USS Clamagore (SS-343)
USS Clamagore (SS-343), some time after her GUPPY conversion, c. post 1948.
|Career (United States)|
|Builder:||Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut|
|Laid down:||16 March 1944|
|Launched:||25 February 1945|
|Sponsored by:||Miss M. J. Jacobs|
|Commissioned:||28 June 1945|
|Decommissioned:||12 June 1973|
|Struck:||27 June 1975|
|Status:||Museum ship at Patriot's Point Naval & Maritime Museum, Charleston, South Carolina since 1981|
|General characteristics (World War II)|
|Class and type:||Balao-class diesel-electric submarine|
|Displacement:||1,526 tons (1,550 t) surfaced
2,424 tons (2,460 t) submerged
|Length:||311 ft 9 in (95.02 m)|
|Beam:||27 ft 3 in (8.31 m)|
|Draft:||16 ft 10 in (5.13 m) maximum|
|Propulsion:||4 × General Motors Model 16-278A V16 diesel engines driving electrical generators
|Speed:||20.25 knots (37 km/h) surfaced
8.75 knots (16 km/h) submerged
|Range:||11,000 nm (20,000 km) surfaced at 10 knots (19 km/h)|
|Endurance:||48 hours at 2 knots (4 km/h) submerged
75 days on patrol
|Test depth:||400 ft (120 m)|
|Complement:||10 officers, 70–71 enlisted|
|Armament:||10 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
(six forward, four aft)
1 × 5-inch (127 mm) / 25 caliber deck gun
Bofors 40 mm and Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
|General characteristics (Guppy II)|
|Displacement:||1,870 tons (1,900 t) surfaced
2,440 tons (2,480 t) submerged
|Length:||307 ft (94 m)|
|Beam:||27 ft 4 in (8.33 m)|
|Draft:||17 ft (5.2 m)|
18.0 knots (33.3 km/h) maximum
13.5 knots (25.0 km/h) cruising
16.0 knots (29.6 km/h) for 1⁄2 hour
9.0 knots (16.7 km/h) snorkeling
3.5 knots (6.5 km/h) cruising
|Range:||15,000 nm (28,000 km) surfaced at 11 knots (20 km/h)|
|Endurance:||48 hours at 4 knots (7.4 km/h) submerged|
5 petty officers
70 enlisted men
|WFA active sonar
JT passive sonar
Mk 106 torpedo fire control system
|Armament:||10 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
(6 forward, 4 aft)
all guns removed
|General characteristics (Guppy III)|
|Displacement:||1,975 tons (2,007 t) surfaced
2,450 tons (2,489 t) submerged
|Length:||321 ft (98 m)|
17.2 knots (31.9 km/h) maximum
12.2 knots (22.6 km/h) cruising
14.5 knots (26.9 km/h) for 1⁄2 hour
6.2 knots (11.5 km/h) snorkeling
3.7 knots (6.9 km/h) cruising
|Range:||15,900 nm (29,400 km) surfaced at 8.5 knots (15.7 km/h)|
|Endurance:||36 hours at 3 knots (5.6 km/h) submerged|
5 petty officers
70-80 enlisted men
|BQS-4 active search sonar
BQR-2B passive search sonar
BQG-4 passive attack sonar
USS Clamagore (Submarine)
|Location||Patriot's Point, Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina|
|Architect||Electric Boat Works|
|NRHP Reference #||89001229|
|Added to NRHP||29 June 1989|
|Designated NHL||29 June 1989|
USS Clamagore (SS-343) is a Balao-class submarine, presently a museum ship at the Patriot's Point Naval & Maritime Museum in Charleston, South Carolina. Built in 1945 for the United States Navy, she was still in training when World War II ended. She was named for the clamagore or blue parrotfish, Scarus coeruleus, found in the West Indies and along the Atlantic coast as far north as Maryland. A National Historic Landmark, she is the only known surviving example of a GUPPY type submarine.
Clamagore was built by Electric Boat Co. in Groton, Connecticut near the end of World War II. She was launched on 25 February 1945 and commissioned on 28 June 1945, with Commander S.C. Loomis, Jr., taking command.
Clamagore was first assigned to Key West, and reported there on 5 September 1945. She operated off Key West with various fleet units and with the Fleet Sonar School, voyaging on occasion to Cuba and the Virgin Islands until 5 December 1947, when she entered Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for GUPPY II modernization and installation of snorkel.
Clamagore returned to Key West 6 August 1948 and assumed local and Caribbean operations for the next eight years, except for a tour of duty in the Mediterranean from 3 February to 16 April 1953.
Clamagore called at New London and Newport early in 1957, returning to Key West 13 March. Between 23 September and 7 December she took part in NATO exercises in the North Atlantic, calling at Portsmouth, England, and NS Argentia, Newfoundland. On 29 June 1959, she arrived at Charleston, her new home port, and after a period of coastwise operations, sailed 5 April 1960 to join the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean for a tour of duty which continued until July, when the submarine returned to Charleston. For the remainder of 1960 Clamagore operated off the east coast.
In 1962, Clamagore became one of only nine boats to undergo the GUPPY III conversion. She had a 15 feet (4.6 m) hull extension added forward of the control room, a plastic sail and the BQG-4 PUFFS passive ranging sonar, which included the three sharkfin sensors on her deck.
Post operational history
Clamagore arrived at Patriot's Point Naval & Maritime Museum, Charleston, South Carolina in May 1981, where she was docked as a museum ship along with aircraft carrier Yorktown and destroyer Laffey. Clamagore is available for visitor tours. Her continually deteriorating condition, however, may lead to the sub being sunk as an artificial reef unless critical repairs can be made in a timely manner.
According to the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Clamagore "is now the only surviving GUPPY type III submarine in the United States. She represents the continued adaptation and use of war-built diesel submarines by the Navy for the first two decades after the war. The GUPPY conversion submarines comprised the bulk of the nation's submarine forces through the mid-1960s."
- Meritorious Unit Commendation
- Navy Expeditionary Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- World War II Victory Medal
- National Defense Service Medal with star
- Navy Occupation Medal with "EUROPE" clasp
Media related to USS Clamagore (SS-343) at Wikimedia Commons
- List of National Historic Landmarks in South Carolina
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Charleston, South Carolina
- Friedman, Norman (1995). U.S. Submarines Through 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 285–304. ISBN 1-55750-263-3.
- Bauer, K. Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 275–280. ISBN 0-313-26202-0.
- U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 261
- U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 305-311
- Friedman, Norman (1994). U.S. Submarines Since 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 11–43. ISBN 1-55750-260-9.
- U.S. Submarines Since 1945 pp. 242
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "CLAMAGORE, USS (Submarine)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- Delgado, James P. (28 December 1988). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: USS Clamagore (SS-343) / Clamagore" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-22. and
Delgado, James P. (28 December 1988). "Accompanying two photos, exterior, from 1960 and 1988" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
- "Clamagore". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. United States Navy. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- "USS Clamagore (SS-343)". Retrieved 2006-08-27.
- "Ships at Patriots Point – Events and History". Patriots Point Development Authority. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- "Time running out to save museum sub". The Sacramento Bee. The Associated Press. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-27.
- "U.S.S. Clamagore, Charleston County (Patriot's Point, Mount Pleasant vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina listing. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- Photo gallery of Clamagore at NavSource Naval History
- Patriot's Point Maritime Museum
- Clamagore Veterans Association
- "History of the USS Clamagore". Clamagore Veterans Association.