USS Bristol (DD-857)

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USS Bristol (DD-857) underway in August 1959.jpg
USS Bristol underway in August 1959
History
United States
NameBristol
NamesakeMark Lambert Bristol
BuilderBethlehem Shipbuilding
Laid down5 May 1944
Launched29 October 1944
Sponsored byMrs. August Frederick Eberly
Commissioned17 March 1945
Decommissioned21 November 1969
Stricken21 November 1969
Identification
MottoShip Shape & Bristol Fashion
Honours and
awards
See Awards
FateTransferred to Taiwan, 9 December 1969
BadgeUSS Bristol (DD-857) insignia.png
Taiwan
Name
  • Hua Yang
  • (華陽)
NamesakeHua Yang
Acquired9 December 1969
Commissioned9 December 1969
IdentificationHull number: DD-3
Reclassified
  • DD-988, 1 January 1976
  • DDG-903, 1 October 1979
Decommissioned25 April 1994
Stricken1994
FateScrapped
General characteristics
Class and type Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer
Displacement2,200 tons
Length376 ft 6 in (114.76 m)
Beam40 ft (12 m)
Draft15 ft 8 in (4.78 m)
Propulsion
  • 60,000 shp (45,000 kW);
  • 2 propellers
Speed34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Range6,500 nmi (12,000 km; 7,500 mi) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement336
Armament

USS Bristol (DD-857), an Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Rear Admiral Mark Lambert Bristol, who served as Commander-in-Chief North Atlantic Fleet from 1901 to 1903.

Construction and career[edit]

The second Bristol was launched on 29 October 1944 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding, San Pedro, California, sponsored by Mrs. August Frederick Eberly; and commissioned on 17 March 1945, Commander K. P. Letts in command.

Service in the United States Navy[edit]

Bristol departed San Diego on 13 June 1945, en route to Pearl Harbor, arriving on 19 June 1945. Arriving at Guam on 29 July she joined Task Group 30.8, a logistic support group supplying Task Force 38. On 5 August 1945, Bristol collided with Ashtabula. Bristol's bow was damaged and she returned to Guam for repairs. Repairs were completed on 1 September, afterwards she departed for Far Eastern occupation duty. Her tour of duty ended on 21 February 1946, and she returned to San Pedro on 15 March.

In April 1946, Bristol proceeded to the east coast and reported to the Atlantic Fleet. She operated along the east coast until February 1947, when she steamed to England for a cruise in European waters that lasted until August. Between August 1947 and September 1948, she conducted local operations in the Atlantic and, from September 1948 until January 1949, made a second tour of Europe.

Upon return, she was designated as a Reserve training ship and operated for the next 18 months out of New Orleans, Louisiana. During the summer and fall of 1950, Bristol visited several Caribbean ports, with interim periods of training at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Bristol's homeport was changed to Newport, Rhode Island on 21 October 1950, and, after refresher training at Guantanamo Bay, she reported to Newport for general duty. On 5 March 1951, Bristol proceeded to the Mediterranean for duty with the 6th Fleet, returning to Newport during the summer.

On 2 October 1951, she commenced a round-the-world cruise which took her first to Korea where she served from 31 October 1951 to 27 February 1952. She then returned to Newport via the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean, arriving 21 April 1952.

On 21 November 1969, the ship was decommissioned and stricken. She was later loaned to Republic of China on 9 December 1969.

Service in the Republic of China Navy[edit]

Hua Yang underway, date unknown

She was commissioned by the Navy on 9 December 1969 and renamed ROCS Hua Yang (DD-3).

The ship was gradually modified with the ship’s weapon system and equipped with a missile radiation system to become a missile destroyer; on New Year's Day in 1976, the hull number was changed to DD-988.[1]

On 1 October 1979, the hull number was changed to DDG-903.[1]

On 7 February 1991, Hua Yang, another Yang-class destroyer and 8 missile speedboats were off Kaohsiung. Implemented naval and air joint anti-submarine, air defense, and anti-missile speedboat exercises, fully demonstrating the skills of naval athletes. Exquisite combat skills, and ability to dominate the sea.[1]

She was decommissioned on 25 April 1994 and sold for scrap.[1]

Awards[edit]

Bristol received one battle star for her World War II service and two battle stars for her Korean service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "華陽軍艦". homepage.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved 9 September 2021.

External links[edit]