USS Cushing (TB-1)
USS Cushing (TB-1), underway during the 1890s.
|Namesake:||Commander William B. Cushing|
|Ordered:||3 August 1886 (authorised)|
|Builder:||Herreshoff Manufacturing Company, Bristol, Rhode Island|
|Laid down:||April 1888|
|Launched:||23 January 1890|
|Sponsored by:||Miss K. B. Herreshoff|
|Commissioned:||22 April 1890|
|Decommissioned:||8 November 1898|
|Fate:||sunk as target, 24 September 1920|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Cushing-class torpedo boat|
|Displacement:||105 long tons (107 t)|
|Length:||140 ft (43 m)|
|Beam:||15 ft 1 in (4.60 m)|
|Draft:||4 ft 10 in (1.47 m) (mean)|
|Complement:||22 officers and enlisted|
Cushing was launched on 23 January 1890 by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company, Bristol, Rhode Island; sponsored by Miss K. B. Herreshoff; and commissioned on 22 April 1890, Lieutenant C. M. Winslow in command.
The first torpedo boat built for the Navy, Cushing was attached to the Squadron of Evolution and equipped for experimental work to complete the development of torpedo outfits and to gather data for the service. On 8 September 1891, she reported to Newport, Rhode Island for duty at the Naval Torpedo Station, and except for a brief period out of commission—from 11 November 1891 – 11 January 1892—Cushing continued her torpedo experiments in this area until 1893.
Cushing arrived at Hampton Roads on 31 March 1893 for temporary duty with the Naval Review Fleet, and in April she escorted the British cruisers HMS Blake and HMS Caravels to New York. Cushing returned to duty at Newport on 6 May, working with the Whitehead torpedo. Based on Key West from 31 December 1897, Cushing reported to the North Atlantic Fleet's Blockading Force for picket patrol in the Florida Straits and courier duty for the Force. On 11 February 1898, while making a passage to Havana, Cushing lost Ensign Joseph C. Breckinridge overboard in heavy seas. For their heroic efforts to save him, Gunner's Mate Third Class John Everetts and Ship's Cook First Class Daniel Atkins were awarded the Medal of Honor. The destroyer USS Breckinridge was named after him in 1918.
Upon the declaration of war between the U.S. and Spain, Cushing was assigned to patrol the Cays, and on 7 August captured four small vessels and towed them to her anchorage at Piedras Cay. Four days later, armed boats from Cushing and Gwin captured and burned a 20 long tons (20 t) schooner. Returning north in August 1898, Cushing resumed her operations at the Newport Torpedo Station from 14 September until decommissioned on 8 November 1898. From 1901–1911, she was attached to the Reserve Torpedo Flotilla at Norfolk, and was sunk on 24 September 1920 after use as a target.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Gardiner, Robert (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Conway Maritime Press. p. 159. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Ford, Roger; Gibbons, Tony; Hewson, Rob; Jackson, Bob; Ross, David (2001). The Encyclopedia of Ships. London: Amber Books, Ltd. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-905704-43-9.
- The White Squadron. [Toledo, Ohio]: Woolson Spice Co., 1891. OCLC 45112425
- Simpson, Richard V. Building The Mosquito Fleet, The US Navy's First Torpedo Boats. Arcadia Publishing, Charleston South Carolina, USA, 2001. ISBN 0-7385-0508-0.
- Silverstone, Paul. U.S. Warships of World War I Ian Allen, London, U.K., 1970. ISBN 0-7110-0095-6.
- Photo gallery of Cushing at NavSource Naval History
- USN Ships – USS Cushing (TB-1)
- The USS Cushing Association
- Torpedo boat, USS Cushing, experiments with torpedoes These are 8 photographs showing the Cushing torpedo boat experiments.
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