USS Concord (CL-10)
USS Concord (CL-10) in 1943
|Laid down:||29 March 1920|
|Launched:||15 December 1921|
|Commissioned:||3 November 1923|
|Decommissioned:||12 December 1945|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap 21 January 1947|
|Class & type:||Omaha-class light cruiser|
|Displacement:||7,050 long tons (7,160 t)|
|Length:||550 ft (170 m) (w/l)
555 ft 6 in (169.32 m) o.a.
|Beam:||55 ft 4 in (16.87 m)|
|Draft:||13 ft 6 in (4.11 m) (mean)
20 ft (6.1 m) (max)
|Installed power:||90,000 shp (67,000 kW)|
|Propulsion:||4 × Parsons geared steam turbines
12 × White-Forster boilers
4 × shafts
|Speed:||34 kn (39 mph; 63 km/h)|
|Capacity:||~2,000 short tons (1,800 t) fuel oil|
|Complement:||458 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||12 × 6 in (150 mm)/53 cal guns (2x2, 8x1)
4 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 cal guns (4x1)
2 × 3-pounder saluting guns
10 × 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes
|Armor:||3 in (7.6 cm) (side)
1.5 in (3.8 cm) (upper deck)
|Aircraft carried:||2 × floatplanes|
|Aviation facilities:||2 × catapults|
USS Concord (CL-10) was an Omaha-class light cruiser of the United States Navy. She was the fourth Navy ship named for the town of Concord, Massachusetts, the site of the first battle of the American Revolution.
On her maiden cruise, from 23 November 1923 – 9 April 1924, Concord called at Mediterranean ports, passed through the Suez Canal to round the Cape of Good Hope, and exercised with the fleet in the Caribbean before returning to Philadelphia. As flagship of Commander, Destroyer Squadrons, Scouting Fleet, she cruised the Caribbean and sailed through the Panama Canal to exercise in the Hawaiian Islands in 1924–1925. Continuing to operate in the Atlantic, she joined in the Presidential Fleet Review taken by Calvin Coolidge on 4 June 1927.
Serving as flagship of Commander, Cruiser Division 3 (CruDiv 3), Battle Force, Concord cruised the Pacific from her base at San Diego after early 1932, exercising in the Canal Zone and the Caribbean in 1934. She took part in Presidential Fleet Reviews taken by Franklin D. Roosevelt on 30 September 1935 and 12 July 1938, and joined in fleet exercises in the Hawaiian area, in the Canal Zone, and off Alaska. After operating on the east coast in the winter of 1938-39, she returned to Pacific operations, and from 1 April 1940 was based at Pearl Harbor for a training schedule which intensified as war came closer.
World War II
When the U.S. entered the war, Concord was at San Diego preparing for a shipyard overhaul which she completed early in February 1942. Assigned to the Southeast Pacific Force, she escorted convoys to Bora Bora in the Society Islands, exercised in the Canal Zone, and cruised along the coast of South America and to the islands of the southeast Pacific, serving from time to time as flagship of her force.
From 5 September–24 November 1943, she carried Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd on a tour to survey the potential use of a number of southeast Pacific islands in national defense and commercial aviation. During this cruise, she suffered a gasoline explosion which killed 24 men including her executive officer, and caused considerable damage, which was repaired at Balboa, Panama.
With repairs completed in March 1944, Concord set sail northward to join the Northern Pacific Force at Adak on 2 April. Serving as flagship of Task Force 94 (TF 94) at the beginning of this duty, she joined in bombardments of the Kuriles which continued at intervals until the close of the war, preventing effective use by the Japanese of their bases there. Harassing the northern shipping lanes of Japan, her force sank several small craft, and on 25 August 1944, the destroyers of the force made an attack on a Japanese convoy.
On 31 August 1945, Concord stood out from Adak, covered the occupation landings at Ominato, Japan from 8–14 September, and sailed on to Pearl Harbor, the Canal Zone, Boston, and Philadelphia, where she was decommissioned on 12 December and sold for scrap on 21 January 1947. Before she was scrapped her aft turret that fired the last shot of the War was removed. And is planned to be preserved but as of 2013 if has not happened yet.
- Byrd, R. E. (11 October 1943), Special Naval Mission (personal letter from Byrd to Commanding Officer, USS Concord)
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
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