USC Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies
The USC Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies is an environmental research and education facility run by the University of Southern California. It is an organized research unit that encompasses a wide range of faculty and topics across the university as well as operating a marine laboratory at the edge of Two Harbors, California on Catalina Island approximately 22 miles (35 km) south-southwest of Los Angeles.
The USC Wrigley Institute has specialized programs in environmental microbiology, geobiology, ocean biogeochemistry, living marine resources (including fisheries and aquaculture), climate change, coastal environmental quality and the urban ocean. The Institute is also home to the USC Sea Grant Program, part of the National Sea Grant Program through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
History of the Wrigley Institute
USC established the Philip K. Wrigley Marine Science Center on the island at Big Fisherman's Cove following a grant of more than 14 acres of land from the families of Philip Wrigley and Paxson Offield[when?]. In 1995, William and Julie Wrigley continued their family legacy by providing USC with the capital to initiate the Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies. Their gift provided for an endowed directorship, an endowed chair and the renovation of the Wrigley Marine Science Center. Today, the USC research complex on Catalina Island is the centerpiece of the Wrigley Institute, with additional staff and offices on the University of Southern California's University Park Campus in downtown Los Angeles.
In addition, USC administers the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement. USC also manages the USC Sea Grant Program, a federally funded program of research, education and outreach. The Sea Grant program at USC places special emphasis on the "urban ocean."
Current leadership and initiatives
The Wrigley Institute of Environmental Studies is currently led by Interim Director Dr. John Heidelberg. Early in his career, Dr. Heidelberg led the collaboration to sequence the genome of Vibrio cholera, the bacterium that causes cholera, one of humanity's most ancient and deadly scourges. He was later a fundamental team member in the development of shotgun metagenomics sequencing technologies used throughout the world’s oceans. He continues to develop and employ novel sequencing methodologies, contributing to fundamental discoveries about the nature and properties of microbial life in the sea.
Currently, Heidelberg and his staff are focusing research on healthy oceans, coastal megacities and sustainable solutions. A primary goal is to use the Wrigley Marine Science Center on Catalina Island to become a testbed for sustainable solutions. Signature programs include the San Pedro Ocean Time-Series monitoring program in the waters off the coast of Los Angeles, kelp biodiesel research, sustainable aquaculture, graduate fellowships and a premier scientific diving program.
Since the founding of the Wrigley Institute in 1995, past leadership has included:
- Dr. Anthony "Tony" Michaels
- Dr. Donal Monahan
- Dr. Roberta Marinelli
- Dr. Ken Nealson
USC Wrigley Marine Science Center
The Wrigley Institute manages the USC Wrigley Marine Science Center, located on the West End of Catalina Island and bordering the Blue Cavern State Marine Conservation Area.
USC Wrigley Sustainability Prize
The institute launched a pitch competition in 2017 for sustainable businesses called the USC Wrigley Sustainability Prize. The event highlights innovative start-up ideas from all disciplines and rewards concepts that could result in meaningful environmental change. Winning teams receive prize money to help translate their ideas into action. Past student businesses have included:
- Catapower – creates renewable biofuel and plastic from vegetable oil and won the 2018 prize
- Apeiron – creates graphene by retrofitting power plants
- Interphase – increases energy efficiency for power plants
- Closed Composites - recycles the carbon fiber from airplanes and won the 2019 prize
Catalina Hyperbaric Chamber
Based at the USC Wrigley Marine Science Center, the USC Catalina Hyperbaric Chamber is an emergency medical facility on Catalina Island for the treatment of scuba diving accidents. The chamber facilities are on the waterfront of the Wrigley Marine Science Center and adjacent to a helipad that is licensed for day or night helicopter landings. The chamber itself is large enough to treat several patients at once and provides enough room for staff and volunteers to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and advanced life support for patients who arrive in cardiac arrest.
The Catalina Chamber Crew works closely with the Los Angeles County Medical Alert Center (MAC) and operates as an extension of the Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine. The chamber is managed by a fulltime member of the USC Wrigley Marine Science Center, and it is staffed all day, every day, by a rotating team of trained volunteers. Financial support comes from Los Angeles County; from donations by individual contributors, dive clubs and dive boat operators, and from special fund raising events.
Wrigley Advisory Board members
The advisory board has 21 members, including Wrigley family members.
- Phil Hagenah (chair)
- Terry Adams - Director, Executive Vice President of SA Recycling
- Todd Bauer - Executive Vice President, Guardian Group
- Tony Budrovich - President and CEO of the Catalina Island Conservancy
- Brock Dewey - Vice President, Dewey Pest Control
- Len Fein
- Lynda Boone Fetter - Principal, Samuelson and Fetter, LLC.
- Bruce Kessler
- Sam King - President and CEO of King's Seafood Company
- Bob McKnight - CEO, Chairman, Quiksilver
- Diane Sonosky Montgomery
- Breene Murphy - Director of Client Experience, EP Wealth Advisors
- Calen Offield - Director, Wrigley Investments
- Maria Pellegrini - Executive Director, W.M. Keck Foundation
- Allison Wrigley Rusack - Vintner, Rusack Vineyards
- Stephen Scully - former Founder and President, Scully Companies
- Dan Zinsmeyer
- Julie Wrigley - President and CEO, Wrigley Investments
- "Sustainable Campus Initiative". dornsife.usc.edu. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- "Transportation to Catalina Island". dornsife.usc.edu. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- Key, Jim (March 6, 2018). "Top honor in USC Wrigley Sustainability Prize awarded to team planning to reduce carbon emissions". dornsife.usc.edu. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- Hillberry, Rhonda (November 8, 2018). "How to help the environment: Turn cooking oil into renewable fuels". phys.org. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- "USC Wrigley Sustainability Prize 2017". dornsife.usc.edu. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- "Research bid to recycle aircraft waste takes flight > News > USC Dornsife". dornsifecms.usc.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
- "Home > USC Catalina Hyperbaric Chamber > USC Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences". dornsife.usc.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-12.
- "USC Wrigley Institute | Advisory Board > Wrigley > USC Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences". dornsife.usc.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-08.