USS Bougainville (LHA-8)

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USS Bougainville (LHA-8) artist depiction.jpg
Graphical depiction of USS Bougainville (LHA-8)
History
United States
Name: Bougainville
Namesake: Bougainville Campaign[1]
Awarded: 30 June 2016[2]
Builder: Huntington Ingalls Industries[2][3]
Status: On order
General characteristics
Class and type: America-class amphibious assault ship
Displacement: 44,971 long tons (45,693 t)
Length: 844 ft (257 m)
Beam: 106 ft (32 m)
Draft: 26 ft (7.9 m) (7.9 meters)
Propulsion: Two marine gas turbines, two shafts, 70,000 bhp (52,000 kW), two 5,000 hp (3,700 kW) auxiliary propulsion motors.
Speed: over 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
Complement:
  • 65 officers, 994 enlisted
  • 1,687 Marines (plus 184 surge)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • AN/SLQ-32B(V)2
  • 2 × Mk53 NULKA decoy launchers[5]
Armament:
Aircraft carried:

USS Bougainville (LHA-8) is a planned America-class amphibious assault ship to be built for the United States Navy.[6] It will be the second Navy ship to be named Bougainville.[7][1] Bougainville will be built by Huntington Ingalls Industries at its shipyard in Pascagoula, Mississippi[3] and is expected to be delivered to the U.S. Navy in 2024.[1]

Design[edit]

The design of Bougainville is based on USS Makin Island, itself an improved version of the Wasp-class amphibious assault ship. While Makin Island has a well deck, the earlier two Flight 0 America-class ships USS America and USS Tripoli were designed and built without a well deck to make space for aircraft and aviation fuel.[8] Bougainville will be the first Flight 1 America-class ship,[1] and as such will include a well deck.[2] The design of the Flight 1 America-class ships, including that of the Bougainville, adopts a compromise, incorporating a slightly smaller aircraft hangar as well as smaller medical and other spaces to fit a small well deck for surface connector operations.[2][9] The island structure will also be modified to free up more room on the flight deck to accommodate maintenance of V-22s, compensating for some of the lost aircraft hangar space.[9]

Bougainville will be the first in her class built with a redesigned and stronger main deck; the earlier America-class vessels America and Tripoli each required retrofitting in order to handle the strain of daily Marine F-35B Lightning II STOVL operations.[10] In addition, Bougainville will incorporate the Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar (EASR) volume air search radar in lieu of the AN/SPS-48G air search radar in America and Tripoli.[4] The Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers starting with John F. Kennedy and the planned LX(R)-class amphibious warfare ships will also have this radar.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Eckstein, Megan (9 November 2016). "Mabus Names LHA-8 After Bougainville Island Campaign in World War II". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Eckstein, Megan (30 June 2016). "Ingalls Wins LHA-8 Contract, NASSCO To Build 6 Fleet Oilers". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Huntington Ingalls to build new America-class amphibious ship LHA 8". NavalToday. 1 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b LaGrone, Sam (22 August 2016). "Raytheon Awarded $92M Navy Contract for Future Carrier, Big Deck AESA Radars". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  5. ^ http://www.dote.osd.mil/pub/reports/FY2008/pdf/navy/2008lha6.pdf
  6. ^ "Bougainville (LHA 8)". Naval Vessel Register. United States Navy. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  7. ^ "SECNAV names next Amphibious Assault Destroyer" (Press release). U.S. Department of Defense. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  8. ^ GAO-09-326SP 'Defense Acquisitions: Assessments of Selected Weapon Programs', U.S. Government Accountability Office, 30 March 2009
  9. ^ a b Freedberg, Sydney J. Jr. (3 October 2012). "Navy's Newest, LHA-6, A Dead End For Amphibious Ships?". Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  10. ^ LaGrone, Sam (22 March 2016). "USS America Back to Sea After Completing 10-Months of Deck Strengthening for F-35s". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Navy C4ISR and Unmanned Systems". Sea Power 2016 Almanac. Navy League of the U.S. January 2016. p. 91.

External links[edit]