USS Cleveland (C-19)

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USS Cleveland (C-19) in drydock.jpg
USS Cleveland (C-19), in Dewey, floating dry dock, Olongapo Naval Station, Philippine Islands, 14 January 1908.
History
United States
Name: Cleveland
Namesake: City of Cleveland, Ohio
Ordered: 3 March 1899
Awarded: 14 December 1899
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine
Cost: $1,041,650 (contract price of hull and machinery)
Laid down: 1 June 1900
Launched: 28 September 1901
Sponsored by: Miss R. Hanna
Commissioned: 2 November 1903
Decommissioned: 1 November 1929
Reclassified:
  • PG-33, 7 July 1920
  • CL-21, 8 August 1921
Struck: 13 December 1929
Identification:
Fate: sold for scrap 7 March 1930, in accordance with the Washington Naval Treaty, limiting naval armament
General characteristics (as built)[1][2]
Class and type: Denver-class protected cruiser
Displacement:
  • 3,200 long tons (3,251 t) (standard)
  • 3,514 long tons (3,570 t) (full load)
Length:
  • 308 ft 9 in (94.11 m) oa
  • 292 ft (89 m)pp
Beam: 44 ft (13 m)
Draft: 15 ft 9 in (4.80 m) (mean)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Sail plan: Schooner
Speed:
  • 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph)
  • 16.65 knots (30.84 km/h; 19.16 mph) (Speed on Trial)
Complement: 30 officers 261 enlisted men
Armament:
Armor:
  • Deck: 2 12 in (64 mm) (slope)
  • 316 in (4.8 mm) (flat)
  • Shields: 1 34 in (44 mm)
General characteristics (1921)[2][3]
Armament:
  • 8 × 5 in (127 mm)/50 caliber Mark 5 breech-loading rifles
  • 1 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 anti-aircraft gun
  • 6 × 6-pounder (57 mm (2.2 in)) rapid fire guns
  • 2 × 1-pounder (37 mm (1.5 in)) guns

USS Cleveland (C-19/PG-33/CL-21) was a United States Navy Denver-class protected cruiser.

Construction[edit]

She was launched 28 September 1901 by Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, sponsored by "Miss R. Hanna" (probably Ruth Hanna McCormick), and commissioned 2 November 1903, with Commander William Henry Hudson Southerland in command.[4]

Service history[edit]

The Cleveland cruised with the European Squadron, in West Indies and Cuban waters, along the east coast between Hampton Roads and Boston, and on a midshipmen training cruise until 17 May 1907. She then sailed from New York via Gibraltar, Port Said, Aden, Colombo and Singapore to Cavite, arriving 1 August 1907. After three years on the Asiatic station, the Cleveland returned to Mare Island Navy Yard 1 August 1910. Decommissioned 3 August 1910, she was placed in second reserve 8 April 1912, and returned to full commission 31 August 1912.[4]

The Cleveland alternated patrols in waters off Mexico and Central America with reserve periods at Mare Island Navy Yard between 1912 and 1917, protecting American lives and interests from the turmoil of revolution. On 31 March 1917, she arrived at Hampton Roads, and from 9 April to 22 June, patrolled from Cape Hatteras to Charleston. Assigned to escort convoys to a mid-ocean meeting point, the Cleveland made seven voyages between June 1917 and December 1918.[4]

USS Cleveland

Returning to patrols off Central and South America, the Cleveland was assigned to the Pacific Fleet once more from 16 February 1920, returning to Caribbean waters from time to time. She was reclassified CL-21 on 8 August 1921. During her continued service in the Caribbean and along the South American coasts, the Cleveland made courtesy calls, supported diplomatic activities, gave disaster relief, and represented American interests in troubled areas. She was decommissioned at Boston 1 November 1929, and sold for scrapping 7 March 1930 in accordance with the Washington Naval Treaty limiting naval armament.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ships' Data, U. S. Naval Vessels". US Naval Department. 1 January 1914. pp. 40–47. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b Toppan, Andrew (8 September 1996). "US Cruisers List: Protected Cruisers and Peace Cruisers". Hazegray.org. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  3. ^ "Ships' Data, U. S. Naval Vessels". US Naval Department. 1 July 1921. pp. 60–67. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d "Cleveland I (C-19)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.

External links[edit]

  • Photo gallery of USS CLEVELAND (C 19/PG 33/CL 21) at NavSource Naval History