USNS Coastal Crusader (T-AGM-16)
USAFS Coastal Crusader (ORV-16) underway, date and location unknown.
|Namesake:||Wexford County, Michigan|
|Ordered:||as type (C1-M-AV1) hull, MC hull 2174|
|Builder:||Leathem D. Smith Shipbuilding Company, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin|
|Laid down:||12 April 1945|
|Launched:||24 June 1945|
|Completed:||26 July 1945|
|Commissioned:||delivered to the US Maritime Commission (MARCOM) prior to commissioning, July 1945|
|Identification:||Hull symbol: AK-220 (never received number)|
|Fate:||delivered to War Shipping Administration (WSA), 31 December 1945|
|Status:||delivered to the US Army, 30 August 1946|
|Name:||Pvt. Joe R. Hastings|
|Namesake:||Joe R. Hastings|
|In service:||30 August 1946|
|Out of service:||27 October 1947|
|Fate:||declared surplus, 12 December 1949, delivered to MARCOM|
|Status:||sent to Reserve Fleet|
|Owner:||Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS)|
|In service:||12 May 1955|
|Out of service:||3 November 1955|
|Fate:||transferred to US Air Force, 27 August 1956|
|Status:||sent to Reserve Fleet|
|Operator:||US Air Force|
|In service:||13 March 1957|
|Out of service:||1964|
|Reclassified:||Ocean Range Vessel (ORV-16)|
|Fate:||transferred to the US Navy, 1964|
|Struck:||30 April 1976|
|Fate:||sold for scrap, 12 April 1977|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:|
|Tonnage:||5,032 long tons deadweight (DWT)|
|Length:||388 ft 8 in (118.47 m)|
|Beam:||50 ft (15 m)|
|Draft:||21 ft 1 in (6.43 m)|
|Propulsion:||1 × propeller|
|Speed:||11.5 kn (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)|
USNS Coastal Crusader (AK-220/ORV-16/T-AGM-16/AGS-36) was an Alamosa-class cargo ship that was constructed for the US Navy during the closing period of World War II. She was later acquired by the US Army in 1946 and the US Air Force in 1957 before being reacquired by the USN in 1964 and as a missile range instrumentation ship.
Coastal Crusader, a C1-M-AV1 cargo vessel, was laid down under a US Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 2174, on 12 April 1945 at Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, by the Leathem D. Smith Shipbuilding Company; launched on 24 June 1945; sponsored by Mrs. DeForrest Colburn; and completed on 26 July 1945.
On 25 February 1945, the Navy had assigned the name Wexford and the designation AK-220 to the projected ship; but the contract for her acquisition by the Navy was cancelled in August 1945 because of the cessation of hostilities in the Pacific Ocean and the surrender of Japan. Coastal Crusader thus entered mercantile service, never having borne the name Wexford.
US Army service
US Air Force service
Renamed Coastal Sentry, she was acquired by the US Air Force on 13 March 1957, which redesignated her an Ocean Range Vessel, USAFS Coastal Crusader (ORV-16). She operated on the Air Force's Eastern Test Range during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
The US Navy acquired Coastal Crusader from the Air Force in 1964, a placed her in service with the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) and redesignated her a Missile Range Instrumentation Ship, USNS Coastal Crusader (T-AGM-16). Navy records indicate Coastal Crusader was redesignated as a Survey Ship, Coastal Crusader (AGS-36) in 1969, and finally struck from the Navy List on 30 April 1976.
- "Wexford". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. 18 November 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "C1 Cargo Ships". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- "Coastal Crusader (AGS-36)". Navsource.org. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
- "COASTAL CRUSADER (T-AGM-16)". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Coastal Crusader (T-AGM-16).|
- Photo gallery of USS Coastal Crusader (T-AGM-16) at NavSource Naval History