USRA 0-6-0

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
USRA 0-6-0
USRA 0-6-0.jpg
New York Central (Chicago Junction) 221
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Baldwin, ALCO
Build date 1918–1919 (originals)
Total produced 255 originals plus copies
Specifications
Configuration 0-6-0
UIC class C h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia. 51 in (1,295 mm)
Wheelbase
  • Locomotive: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
  • Loco & tender: 48 ft 10 12 in (14.90 m)
Length 62 ft 10 in (19.15 m) including tender
Width 10 ft 0 in (3.05 m)
Height 14 ft 0 12 in (4.28 m)
Axle load 55,000 lb (25,000 kg)
Adhesive weight 165,000 lb (75,000 kg)
Loco weight 165,000 lb (75,000 kg)
Tender weight 144,000 lb (65,000 kg)
Total weight 309,000 lb (140,000 kg)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 32,000 lb (15,000 kg)
Water cap 8,000 US gal (30,000 l; 6,700 imp gal)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
33 sq ft (3.07 m2)
Boiler pressure 190 psi (1.31 MPa)
Heating surface 1,886 sq ft (175.2 m2)
 • Tubes 1,233 sq ft (114.5 m2)
 • Flues 515 sq ft (47.8 m2)
 • Firebox 138 sq ft (12.8 m2)
Superheater:
 • Heating area 442 sq ft (41.1 m2)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 21 in × 28 in (533 mm × 711 mm)
Valve type 10-inch (250 mm) piston valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort 39,100 lbf (173.9 kN)
Factor of adh 4.22

The USRA 0-6-0 was a USRA standard class of steam locomotive designed under the control of the United States Railroad Administration, the nationalized railroad system in the United States during World War I. This was the standard light switcher of the USRA types, and was of 0-6-0 wheel arrangement in the Whyte notation, or "C" in UIC classification.

A total of 255 locomotives were built under USRA control; these were sent to the following railroads:

Table of original USRA allocation[1]
Railroad Quantity Class Road numbers Notes
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
10
E-9-S
1136–1145
[2]
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
40
D-30
350–389
[3]
Central Railroad of New Jersey
10
B6s
101–110
[4]
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
10
G-5
500–509
Also 15 copies[5]
Chicago Great Western Railway
5
B-6
480–484
[6]
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
10
S-33
275–284
[7]
Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway
8
[8]
Chicago and North Western Railway
35
M-3
2601–2635
[8]
Grand Trunk Railway
5
F11
801–805
to GTW 1824–1828, renumbered 7527–7531, Canadian National class O-19-a[9]
Grand Trunk Western Railroad
5
F11
1744–1748
Renumbered 7522–7526, Canadian National class O-19-a[9]
Maine Central Railroad
2
K
175–176
[10]
Mobile and Ohio Railroad
10
40
40–49
Also 13 copies[11]
New York Central Railroad subsidiary
Chicago Junction
14
B-62
221–234
[12]
Pennsylvania Railroad
30
B28s
Random between 7007 and 9405
[13]
Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railway
2
Seaboard Air Line Railroad
10
F-5
1090–1099
[14]
St. Louis - San Francisco Railway
7
3800
3800–3806
[15]
Texas and Pacific Railway
14
B-8
457–470
[16]
Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis
10
Union Pacific Railroad
10
S-Spl
4600–4609
[17]
Union Pacific subsidiary
Oregon Short Line Railroad
5
S-Spl
4753–4757
[17]
Washington Terminal Company
3
Total 255

After the dissolution of the USRA, the Atlantic Coast Line, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway, Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad and Texas and Pacific Railway ordered additional copies of the USRA 0-6-0 design, while the Missouri Pacific Railroad and the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway ordered only copies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USRA Locomotives". Steamlocomotive.com. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  2. ^ Drury pp.36–37
  3. ^ Drury p.46
  4. ^ Drury p.76
  5. ^ Drury pp.105–106
  6. ^ Drury pp.109–110
  7. ^ Drury pp.128–129
  8. ^ a b Drury pp.96–98
  9. ^ a b Edson p.143
  10. ^ Drury p.235
  11. ^ Drury p.256
  12. ^ Drury p.276
  13. ^ Drury p.328
  14. ^ Drury pp.352–353
  15. ^ Drury p.344
  16. ^ Drury pp.389–390
  17. ^ a b Drury pp.401–402
  • Barris, Wes (2005-05-21). "USRA Locomotives". SteamLocomotive.com. Retrieved 2006-01-17. 
  • Drury, George H. (1983), Guide to North American Steam Locomotives, Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company, ISBN 0-89024-206-2, LCCN 93041472 
  • Edson, William D.; Corley, Raymond F. (Autumn 1982). "Locomotives of the Grand Trunk Railway". Railroad History. Boston, MA: The Railway and Locomotive Historical Society, Inc. (147). ISSN 0090-7847. 
  • Westcott, Linn H. (1960). Model Railroader Cyclopedia - Volume 1: Steam Locomotives. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 0-89024-001-9. 
  • Railroad Master Mechanics' Association (1922). Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practise - 6th Edition, 1922. Simmons-Boardman.