USNS New Bedford
New Bedford at anchor, c. 1944-current, location Ballard Shipyards
|Name:||USNS New Bedford|
|Namesake:||New Bedford, Massachusetts|
|Builder:||Wheeler Shipbuilding Company|
|Laid down:||as FS-289 for the U.S. Army (1944)|
|Acquired:||by the U.S. Navy, July 1, 1950|
|Commissioned:||July 1, 1950 as USNS New Bedford (IX-308)|
|Decommissioned:||October 28, 1994|
|Out of service:||28 October 1994|
|Reclassified:||AKL-17, June 1950|
|Refit:||IX-308, USNS New Bedford in 1963|
|Struck:||April 4, 1995|
|Status:||In Purchase Agreement|
|Class and type:||Camano-class cargo ship|
|Type:||Light Cargo Ship|
|Tons burthen:||940 tons(fl)|
|Propulsion:||Two 500 hp GM Cleveland Division 6-278A 6-cyl V6 diesel engines, twin screws|
|Complement:||26 officers and enlisted|
USNS New Bedford (FS-289/AKL-17) was a Navy owned Military Sea Transportation Service civilian crewed Camano-class cargo ship originally constructed for the U.S. Army as the coastal freighter FS-289 shortly before the end of World War II.
Built as the U.S. Army U.S. Army Freight and Supply Ship FS-289 at Wheeler Shipbuilding, Whitestone New York in 1944 she served with a U.S. Coast Guard crew operating in Hawaii during the remainder of the war.
New Bedford's shakedown cruise initially took her across the central Pacific Ocean to Midway Islands, Guam and Saipan. Attached to the Service Force, Pacific Fleet, New Bedford carried supplies between Navy bases throughout the central Pacific. The New Bedford is also the sister ship of the ill-fated USS Pueblo, which was captured by the North Koreans in 1968 and whose crew was imprisoned for 11 months.
The ship then served out of the port of New Bedford, Massachusetts servicing the U.S. Air Force Texas Towers with equipment, food, petroleum, oils, and lubricant and other required supplies. On 14 January 1961 the ship delivered supplies and stood by the ill-fated Texas Tower 4 as the tower awaited orders to abandon. The order came from the Air Force at four in the afternoon of the 15th and the tower was ready to be abandoned at seven. New Bedford, struggling in the storm herself trying to reach the tower, last heard from the tower at seven-ten with an estimate from the tower's commander that they could hold out until daylight. It was the last message from the tower which was lost with all 28 hands at 7:20pm on January 15, 1961.
The ship was placed out of service in 1963 and then was reclassified Miscellaneous Unclassified, (IX-308) where it was deployed to the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Keyport, Washington for torpedo testing duty and assigned service-craft status. The (IX-308) served as a Torpedo Test Firing Vessel and during this assignment she steamed over 310,000 nautical miles. She was equipped with both surface and underwater launchers and associated fire control equipment. She supported proofing, acceptance testing and research work on Keyport's ranges since that time.
During these past 31 years, the New Bedford has: 1) fired over 7200 units (torpedoes, targets, etc.); 2) recovered more than 900 units; 3) planted more than 5425 range buoys; 4) retrieved over 4650 range buoys; 5) made server port calls to Vancouver and Nanaimo, British Columbia and two trips to San Diego.
Inactivation and sale
The IX-308's out-of-service ceremony on October 28, 1994, incorporated elements of the vessel's presumed history. The torpedo station people had come to the assumption that this ship, not her sister ship the Hewell, was used in the movie Mr. Roberts. The proceedings were highlighted by audio clips taken directly from the film. Those present heard memorable film quotes just as they had been spoken by the actors in the film so many years ago.
The ceremony was not limited to the ship's film history, but also touched on its long military career. The Mayor of the City of New Bedford, Massachusetts, the Honorable Rosemary Tierney, was in attendance along with retired Navy Captain Frederick R. Purrington.
The out of service ceremony commenced flawlessly, but did not end without one final act of good humor. Code 80's Steve Schultz appeared as Ensign Pulver at the end of the proceedings. He sprinted down the bow of the vessel with a palm tree. Schultz, or rather Pulver, launched the unsuspecting palm over the pier in one final act of defiance as well as in celebration and honor of the New Bedford IX-308.
In total, the USNS New Bedford served for nearly five decades in the Army and Navy. October 28, 1994 finally saw the flag lowered on the vessel, thus ending its military career.
The New Bedford was struck from the Naval Register on 4 April 1995 and was sold by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service, for commercial service on 11 June 1996. As of May 2007 it was operating out of San Diego, California as the tuna longliner F/V Sea Bird (call sign WDA 3388).
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
- World War II Victory Medal
- National Defense Service Medal with two stars
- Shipbuilding History. "U.S. Army Coastal Freighters (F, FS, T)". Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- USCG Historian. "World War II Coast Guard-Manned U.S. Army Freight and Supply Ship Histories". Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- Gary P. Priolo. "Light Cargo Ship (AKL-17)". NavSource Naval History. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- National Air Defense Radar Museum. "The Texas Towers". Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- "Wreck of Texas Tower 4". Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Navy History & Heritage Command-Ships History Branch. "Hewell". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS). Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- Ramon Jackson. "Not the USS Hewell (AKL 14) in the movie? Think again.". Army FP/FS Vessels. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- World War II Coast Guard-Manned U.S. Army Freight and Supply Ship Histories
- A Movie Sea-story That Bugged Me (Detailed look at how an AKL was temporarily modified and turned into a movie set)
- Not the USS Hewell (AKL 14) in the movie? Think again. (Discussion on claims FS-289 / T-AKL-17 / IX-308 was exterior movie set for film Mister Roberts vice actual ship, the USS Hewell (AKL-14/AG-145).)