USS Boulder Victory (AK-227)
USS Boulder Victory (AK-227) at Ulithi, 9 June 1945, after being drydocked there in USS ABSD-2 to repair mine damage.
|Ordered:||as type (VC2-S-AP2) hull, MCV hull 536|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California|
|Yard number:||Yard No.1|
|Laid down:||18 June 1944|
|Launched:||31 August 1944|
|Sponsored by:||Miss Elsa Maxwell|
|Commissioned:||12 October 1944|
|Decommissioned:||4 January 1946|
|Struck:||21 January 1946|
|American Campaign Medal|
|Fate:||trade out for scrapping, 28 November 1983, to C. J. W. Shipping and Trading Co.|
|Status:||scrapped in Kaohsiung circa 1983-1984|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Boulder Victory-class cargo ship|
|Displacement:||4,480 long tons (4,550 t) (standard)
15,580 long tons (15,830 t) (full load)
|Length:||455 ft (139 m)|
|Beam:||62 ft (19 m)|
|Draft:||29 ft 2 in (8.89 m)|
|Installed power:||6,000 shp (4,500 kW)|
|Propulsion:||1 × Westinghouse turbine
2 × Babcock and Wilcox header-type boilers, 525psi 750°
|Speed:||15.5 kn (17.8 mph; 28.7 km/h)|
|Complement:||99 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||1 × 5 in (130 mm)/38 caliber dual purpose gun
1 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 caliber dual purpose gun
8 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon cannons anti-aircraft gun mounts
USS Boulder Victory (AK-227) was a Boulder Victory-class cargo ship acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War II. She carried ammunition into the Pacific Ocean war zone and, on 20 December 1944 at Manus, New Guinea, she struck a naval mine and suffered a very large hole in her side.
Fortunately, her ammunition did not explode due to the sudden inrush of seawater; however, her operations were somewhat limited after that unfortunate event and post-war she returned to the United States for disposal by the Navy and a continued maritime career.
Victory built in Richmond, California
Boulder Victory (AK-227) was laid down on 18 June 1944 at Richmond, California, by Permanente Metals Corporation under a U.S. Maritime Commission contract (MCV hull 536); launched on 31 August; sponsored by Miss Elsa Maxwell; transferred to the Navy on 12 October; and commissioned the same day, Lt. Comdr. Francis E. Church in command.
World War II service
On 17 October, the newly commissioned cargo ship sailed to San Francisco, California, to begin duty as an ammunition supply vessel. Her holds were filled by 2 November, and Boulder Victory got underway for the western Pacific.
In order to support the Allied advances to the west and north, forward ammunition replenishment stations were established at Ulithi Atoll in the Western Caroline Islands and Kossol Passage in the Palau Islands. Boulder Victory received orders to transfer ammunition between these bases as needed. She made port at Eniwetok on 17 November to refuel, entered the lagoon at Ulithi on the 30th, and reached Kossol Passage on 8 December.
Kossol Passage ultimately proved to be unsuitable for ammunition handling owing to chronic heavy swells, the lack of storage facilities ashore, and the shortage of personnel to unload the supplies, as well as its proximity to Japanese-held Babelthuap Island. Floating mines from that island were a constant danger.
Striking a mine
On 20 December, as Boulder Victory set out for Manus, she struck one of those mines on her port side. The explosion tore a hole in her No. 3 hold that measured 18 feet by 32 feet. The hold contained 5-inch projectiles, but the fires started by the explosion were extinguished by the rapid rush of seawater into the space. As a consequence, only two shells exploded, leaving two 16-inch holes in the skin of the ship. Boulder Victory remained afloat, although low in the water; and, after emergency repairs to the engines, managed to get into Palau again on her own power. Her crew suffered no casualties, but the damage to the ship was so severe that her wartime operations ended.
The cargo ship remained anchored at Kossol Passage unloading ammunition and cleaning debris from the hold until 8 February 1945. She then slowly steamed to Manus to unload the remainder of her cargo and to enter a floating drydock for further repairs. Finally, on 13 June, Boulder Victory's temporary repairs made her seaworthy again, and she set course via Pearl Harbor for San Francisco. On 30 June, the ship began a major overhaul by United Engineering Co. at Alameda, California, to complete the repairs.
Boulder Victory was still in overhaul when the Japanese capitulated in August; but, on 1 September, the cargo ship began shakedown and training exercises off San Diego, California. She got underway on 10 October to carry supplies to the occupation troops in Japan. After a refueling stop at Eniwetok, Boulder Victory continued on to Okinawa where she arrived on 30 October.
She unloaded her cargo and embarked returning veterans. On 10 November, she set sail for the United States.
After discharging her passengers, the ship sailed for San Francisco, where she commenced demilitarization on 5 December and was returned to the War Shipping Administration on 4 January 1946. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 21 January 1946.
During 1946 and 1947, Boulder Victory was operated by Parry Navigation Co., Inc. She was then inactivated and laid up at Wilmington, North Carolina, until 1951, when she began operations for the Isbrantsen Co., Inc., and then for the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company. The ship was once again deactivated in 1953 and placed in storage at Suisun Bay, California, where she remained until disposed of sometime in the mid-1980s.
Honors and awards
Qualified Boulder Victory personnel were eligible for the following:
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive - AK-227 Boulder Victory