USNS Patuxent (T-AO-201)
USNS Patuxent (T-AO-201)
|Namesake:||The Patuxent River in Maryland|
|Ordered:||24 March 1989|
|Builder:||Avondale Shipyard, Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Laid down:||16 October 1991|
|Launched:||23 July 1994|
|In service:||21 June 1995-present|
|Status:||In active Military Sealift Command service|
|Class and type:||Henry J. Kaiser-class fleet replenishment oiler|
|Displacement:||9,500 tons light42,000 long tons (43,000 t) full load|
|Length:||677 ft (206 m)|
|Beam:||97 ft 5 in (29.69 m)|
|Draft:||35 ft (11 m) maximum|
|Installed power:||16,000 hp (12,000 kW) per shaft34,442 hp (25,683 kW) total sustained|
|Propulsion:||Two medium-speed Colt-Pielstick PC4-2/2 10V-570 diesel engines, two shafts, controllable-pitch propellers|
|Speed:||20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Capacity:||159,000 barrels (25,300 m3) of fuel oil and jet fuel7,400 sq ft (690 m2) dry cargo space8 20-foot (6.1 m) refrigerated containers with room for 128 pallets|
|Complement:||1 U.S. Navy officer20 U.S. Navy enlisted personnel18 civilian officers64 merchant seamen103 total|
|Armament:||Peacetime: usually noneWartime: probably 2 × 20-mm Phalanx CIWS[clarification needed]|
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter landing platform|
|Notes:||Five refueling stationsTwo dry cargo transfer rigs|
Patuxent, the fifteenth ship of the Henry J. Kaiser class, was laid down at Avondale Shipyard, Inc., at New Orleans, Louisiana, on 16 October 1991 and launched on 23 July 1994. She was the first of three ships in the class of eighteen—the other two being USNS Laramie (T-AO-203) and USNS Rappahannock (T-AO-204)—to be built with a double hull required by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Hull separation is 6 feet (1.8 m) at the sides and 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) at the bottom, reducing her liquid cargo capacity by about 21,000 barrels (3,300 m3) from that of the 15 single-hull ships in the class.
The Henry J. Kaiser-class oilers were preceded by the shorter Cimarron-class fleet replenishment oilers. Patuxent has an overall length of 206.5 metres (677 ft 6 in). It has a beam of 29.7 metres (97 ft) and a draft of 11 metres (36 ft). The oiler has a displacement of 41,353 tonnes (40,700 long tons; 45,584 short tons) at full load. It has a capacity of 180,000 imperial barrels (29,000,000 l; 6,500,000 imp gal; 7,800,000 US gal) of aviation fuel or fuel oil. It can carry a dry load of 690 square metres (7,400 sq ft) and can refrigerate 128 pallets of food. The ship is powered by two 10 PC4.2 V 570 Colt-Pielstick diesel engines that drive two shafts; this gives a power of 25.6 megawatts (34,800 PS; 34,300 shp).
The Henry J. Kaiser-class oilers have maximum speeds of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). They were built without armaments but can be fitted with close-in weapon systems. The ship has a helicopter platform, but no maintenance facilities. It is fitted with five fuelling stations; these can fill two ships at the same time and the ship is capable of pumping 900,000 US gallons (3,400,000 l; 750,000 imp gal) of diesel or 540,000 US gallons (2,000,000 l; 450,000 imp gal) of jet fuel per hour. It has a complement of eighty-nine civilians (nineteen officers), twenty-nine spare crew, and six United States Navy crew.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USNS Patuxent (T-AO-201).|
- Photo gallery of USNS Patuxent at NavSource Naval History
- USNS Patuxent (T-AO-201)
- Wildenberg, Thomas (1996). Gray Steel and Black Oil: Fast Tankers and Replenishment at Sea in the U.S. Navy, 1912-1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. Retrieved 2009-04-28.