USS Crater (AK-70)
USS Crater (AK-70) underway in San Francisco Bay, 2 November 1942, soon after conversion for naval service.
|Ordered:||as a Type EC2-S-C1 hull, MCE hull 420|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California|
|Laid down:||28 August 1942|
|Launched:||8 October 1942|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Cornelison Wetzel|
|Acquired:||22 October 1942|
|Commissioned:||31 October 1942|
|Decommissioned:||25 June 1946|
|Struck:||23 June 1947|
|Fate:||laid up in National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay, California, 23 June 1947|
|Status:||sold for scrapping, 26 August 1974, completed, 30 March 1975|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Speed:||12.5 kn (23.2 km/h; 14.4 mph)|
USS Crater (AK-70) was the lead ship of her class of converted liberty ship cargo ships in the service of the US Navy in World War II. Named after the constellation Crater, she was the only ship of the Navy to bear this name.
Crater was laid down 28 August 1942, as liberty ship SS John James Audubon, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 420, by Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard No. 2, Richmond, California. She was launched 8 October 1942, sponsored by Mrs. Mary Elisabeth Cornelison Wetsel, and transferred to the Navy 22 October 1942. Crater was commissioned 31 October 1942, with Lieutenant Commander Russell Dodd, USNR, in command.
Clearing San Francisco 10 November 1942, Crater delivered cargo to Efate and Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, and Nouméa, New Caledonia before arriving at Wellington, New Zealand, 28 June 1943 to repair and reload.
Crater continued to carry cargo from New Zealand and other supply bases to Guadalcanal and throughout the Solomons until 21 June 1944, when she sailed to operate in the Marshalls and Marianas through the summer. She returned to Guadalcanal, resuming operations in the southwest Pacific until 1 March 1945, when she cleared for overhaul at San Francisco.
She delivered cargo from the west coast at Samar, Philippines, and departed 26 July for Auckland. Crater carried cargo from Auckland and Brisbane, Australia, to Saipan, the Philippines, Manus, Nouméa, and Eniwetok until 5 February 1946, when she sailed for Pearl Harbor, arriving 24 February.
- "Crater". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 11 December 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Kaiser Permanente No. 2, Richmond CA". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- "USS Crater (AK-70)". Navsource.org. 27 May 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- "CRATER (AK-70)". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- "SS John James Audubon". Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- Photo gallery of USS Crater (AK-70) at NavSource Naval History