USS Bainbridge (DD-1)
USS Bainbridge in an Asiatic port circa 1915-1916.
|Namesake:||Commodore William Bainbridge awarded Congressional Gold Medal|
|Builder:||Neafie and Levy Ship and Engine Building Company|
|Laid down:||15 August 1899|
|Launched:||27 August 1901|
|Sponsored by:||Miss Bainbridge Hoff|
|Commissioned:||12 February 1903|
|Decommissioned:||3 July 1919|
|Struck:||15 September 1919|
|Fate:||sold January 3 1920 to Joseph G. Hitner, Philadelphia for $10,855|
|Status:||broken up for scrap|
|Class & type:||Bainbridge-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||710.5 long tons (721.9 t) full load|
|Length:||249 ft 9 7⁄8 in (76.15 m) oa|
|Beam:||23 ft 5 in (7.14 m)|
|Draft:||6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)|
|Installed power:||8,000 ihp (6,000 kW)|
|Speed:||28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph)|
The second USS Bainbridge (DD-1) was the first destroyer in the United States Navy and the lead ship of the Bainbridge-class destroyer. She was named for William Bainbridge. Bainbridge was commissioned 12 February 1903. She served in the Asiatic fleet before World War I and served in patrol and convoy duty during the war. She was decommissioned 3 July 1919.
Bainbridge was laid down on 15 August 1899 by Neafie and Levy Ship and Engine Building Company at their shipyard in Philadelphia, as one of nine ships built to a design by the US Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair.[a] Although the name-ship of her class, Bainbridge was not the first ship of the class to be laid down or completed.
The Bainbridge-class design was intended to combine high-speed with improved seaworthiness, and had a raised forecastle instead of the "turtleback" forecastle common in European designs. The hull was 249 feet 9 7⁄8 inches (76.15 m) long overall and 244 feet 2 7⁄8 inches (74.44 m) at the waterline, with a beam of 23 feet 5 inches (7.14 m) and a draft of 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 m). Design displacement was 420 long tons (430 t) and 631 long tons (641 t) full load, although all ships of the class, including Bainbridge were overweight, with Bainbridge displacing 710.5 long tons (721.9 t) full load when completed. Bainbridge was powered by triple expansion steam engines rated at 8,000 indicated horsepower (6,000 kW), fed by four Thornycroft boilers which raised steam at 250 pounds per square inch (1,700 kPa). Design speed was 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph). Four funnels were fitted. Armament consisted of two 3 inch (76 mm) 50 caliber guns, five 6-pounder (57 mm) guns and two 18 inch torpedo tubes.
Bainbridge was launched on 27 August 1901, She reached a speed of 28.45 knots (52.69 km/h; 32.74 mph) during sea trials, placed in reserve commission at Philadelphia on 24 November 1902, Lieutenant G. W. Williams in command, towed to Norfolk, Virginia, and placed in full commission on 12 February 1903.
Pre-World War I
Bainbridge departed Key West, Florida on 23 December and sailed via the Suez Canal to the Philippine Islands, arriving at Cavite on 14 April 1904. From 1904–1917, she served with the 1st Torpedo Flotilla, Asiatic Fleet, except for two brief periods (17 January 1907 – 24 April 1908 and 24 April 1912-April 1913) when she was out of commission.
World War I
On 1 August 1917, Bainbridge departed Cavite for Port Said, Egypt, where she joined Squadron 2, U.S. Patrol Force on 25 September. She served on patrol and convoy duty until on 15 July 1918, when she departed for the U.S. She arrived at Charleston, South Carolina on 3 August and participated with the fleet in activities along the Atlantic coast until on 3 July 1919, when she was decommissioned at Philadelphia. She was sold on 3 January 1920 and broken up for scrap.
Noteworthy commanding officers
- Lieutenant George Washington Williams (24 November 1902-10 August 1904) (Later Rear Admiral)
- Lieutenant Walton Roswell Sexton (10 August 1904-10 March 1905) (Later Rear admiral)
- Lieutenant Clark H. Woodward (10 March 1905-17 January 1907) (Later Rear admiral)
- Lieutenant Raymond A. Spruance (1 April 1913-8 June 1914) (Later Admiral) - Spruance-class destroyer named for him
- "Table 21 - Ships on Navy List June 30, 1919". Congressional Serial Set (U.S. Government Printing Office): 762. 1921.
- Chesneau and Kolesnik 1979, p. 157.
- Friedman 1982, p. 17.
- Chesneau and Kolesnik 1979, pp. 157–158.
- Osborne 2005, p. 45.
- Mann, Raymond A. (13 December 2005). "Bainbridge". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- Friedman 1982, pp. 14–15.
- Friedman 1982, p. 392.
- Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M. (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Friedman, Norman (1982). U.S. Destroyers: An Illustrated History. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-733-X.
- Osborne, Eric W. (2005). Destroyers: An Illustrated History of their Impact. Santa Barbara, California, USA: ABC-Clio. ISBN 1-85109-484-9.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.