USRA 0-6-0

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USRA 0-6-0
USRA 0-6-0.jpg
New York Central (Chicago Junction) 221
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderALCO
Build date1918–1919 (originals)
Total produced255 originals plus copies
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte0-6-0
 • UICC h2
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.51 in (1,295 mm)
Wheelbase
  • Locomotive: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
  • Loco & tender: 48 ft 10 12 in (14.90 m)
Length62 ft 10 in (19.15 m) including tender
Width10 ft 0 in (3.05 m)
Height14 ft 0 12 in (4.28 m)
Axle load55,000 lb (25,000 kg)
Adhesive weight165,000 lb (75,000 kg)
Loco weight165,000 lb (75,000 kg)
Tender weight144,000 lb (65,000 kg)
Total weight309,000 lb (140,000 kg)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity32,000 lb (15,000 kg)
Water cap8,000 US gal (30,000 l; 6,700 imp gal)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
33 sq ft (3.07 m2)
Boiler pressure190 psi (1.31 MPa)
Heating surface1,886 sq ft (175.2 m2)
 • Tubes1,233 sq ft (114.5 m2)
 • Flues515 sq ft (47.8 m2)
 • Firebox138 sq ft (12.8 m2)
Superheater:
 • Heating area442 sq ft (41.1 m2)
CylindersTwo
Cylinder size21 in × 28 in (533 mm × 711 mm)
Valve type10-inch (250 mm) piston valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort39,100 lbf (173.9 kN)
Factor of adh.4.22

The USRA 0-6-0 was a USRA standard class of steam locomotive designed under the control of the United States Railroad Administration, the nationalized railroad system in the United States during World War I. This was the standard light switcher of the USRA types, and was of 0-6-0 wheel arrangement in the Whyte notation, or "C" in UIC classification.

A total of 255 locomotives were built under USRA control; these were sent to the following railroads:

Table of original USRA allocation[1]
Railroad Quantity Class Road numbers Notes
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
10
E-9-S
1136–1145
[2]
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
40
D-30
350–389
[3]
Central Railroad of New Jersey
10
B6s
101–110
[4]
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
10
G-5
500–509
Also 15 copies[5]
Chicago Great Western Railway
5
B-6
480–484
[6]
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
10
S-33
275–284
[7]
Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway
8
75-82
[8]
Chicago and North Western Railway
35
M-3
2601–2635
[8]
Grand Trunk Railway
5
F11
801–805
to GTW 1824–1828, renumbered 7527–7531, Canadian National class O-19-a[9]
Grand Trunk Western Railroad
5
F11
1744–1748
Renumbered 7522–7526, Canadian National class O-19-a[9]
Maine Central Railroad
2
K
175–176
[10]
Mobile and Ohio Railroad
10
40
40–49
Also 13 copies[11]
New York Central Railroad subsidiary
Chicago Junction
14
B-62
221–234
[12]
Pennsylvania Railroad
30
B28s
Random between 7007 and 9405
[13]
Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railway
2
20-21
Seaboard Air Line Railroad
10
F-5
1090–1099
[14]
St. Louis - San Francisco Railway
7
3800
3800–3806
[15]
Texas and Pacific Railway
14
B-8
457–470
[16]
Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis
10
157-166
Union Pacific Railroad
10
S-Spl
4451-4460
[17]
Union Pacific subsidiary
Oregon Short Line Railroad
5
S-Spl
4753–4757
[17]
Washington Terminal Company
3
32-34
Total 255

After the dissolution of the USRA, the Atlantic Coast Line, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway, Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad and Texas and Pacific Railway ordered additional copies of the USRA 0-6-0 design, while the Missouri Pacific Railroad and the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway ordered only copies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USRA Locomotives". Steamlocomotive.com. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
  2. ^ Drury pp.36–37
  3. ^ Drury p.46
  4. ^ Drury p.76
  5. ^ Drury pp.105–106
  6. ^ Drury pp.109–110
  7. ^ Drury pp.128–129
  8. ^ a b Drury pp.96–98
  9. ^ a b Edson p.143
  10. ^ Drury p.235
  11. ^ Drury p.256
  12. ^ Drury p.276
  13. ^ Drury p.328
  14. ^ Drury pp.352–353
  15. ^ Drury p.344
  16. ^ Drury pp.389–390
  17. ^ a b Drury pp.401–402
  • Barris, Wes (21 May 2005). "USRA Locomotives". SteamLocomotive.com. Retrieved 2006-01-17.
  • Drury, George H. (1983), Guide to North American Steam Locomotives, Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company, ISBN 0-89024-206-2, LCCN 93041472
  • Edson, William D.; Corley, Raymond F. (Autumn 1982). "Locomotives of the Grand Trunk Railway". Railroad History. Boston, Mass.: Railway and Locomotive Historical Society. 147. JSTOR 43520915.
  • Westcott, Linn H. (1960). Model Railroader Cyclopedia - Volume 1: Steam Locomotives. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 0-89024-001-9.
  • Railroad Master Mechanics' Association (1922). Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practice (6th ed.). Simmons-Boardman.