetic Service to the United States Navy on 31 July 1903, initially for use as tender to Franklin, the receiving ship at Naval Station Norfolk, and as training ship for apprentice seamen in the Chesapeake Bay area. These duties terminated in late 1906, and she remained at Norfolk until approved for use as a houseboat for enlisted men who were attached to the Norfolk Navy Yard. She was stricken on 10 September 1910 and sold.
- ^ "The Biggest Yacht In the World". Nashville Union and American. Nashville, Tennessee. 13 Jun 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- ^ a b "A Misfit Ghost" (PDF). horrormasters.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- ^ Hall, Henry, ed. (1895). America's successful men of affairs. Vol. 1. New York City: New York Tribune. p. 252. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- ^ "Annual report of the United States Life Saving Service, Year ending June 30, 1877". University of Michigan. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- ^ "To Survey Nantucket Shoals - A Squadron at Work Trying to Lessen the Dangers of Navigation". New York Times. 10 August 1890. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- ^ "Eagre". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.